Itanium is a family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture. Intel marketed the processors for high-performance computing systems; the Itanium architecture originated at Hewlett-Packard, was jointly developed by HP and Intel. Itanium-based systems have been produced by several other manufacturers. In 2008, Itanium was the fourth-most deployed microprocessor architecture for enterprise-class systems, behind x86-64, Power ISA, SPARC. In February 2017, Intel released the current generation, Kittson, to test customers, in May began shipping in volume, it is the last processor of the Itanium family. Intel announced the end of life and product discontinuance of the Itanium CPU family on January 30, 2019. In 1989, HP determined that Reduced Instruction Set Computing architectures were approaching a processing limit at one instruction per cycle. HP researchers investigated a new architecture named Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing, that allows the processor to execute multiple instructions in each clock cycle.
EPIC implements a form of long instruction word architecture, in which a single instruction word contains multiple instructions. With EPIC, the compiler determines in advance which instructions can be executed at the same time, so the microprocessor executes the instructions and does not need elaborate mechanisms to determine which instructions to execute in parallel; the goal of this approach is twofold: to enable deeper inspection of the code at compile time to identify additional opportunities for parallel execution, to simplify processor design and reduce energy consumption by eliminating the need for runtime scheduling circuitry. HP believed that it was no longer cost-effective for individual enterprise systems companies such as itself to develop proprietary microprocessors, so it partnered with Intel in 1994 to develop the IA-64 architecture, derived from EPIC. Intel was willing to undertake a large development effort on IA-64 in the expectation that the resulting microprocessor would be used by the majority of enterprise systems manufacturers.
HP and Intel initiated a large joint development effort with a goal of delivering the first product, Merced, in 1998. During development, Intel, HP, industry analysts predicted that IA-64 would dominate in servers and high-end desktops, supplant RISC and complex instruction set computing architectures for all general-purpose applications. Compaq and Silicon Graphics decided to abandon further development of the Alpha and MIPS architectures in favor of migrating to IA-64. Several groups ported operating systems for the architecture, including Microsoft Windows, OpenVMS, Linux, HP-UX, Solaris,Tru64 UNIX, Monterey/64; the latter three were canceled before reaching the market. By 1997, it was apparent that the IA-64 architecture and the compiler were much more difficult to implement than thought, the delivery timeframe of Merced began slipping. Intel announced the official name of the processor, Itanium, on October 4, 1999. Within hours, the name Itanic had been coined on a Usenet newsgroup, a reference to the RMS Titanic, the "unsinkable" ocean liner that sank on her maiden voyage in 1912.
"Itanic" has since been used by The Register, others, to imply that the multibillion-dollar investment in Itanium—and the early hype associated with it—would be followed by its quick demise. By the time Itanium was released in June 2001, its performance was not superior to competing RISC and CISC processors. Itanium competed at the low-end with servers based on x86 processors, at the high-end with IBM POWER and Sun Microsystems SPARC processors. Intel repositioned Itanium to focus on high-end business and HPC computing, attempting to duplicate x86's successful "horizontal" market; the success of this initial processor version was limited to replacing PA-RISC in HP systems, Alpha in Compaq systems and MIPS in SGI systems, though IBM delivered a supercomputer based on this processor. POWER and SPARC remained strong, while the 32-bit x86 architecture continued to grow into the enterprise space, building on economies of scale fueled by its enormous installed base. Only a few thousand systems using the original Merced Itanium processor were sold, due to poor performance, high cost and limited software availability.
Recognizing that the lack of software could be a serious problem for the future, Intel made thousands of these early systems available to independent software vendors to stimulate development. HP and Intel brought the next-generation Itanium 2 processor to market a year later; the Itanium 2 processor was released in 2002, was marketed for enterprise servers rather than for the whole gamut of high-end computing. The first Itanium 2, code-named McKinley, was jointly developed by Intel, it relieved many of the performance problems of the original Itanium processor, which were caused by an inefficient memory subsystem. McKinley contains 221 million transistors, measured 19.5 mm by 21.6 mm and was fabricated in a 180 nm, bulk CMOS process with six layers of aluminium metallization. In 2003, AMD released the Opteron CPU, which implements its own 64-bit architecture called AMD64. Opteron gained rapid acceptance in the enterprise server space because it provided an easy upgrade from x86. Under influence by Microsoft, Intel responded by implementing AMD's x86-64 instruction set architecture instead of IA-64 in its Xeon microprocessors in 2004, resulting in a new indu
Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastroianni was an Italian film actor. His prominent films include: La Dolce Vita, his honours included British Film Academy Awards, Best Actor awards at the Cannes Film Festival and two Golden Globe Awards. Mastroianni was born in Fontana Liri, a small village in the Apennines in the province of Frosinone and grew up in Turin and Rome, his father Ottone Mastroianni worked as a carpenter. Mastroianni's mother Ida Irroles came from the middle-class Jewish family of Moissej and Malka Idelson. Ida's parents emigrated from Russia, she grew up in Hamburg with strangers came to Italy and married there, it was not until the 1980s. Mastroianni was a nephew of sculptor Umberto Mastroianni. During World War II, after the division into Axis and Allied Italy, he was interned in a loosely guarded German prison camp, from which he escaped to hide in Venice, his brother Ruggero Mastroianni was a film editor who edited a number of his brother's films, appeared alongside Marcello in Scipione detto anche l'Africano, a spoof of the once popular sword and sandal film genre released in 1971.
