Eretria is a fictional character from the Shannara series of fantasy novels by Terry Brooks and their television adaptation. In the latter, she is portrayed by Ivana Baquero. Described as "a delicate balance of strength and sensitivity", she is introduced as a cocky young woman from a clan of pillagers. Though she displays a callous facade, Eretria reveals a compassionate side. Eretria has received praise from numerous critics. During the first season of the television show, Baquero revealed her fondness for the role, citing depth and character development; the Shannara novels are set during a future in which modern civilization has fallen and Earth is governed by various races, including humans, elves and others. In the second novel, The Elfstones of Shannara, a teenaged princess named Amberle and the magic-user Wil must renew a spell which protects the world from demons, they are joined by Eretria, an orphaned girl enslaved by thieves. Having grown up in the thieving Rover clan, Eretria possesses a number of stealth-related skills, is trained in the ways of combat with daggers.
She is described as a slender brunette with seductive eyes, is considered beautiful within the Shannara series. Due to her various attributes, she displays a proud, spunky personality. In The Elfstones of Shannara, it is revealed that she had tailed Wil in secret for a day, "then smiled wickedly as she saw the look that appeared on his face". Wil learns that Eretria is seeking independence from the Rovers, the two become closer; when her clan is mysteriously slaughtered, Eretria is freed and chooses to accompany Wil and Amberle. Once the group succeeds in repelling the demons, Wil invites Eretria to his homeland, she accepts. In the follow-up novel, The Wishsong of Shannara, it is revealed that they are married and have two children. In 2016, the Shannara novels were adapted into a television series called The Shannara Chronicles; the first season adapts the second novel, The Elfstones of Shannara, bypassing the first book, The Sword of Shannara. In an interview with USA Today, Shannara creator Terry Brooks stated, "I felt that Sword was too male-dominated", noted that The Elfstones of Shannara has a love triangle, "a great ending and just a better story all around".
Series producer Alfred Gough described the role of Eretria as the hardest part to cast. Co-producer Miles Millar noted, "We were down to the wire, about to start shooting, we hadn't cast Eretria yet". Millar remarked that the creators had become fascinated by the character. "In the books, she instantly falls in love with Wil and follows him the whole time. But she has a dark, tragic story, her life has been harsh. We wanted to make sure that she felt like a real full dimensional character, she was the one that intrigued us in terms of finding more complexity and more shades for her", he said. In January 2015, Ivana Baquero, a longtime fantasy fan, won the part of Eretria; the character's stature was expanded beyond her part in the novels. Austin Butler was cast as Wil. Millar stated that the producers were fans of Baquero's film Pan's Labyrinth, noting that "she came in and did this incredible chemistry read with Austin, they had that magical chemistry between them and it made our lives easier." The Los Angeles Times noted that Baquero was seasoned in roles involving "feminist empowerment".
As in the novels, Eretria has been raised and trained by the Rover clan, who maintain her services against her will. She carries out missions while seeking money or freedom, but acts against her leader. Though she is driven by personal gain, she develops a more compassionate nature. While describing the character, Baquero stated, "She goes on this quest to save the world, but in that quest she discovers herself". In an interview with the Los Angeles Times, Millar noted that the character would have "real problems, real dilemmas, real strength that will all be relatable to a contemporary female audience". Upon meeting Wil, Eretria saves his life during an encounter with a troll charms him while seeking to steal his possessions. A humorous tension develops afterward, with Wil growing distrustful of Eretria while feeling attracted to her as well. In an interview, Austin Butler noted, "That makes the relationship fun in a way, because there’s this seductive quality to her. She's good at getting in somebody's mind Wil's.
So it's fun to watch their dynamic now that he's doing his best to put up this wall". After helping the Rovers capture Amberle and Wil, Eretria is granted her freedom, but returns to help Wil and Amberle escape. "She sees things like Wil putting his life on the line for her and Amberle, she starts growing a conscience of her own", Baquero stated. "In those situations where you're put in an extreme situation, you just react by instinct. And I think her natural instinct is that of a good person". Baquero described Eretria's compassion as "something that she learns along the way, that's what's so beautiful about the character, quite frankly". After freeing Amberle and Wil, Eretria joins the mission, the three endeavor to create a spell that will protect the world from demons; the group is captured in a fortress, where Eretria uses her skills to initiate another escape, rescues the others from a beast called the Reaper. As the journey nears its end, it is revealed that Eretria's blood is a key factor in creating the required spell.
