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Ivar Aasen

Ivar Andreas Aasen was a Norwegian philologist, lexicographer and poet. He is best known for having assembled from dialects one of the two official written versions of the Norwegian language, Nynorsk. Aasen was born in the district of Sunnmøre, on the west coast of Norway, his father, a peasant with a small farm, Ivar Jonsson, died in 1826. The younger Ivar was brought up to farmwork, but he assiduously cultivated all his leisure in reading. An early interest of his was botany; when he was eighteen, he opened an elementary school in his native parish. In 1833 he entered the household of Hans Conrad Thoresen, the husband of the eminent writer Magdalene Thoresen, in Herøy, there he picked up the elements of Latin, and by dint of infinite patience and concentration, the young peasant mastered many languages, began the scientific study of their structure. Ivar single-handedly created a new language for Norway to become the "literary" language. About 1846 he had freed himself from all the burden of manual labour, could occupy his thoughts with the dialect of his native district, Sunnmøre.

His remarkable abilities now attracted general attention, he was helped to continue his studies undisturbed. His Grammar of the Norwegian Dialects was the result of much labour, of journeys taken to every part of the country. Aasen's famous Dictionary of the Norwegian Dialects appeared in its original form in 1850, from this publication dates all the wide cultivation of the popular language in Norwegian, since Aasen did no less than construct, out of the different materials at his disposal, a popular language or definite folke-maal for Norway. By 1853, he had created the norm for utilizing his new language, which he called Landsmaal, meaning country language. With certain modifications, the most important of which were introduced by Aasen himself, but through a latter policy aiming to merge this Norwegian language with Dano-Norwegian, this language has become Nynorsk, the second of Norway's two official languages. An unofficial variety of Norwegian more close to Aasen's language is still found in Høgnorsk.

Today, some consider Nynorsk on equal footing with bokmål, as bokmål tends to be used more in radio and television and most newspapers, whereas New Norse is used in government work as well as 17% of schools. Although it is not as common as its brother language, it needs to be looked upon as a viable language, as a large minority of Norwegians use it as their primary language including many scholars and authors. New Norse is both a spoken language. Aasen composed plays in the composite dialect to show how it should be used. In 1856, he published a treatise on Norwegian proverbs. Aasen continuously improved his grammars and his dictionary, he lived quietly in lodgings in Oslo, surrounded by his books and shrinking from publicity, but his name grew into wide political favour as his ideas about the language of the peasants became more and more the watch-word of the popular party. In 1864, he published his definitive grammar of Nynorsk and in 1873 he published the definitive dictionary. Quite early in his career, in 1842, he had begun to receive a grant to enable him to give his entire attention to his philological investigations.

He continued his investigations to the last, but it may be said that, after the 1873 edition of his Dictionary, he added but little to his stores. Aasen holds an isolated place in literary history as the one man who has invented, or at least selected and constructed, a language which has pleased so many thousands of his countrymen that they have accepted it for their schools, their sermons and their songs, he died in Christiania on 23 September 1896, was buried with public honours. Ivar Aasen-tunet, an institution devoted to the Nynorsk language, opened in June 2000; the building in Ørsta was designed by Norwegian architect Sverre Fehn. Their web page includes most of Aasens' texts, numerous other examples of Nynorsk literature, some articles, including some in English, about language history in Norway. Språkåret 2013 celebrated Ivar Aasen's 200 year anniversary, as well as the 100 year anniversary of Det Norske Teateret; the year's main focus was to celebrate linguistic diversity in Norway. In a poll released in connection with the celebration, 56% of Norwegians said they held positive views of Aasen, while 7% held negative views.

On Aasen's 200 anniversary, 5 August 2013, Bergens Tidende, published in bokmål, published an edition in nynorsk in memory of Aasen. Aasen published a wide range of material, some of it released posthumously. Anon. "Om Språkåret 2013". Www.språkåret.no. Språkåret. Archived from the original on 12 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014. Anon. "Folket verds

Ohio's 2nd congressional district

Ohio's 2nd congressional district is a district in southern Ohio. It is represented by Brad Wenstrup; the district stretches along the Ohio River from the Hamilton County suburbs of Cincinnati east to Scioto County. It includes all of Adams, Pike and Highland counties, as well as parts of Hamilton and Ross counties; the following chart shows historic election results. The district has not elected a Democrat. On August 2, 2005, elections were held to choose a United States Representative to replace Rob Portman, who resigned his seat on April 29, 2005, to become United States Trade Representative. Republican Jean Schmidt candidate defeated Democrat Paul Hackett in a close election. Schmidt defeated Democrat Victoria Wells Wulsin, a doctor from Indian Hill, in the November general election. Election results from presidential races: Ohio's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress.

New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

William Baillie (East India Company officer)

William Baillie was a British lieutenant-colonel in the East India Company's service. He was captured by Hyder Ali in 1780 at the Battle of Pollilur, died in captivity in Seringapatam. Records in the India Office show that he entered the army of the East India Company on 18 October 1759 as a lieutenant in the infantry at Madras, that the dates of his subsequent commissions were as follows: brevet-captain 5 September 1763, substantive captain 2 April 1764, major 12 April 1772, lieutenant-colonel 29 December 1775; the historian Wilks identifies him with the Captain Baillie who did good service as commandant of one of the three'English' battalions in the pay of the company, employed under Colonel Joseph Smith, in the operations against Hyder Ali in 1767–8. He was in command at Pondicherry during the destruction of the French works there in 1779, in 1780 was at the head of a detached force, consisting of two companies of European infantry, two batteries of artillery, five battalions of native infantry, in the Northern Circars.