Mastroianni made his screen debut as an uncredited extra in Marionette when he was fourteen, made intermittent minor film appearances until landing his first big role in Atto d'accusa. Within a decade he became a major international celebrity. Mastroianni followed La Dolce Vita with another signature role, that of a film director who, amidst self-doubt and troubled love affairs, finds himself in a creative block while making a movie in Fellini's 8½, his other prominent films include Days of Love with Marina Vlady. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor three times: for Divorce Italian Style, A Special Day and Dark Eyes. Mastroianni, Dean Stockwell and Jack Lemmon are the only actors to have been twice awarded the Best Actor at the Cannes Film Festival. Mastroianni won it in 1970 in 1987 for Dark Eyes. Mastroianni starred alongside his daughter, Chiara Mastroianni, in Raúl Ruiz's Three Lives and Only One Death in 1996. For this performance he won the Silver Wave Award at the Ft. Lauderdale International Film Festival.
His final film, Voyage to the Beginning of the World, was released posthumously. Mastroianni married Flora Carabella on 12 August 1950, they had one daughter together, but separated in 1970 because of his affairs with younger women. Mastroianni's first serious relationship after the separation was with Faye Dunaway, his co-star in A Place for Lovers. Dunaway wanted to marry and have children, but Mastroianni, a Catholic, refused to divorce Carabella. In 1971, after three years of waiting for Mastroianni to change his mind, Dunaway left him. Decades Dunaway said: "I wish to this day it had worked out."Mastroianni had a daughter, Chiara Mastroianni, with French actress Catherine Deneuve, nearly 20 years his junior and lived with him for four years in the 1970s. During that time, the couple made four movies together: It Only Happens to Others, La cagna, A Slightly Pregnant Man and Don't Touch the White Woman!. After Mastroianni and Deneuve broke up, Carabella offered to adopt Chiara because her parents' work kept them away so often.
Deneuve would have none of it. According to People magazine, Mastroianni's other lovers included actresses Anouk Aimée, Ursula Andress, Claudia Cardinale and Lauren Hutton. Around 1976, he became involved with an author and filmmaker, they remained together until his death. He was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic in 1994. Mastroianni died of pancreatic cancer on 19 December 1996 at the age of 72. Both of his daughters, as well as Deneuve and Tatò, were at his bedside; the Trevi Fountain in Rome, associated with his role in Fellini's La Dolce Vita, was symbolically turned off and draped in black as a tribute. At the 1997 Venice Film Festival, Chiara and Deneuve tried to block the screening of Tatò's four-hour documentary, Marcello Mastroianni: I Remember; the festival refused and the movie was shown. The three women tried to do the same thing at Can
Wyoming Highway 170 is a 15.41-mile-long Wyoming state road located in central Hot Springs County. WYO 170 is predominately an east-west highway, although it travels southeast to northwest for its last 5 miles. Wyoming Highway 170 begins its northwestern end in an area called Hamilton Dome within the census-designated place of Owl Creek at Hot Springs CR 15. Via CR 15 and CR 10 one can return to Wyoming Highway 120. Highway 170 travels southeasterly from Hamilton Dome, locally named Hamilton Dome Road, meets the eastern terminus of Wyoming Highway 174 5.5 miles south of Hamilton Dome. Here WYO is named Owl Creek Road. WYO 170 will continue east for the remainder of its routing as it parallels Owl Creek along north edge of Wind River Indian Reservation. Highway 170 reaches Wyoming Highway 120 at 15.41 miles and ends, eight miles northwest of Thermopolis. The entire route is in Hot Springs County. Wyoming State Routes 100-199 WYO 170 - WYO 120 to WYO 174 WYO 170 - WYO 174 to Hamilton Dome
D'Hainaut Island is a small island lying in Mikkelsen Harbor, Trinity Island, in the Palmer Archipelago. It was charted by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1908–10, under Jean-Baptiste Charcot, named by the sixth Chilean Antarctic Expedition for Lieutenant Ladislao D'Hainaut. Refuge Caillet-Bois is an Argentine refuge in Antarctica located on the D'Hainaut Island; the refuge was inaugurated by the Argentine Navy on December 10, 1954. It took the name of refuge Port Mikkelsen referred to the name of the Danish arctic explorer Ejnar Mikkelsen; the refuge with its current name, which pays tribute to the Argentine naval Captain and historian Teodoro Caillet Bois, was given in December 1977 by the icebreaker ARA General San Martin. It was closed and evacuated on January 17 of the following year by the icebreaker personnel; the ARA Petty Officer Castillo visited the shelter in early 2000 during the Antarctic campaign of 1999-2000 and the ARA Almirante Irizar inspected the refuge in April of the same year.