She is soon revived by Wil's magic. She fights off a group of trolls in order to help Wil and Amberle complete the mission, sharing a kiss with Wil before separating from him. Afterw
Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro Gómez is a Mexican filmmaker, author and former special effects makeup artist. He is best known for the Academy Award-winning fantasy films Pan's Labyrinth and The Shape of Water, winning the Academy Award for Best Director and the Academy Award for Best Picture for the latter. Throughout his career, del Toro has shifted between personal, lower-budget Spanish language films, such as Cronos and The Devil's Backbone, Hollywood tentpoles, including Mimic, Blade II, Hellboy II: The Golden Army, Pacific Rim, he directed the gothic romance film Crimson Peak. As a producer, he worked on the films The Orphanage, Don't Be Afraid of the Dark, The Hobbit film series, The Book of Life, Pacific Rim: Uprising. With Chuck Hogan, he co-authored The Strain trilogy of novels adapted into a comic-book series and a live-action television series. With DreamWorks Animation, he created the Netflix animated series Trollhunters, the first installment of the Tales of Arcadia trilogy, based on the 2015 novel he co-wrote with Daniel Kraus.
Working with DreamWorks he executive produced Kung Fu Panda 2, Puss in Boots, Rise of the Guardians, Kung Fu Panda 3. Del Toro's work has been characterized by a strong connection to fairy tales and horror, with an effort to infuse visual or poetic beauty in the grotesque, he has had a lifelong fascination with monsters. He is known for his use of insectile and religious imagery, the themes of Catholicism and celebrating imperfection and clockwork motifs, practical special effects, dominant amber lighting and his frequent collaborations with actors Ron Perlman and Doug Jones, he is good friends with fellow Mexican filmmakers Alfonso Cuarón and Alejandro G. Iñárritu, collectively known as "The Three Amigos of Cinema". Del Toro was born in Guadalajara, Mexico, the son of Guadalupe Gómez and Federico del Toro Torres, an automotive entrepreneur, he was raised in a strict Catholic household. Del Toro studied at the Centro de Investigación y Estudios Cinematográficos, at the University of Guadalajara.
When del Toro was about eight years old, he began experimenting with his father's Super 8 camera, making short films with Planet of the Apes toys and other objects. One short focused on a "serial killer potato" with ambitions of world domination. Del Toro made about 10 short films before his first feature, including one titled Matilde, but only the last two, Doña Lupe and Geometria, have been made available, he wrote four episodes and directed five episodes of the cult series La Hora Marcada, along with other Mexican filmmakers such as Emmanuel Lubezki and Alfonso Cuarón. Del Toro studied special make-up with special-effects artist Dick Smith, he formed his own company, Necropia. He co-founded the Guadalajara International Film Festival. In his directing career, he formed his own production company, the Tequila Gang. In 1997, at the age of 33, Guillermo was given a $30 million budget from Miramax Films to shoot another film, Mimic, he was unhappy with the way Miramax had treated him during production, which led to his friend James Cameron coming to blows with Miramax co-founder and owner Harvey Weinstein during the 70th Academy Awards.
Del Toro has directed a wide variety of films, from comic book adaptations to historical fantasy and horror films, two of which are set in Spain in the context of the Spanish Civil War under the authoritarian rule of Francisco Franco. These two films, The Devil's Backbone and Pan's Labyrinth, are among his most critically acclaimed works, they share similar settings and themes with the 1973 Spanish film The Spirit of the Beehive considered to be the finest Spanish film of the 1970s. Del Toro views the horror genre as inherently political, explaining, "Much like fairy tales, there are two facets of horror. One is pro-institution, the most reprehensible type of fairy tale: Don't wander into the woods, always obey your parents; the other type of fairy tale is anarchic and antiestablishment."He is close friends with two other prominent and critically praised Mexican filmmakers Alfonso Cuarón and Alejandro González Iñárritu. The three influence each other's directorial decisions, have been interviewed together by Charlie Rose.
