It's a Wonderful Life is a 1946 American Christmas fantasy drama film produced and directed by Frank Capra, based on the short story and booklet The Greatest Gift, which Philip Van Doren Stern wrote in 1939 and published in 1943. The film is one of the most beloved in American cinema, has become traditional viewing during the Christmas season; the film stars James Stewart as George Bailey, a man who has given up his dreams in order to help others, whose imminent suicide on Christmas Eve brings about the intervention of his guardian angel, Clarence Odbody. Clarence shows George all the lives he has touched, how different life would be for his wife Mary and his community of Bedford Falls if he had never been born. Despite performing poorly at the box office due to stiff competition at the time of its release, the film has become a classic and is a staple of Christmas television around the world; the change in reception was helped in part due to a clerical error which put the film into the public domain, allowing it to be shown anywhere without licensing or royalty fees.
Theatrically, the film's break-even point was $6.3 million, about twice the production cost, a figure it did not come close to achieving on its initial release. An appraisal in 2006 reported: "Although it was not the complete box-office failure that today everyone believes... it was a major disappointment and confirmed, at least to the studios, that Capra was no longer capable of turning out the populist features that made his films the must-see, money-making events they once were."It's a Wonderful Life is now considered one of the greatest films of all time. It was nominated for five Academy Awards, including Best Picture, has been recognized by the American Film Institute as one of the 100 best American films made, as number 11 on its initial 1998 greatest movie list, as number 20 on its revised 2007 greatest movie list, as number one on its list of the most inspirational American films of all time. Capra revealed that it was his personal favorite among the films he directed and that he screened it for his family every Christmas season.
On Christmas Eve 1945, in Bedford Falls, New York, 38-year-old George Bailey contemplates suicide. The prayers of his family and friends reach heaven, where Angel 2nd class Clarence Odbody is assigned to save George, to earn his wings. Clarence views flashbacks of George's life: In 1919, 12-year-old George saves his brother Harry from drowning, losing the hearing in his left ear. George prevents Mr. Gower, from accidentally poisoning a prescription. In 1928, George plans to tour the world before college, is reintroduced to Mary Hatch, who has long had a crush on him; when his father suffers a stroke and dies, George postpones his travel to sort out the family business, Bailey Brothers' Building and Loan, which boardmember Henry F. Potter wishes to dissolve, but the board votes to keep it open, provided that George runs it. Giving his college tuition to Harry on the condition that Harry take over the Building and Loan when he graduates, George works alongside his uncle Billy. Four years a married Harry returns from college, ready to honor his commitment, but George will not let him turn down an excellent job offer from his father-in-law.
George marries Mary. They witness a run on the bank and use their $2,000 honeymoon savings to keep the Building and Loan solvent. George establishes Bailey Park, a housing development financed by the Building and Loan, in contrast to Potter's overpriced slums. Potter offers George $20,000 a year to become his assistant, but George realizes Potter intends to shut down the Building and Loan and rebukes him. During World War II, George is ineligible for service because of his deaf ear. Harry becomes a Navy pilot and earns the Medal of Honor by shooting down a kamikaze plane headed for a troop transport. On Christmas Eve 1945, as the town prepares a hero's welcome for Harry, Billy goes to deposit $8,000 of the Building and Loan's cash. At the bank, Billy taunts Potter with a newspaper headline about Harry, but unintentionally wraps the envelope of cash in Potter’s newspaper. Billy discovers he has misplaced the cash, Potter finds the envelope but says nothing; when a bank examiner reviews the Building and Loan's records, George realizes scandal and criminal charges will follow.
Fruitlessly retracing Billy's steps, George berates him, takes out his frustration on his family. George appeals to Potter for a loan, offering his life insurance policy with $500 in equity as collateral. Based on the policy's $15,000 nominal value, Potter says George is worth more dead than alive, phones the police to arrest him for misappropriation of funds. After getting drunk at a bar and praying for help, a suicidal George goes to a nearby bridge. Before George can jump, Clarence is rescued by George; when George wishes he had never been born, Clarence shows him a timeline. Bedford Falls is named Pottersville, a seedy town occupied by strip clubs, swing halls, cocktail lounges. Mr. Gower was imprisoned for manslaughter after putting poison in the pills, George and Mary’s house is derelict. George's mother reveals that Billy was institutionalized after the Loan failed. In the cemetery where Bailey Park was, George discovers Harry's grave; the soldiers on the transport ship died because Harry did not save them, since George did not save Harry.
