The Italian Riviera, or Ligurian Riviera is the narrow coastal strip which lies between the Ligurian Sea and the mountain chain formed by the Maritime Alps and the Apennines. Longitudinally it extends from the border with France and the French Riviera near Ventimiglia eastwards to Capo Corvo which marks the eastern end of the Gulf of La Spezia and is close to the regional border between Liguria and Tuscany; the Italian Riviera thus includes nearly all of the coastline of Liguria. The "Riviera" extended further to the west, through what is now French territory as far as Marseille; the Riviera's centre is Genoa, which divides it into two main sections: the Riviera di Ponente, extending westwards from Genoa to the French border. It is famous for its mild climate and relaxed way of life which, together with the charm of its old fishing ports and the beauty of its landscape, has made it a popular destination for travellers and tourists since the time of Byron and Percy Shelley. Many villages and towns in the area are internationally known, such as Portofino, Bordighera and the Cinque Terre.
The part of the Riviera di Ponente centred on Savona, is called the "Riviera delle Palme". Places on or near the Italian Riviera include: Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli Portovenere, Cinque Terre, the Islands Giardini Botanici Hanbury, Mortola Inferiore, Liguria. Giardino all'italiana Cervara Abbey, Santa Margherita Ligure, Liguria. Villa Durazzo-Pallavicini, Genoa, Liguria. Villa Durazzo-Centurione, Santa Margherita Ligure, Liguria. Carnevalöa - Carnival of Loano Barcalorata in Sestri Levante Sanremo in Fiore - Corso Fiorito - Carnival of Sanremo Euroflora in Genoa Festival della Scienza in Genoa Artificial Intelligence Exposition | C1A0 EXPO in Genoa Festival del Vento in Spotorno Festival della Mente in Sarzana Genoa International Boat Show Premio Paganini in Genoa Sanremo Music Festival Rallye Sanremo, the event was part of the FIA World Rally Championship schedule from the 1973 season to the 2003 season Classic Rallye Sanremo Riviera International Film Festival Milan-Sanremo annual cycling race Millevele in the Gulf of Genoa Regatta of the Historical Marine Republics in Genoa StraGenova RistorExpo Pesto Trofie al Pesto Trenette al Pesto Pansoti alla salsa di noci Mandilli al Pesto Focaccia Genovese Focaccia di Recco Focaccia con le cipolle Focaccia con le olive Pizzata ligure Farinata di ceci Taggiasca olives Spumante Bisson Abissi Sciacchetrà Pigato Andrea Ansaldo Bernardo Strozzi Gioacchino Assereto Giovanni Lorenzo Bertolotto Giovan Battista Gaulli French Riviera Portuguese Riviera Gulf of Genoa Riviera, links to articles on other coastal areas known as "Rivieras"
Walbridge is a village in Wood County, United States, within the Toledo metropolitan area. The population was 3,019 at the 2010 census. Walbridge was platted in 1874. A post office called Walbridge has been in operation since 1871; the village was incorporated in 1912. Walbridge is located at 41°35′18″N 83°29′22″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.21 square miles, of which 2.19 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 3,019 people, 1,458 households, 825 families living in the village; the population density was 1,378.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,635 housing units at an average density of 746.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 95.9% White, 0.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.1% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.6% of the population. There were 1,458 households of which 21.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.3% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 43.4% were non-families.
37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.07 and the average family size was 2.68. The median age in the village was 47.4 years. 17.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 53.9 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,546 people, 1,078 households, 743 families living in the village; the population density was 1,532.0 people per square mile. There were 1,110 housing units at an average density of 667.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.29% White, 0.51% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.71% from other races, 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.67% of the population. There were 1,078 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.0% were non-families.
27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.85. In the village, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males. The median income for a household in the village was $40,234, the median income for a family was $54,063. Males had a median income of $44,185 versus $26,042 for females; the per capita income for the village was $19,783. About 3.7% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over. Walbridge has a branch of the Wood County District Public Library. Dominick Evans – filmmaker and activist Ed Scott - A right-handed pitcher who appeared for two years in the major leagues
La sirena varada is a Spanish play by Alejandro Casona written in 1934 during his stay in Valle de Arán. It is about a mermaid, it was released at Teatro Español in Madrid in the night of 17 March 1934, directed by Margarita Xirgu and Enrique Borrás and it got good reviews. Main characters were portrayed by Margarida Xirgu as Sirena, Enrique Borrás as Samy, Pedro López Lagar as Ricardo, Alberto Contreras as Don Florín, Fernando Aguirre Rodil as Fantasma and Enrique Guitart as Don Joaquín. In 1934 it received the Premio Lope de Vega at Ayuntamiento de Madrid for best play of the year
An alternative investment or alternative investment fund is an investment or fund that invests in asset classes other than stocks and cash. The term is a loose one and includes tangible assets such as precious metals, wine, coins, or stamps and some financial assets such as real estate, private equity, distressed securities, hedge funds, exchange funds, carbon credits, venture capital, film production, financial derivatives, cryptocurrencies. Investments in real estate and shipping are often termed "alternative" despite the ancient use of such real assets to enhance and preserve wealth. In the last century, fancy color diamonds have emerged as an alternative investment class as well. Alternative investments are to be contrasted with traditional investments; as the definition of alternative investments is broad and research varies across the investment classes. For example and wine investments may lack high-quality data; the Goizueta Business School at Emory University has established the Emory Center for Alternative Investments to provide research and a forum for discussion regarding private equity, hedge fund, venture capital investments.
