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Isle of Wight

The Isle of Wight is a county and the largest and second-most populous island in England. It is in the English Channel, between 2 and 5 miles off the coast of Hampshire, separated by the Solent; the island has resorts that have been holiday destinations since Victorian times, is known for its mild climate, coastal scenery, verdant landscape of fields and chines. The island is designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve; the island has been home to the poets Swinburne and Tennyson and to Queen Victoria, who built her much-loved summer residence and final home Osborne House at East Cowes. It has a maritime and industrial tradition including boat-building, sail-making, the manufacture of flying boats, the hovercraft, Britain's space rockets; the island hosts annual music festivals including the Isle of Wight Festival, which in 1970 was the largest rock music event held. It has well-conserved wildlife and some of the richest cliffs and quarries for dinosaur fossils in Europe; the isle was earlier a kingdom in its own right.

In common with the Crown dependencies, the British Crown was represented on the island by the Governor of the Isle of Wight until 1995. The island has played an important part in the defence of the ports of Southampton and Portsmouth, been near the front-line of conflicts through the ages, including the Spanish Armada and the Battle of Britain. Rural for most of its history, its Victorian fashionability and the growing affordability of holidays led to significant urban development during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Part of Hampshire, the island became a separate administrative county in 1890, it continued to share the Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire until 1974, when it was made its own ceremonial county. Apart from a shared police force, the island's Anglican churches belonging to the Diocese of Portsmouth, there is now no administrative link with Hampshire; the quickest public transport link to the mainland is the hovercraft from Ryde to Southsea. During the last Ice Age, sea levels were lower and the Solent was part of a river flowing southeast from current day Poole Harbour towards mid-Channel of Doggerland.

The Bouldner Cliff archaeological site is 1 km long, 8000 year old wooden platform at the neolithic river bank, now submerged 12 m below sea level. As sea levels rose, the river valley became flooded, the chalk ridgeline west of the Needles breached to form the island; the Isle of Wight is first mentioned in writing in Geography by Ptolemy. Bronze Age Britain had large reserves of tin in the areas of Cornwall and Devon and tin is necessary to smelt bronze. At that time the sea level was much lower and carts of tin were brought across the Solent at low tide for export on the Ferriby Boats. Anthony Snodgrass suggests that a shortage of tin, as a part of the Bronze Age Collapse and trade disruptions in the Mediterranean around 1300 BC, forced metalworkers to seek an alternative to bronze. During Iron Age Britain, the Late Iron Age, the Isle of Wight would appear to have been occupied by the Celtic tribe, the Durotriges – as attested by finds of their coins, for example, the South Wight Hoard, the Shalfleet Hoard.

South eastern Britain experienced significant immigration, reflected in the genetic makeup of the current residents. As the Iron Age began the value of tin dropped and this greatly changed the economy of the Isle of Wight. Trade however continued. Julius Caesar reported that the Belgae took the Isle of Wight in about 85 BC, recognised the culture of this general region as "Belgic", but made no reference to Vectis; the Roman historian Suetonius mentions. The Romans built no towns on the island, but the remains of at least seven Roman villas have been found, indicating the prosperity of local agriculture. First-century exports were principally hides, hunting dogs, cattle, silver and iron. Ferriby boats and Blackfriars ships were important to the local economy. Starting in AD 449 the 5th and 6th centuries saw groups of Germanic speaking peoples from Northern Europe crossing the English Channel and setting up home. Bede's Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum identifies three separate groups of invaders: of these, the Jutes from Denmark settled the Isle of Wight and Kent.

From onwards, there are indications that the island had wide trading links, with a port at Bouldnor, evidence of Bronze Age tin trading, finds of Late Iron Age coins. During the Dark Ages the island was settled by Jutes as the pagan kingdom of Wihtwara under King Arwald. In 685 it was invaded by Caedwalla. In 686 Arwald was defeated and the island became the last part of English lands to be converted to Christianity, added to Wessex and becoming part of England under King Alfred the Great, included within the shire of Hampshire, it suffered from Viking raids, was used as a winter base by Viking raiders when they were unable to reach Normandy. Both Earl Tostig and his brother Harold Godwinson held manors on the island; the Norman Conquest of 1066 created the position of Lord of the Isle of Wight. Carisbrooke Priory and the fort of Carisbrooke Castle were founded. Allegiance

Donnelly Township, Stevens County, Minnesota

Donnelly Township is a township in Stevens County, United States. The population was 113 at the 2000 census. Donnelly Township was named for Ignatius L. Donnelly, a U. S. Congressman from Minnesota. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 34.1 square miles. As of the census of 2000, there were 113 people, 51 households, 31 families residing in the township; the population density was 3.4 people per square mile. There were 53 housing units at an average density of 1.6/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 100.00% White. There were 51 households out of which 15.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.3% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.84. In the township the population was spread out with 17.7% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 19.5% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, 31.0% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females, there were 130.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 138.5 males. The median income for a household in the township was $44,750, the median income for a family was $44,750. Males had a median income of $40,417 versus $22,500 for females; the per capita income for the township was $23,295. There were 5.4% of families and 11.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 42.1% of under eighteens and 5.9% of those over 64

Viv Thomas

Vivian "Viv" Leonard Thomas is a South African-born British producer of pornographic movies. He has produced hundreds of features over the course of his 15+ year career, he specializes in producing lesbian pornography as well as foot fetish videos. His popular titles include the Pink Velvet trilogy, the Unfaithful series, The Art of Kissing series. "The Story of She 2" starring British Model Lexi Lowe was his best-selling movie of 2013. He has produced an equal number of heterosexual works; the majority of his work was produced prior to the British government lifting some of the more stringent laws regarding what could be shown in pornographic films. However, after a court decision confirmed that R18 rated hardcore DVDs can only be sold via licensed sex shops in the UK, not mail-order via the internet, Thomas decided to move his whole operation from Acton, West London to Portugal, he maintains a studio in Budapest. Thomas is known for producing artistic pornographic films with an emphasis on high production values and has been nominated for numerous awards and has won at the AVN awards in the past.

His contemporaries include the established pornographic director/producers Andrew Blake, Michael Ninn and Marc Dorcel. Thomas' more recent work has starred exclusively Hungarian and other Central European models, although he does feature some British performers, such as Ian Tate, as well as Americans such as the former Penny Flame. Other British models he has worked with include Lexi Lowe, Alicia Rhodes, Michelle Thorne, Kelle Marie, Roxanne Hall. Central European models who are featured in his videos include Eve Angel, his productions are distributed by Erigo Distribution. In early 2013 Viv Thomas Productions entered into an agreement with MET-Art for the management of their flagship web site, vivthomas.com. The new site was launched on 26 March 2013. Between 2006 and 2011, every year Thomas presented his models with awards for working with the company "as a way of saying thank you"; the company hosted a fan based voting competition to find the Viv Thomas Babe of the Year on In 2008 Thomas instituted the Viv Thomas Golf Masters, a golf tournament that takes place every year around Spain and Portugal.

Babe Of The Year2011: BABE OF THE YEAR: Sandra Shine 2011: BEST NEWCOMER: Lexi Lowe Best Movie 2009: Office Girls 2 2010: Unfaithful 5 Official website Official Viv Thomas Blog Viv Thomas Golf Masters Viv Thomas on IMDb Viv's information Website about Throat Cancer