George finds Mary, now a spinster. When he claims to be her husband, she screams for George flees. Convinced that Clarence is his guardian angel, George runs to the brid
John Augustus Roebling II was an American civil engineer and philanthropist. Following his father's death, he became the largest individual shareholder in the family business, John A. Roebling's Sons. Roebling was born to Washington Roebling and Emily Warren Roebling on November 21, 1867, in Mühlhausen, where his father had been sent to study the use of caissons that were to be used in the construction of the foundations of the Brooklyn Bridge, he was named for the original designer of the bridge. Raised in the Columbia Heights, Brooklyn neighborhood, where his parents were supervising the construction of the bridge, Roebling attended Collegiate School and Brooklyn Boy's Preparatory School. After the bridge was completed, he moved with his family to Troy, New York, where he attended Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, earning an undergraduate degree in civil engineering in 1888 before a master's degree in chemistry, he started work as a chemist for the family business, but was forced to decrease his work due to a lingering heart condition that had affected him since his youth.
Following his marriage to Margaret Shippen McIlvane in 1889, they moved to Oracle and Asheville, North Carolina where the weather was more conducive to her lung ailment. He moved to Bernardsville, New Jersey in 1904 and acquired the Boulderwood estate after Asheville voted in favor of alcohol prohibition, he continued to work independently on chemistry research and became the owner of 18.4% of the family business, John A. Roebling's Sons, after his father's death in 1926, he acquired 1,050 acres of land in Lake Placid, Florida in the late 1920s, which became the site of the Red Hill Estate, constructed on Red Hill, which rose 213 feet. A storehouse, constructed to store supplies, was used by his son, Donald Roebling, to develop and test his amtrac, planned to help rescue people during hurricanes, but became the basis of the amphibious Landing Vehicle Tracked used during World War II. Boulderwood is part of the Olcott Avenue Historic District, Roebling was credited with creating work for needy locals during the Great Depression.
In July 1941, the estate was given to Richard Archbold, a zoologist who used the site to create the Archbold Biological Station. A collection of 16,000 mineral samples, among them many type specimens, along with an endowment of $150,000, was contributed by Roebling to the Smithsonian Institution; the collection was described in the organization's annual report as including "practically every known mineral species". Roebling died at his Boulderwood estate in Bernardsville on February 2, 1952, he was survived by his son Donald, by his second wife, Helen Price, who he had married in 1931
Community Service The Movie is a 2012 American slasher film written and directed by Joseph Patrick Kelly, is his feature film directorial debut. The movie was released on July 21, 2012 and stars Chris Woods Marlins as a community service officer dealing with an escaped serial killer with post-traumatic stress disorder; the project was begun while the filmmaker was in college, serves as a prequel to Bloody Island, which had a projected release date of 2016. Years ago Billy Fouls was teased and tormented to the point where he had to be committed to a psychiatric center. Now an adult, Billy decides to break out of the center after hearing that one of his bullies, Bob, is now a community service officer and will be holding a program at a campground located near to his institution. Eager to exact his revenge, Billy begins to plan a series of bloody murders. Christopher Woods as Officer Bob Butterfield William Meyer as Billy Fouls Joseph P. Kelly as Iliana Garcia as Danelia Caitlin Kenyon as Hope Tomaselli as Paige Renell Edwards as Smith Marissa Mynter as Molly Daniel Trinh as Dakota Tristan MacAvery as Officer Jim Springfield In 2014 Community Service received some controversy over allegations that the film's director had tried to extort money from the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, which he would use towards the movie.
Kelly received an indictment at the U. S. District Court in Greensboro, on one charge of "extortion by interstate communication"; the indictment states that Kelly had been hired by Reynolds in 2012 to film a mock trial, which the company's attorneys would use in preparation for an impending court case. Lawyers for Reynolds stated that Kelly had not returned a provided confidentiality agreement and that the company had received emails in January 2013 that they claim are Kelly asking for money, one of which stated that he was "willing to take a contribution of $15,000 to a Kickstarter campaign for a horror film titled "Community Service The Movie." The filmmaker states he was interviewed by FBI agents and that his hard drives and equipment were seized. All charges were dropped in 2016. 2012: won Best Grindhouse Film at Buffalo Niagara Film Festival 2012: nominated for Best Feature at New Orleans Film Festival 2013: won Excellence in the Art of Filmmaking at Palm Beach International Film Festival Official website Community Service: The Movie on IMDb
Nicole Uphoff is a German equestrian who competes in the sport of dressage. She won four gold medals in team competition at the 1988 and 1992 Summer Olympics. Riding her star horse, Uphoff won numerous other international competitions, including the World Equestrian Games and the European Dressage Championships. Uphoff first married international show jumper Otto Becker in the early 1990s, but the pair separated in late 2007 and divorced. In January 2004, Uphoff gave birth to her first child, a son named Patrick. Long-time boyfriend Travis Morgan was the baby's father. In 1985, riding Rembrandt, began to compete at events for young riders, in 1986, the pair began working with Uwe Schulten-Baumer, a well-known dressage coach. In 1987, they began to compete, win, at the international level, they rose to the top of the dressage world with unheard-of speed, due to Rembrandt's elegance and expression in the ring. Their rise to fame resulted in a 1988 Olympic nomination. Uphoff switched trainers four months before the Games began, leaving Schulten-Baumer to work with Harry Boldt, the German national coach.