Cuarón was one of the producers of Pan's Labyrinth. The three filmmakers, referred to as the "Three Amigos" founded the production company Cha Cha Cha Films, whose first release was 2008's Rudo y Cursi. Del Toro has contributed to the web series Trailers from Hell. In April 2008, del Toro was hired by Peter Jackson to direct the live-action film adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit. On May 30, 2010, del Toro left the project due to extended delays brought on by MGM's financial troubles. Although he did not direct the films, he is credited as co-writer in An Unexpected Journey, The Desolation of Smaug and The Battle of the Five Armies. On December 1, 2008, del Toro expressed interest in a stop-motion remake to Roald Dahl's novel The Witches, collaborating with Alfonso Cuarón. On June 19, 2018 it was announced that Del Toro and Cuarón would instead be attached as Executive Producers on the remake with Robert Zemeckis helming the project as Director and Screenwriter. On June 2, 2009, del Toro's first novel, The Strain, was released.
It is the first par
Barcelona is a city in Spain. It is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. With a population of 1.6 million within city limits, its urban area extends to numerous neighbouring municipalities within the Province of Barcelona and is home to around 4.8 million people, making it the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union after Paris, Madrid, the Ruhr area and Milan. It is one of the largest metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea, located on the coast between the mouths of the rivers Llobregat and Besòs, bounded to the west by the Serra de Collserola mountain range, the tallest peak of, 512 metres high. Founded as a Roman city, in the Middle Ages Barcelona became the capital of the County of Barcelona. After merging with the Kingdom of Aragon, Barcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative centre of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia.
Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination. Renowned are the architectural works of Antoni Gaudí and Lluís Domènech i Montaner, which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites; the headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean are located in Barcelona. The city is known for hosting the 1992 Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and many international sport tournaments. Barcelona is one of the world's leading tourist, trade fair and cultural centres, its influence in commerce, entertainment, fashion and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities, it is a major cultural and economic centre in southwestern Europe, 24th in the world and a financial centre. In 2008 it was the fourth most economically powerful city by GDP in the European Union and 35th in the world with GDP amounting to €177 billion. In 2012 Barcelona had a GDP of $170 billion. In 2009 the city was ranked one of the world's most successful as a city brand.
In the same year the city was ranked Europe's fourth best city for business and fastest improving European city, with growth improved by 17% per year, the city has been experiencing strong and renewed growth for the past three years. Since 2011 Barcelona has been a leading smart city in Europe. Barcelona is a transport hub, with the Port of Barcelona being one of Europe's principal seaports and busiest European passenger port, an international airport, Barcelona–El Prat Airport, which handles over 50 million passengers per year, an extensive motorway network, a high-speed rail line with a link to France and the rest of Europe; the name Barcelona comes from the ancient Iberian Barkeno, attested in an ancient coin inscription found on the right side of the coin in Iberian script as, in ancient Greek sources as Βαρκινών, Barkinṓn. Some older sources suggest that the city may have been named after the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca, supposed to have founded the city in the 3rd century BC, but there is no evidence that Barcelona was a Carthaginian settlement, or that its name in antiquity, had any connection with the Barcid family of Hamilcar.
During the Middle Ages, the city was variously known as Barchinona, Barçalona and Barchenona. Internationally, Barcelona's name is wrongly abbreviated to'Barça'. However, this name refers only to the football club; the common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna. Another common abbreviation is'BCN', the IATA airport code of the Barcelona-El Prat Airport; the city is referred to as the Ciutat Comtal in Catalan, Ciudad Condal in Spanish, owing to its past as the seat of the Count of Barcelona. The origin of the earliest settlement at the site of present-day Barcelona is unclear; the ruins of an early settlement have been found, including different tombs and dwellings dating to earlier than 5000 BC. The founding of Barcelona is the subject of two different legends; the first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules. The second legend attributes the foundation of the city directly to the historical Carthaginian general, Hamilcar Barca, father of Hannibal, who named the city Barcino after his family in the 3rd century BC, but there is no historical or linguistic evidence that this is true.