In recent years, the growth of alternative finance has opened up new avenues to investing in alternatives. These include the following: Equity crowdfunding platforms allow "the crowd" to review early-stage investment opportunities presented by entrepreneurs and take an equity stake in the business. An online platform acts as a broker between investors and founders; these platforms differ in the types of opportunities they will offer up to investors, how much due diligence is performed, degree of investor protections available, minimum investment size and so on. Equity crowdfunding platforms have seen a significant amount of success in the UK and, with the passing of JOBS Act Title III in early 2016, are now picking up steam in the United States. Only available in the UK, SEIS funds and EIS funds present a tax-efficient way of investing in early-stage ventures; these work much like venture capital funds, with the added bonus of receiving government tax incentives for investing and loss relief protection should the companies invested in fail.
Such funds help to diversify investor exposure by investing into multiple early ventures. Fees are charged by the management team for participating in the fund, these can end up totaling anywhere between 15% and 40% of the fund value over the course of its life. Private equity consists of large-scale private investments into unlisted companies in return for equity. Private funds are formed by combining funds from institutional investors such as high-net-worth individuals, insurance companies, pension funds. Funds are used alongside borrowed money and the money of the private equity firm itself to invest in businesses they believe to have high growth potential. In Europe, venture capital, buy-ins and buy-outs are considered private equity; the notion of “infrastructure as an asset class” has grown in the past seven years. But, so far, this development has been the preserve of institutional investors: pension funds, insurance companies and sovereign wealth funds, with limited access to high-net-worth investors.
In a 1986 paper, William Baumol used the repeat sale method and compared prices of 500 paintings sold over 410 years before concluding that the average real annual return on art was 0.55%. Another study of high-quality oil paintings sold in Sweden between 1985 and 2016 determined the average return to be 0.6% annually. However, art gallerists are sometimes ambivalent to the idea of treating artwork as an investment. Art is notoriously difficult to value, there are quite a few factors to bear in mind for art valuation; the "Merrill Lynch/Cap Gemini Ernst & Young World Wealth Report 2003", based on 2002 data, showed high-net-worth individuals, as defined in the report, to have 10% of their financial assets in alternative investments. For the purposes of the report, alternative investments included "structured products, luxury valuables and collectibles, hedge funds, managed futures, precious metals". By 2007, this had reduced to 9%. No recommendations were made in either report about the amount of money investors should place in alternative investments.
Alternative investments are sometimes used as a way of reducing overall investment risk through diversification. Some of the characteristics of alternative investments may include: Low correlation with traditional financial investments such as stocks and bonds It may be difficult to determine the current market value of the asset Alternative investments may be illiquid Costs of purchase and sale may be high There may be limited historical risk and return data A high degree of investment analysis may be required before buying Liquid alternatives are alternative investments that provide daily liquidity. Liquid alternative investments should produce returns uncorrelated to GDP growth, must have protection against systemic market risk and should be too small to create new systemic risks for the market. Hedge funds may be included in this category. Liquid alternatives became popular in the late 2000s, growing from $124 billion in assets under management 2010 to $310 billion in 2014. However, in 2015 only $85 million was added, with 31 closed funds and a high-profile underperformance by the largest long-short equity fund at the time, Marketfield Fund.
In 2014 there were an estimated 298 liquid alternative funds with strategies such a
The Nome Gold Rush was a gold rush in Nome, Alaska 1899–1909. It is separated from other gold rushes by the ease. Much of the gold was lying in the beach sand of the landing place and could be recovered without any need for a claim. Nome was a sea port without a harbor, the biggest town in Alaska. Together with the Klondike Gold Rush and Fairbanks Gold Rush, Nome was among the biggest gold rushes north of 60 degrees latitude on the North American continent, it shared prospectors with both Klondike and rushes like Fairbanks. It is memorialized in films like North to Alaska. Nome City still exists and the area is mined as Nome mining district and by tourists. Total production of gold from the area is estimated to be 112 metric tons; the center of the Nome Gold Rush was the town of Nome at the outlet of Snake River on the Seward Peninsula at Norton Sound of the Bering Sea. Inupiaq Eskimos had camped for centuries in the Nome area. In the 18th century, they established the port of St. Michael, 125 miles to the southeast, for sailing on the Yukon River.