The refuge was renovated in March 2017 by the personnel of the transport ARA Bahía San Blas. List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands List of Antarctic field camps This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Geological Survey document "D'Hainaut Island"
Martin Thomas McMahon was an American jurist and a Union Army officer during the American Civil War. He was awarded the United States military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions at the Battle of White Oak Swamp. After the war, he held various judicial positions in the state of New York, he served as the Minister Resident to Paraguay and was a New York State Senator for four years. McMahon was born in La Prairie, Canada, to a family of recent immigrants from Waterford, Ireland; the family moved to the United States. He graduated from St. John's College, Fordham, in 1855 and studied law in Buffalo, receiving his Master's degree in 1857. After his schooling, he traveled west and worked as a special agent for the post office on the Pacific coast, he was admitted to the Sacramento, bar in 1861. At the outbreak of the Civil War, he raised a company of cavalry and was given the rank of captain at the head of that unit. After learning that his company would not be sent to the front lines, he resigned his command and returned east, where he was appointed aide-de-camp to General George B. McClellan.
McMahon remained with the Army of the Potomac throughout the war rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He served as aide de camp to William B. Franklin and Chief of Staff and Assistant Adjutant General of the 6th Corps, serving under John Sedgwick and Horatio G. Wright. McMahon was with 6th Corps commander John Sedgwick at Spotsylvania. McMahon was the author of Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick - In Memoriam. Decades after the end of the conflict, on March 10, 1891, he was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at the Battle of White Oak Swamp on June 30, 1862, his official citation reads: "Under fire of the enemy destroyed a valuable train, abandoned and prevented it from falling into the hands of the enemy."McMahon's two older brothers were officers in the war, both with the 164th New York Volunteer Infantry. John Eugene McMahon commanded the 164th before being injured. Middle brother James Power McMahon took over the regiment and led it until his death at the Battle of Cold Harbor. McMahon was mustered out of the volunteers on February 21, 1866.
On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated McMahon for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866. On March 16, 1866, President Johnson nominated McMahon for appointment to the grade of brevet major general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865, the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on April 10, 1866, he received a Doctor of Laws degree from Fordham. He was New York City's corporation counsel for two years before becoming the United States minister to Paraguay, a position he held from 1868 to 1869. After returning to the U. S. he served as the Receiver of Taxes in New York from 1873 to 1885 and worked as a U. S. Marshal for four years. During this time he became connected with the National Soldiers' Home, of which he would serve as president for several years, he was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1891. He was elected a judge of the Court of General Sessions in 1896 and held that position until his death.
He died in 1906 at his home in Manhattan, one day after falling ill with pneumonia. While in his service as Minister Ambassador to Paraguay, he saw the outbreak of the Paraguayan War known as War of the Triple Alliance, he was a fierce champion of Francisco Solano López and wrote many articles favourable to the Paraguayans. List of American Civil War brevet generals United States Ambassador to Paraguay Paraguayan War
St Stephen's Church is a redundant Anglican church in Brunel Terrace, Low Elswick, Newcastle upon Tyne and Wear, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building, is under the care of the Churches Conservation Trust; the foundation stone of the church was laid by Sir William Armstrong on 19 November 1866. Building was completed in 1868 and it was dedicated by Charles Baring, Bishop of Durham, during that year, it was declared redundant on 1 January 1984 and was vested in the Trust on 18 March 1987. Only the base of the tower is available for public access; the church is constructed in sandstone with a Welsh slate roof. As built, its plan consisted of a nave with north and south aisles and a west porch, a north transept, a chancel with a north aisle, a northwest tower, its architectural style is Decorated Gothic Revival. The tower is in three stages with triple bell openings, a corbel table, a battlemented parapet. Flying buttresses lead up to a tall octagonal spire with lucarnes.