In about 15 BC, the Romans redrew the town as a castrum centred on the "Mons Taber", a little hill near the contemporary city hall. Under the Romans, it was a colony with the surname of Faventia, or, in full, Colonia Faventia Julia Augusta Pia Barcino or Colonia Julia Augusta Faventia Paterna Barcino. Pomponius Mela mentions it among the small towns of the district as it was eclipsed by its neighbour Tarraco, but it may be gathered from writers that it grew in wealth and consequence, favoured as it was with a beautiful situation and an excellent harbour, it enjoyed immunity from imperial burdens. The city minted its own coins. Important Roman vestiges are displayed in Plaça del Rei underground, as a part of the Barcelona City History Museum; some remaining fragments of the Roman walls have been incorporated into the cathedral. The cathedral known as the Basilica La Seu, is said to have been founded in 343; the city
The Shannara Chronicles
The Shannara Chronicles is an American fantasy drama television series created by Alfred Gough and Miles Millar. It is an adaptation of The Sword of Shannara trilogy of fantasy novels by Terry Brooks; the series was filmed on location elsewhere in New Zealand. The first season of The Shannara Chronicles premiered on MTV in the United States on January 5, 2016, consisted of 10 episodes. MTV greenlit a second season in April 2016; the second season premiered on October 11, 2017, concluded November 22, 2017. On January 16, 2018, it was announced that the series had been cancelled after two seasons and that the producers are shopping the series to other networks. Season one of The Shannara Chronicles follows the storylines set out in The Elfstones of Shannara, set in the fictional Four Lands; as the series opens, demons start to return after being banished from this world to a place known as the Forbidding—locked by an ancient tree called the Ellcrys. The series chronicles the journey of Wil and Eretria who, with the guidance of the last druid Allanon, must go on a quest to protect the Ellcrys from dying and releasing all the banished demons back into the Four Lands.
Austin Butler as Wil Ohmsford, a half-human/half-elf, the last of the bloodline of the ancient Shannara family. He is destined to help save the Four Lands from demons, he possesses three Elfstones, which belonged to Shea Ohmsford. Poppy Drayton as Amberle Elessedil, the Elven Princess and the first female to be accepted as one of the Chosen, a group of elves responsible for protecting and caring for the Ellcrys tree. Amberle becomes the lover of Wil before she sacrifices herself to save the Ellcrys and everyone else. Ivana Baquero as Eretria, a human, raised by Rovers, a band of thieves. Although at first untrustworthy, she becomes a stalwart ally of the group, she has romantic feelings for Wil, becomes involved with the Princess of Leah, Lyria, in the second season. Manu Bennett as Allanon, a human and the last druid, alive for more than 300 years through the use of Druid Sleep, he mentors the group on their quest to protect the Ellcrys. In season 2, Bennett portrays the Warlock Lord. Aaron Jakubenko as Ander Elessedil, the youngest son of King Eventine who has a reputation for being irresponsible, due to the death of older brother Aine, as he blames himself for his brother's death, despite the fact it was not his fault.
However, after the death of his father and his brother Arion Ander becomes the new king of the elves. Marcus Vanco as Bandon, an Elven boy with the gift of a seer, meaning that he can see possible futures when he touches someone, he follows a dark path in the second season. Malese Jow as Mareth Ravenlock, a half-human/half-elf searching for Wil, revealed to be Allanon's daughter, she develops romantic feelings towards Wil. Vanessa Morgan as Lyria, a human, in a romantic relationship with Eretria, and, revealed to be the Princess of Leah. Gentry White as Garet Jax, a bounty hunter looking for Lyria for her mother the Queen of Leah. On he joins Wil's group in saving the Four Lands. James Remar as Cephelo, the leader of the Rovers and adoptive father of Eretria. Upon first seeing Wil's Elfstones, Cephelo becomes obsessed with them. Despite his self-serving nature, he helps Amberle on her quest. Daniel MacPherson as Arion Elessedil, oldest living son of King Eventine and heir to the Elven throne. Arion is known to be hot-tempered and disagrees with his father's commands.
Jed Brophy as the Dagda Mor, an ancient elvish druid. His powers increase as the Ellcrys dies, as such he uses lesser demons as henchmen and proxies. Brooke Williams as Catania, an elf, Amberle's handmaiden, she becomes the love interest of Ander. Emelia Burns as Commander Diana Tilton, the captain of the Black Watch, the elite unit of the Elven military whose sworn duty is to protect the Ellcrys, she is romantically involved with Arion and was in love with Ander. Mark Mitchinson as Flick Ohmsford, Wil's uncle and Shea's brother, he is kidnapped by Bandon during the series' second season. John Rhys-Davies as Eventine Elessedil, Amberle's grandfather who has ruled the Elven Kingdom of Arborlon for decades. After the death of his oldest son, Eventine began grooming his son Arion for the throne. However, in the wake of the demon threat, he decides that the hot-headed Arion is not yet ready to rule. Jared Turner and Glen Levy as Slanter, the Gnome resistance leader who murdered Amberle's father 10 years previously.
