It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia is an American sitcom that premiered on FX on August 4, 2005, moved to FXX beginning with the ninth season in 2013. It was created by Rob McElhenney, it is executive produced and written by McElhenney and Charlie Day, all of whom star alongside Kaitlin Olson and Danny DeVito. The series follows the exploits of "The Gang," a group of narcissistic friends who run the Irish bar Paddy's Pub in South Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. On April 1, 2016, the series was renewed for a thirteenth and fourteenth season, which matched The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet with the most seasons for a live-action sitcom in American television history. Season 14 premiered on September 25, 2019; the series follows "The Gang," a group of five fictional misfit friends: twins Dennis and Deandra " Dee" Reynolds, their friends Charlie Kelly and Ronald "Mac" McDonald, Frank Reynolds, Dennis' and Dee's legal father. The Gang runs an unsuccessful Irish bar in South Philadelphia; each member of "The Gang" displays unethical behavior and traits such as excessive drinking and drug abuse and egotism.
Episodes find them hatching elaborate schemes and conspiring against one another and others for personal gain, vengeance, or the entertainment of watching another's downfall. They habitually inflict mental and physical pain on each other and anyone who crosses their path, they regularly use blackmail to manipulate one another and others outside of the group. The Gang's unity is never solid, any of them will dump any of the others for quick profit or personal gain regardless of the consequences. Despite this, they return to their usual group dynamic due to their toxic codependency. Everything they do results in contention among themselves, much of the show's dialogue involves the characters arguing or yelling at one another. Despite their lack of success or achievements, they maintain high opinions of themselves and display an obsessive interest in their reputations and public images; the Gang has no sense of shame when attempting to get what they want and engage in activities that others would find humiliating, disgusting, or shocking.
Some of these situations include: becoming addicted to crack cocaine and pretending to be mentally challenged in order to qualify for welfare. During the Season 7 episode "The Gang Gets Trapped," in which The Gang breaks into a family's home and has to hide from them when they return, an angry monologue by Dennis captures the essence of The Gang's modus operandi: Except for certain rare occasions, Paddy's Pub does not do well financially. There are only a few customers inside at a time, if any, those present sometimes "appear to be serving themselves." Passersby avoid the bar because of the numerous stabbings that have occurred there. The gang has been known to close Paddy's for extended periods without warning; when the bar is open, the gang shirks their respective jobs' responsibilities and choose to drink instead. Paddy's is able to stay in business because of Frank's financial backing. In addition, money is saved through paying Dee less than minimum wage, and, at one point, "getting some slaves."
Charlie Day as Charlie Kelly – Charlie was a co-owner of Paddy's Pub, but traded his capital investment for "goods and services," half a sandwich, other undisclosed compensation. He is a childhood friend of Mac, high school friend of Dennis and Dee, he is the roommate of Frank, who may or may not be his biological father. Charlie does most of the actual maintenance at the pub, he is unable to properly read or write, is an alcoholic substance abuser seen huffing glue or paint, as well as eating various items not meant for human consumption, such as cat food. He lives in squalor with Frank in a run-down, vermin-infested apartment and has deep-seated psychological problems. Charlie has unresolved anger issues screaming to get his point across. In spite of his general lack of intelligence, Charlie is a gifted musician and a self-proclaimed expert in'bird law', he has an unhealthy obsession with "The Waitress," a recurring character who finds Charlie repulsive and shows no interest in him until the Season 12 finale.
Glenn Howerton as Dennis Reynolds -- Dennis is a co-owner of Dee's twin brother. The most psychopathic of the five friends, Dennis is narcissistic, hypersexual and abrasive, he graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a minor in psychology. His predatory nature is depicted through numerous attempts to seduce various women.
Modthryth and Fremu are reconstructed names for a character who figures as the queen of King Offa in Beowulf. The reason for the usage of both Thryth and the compound name Modthryth is that the latter name is an emendation by Frederick Klaeber. Mod appears just before Þryð on line 1932 of the poem, where she is introduced, scholars are divided as to whether mod is part of her name, or a separate word; the queen of the eighth-century Mercian king Offa in the thirteenth-century Vitae duorum Offarum, which portrays both this Offa and his fifth-century namesake, is called Quendrida, a somewhat flawed Latin rendering of Cynethryth, the actual name of Offa's wife. The author, etymologised the word as consisting of the words quen'queen' and the personal name Drida: Quendrida, id est regina Drida; this parallel has sometimes been taken as a further argument that the Offa of Beowulf had a queen called Thryth and that the passage was intended as a veiled reference to the eighth-century queen. More R. D. Fulk has challenged the long-held view that the queen was named either Modthryth or Thryth, pointing out difficulties with the ending -o, its implications for the overall syntax, the weaknesses of the Drida argument.
Instead, he revives the suggestion made by Ernst A. Kock in 1920 that fremu is not an adjective modifying folces cwen "the people's princess" and meaning "excellent", but her actual name. On the basis of such parallels as higeþryðe wæg "bore arrogance", he treats Mod þryðo as a common noun, although this necessitates an emendation of the ending -o to -a. Eric Weiskott has challenged Fulk's reinterpretation on grounds of poetic syntax, concluding that the queen remains anonymous; the relevant passage follows interrupts, a favourable description of Hygelac's queen Hygd. First, the portrayal focuses on the princess's character in her early days before her marriage to Offa, she is a powerful and vengeful woman who punishes any man beneath her station who dares to look her directly in the eye: She changes her ways after being married to Offa, becoming a gracious hostess and gaining fame for her good deeds and devotion to her husband: The poet juxtaposes the vice of the queen with the virtues of Hygd, not only condemning Modthryth's behavior but reinforcing the idea that it is the role of a queen to be a freoðuwebbe or peace-weaver.
