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Ismail Khan

Mohammad Ismail Khan is a politician in Afghanistan, who served as Minister of Water and Energy from 2005 to 2013. He was the Governor of Herat Province, he is known as a warlord because of his rise to power during the Soviet–Afghan War when he controlled a large sized mujahideen force his fellow Tajiks from western Afghanistan. He is a key member of the political party Jamiat-e Islami and was a member of the now defunct United National Front party. Khan was born about 1946 in the Shindand District of Herat Province in Afghanistan, his family are Tajiks from the Chahar-Mahal neighbourhood of Shindand. In early 1979 Ismail Khan was a Captain in the Afghan National Army based in the western city of Herat. In early March of that year, there was a protest in front of the Communist governor's palace against the arrests and assassinations being carried out in the countryside; the governor's troops opened fire on the demonstrators, who proceeded to storm the palace and hunt down Soviet advisers. The Herat garrison mutinied and joined the revolt, with Ismail Khan and other officers distributing all available weapons to the insurgents.

Hundreds of civil workers and people not dressed in traditional Muslim clothes were murdered. A garrison of Soviet advisors was overtaken and all of its inhabitants: Soviet advisors along with their wives and children were massacred; the mob put paraded them through the city of Herat. The government led by Nur Mohammed Taraki responded, pulverizing the city using Soviet supplied bombers and killing an estimated 24,000 citizens in less than a week; this event marked the opening salvo of the rebellion which led to the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan in December 1979. Ismail Khan escaped to the countryside. During the ensuing war, he became the leader of the western command of Burhanuddin Rabbani's Jamiat-e-Islami, political party associated with neighboring Pakistan's Jamaat-e-Islami. With Ahmad Shah Massoud, he was one of the most respected mujahideen leaders. In 1992, two years after the Soviet withdrawal from Afghanistan, the mujahideen captured Herat and Ismail Khan became Governor.

In 1995, he defended his province against the Taliban, in cooperation with defense minister Ahmad Shah Massoud. Khan tried to attack the Taliban stronghold of Kandahar, but was repulsed. In September, an ally of the Jamiat, Uzbek General Abdul Rashid Dostum changed sides, attacked Herat. Ismail Khan was forced to flee to neighboring Iran with 8,000 men and the Taliban took over Herat Province. Two years while organizing opposition to the Taliban in Faryab area, he was betrayed and captured by Abdul Majid Rouzi who had defected to the Taliban along with Abdul Malik Pahlawan one of Dostum's deputies. In March 1999 he escaped from Kandahar prison. During the U. S. intervention in Afghanistan, he fought against the Taliban within the United Islamic Front for the Salvation of Afghanistan and thus regained his position as Governor of Herat after they were victorious in December 2001. After returning to Herat, Ismail Khan consolidated his control over the region, he took over control of the city from the local ulema and established control over the trade route between Herat and Iran, a large source of revenue.

As Emir of Herat, Ismail Khan exercised great autonomy, providing social welfare for Heratis, expanding his power into neighbouring provinces, maintaining direct international contacts. Although hated by the educated in Herat and accused of human rights abuses, Ismail Khan's regime provided security, paid government employees, made investments in public services. However, during his tenure as governor, Ismail Khan was accused of ruling his province like a private fiefdom, leading to increasing tensions with the Afghan Transitional Administration. In particular, he refused to pass on to the government the revenues gained from custom taxes on goods from Iran and Turkmenistan. On 13 August 2003, President Karzai removed Governor Ismail Khan from his command of the 4th Corps; this was announced as part of a programme removing the ability of officials to hold both civilian and military posts. Ismail Khan was removed from power in March 2004 due to pressure by neighbouring warlords and the central Afghan government.

Various sources have presented different versions of the story, the exact dynamics cannot be known with certainty. What is known is that Ismail Khan found himself at odds with a few regional commanders who, although theoretically his subordinates, attempted to remove him from power. Ismail Khan claims. Afterwards, these commanders moved their forces near Herat. Ismail Khan, unpopular with the Herati military class, was slow to mobilise his forces waiting for the threat to Herat to become existential as a means to motivate his forces. However, the conflict was stopped with the intervention of International Security Assistance Force forces and soldiers of the Afghan National Army, freezing the conflict in its tracks. Ismail Khan's forces fought skirmishes with the Afghan National Army, in which his son, Mirwais Sadiq was killed; because Ismail Khan was contained by the Afghan National Army, the warlords who opposed him were able to occupy strategic locations unopposed. Ismail Khan was forced to give up his governorship and to go to Kabul, where he served in Hamid Karzai's cabinet as the Minister of Energy.