He reluctantly agrees to help Ander and Tilton find the source of the demons in exchange for his release from prison. Slanter shares his name with a character from The Wishsong of Shannara. James Trevena-Brown as Captain Crispin Edensong, captain of the Home Guard, the personal corps of Elven Hunters beholden to the king or queen of the elves. Charged with protecting Amberle. Captain if the Elven Army. Andrew Grainger as Cogline, a former druid whose mission is to protect Eretria from any threat. Desmond Chiam as General Riga, the leader of the Crimson, dedicated to eradicating the use of magic across the Four Lands. Erroll Shand as Valcaa, Riga's right hand man. Caroline Chikezie as Queen Tamlin (seas
Noah Leslie Hathaway is an American actor and a former teen idol. He is best known for his roles as Atreyu in the 1984 film the NeverEnding Story and for portraying Boxey on the original television series Battlestar Galactica, his work in The Neverending Story made him popular as a teenage celebrity in Europe. Hathaway was born in California, he began appearing in commercials at age three, starred in several TV films and series. At the age of six he starred in Battlestar Galactica, portraying Boxey, for which he received a nomination in the first Young Artist Awards, his most memorable role was Atreyu in the 1984 film The NeverEnding Story. He received his second Young Artist Awards nomination and won the award for Best Younger Actor in the 12th Annual Saturn Awards. For the role Hathaway performed his own stunts; the role requires the character to ride a horse expertly, fly on the back of a dragon, struggle through a swamp, clamber over rocks and fight a ferocious wolf-vampire. Hathaway observed: Well, what it was...
Wolfgang Petersen was notorious for his actors doing their own stunts. His actors are always getting hurt, because he wanted.... Audiences are savvy, you can cut away and show the back of somebody and show the stuntman doing their stunt, and everybody knows that, so he wants his actors to do as much as they can for the realism of the movie. Accidents happen and actors aren't stuntmen. That's why they have stuntmen, because if someone gets hurt, they're "expendable", and some of the times, they're just more careful.... I just ended up paying. In 1986 Hathaway starred in Troll, as Harry Potter, Jr. and in the television movie Casebusters, as Jamie. Hathaway did not return in the film To Die, to Sleep, in his first adult role. After a second hiatus as an actor, Hathaway returned in 2011 for the films Mondo Holocausto! as Ruggero Margheriti, Sushi Girl as Fish. In 2016 Hathaway reprised his Neverending Story role for a Spotify commercial celebrating the 1980s. Hathaway attended school at Lycee Français de Los Angeles.
He moved into dance instruction, teaching advanced jazz and street dance until an injury forced him to quit in 1989 at age eighteen. Trained in martial arts, Hathaway would earn black belts in Tang Soo Do and Shotokan Karate, competed as a Muay Thai boxer, learned American Kenpo from Dr. Jerry Erickson. Hathaway spent some of his time at the Willow Springs Raceway in Rosamond, California competing in supersport motorcycle racing, designing and riding "chopper" motorcycles, he was on tour with WizardWorld Conventions and appeared at the Chicago and Philadelphia shows in 2011. He appeared at the Supanova Pop Culture Expo in Sydney, Australia in June 2012. 1980 - Young Artist Award for Best Juvenile Actor in a TV Series or Special - Nominated 1985 - Young Artist Award for Best Young Actor in a Motion Picture - Musical, Adventure or Drama - Nominated 1985 - Saturn Award for Best Performance by a Younger Actor - Won 1986 - Young Artist Award for Outstanding Young Actor - Animation Voice Over - Nominated List of former child actors from the United States Holmstrom, John.