Based on the similarity of name, the portrayal of'Thryth' has been interpreted as an attack upon Offa of Mercia's wife Cynethryth. While scholars such as Seamus Heaney and R. D. Fulk adhere to the limiting tamed virago motif of Modthryth, suggested by the Beowulf poet, there are various possibilities in regards to the reading of this character. For instance, Helen Damico and Mary Dockray-Miller view Modthryth as a far more majestic and powerful figure than either Fulk or Heaney attests. Damico views Modthryth as encompassing both the threatening and benevolent aspects of the Wælcyrge: she'parallels the evolution of the archetypal figure that Modthrytho is modelled upon, the progression of fierce war-demon to gold-adorned warrior-queen'. Dockray-Miller fails to agree with Damico's Valkyrie idea, stating that she is'neither a reformed peace pledge, nor a heroic Valkyrie. Instead, her character both confirms and denies a masculine economy that depends on women as commodities Modþryðo's masculine performance manages to subvert the usual use of women as objects in exchanges between men'.
Another feminist scholar, Pat Belanoff, comments upon the Old English tradition of strong female characters and images, positing that'ithin the resources available to Anglo-Saxon poets was a traditional image of the female: an intelligent strong minded glowing or shining, verbally adept woman whose actions are resolute and self-initiated'. Considering that the poem itself includes similar descriptions of Modthryth, stating that she is'famous for her good deeds and conduct in life' and referencing her shining beauty, certain ignored possibilities for this character are being explored. Taken such recent criticism into account, it is apparent that complexities hitherto denied to Modthryth are being explored through the revision of feminist scholars -thus uncovering nuances of gendered power that are implicit within the poem. With this in mind, Modthryth no longer acts as a foil to the good queen Hygd, but contributes to a tradition of strong female figures. Evidently, it would be profitable to view Modthryth as comparable to such figures as Judith or the Old Norse Valkyrie-brides.
Beowulf: Hygd, Wealhþeow, Hildeburh Beowulf: Grendel's mother Eadburh, daughter of King Offa of Mercia and wife to King Beorhtric of Wessex Book of Judith Valkyrie Beowulf, ed. and tr. Michael Swanton, Beowulf. 2nd ed. New York, 1997. Swanton's prose translation is re-arranged as verse-lines above. Beowulf. Trans. Fulk, R. D. Ed. Fulk; the Beowulf Manuscript: Complete Texts and the Fight at Finnsburg. Cambridge and London: Harvard UP, 2010. Print. Beowulf: A Verse Translation. Trans. Heaney, Seamus. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2002. Print. Bennett, Judith M. ‘Medievalism and Feminism.’ Speculum 68. 2: 309-31. Jstor. Web. Nov 7. 2015. Damico, Helen. Alexandra Hennessey Olsen. New Readings on Women in Old English Literature. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana UP, 1990. Print. Eliason, Norman E. "The'Thryth-Offa Digression' in Beowulf." In Franciplegius: medieval and linguistic studies in honor of Francis Peabody Magoun, ed. by Jr. J. B. Bessinger and R. P. Creed. New York: New York University Press, 1965. Fulk, Robert D. "Th
Robert "Bob" Gamere is an American former sportscaster. A sports anchor on WNAC and announcer of Holy Cross football games, Gamere made his television play-by-play debut in 1970, succeeding Jerry Coleman as a broadcaster for the New York Yankees on WPIX, he was criticized for his overuse of the catch phrase "Here it comes, there it goes" to describe a pitch thrown to home plate and batted anywhere. He was replaced after one season by Bill White. Gamere's career moved to Boston. From 1973 to 1980 he hosted Candlepins for Cash on WNAC, as well as calling ECAC Hockey with John Carlson. Carlson called the third period with Gamere on color. During the second period, Gamere would be on play by play with Carlson on color. After his dismissal, he moved to WMRE. In 1984, Gamere began a five-year stint as a sports anchor at WLVI-TV, he was fired in 1989 after charges of assault and sexual harassment were brought against him by a Malden man. The charges were dropped, but he was not rehired by Channel 56; that year, he began hosting a weekend midnight to 5:00 a.m. sports talk show on WRCA and a nightly sports show on Channel 25.
In 1990, he began a career in sports betting calling himself "The Great Gamere", hosting a NFL pay-per-view betting show and running a sports book. From 1994 to 1996, he worked for WNDS, calling UMass Lowell hockey games and horse races from Rockingham Park. From 1982 to 1989, he was the play by play man for Harvard football on WMRE, WDLW, WTAG. Gamere had been sports director at WTAG in the late 1960s and hosted an issue-oriented talk show called "Talk of Town" from 6:30 to 8:00 p.m. on weeknights. On June 15, 1988, Gamere was stabbed four times while walking in the Fenway section of Boston. Gamere was fired by television station WLVI-TV in 1989 after charges of assault and sexual harassment were brought against him by a man from Malden, Massachusetts; the charges were dropped. On October 23, 2008, Gamere was arrested and arraigned on charges of transporting and possessing child pornography. According to court documents, the FBI had been investigating Gamere as far back as 2005 when they alleged he e-mailed videos of children having sex with each other and adults.
Gamere pleaded not guilty in US District Court in Boston. The Boston Herald reported on September 5, 2009, that Gamere was expected to plead guilty to child pornography charges; the BostonChannel.com reported on January 19, 2010, that Gamere had been sentenced to five years in prison on child pornography charges. He was released on May 27, 2014