Rembrandt and Uphoff were Olympic Champions twice, in 1992 in Barcelona. Both times they took a gold medal with the German team; the Barcelona games resulted in Rembrandt being titled a "living work of art" by one German sports commentator. During the last two years of his career, Rembrandt began to decline and he missed the team nomination to the 1996 Summer Olympics. Uphoff used her right as defending champion to compete as an individual, they were again part of the German delegation in Atlanta, where they placed 14th; this placement was despite being pulled from competition before the last round, due to an injury, at which point they was in 8th place. Uphoff and Rembrandt took both individual and team gold at the first World Equestrian Games in 1990. In 1993, he was injured by a kick from another horse during a victory lap at the German Championships, but recovered from the blow to take individual silver at the 1994 World Equestrian Games; the German team, including Uphoff, again took gold.
Uphoff and Rembrandt competed at many other international-level events. In 1989, Rembrandt made his European Dressage Championships debut at Mondorf, where they took both individual and team gold, it was the first time that the gold-medal winning German team had been made up of four female riders. In 1991, at the Championships in Donaueschingen, the pair took silver in the Grand Prix Special, while again riding to gold as part of the German team; the silver medal was the first defeat in three years for the pair, was dealt by another Schulten-Baumer student, Isabell Werth on Gigolo FRH. At the 1995 Championships, held in Mondorf, Uphoff again assisted the German team to a gold medal, while taking 5th individually; the pair won seven times at the Stuttgart German Masters international show, the last in 1995. This was a record number of wins until 2010, when Werth won for an eighth time, Uphoff remains the only rider to have won seven masters titles on a single horse. In 1996, Uphoff and Rembrandt gave a farewell show at his official retirement at the Stuttgart Indoor Show.
Rembrandt spent the rest of his life at Uphoff's farm. On 30 October 2001, he was euthanized after his health deteriorated and he was unable to rise. Rembrandt's transitions from passage to extended trot back to passage, have been called "unequalled", he was known for his spookiness, however, to the point that crowds hushed themselves when he was performing. He is known as a "legendary" dressage horse, mounted upon Rembrandt, Nicole Uphoff pioneered an era of female-dominated dressage competitions. In 2009, Uphoff donated Rembrandt's saddle to the equestrian museum at CHIO Aachen in Germany. After the 1996 Olympics and Rembrandt's retirement, Uphoff faded from the dressage world for several years, unable to find a mount that could win in international competition. However, in early 1998, she began riding Borbet Rubinstein and soon returned to international prominence, winning the 1999 CDI Frankfurt, she began training several of Rubinstein's offspring. In 1999, she appeared on German television, giving dressage commentary, was named the German Sportswoman of the Year.
There was speculation. She did not compete in the 2000 Olympics, by early 2013, she had retired from competition
Actionslacks are an American indie rock band, based in the San Francisco Bay Area, long associated with the region's Noise Pop scene. Actionslacks formed in Northern California's East Bay in 1994 when ex-Pillbox members Tim Scanlin and Mark Wijsen met drummer Marty Kelly and discovered a mutual appreciation of late-70s English punk rock, 1980s American post-punk and guitar-based New Zealand indie rock; the band played one gig in Berkeley, California under the name King Friday but changed their name after Scanlin realized he "just couldn't be in a band named after a puppet." The band soon became a regular on the San Francisco and West Coast club circuit and released the "Tugboat Mutiny" b/w "A. C. R. O. N. Y. M." 7" single on their own Permanent Records imprint. In 1996 the band's first full length, Too Bright, Just Right, Good Night was released on the Minneapolis Skene! label. Actionslacks' second LP, One Word was recorded in 1997 and released in 1998 by the Arena Rock Recording Company; the band toured with labelmates Harvey Danger and an ascendant Death Cab for Cutie in support of the record.