The Moving Picture Boy: An International Encyclopaedia from 1895 to 1995, Michael Russell, 1996, p. 389-390. Noah Hathaway on IMDb Noah Hathaway's official website Note: This site is still listed as under construction as of April 2013, it does not appear to have been updated since 2008
The New Daughter
The New Daughter is a 2009 American horror film and the feature directorial debut of Spanish screenwriter Luis Berdejo. It stars Ivana Baquero and Samantha Mathis. Based on the short story of the same name by John Connolly, it tells the story of a novelist and his two children who encounter a malevolent presence when they move to a house in the country adjacent to a burial mound. John James, a divorced novelist, moves into an old house in rural South Carolina with his teenage daughter and young son, Sam. John and Louisa's relationship is strained. On the family's first night in the house, Louisa hears strange noises outside her bedroom window. Unseen by her is a humanoid creature lurking outside on the roof; the following day, while exploring the surrounding fields and forest, the children come across a large mound. Louisa is attracted to it, but Sam is reluctant to go near it. In town, John learns that his house is locally infamous for the disappearance of a woman who lived there. Upon returning home, he finds Louisa's pet cat mutilated near the house.
Louisa returns to the mound after school and, while relaxing in the sunshine, hears strange noises. As Louisa hears what sounds like approaching animal growls, the film jump-cuts to John cutting his hand while washing dishes; that night John finds a trail of muddy footprints leading from the open front door to the bathroom. Louisa is inside with the door locked, sitting in the tub as the shower washes her muddied body; the muddy water is shown turning red with blood. That night, John finds Louisa sleepwalking; when he takes her back to bed, he finds a strange doll made from straw, inside, a dark ball containing a live spider. The next morning Louisa comes down for breakfast wearing make-up; when John asks her about the doll, she claims not to have seen it. Louisa is bullied by a preppy girl in the staircase of their school. Meanwhile, at home, John comes across a pile of muddy clothes in her bedroom. While investigating outside the house, he finds the head of Louisa's doll at the mound, the bloody remains of a blackbird.
John is called to come to pick up Louisa. In the infirmary he passes the preppy girl, who had "fallen" down the stairs and injured her arm. Sam's teacher, gives John her phone number, offering her friendship, he is startled to find a nest of spiders in the kitchen drawer where he'd placed the straw doll. That night John sees Louisa emerging from the woods though he had ordered her to be home by dark, he calls attention to scarring visible on the skin around her neck, but Louisa storms off without explanation. At dinner she eats in an animal-like manner. John contacts Cassandra one night, they meet socially. While John is away, Louisa hears noises outside exits; as John is returning home in his car, he sees a shadowy figure, which vaguely looks like Louisa, running through the woods in front of the house. He exits his car and follows sounds of animal growls, but growing fearful, he rushes back to his car. A stone hits his window and he speeds back to the house. Asking Louisa if she'd been outside, she says no.
He orders her not to go near the mound any more. The next day, John's agent drives up to the house and they talk about the house. Inside, Sam is directed by Louisa to climb the ladder to the attic. Sam falls, he requires stitches, John berates Louisa for not caring for her younger brother. That night, John searches the internet, he is ignored. He researches the previous owner of the house, Sarah Wayne. Emily was found alive and went to live with her grandfather, Roger Wayne. John goes to find Roger Wayne; as Louisa watches him drive away from her window, scarring can be seen on the nape of her neck. She returns to the mound. John arrives at Roger Wayne's empty house, but looks around. In the girl's room he finds a strange nest made from twigs and straw, a depiction of the burial mound drawn onto a wall with the word "home" below it. Roger arrives and confronts John with explanations of what had occurred with Emily, that he burned down his house with her inside, insisting that it wasn't his granddaughter anymore.