In 2005 Ismail Khan became the Minister of Energy. In late 2012, the Government of Afghanistan accused Ismail Khan of illegally distributing weapons to his supporters. About 40 members of the coun

Scott Avett

Scott Yancey Avett is one of the lead singers and founding members of the folk-rock band, The Avett Brothers. Avett plays the banjo but plays harmonica, piano, acoustic guitar and electric guitar for the band based out of Concord, North Carolina. In 2008, their album, The Second Gleam, reached the ten spot on's Top Independent Albums Chart. Avett is an accomplished artist and printmaker, his work has been displayed in exhibitions at the Envoy Gallery in New York City and the North Carolina Museum of Art. Scott Avett was born in 1976 in Cheyenne, Wyoming to Jim Avett and Susan Avett of Concord, North Carolina. Scott's paternal grandparents were Reverend Clegg Avett, a Methodist minister, Martha Avett, a former concert pianist. Scott is the middle of three children, his sister, the oldest, was born in 1973. His brother Seth, the youngest, was born in 1980, his father owned a welding business in Concord and his mother taught elementary school before both retired. Jim Avett is now a recording artist with Ramseur Records and sings gospel songs with his daughter Bonnie and with his sons at The Avett Brothers shows.

Scott Avett enrolled at East Carolina University with the hopes of majoring in radio broadcasting with an art minor. However, inspired by mentor Leland Wallin, Avett decided to pursue other interests and he earned a bachelor's degree in communications in 1999 as well as a bachelor of fine arts degree in painting the following year. Scott and his brother, Seth Avett, were involved with their respective bands during their college years. During their college years, Scott was playing with Nemo in Greenville and Seth was involved with the Charlotte-based band, Margo; the Brothers, along with guitarist/founding member John Twomey, decided to merge the bands while maintaining the name "Nemo" in 1998. The Avett Brothers were formed during the Nemo days with fellow Nemo guitarist/founding member, John Twomey. During that time, the name was changed to The Avett Brothers while Nemo and The Avett Brothers continued touring as separate bands. Bob Crawford joined that band in 2001 as Twomey quit both bands and Nemo dissolved.

Scott has a more baritone voice, compared to his brother. In 2003, The Avett Brothers were introduced to Dolph Ramseur, the owner of Ramseur Records, an independent record label in Concord, NC. Scott began to paint in 1999 under the direction of professor and mentor Leland Wallin. In 2002, Scott opened an art gallery in North Carolina, he paints many self-portraits that he says reveal and represent "states of emotions in life." He has developed a unique methodology in his portraits by using a narrative approach. He creates individual characters who, in works, are the subject of various events involving multiple figure paintings. Scott's unique portraits are much like a story book. In addition to oil-on-canvas portraits, Scott is an accomplished printmaker, he returns to East Carolina University as the need arises in order to create special prints in celebration of events relating to his band, The Avett Brothers. Scott specializes in creating relief prints, a skill that he acquired at ECU under the direction of professor Michael Elhbeck.

These prints are renowned among the fans of The Avett Brothers both for their sentimental and artistic value. Scott's artwork was featured at the Envoy Gallery in New York City from July through August in 2008. Scott's work is featured in a special exhibit titled Scott Avett: INVISIBLE at the North Carolina Museum of Art in Raleigh North Carolina from October 26, 2019–January 19, 2020. Avett painted the cover artwork for By the Way, I Forgive You, the 2018 album of long-time friend Brandi Carlile. In 2003, Scott Avett married his wife, who gave birth to a baby girl, Eleanor, in late October 2008. In April 2011, it was announced that two shows in Texas would be postponed due to the birth of his second child, a son named Maxwell. Avett revealed the sex of his baby in London when he re-wrote the lyrics to his song "Murder In The City", released in 2007; the original lyrics were "make sure my sister knows I loved her, make sure my mother knows the same" and they were changed to "make sure my daughter knows I loved her, make sure her mother knows the same.".

A second son, was born in March 2015. In July 2016 at a show near Seattle, Scott sang "make sure my girls know I love them, make sure my boy knows the same, always remember there is nothing worth sharing like the love that let us share our name." Scott Avett is the grandson of Reverend Clegg W. Avett, a Methodist minister whose sermons influenced Scott's faith

Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers

Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. Rogers was born Maria Yvonne Gonzalez in 1965 in Texas, she earned an Artium Baccalaureus in 1987 from Princeton University and a Juris Doctor in 1991 from University of Texas School of Law. From 1991 until 2003, Rogers worked as a litigator in private practice in San Francisco at the law firm of Cooley Godward LLP, she was an equity partner at the firm from 1999 until 2001. Rogers was a member of the civil grand jury in Alameda County, California from 2005 until 2007, served as foreperson from 2006 until 2007. Rogers served as a pro tem judge in Alameda County, California from 2007 until 2008. In 2008, Republican Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger appointed Rogers, a Democrat, to the Alameda County Superior Court, she replaced Judge Carlos G. Ynostroza on the bench. On May 4, 2011, President Obama nominated Rogers to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, vacated by Judge Vaughn Walker, who had retired at the end of 2010.