Fur traders and whalers from many countries visited the area. A few church missions were established beginning in the 1880s. Gold was found in smaller amounts at Council 1897, the year before Nome, subsequently other places in the area. In September 1898, the "Three Lucky Swedes": Norwegian-American Jafet Lindeberg, two American citizens of Swedish birth, Erik Lindblom and John Brynteson, discovered gold on Anvil Creek and founded Nome mining district. News of the discovery reached the outside world that winter. By 1899, Nome had a population of 10,000. In that year, gold was found in the beach sands for dozens of miles along the coast at Nome, which spurred the stampede to new heights. Thousands more people poured into Nome during the spring of 1900 aboard steamships from the ports of Seattle and San Francisco. More gold seekers from the distant city of Adelaide, Australia set out for Nome aboard the schooner Inca in 1902. By 1900, a tent city on the beaches and on the treeless coast reached 30 miles, from Cape Rodney to Cape Nome.
Many late-comers were jealous of the original discoverers, tried to "jump" the original claims by filing claims covering the same ground. The federal judge for the area ruled the original claims valid, but some of the claim jumpers agreed to share their invalid claims with influential U. S. politicians. One of these, Alexander McKenzie, a Republican from North Dakota, took interest in the gold rush and seized mining claims with the help of a crooked judge, Arthur H. Noyes. Mckenzie's claim-jumping scheme was stopped by the federal Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals; because of the unrest Fort Davis was established 1900 at the mouth of Nome River, 4 miles east of Nome City. Claim jumping was a problem before the beach gold was found, since it could not be claimed and there was plenty of it; as a matter of fact, the beach gold seems to have been more important than the claimed gold in the creeks. The mining of Nome beach is a good example of gold rushes going through phases of increasing use of machinery and capital.
The first gold on the beach was found with a pan. In the summer of 1899 human powered equipment like sluices and rockers were present. In 1900 small machines together with hoses and pumps were seen at the beach, from around 1902 big companies took over; the season wasn't long. Due to ice, the beaches could only be worked from June to October. Local police forced people with inadequate shelter to leave for the winter. Panning creeks for gold in Alaska is cold; as in Klondike there was a layer of permafrost just below the surface. In Nome different kinds of equipment were used to suck up gravel; the mining methods used were extensive meaning that the amount of soil processed was more important than the efficiency of the equipment that separated gold from sand. By hydraulic methods soil was washed off the creek banks and into sluices either by gravity or suction. Dredges and in some cases mine shafts were used. To facilitate digging the ground was softened with steam. Steam was used for collecting dumps of gravel in the winter.
The gravel was sluiced the next summer. By 1905 Nome had schools, newspapers, a hospital, stores, a post office, an electric light plant and other businesses. A hothouse on the sand-spit across the Snake River provided fresh vegetables; some of the first automobiles in Alaska ran on the planks of Front Street. Travelers going to the mines at Council City rode in heated stages. In 1904 the first wireless telegraph in the United States to transmit over a distance of more than 100 miles began operating in Nome. Messages could be sent from Nome from there by cable to Seattle. Nome had no harbor for ships during the rush, only one for local boats. Ships anchored offshore and people were shuttled ashore in boats. In early summer the coast could still be covered with ice. In that case passengers would be brought ashore by dog sledges. In 1901 a loading crane was in 1905 a wharf; this was by 1907 combined with a tramway. Together with the tramway, 1,400 feet long and freight were brought ashore by wire-pulled lighters.
In 1904 and 1905, gold was found in old beaches above the high-tide mark. The discovery of a second and a third beach renewed mining close to Nome; these strikes, were short-lived. Between 1900–1909 Nome's estimated populati
Allan Crossley is a former British strongman competitor, notable for having won the title of Britain's Strongest Man, as well as having been both the British light-heavy and heavyweight arm wrestling champion. Allan Crossley was born in Coleraine, Northern Ireland, in 1952, he trained in a number of gyms as a teenager and went on to become a professional bouncer and a doorman. As a sportsman he first made his name as an arm wrestler, winning the British light-heavyweight title and going on to win the British heavyweight title, he entered the world of strength athletics. In Britain's Strongest Man he came fourth in the 1980 and 1983 versions of the event, before winning the title in 1984; this enabled Crossley to qualify for the 1984 Europe's Strongest Man in which he represented the United Kingdom alongside Geoff Capes, the current World's Strongest Man. As a doorman he gained significant renown, he was featured in a 1989 episode of entitled Hardman. He was featured as one of the three British bouncers including, Lenny McLean and John'The Neck' Houchin, in Steven Cantor's film Bounce: Beyond the Velvet Rope, in which his portrayal has been described as "a soft spoken professed Christian, who can quote Shakespeare whenever the mood takes him, but who prefers handling obnoxious customers in their most pliable state - knocked unconscious".