While John is away, the babysitter is locked out of the house, animal growls are heard approaching. Sam hides in his room. John arrives home, comforts a frightened Sam, rushes to Louisa to ask what happened to the babysitter, she says. After reporting the babysitter's disappearance to police, John takes an ill Louisa to bed, she tearfully asks. He tells her; that night, John dreams of a doorway on top of the burial mound and Louisa transforming into a creature who announces "I'm your new daughter". The next day he finds a nest in Louisa's closet similar to the one at Roger's house. John calls a contractor to destroy the mound that day. Professor White, having called back to ask about the mound arrives and pleads with John to wait, he tells John of an ancient civilization who worshiped the burial mounds, believing them to be the homes of ancient Gods, or "mound-walkers". He mentions a ritual exchange of gifts — including small straw dolls
Catalonia is an autonomous community in Spain on the northeastern corner of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy. Catalonia consists of four provinces: Barcelona, Girona and Tarragona; the capital and largest city is Barcelona, the second-most populated municipality in Spain and the core of the sixth most populous urban area in the European Union. It comprises most of the territory of the former Principality of Catalonia, it is bordered by France and Andorra to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the east, the Spanish autonomous communities of Aragon to the west and Valencia to the south. The official languages are Catalan and the Aranese dialect of Occitan. In the late 8th century, the counties of the March of Gothia and the Hispanic March were established by the Frankish kingdom as feudal vassals across and near the eastern Pyrenees as a defensive barrier against Muslim invasions; the eastern counties of these marches were united under the rule of the Frankish vassal, the count of Barcelona, were called Catalonia.
In the 10th century the County of Barcelona became independent de facto. In 1137, Barcelona and the Kingdom of Aragon were united by marriage under the Crown of Aragon; the de jure end of Frankish rule was ratified by French and Aragonese monarchs in the Treaty of Corbeil in 1258. The Principality of Catalonia developed its own institutional system, such as courts, constitutions, becoming the base for the Crown of Aragon's naval power and expansionism in the Mediterranean. In the Middle Ages, Catalan literature flourished. During the last Medieval centuries natural disasters, social turmoils and military conflicts affected the Principality. Between 1469 and 1516, the king of Aragon and the queen of Castile married and ruled their realms together, retaining all of their distinct institutions and legislation. During the Franco-Spanish War, Catalonia revolted against a large and burdensome presence of the royal army in its territory, being proclaimed a republic under French protection. Within a brief period France took full control of Catalonia, until it was reconquered by the Spanish army.
Under the terms of the Treaty of the Pyrenees in 1659, the Spanish Crown ceded the northern parts of Catalonia the County of Roussillon, to France. During the War of the Spanish Succession, the Crown of Aragon sided against the Bourbon Philip V of Spain; this led to the eclipse of Catalan as a language of literature, replaced by Spanish. Along the 18th century, Catalonia experienced economic growth, reinforced in the late quarter of the century when the Castile's trade monopoly with American colonies ended. In the 19th century, Catalonia was affected by the Napoleonic and Carlist Wars. In the second third of the century, Catalonia experienced significant industrialisation; as wealth from the industrial expansion grew, Catalonia saw a cultural renaissance coupled with incipient nationalism while several workers movements appeared. In 1914, the four Catalan provinces formed a commonwealth, with the return of democracy during the Second Spanish Republic, the Generalitat of Catalonia was restored as an autonomous government.
After the Spanish Civil War, the Francoist dictatorship enacted repressive measures, abolishing Catalan self-government and banning the official use of the Catalan language again. After a first period of autarky, from the late 1950s through to the 1970s Catalonia saw rapid economic growth, drawing many workers from across Spain, making Barcelona one of Europe's largest industrial metropolitan areas and turning Catalonia into a major tourist destination. Since the Spanish transition to democracy, Catalonia has regained considerable autonomy in political, educational and cultural affairs and is now one of the most economically dynamic communities of Spain. In the 2010s there has been growing support for Catalan independence. On 27 October 2017, the Catalan Parliament declared independence from Spain following a disputed referendum; the Spanish Senate voted in favour of enforcing direct rule by removing the entire Catalan government and calling a snap regional election for 21 December. On 2 November of the same year, the Spanish Supreme Court imprisoned 7 former ministers of the Catalan government on charges of rebellion and misuse of public funds, while several others—including then-President of Catalonia, Carles Puigdemont—fled to other European countries.
The name Catalonia—Catalunya in Catalan, spelled Cathalonia, or Cathalaunia in Medieval Latin—began to be used for the homeland of the Catalans in the late 11th century and was used before as a territorial reference to the group of counties that comprised part of the March of Gothia and March of Hispania under the control of the Count of Barcelona and his relatives. The origin of the name Catalunya is subject to diverse interpretations because of a lack of evidence. One theory suggests that Catalunya derives from the name Gothia Launia, since the origins of the Catalan counts and people were found in the March of Gothia, known as Gothia, whence Gothlan