The Senate confirmed her in an 89–6 vote on November 15, 2011. She received her commission on November 21, 2011, she is the first Latina to serve as a federal judge in the Northern District of California. In December 2014, Rogers presided over a jury trial against Apple, in which plaintiffs claimed DRM on Apple iTunes violated antitrust laws. On December 16, 2014, the jury reached a verdict in favor of Apple. Rogers was elected to the American Law Institute in 1990 and was elected to the ALI Council in 2009, she chairs the ALI's Membership Committee and serves as an Adviser on ALI's Principles of Election Law: Resolution of Election Disputes project. Rogers' husband, Matthew C. Rogers, has served in various positions in the Obama administration; the couple live in California. Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers at Ballotpedia


Shivkhori is a famous cave shrine of Hindus devoted to lord Shiva, situated in the Reasi district of Jammu in India. In Reasi district, there are many shrines such as Mata Vaishno Devi, Merhada Mata, Baba Dhansar, Siad Baba. Shiv Khori is one of them located in Ransoo a village in the Pouni block in Reasi district, which attracts lakhs of devotees annually. Shiv Khori is situated in between the hillocks about 140 km north of Jammu, 120 km from Udhampur and 80 km from Katra.and light vehicles go up to Ransoo, the base camp of pilgrimage. People have to traverse about 3 km on foot on a track constructed by the Shiv Khori Shrine Board, Ransoo duly headed by the Divisional Commissioner Jammu as Chairman and District Development Commissioner, Reasi as vice chairman. Khori means cave and Shiv Khori thus denotes Shiva's cave; this natural cave is about 200 metres long, one metre wide and two to three metres high and contains a self made lingam, which according to the people is unending. The first entrance of the cave is so wide.

Its cavern is spacious to accommodate large number of people. The inner chamber of the cave is smaller; the passage from outer to the inner chamber is low and small, at one spot it divides itself into two parts. One of these is believed to have led to Kashmir, it is now closed. To reach the sanctum sanctorum, one has to stoop low, adjust his body sideward. Inside a created image of Lord Shiva, about 4 metres high, is visible; the cave abounds with a number of other natural objects having resemblance with Goddess Parvati and Nandigan. The cave roof is etched with snake formations, the water trickles through these on Shiva Lingam. Pigeons are seen here like Swami Amar Nath cave which presents good omens for pilgrimages.\ About 40 to 50-year ago, only a few people knew about the Shiv Khori shrine but it has gained much popularity during decades. In earlier times the number of yatries was just in thousands but after the constitution of Shiv Khori Shrine Board during December 2003, the number of devotees has superseded previous records as the number of devotees in year 2005 crossed 300,000.

This year it is expected to exceed 20,00,000 tourists. Some 30 percent of devotees reach the shrine from within the state and 70 percent from different states of the country. A 3-day Shiv Khori mela takes places annually on Maha Shivratri and thousands of pilgrims from different parts of the state and outside visit this cave shrine to seek blessings of Lord Shiva. Maha Shivratri festival is held in the month of February or during first week of March every year. Keeping in view the increasing rush of pilgrims to the holy cave shrine, the Shiv Khori Shrine Board has taken up a number of steps to develop this spot in a bid to provide more and more facilities to the devotees, like construction of Shrine Guest House at a cost of Rs. 1.9 million at village Ransoo, the base camp of yatra, Reception Centre and Pony shed at an estimated cost of Rs. 8 million, tile work of entire 3-km long track is nearing completion, plantation of ornamental and medicinal plants on track and development of parks etc.

Other arrangements like electrification of the cave with modern techniques, provision of oxygen and electric generators, exhaust fans, construction of shelter sheds for yatris with toilet facilities near the cave site, 15 shelter sheds en route Ransoo to cave shrine, railing from the base camp to cave, additional facility of 15,000/EfnrKing water reservoir, proper sanitation, provision of 25 kV capacity electric transformer, cloak room, starting of permanent bus services from Katra and Jammu, Police post and Dispensary and a STD PCO are under active consideration of the Shiv Khori Shrine Development Board. To meet the ever-growing rush of devotees in having smooth darshans of the Lord Shiva, an exit tunnel has been constructed by the shri Shivkhori Shrine Board this year in February; the management and development of the Shiv Khori has been taken over by Sri Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board, looking after VaishnoDevi pilgrimage. Jammu Katra Vaishnodevi Agharjitto NavDevi Baba Dhansar Reasi Bhimgarh Fort kalika Temple Siar Baba Official Website of Shri Shivkhori Shrine Board Shiv Khori Cave -