Wijsen left the band in late-1998 and Scanlin and Kelly began working on more pop-oriented songs, first with producers Greg Freeman and Jeff Palmer and with new band members Aaron Rubin and Chuck Lindo. The Scene's Out of Sight was recorded in the fall of 1999 with producer/engineer J. Robbins at John Vanderslice's Tiny Telephone recording studio and released in early 2001 by the Self-Starter Foundation; the band's following grew in part due to well-timed promotions with Napster, various song placements in television shows and video games, a strong showing on college radio. Prior to touring in support of the album, Rubin left the band and Lindo took time off to attend to other projects. Enter new permanent bassist Ross Murray and touring guitarist/singer Doug Modie. In 2002 Scanlin moved to Los Angeles and the band began a continuing long-distance relationship. Full Upright Position was written and recorded between 2001 and 2003 in various studios in California and Washington, DC. J. Robbins once again engineered and the band produced, venturing into the far-ranging territory of multi-instrumentation, eloborate arrangements and stylistic diversity.
The album's release was complicated by Kelly's relocation to Maine in late 2003 and record label issues. The band managed to tour both the East and West coasts, adding keyboard/vocalist Darice Bailey to help reproduce the band's new sound. Actionslacks took a semi-hiatus beginning in late 2004, with occasional live appearances and writing sessions amid individual projects and family life. In early 2008 the band was reinvigorated by the idea of a new writing and recording paradigm, writing new tracks via online collaboration and meeting up at Tiny Telephone to rehearse and record over the course of 8 days with engineer Aaron Prellwitz; the resulting collection, which marks a return to the aggressive yet tuneful punk sound of The Scene's Out of Sight, was self-released as Kids With Guitars in spring 2009. Downloaders were invited to pay however; the long-distance writing approach was repeated in late 2009 and culminated in a recording session at Tiny Telephone. While gathered the band celebrated its 15th anniversary with a show at the Bottom of the Hill.
The six songs recorded during the session made up the band's final release, 2012's self-titled EP. Too Bright, Just Right, Good Night One Word The Scene's Out of Sight Full Upright Position Full Upright Position Acoustic Companion Never Never Shake Baby EP Kids With Guitars Actionslacks "Tugboat Mutiny" b/w "A. C. R. O. N. Y. M" / "Space-Age Heart" "John Hughes" b/w "Operator" "John L. Sullivan" on Ten Years of Noise Pop "Annie Oakley" and "Perfect G" on Inside X DVD and CD Sampler "Iodine" on Until the Shaking Stops: A Tribute to Jawbox Selections from The Scene's Out of Sight appeared on Road Rules on MTV ca. 2001–2002 Selections from The Scene's Out of Sight appeared on The Real World ca. 2001–2002 "Tad Loves Kimberly James," "The Scene's Out of Sight' and "Joan of Arc" appeared in NBC's All About Us in 2001 "Joan of Arc" featured in the Australian program Out There "Joan of Arc" featured on Fuel TV "The Scene is Out of Sight" was used as background music in an Adidas commercial that aired during the X Games in 2004 "All You'll Ever Need To Know" featured in Queer Eye for the Straight Guy episode #133 "My Favorite Man" featured on Roswell DVD release Selections from Full Upright Position featured on MTV's Real World/Road Rules Challenge "Moneypenny's Theme" featured on The Real World "Shining Jewels," "Simple Life," and "Cut Above" featured in ABC's Men In Trees 2007–2008 season "Joan of Arc" appeared in the pilot episode of CBS's The Ex-List, October 3, 2008 "We Are Not the Losers" appeared the "Double Down" episode of ABC's Castle, 2009 "Joan of Arc" played in the background of a night club scene in Personal Velocity "I Hope This Makes It Easier For You" and "The Scene's Out of Sight" appeared in Amped 2 for Xbox
Fuhrländer Wind Turbine Laasow is a wind turbine, built in 2006 near the village of Laasow, Germany. It consists of a 160-metre lattice tower; until two taller wind turbines opened in Poland in 2012, this Fuhrländer was the tallest wind turbine in the world. Its power output is 2.5 MW. List of tallest buildings and structures in the world Wind power in Germany De Noord, tallest traditional windmill in the world De Nolet, tallest "windmill", but is a disguised wind turbine "Fuhrländer errichtet die höchste Windkraftanlage der Welt". Fuhrlaender AG. Fuhrländer Wind Turbine diagram at SkyscraperPage.com Laasow Wind Power Plant at Structurae Fuhrländer FL 2500 - Laasow on YouTube - video illustrating the construction and operation of this wind turbine