Truth & Soul

Truth & Soul is the fifth studio album by Australian-New Zealand recording artist Stan Walker. It was released in Australia and New Zealand on 17 April 2015 by Sony Music Australia and features a collection of soul covers. Whilst working as a judge on The X Factor New Zealand and on a new album of original material, Walker decided to "buy some time" and release an album of soul covers; the idea of recording an album of covers was suggested to Walker by the head of Sony Australia, Denis Handlin, Walker rejected the idea, having stated on the subject: "Hell no! I'm an artist! I write my stuff!" However, he began going through his Facebook and saw the videos he had put up of the covers that inspired him. He was adamant that he interpret the songs his own way; the album was announced in March. Walker said, "These are songs I've fallen in love with all over again. They've always been with me and I wanted to make them my own.""To be honest, this record is a little bit of self-indulgence because they are my favourite songs.

And I would have been scared to sing any of them out of the shower three years ago, especially'Let's Get it On', because of who I was and what I represented as a young man," Walker said. "I have a standard to uphold -- my whole thing. Now I feel I have become more honest about who I am and I don't care what people think. I want to sing and talk about sex and love and dreams and death and these songs let me do it. I want to feel good, like anyone." Walker performed "Signed, Delivered I'm Yours" and "A Change Is Gonna Come" for Radio New Zealand on April 16. He sung "I Got a Woman" and "Endless Love" with Dami Im on April 17 on Sunrise. Walker performed a medley of songs from the album live on The X Factor New Zealand on April 20, he performed "Is This Love" on the Today on May 8. Victoria Venardos of Renowned for Sound said: "Stan's vocal ability is impressively on display throughout this record, you can hear a deep respect for each song with effortless falsetto and unveiled emotion."Andja Curcic of Renowned for Sound gave the album 3.5 stars out of 5 in his review of the album, saying: "Overall, Truth & Soul showcases a playful approach to musical covers and, something Walker should be commended for.

However, there is a danger when transforming iconic hits – their beauty can be lost. Walker's vocals shine in this album and it is nice to see him steer away from the pop scene and reconnect with his roots; this album is a solid effort."Siena Yates of said. Yates complimented "A Change Is Gonna Come", calling it the standout "on which Walker is soulful and appropriately restrained, letting Sam Cooke's classic resonate on its own, without letting it override his vocal." The album becomes Walker's third top 10 album in Australia after his debut Introducing Stan Walker in 2009 and From the Inside Out in 2010

Iskra (Egyptian communist organisation)

Iskra was a communist organization in Egypt. Iskra was founded in 1942 by Hillel Schwartz. In the initial phase of its existence, the membership of Iskra was a small group of less than 100; the followers of Iskra were, like the supporters of other Egyptian communist factions, active inside the Wafdist Vanguard. Iskra emphazised its application in Egyptian society. Iskra's approach was that the first task of the communists was to build a base amongst revolutionary intellectuals, that mass mobilisation would follow at a stage. In 1944 Iskra established a study centre, Dar al-abahth al-'ilmiya; the centre gave classes on communist thought. Iskra was one of the forces behind the foundation of the National People's University in 1945, an institution that provided courses in politics and social sciences for labour activists. In February 1946, Iskra was one of the groups that organised the National Committee of Workers and Students, a mass movement for national independence and social reforms; the National Committee lasted until July the same year.

In 1947 the organisation began publishing the newspaper al-Jamahir. Shudi Atiya ash-Shafi was the director of the House of Scientific Research and the editor of al-Jamahir. Ash-Shafi had been the first Egyptian Muslim to become part of the Iskra leadership; that same year Iskra merged with the Egyptian Movement for National Liberation to form the Democratic Movement for National Liberation. In comparison to other contemporary communist organisations in Egypt, the membership of Iskra consisted of intellectuals. Like all communist groups, the cadres were urban and based in the Cairo area. A large number of the Iskra cadres were Europeanised belonging to other European minorities. Many of the Iskra activists belonged to the upper strata of Cairo society, were recruited from the Lycée Français du Caire; the recruitment was done through arranging parties and social events. In 1945, Iskra had a membership of about 900. 40% of them were foreigners. Notably the Jewish members of the Iskra leadership took a more militant anti-Zionist approach than the non-Jewish cadres.

Around 1946/early 1947 they formed the Jewish Anti-Zionist League. It was in Iskra; some of the first women cadres were Latifa az-Zayyat, Soraya Adham, Fatma Zaki, Inge Aflatun, Aimée Setton and Odette Hazan Solomon. The Iskra group soon got the reputation of being a haven for sexual libertinism. In fact the anti-communist discourse in Egypt at the time, centered around claims that the communist movement was morally depraved and dominated by Jews, was based on the reputation of the Iskra group. Other communist factions became harshly critical of Iskra the role of women in the organisation. Henri Curiel, leader of HAMITU, criticized Iskra for organizing parties as a tool for political recruitment