When Hyder Ali, with an army of 100,000 fighting men, swooped down on the Carnatic by way of the Changama Pass in July of that year, Baillie was ordered to unite his force with the army collecting near Madras under command of Lord Macleod, afterwards succeeded by Sir Hector Munro. Moving down with the gigantic camp-following customary, and, as some writers assert, with many needless delays, Baillie drew near to Madras, defeating a division of the enemy under Hyder's son Tipu Sultan, which attacked him on the march near the village of Perambaukum. Thence he sent on word to Munro, encamped at Conjeveram, fourteen miles distant, that his losses prevented his further movement. Munro appears to have feared having his stores exposed at Conjeveram, instead of bringing the help which Baillie expected sent a small reinforcement of Highlanders and sepoys under Colonel Fletcher. Indeed, a want of judgment and energy seems to have pervaded the measures of both commanders, the result being that Baillie, moving forward from Pollilur in the direction of Conjeveram, on the morning of 10 September 1780, found himself assailed by Hyder Ali's entire host.

In the engagement which ensued, the blowing-up of two tumbrils within the oblong into which Baillie had formed his troops, followed by a general stampede of camp-followers through his ranks, produced irretrievable confusion. Despite the brave efforts of their officers, the sepoys, panic-stricken, could not be rallied. Again and again they withstood the fierce charges of fresh bodies of Hyder's horse, supported by masses of infantry in the intervals, until all the officers lay killed or wounded, but sixteen soldiers out of the five hundred of all ranks in the square remained unhurt; the survivors, including such of the wounded as were thought worth removal, were swept from the field as prisoners, carried off to Seringapatam. Among the number grievously wounded was Colonel Baillie, whose personal courage in the fight and in the subsequent captivity was admitted alike by friends and foes. In dungeons at Seringapatam, most of the time in chains, the prisoners remained until 1784, when the survivors were returned to Madras.

A few among them, like Captain David Baird, 73rd Highlanders, afterwards General Sir Baird, witnessed the day of retribution, long deferred, when the fortress fell to British arms on 4 May 1799. Thirty-five years after Col Baillie's death, 17 years after the fall of Tippu Sultan, Lt Col John Baillie, his nephew, served as the British Resident in the Court of the Nawab of Oudh, commissioned a memorial for Col. Baillie, it is located next to the Gumbaz. It is an poignant and pretty structure. "Baillie, William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900

Cleveland Rocks

"Cleveland Rocks" is a rock song by Ian Hunter from his 1979 album You're Never Alone with a Schizophrenic. The song is seen as a de facto anthem in Ohio; the song was played every Friday at 6:00 PM on Cleveland radio station WMMS beginning in 1979 and is used as a victory song for the city's sports teams. In recognition of "Cleveland Rocks", Hunter was given the key to the city by Cleveland mayor Dennis Kucinich on June 19, 1979; the song was inspired in part by the songwriter's desire to counteract the poor reputation of a city for which he had some affection. Hunter states on his web site, "the inspiration for'Cleveland Rocks' goes back to the old days when people used to make fun of Cleveland. Cleveland was'uncool' and LA and NYC were'cool'. I didn't see it that way. Lotta heart in Cleveland."The song was first released in 1977 under the title "England Rocks" on a single in the United Kingdom, predating the release of the "Cleveland" version by two years. Hunter has maintained, that Cleveland was the original subject of the song, stating on his web site, "I wrote'Cleveland Rocks' for Cleveland.

I changed it to'England Rocks' because I thought it should be a single somewhere and Columbia wouldn't release it as a single in the U. S..'Cleveland Rocks' is Cleveland's song and that's the truth."A live version of "Cleveland Rocks" appears on Hunter's 1980 album Welcome to the Club and on the soundtrack to the 1987 film Light of Day, a movie with Joan Jett and Michael J. Fox, based in Cleveland; the "England Rocks" version appears on the compilation albums Shades of Ian Hunter: The Ballad of Ian Hunter and Mott the Hoople and The Very Best of Ian Hunter, as well on the CD re-issue of Hunter's 1977 album Overnight Angels. The original version serves as an unofficial tribute to the history of rock and roll, as at the beginning of the song, it has an archival sample of Cleveland disc jockey Alan Freed introducing his show on WJW, The Moondog Show before seguing into the intro to "Cleveland Rocks". Freed's show on WJW launched several rock and roll acts in the early days of the genre, would form part of the basis of opening the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland sixteen years later.

Hunter performed "Cleveland Rocks" in the pregame ceremonies of Game 3 of the 2007 NBA Finals at Quicken Loans Arena—the first NBA Finals game played in the state of Ohio. The song was covered in 1997 by The Presidents of the United States of America as the opening theme of the television program The Drew Carey Show, a situation comedy set in Cleveland, it accompanied a lavish opening sequence in which the cast lip-synced the song while performing elaborate choreography. The band covered the entire song with the exception of the portion that said "find a place, grab a space, yell and scream for more. Only part of the covered portion was used for the Drew Carey theme. At the beginning of the recording, Drew Carey can be heard saying "Hey!" and laughing, at the end shouting "Ohio!" to an echoing effect. The latter soundbite appears in both the theme song and the full-length version of the song, is a direct remake of the original, which has a similar "Ohio!" soundbyte at the end. The song is a track on the album Cleveland Rocks!

Music from The Drew Carey Show as well as on the band's compilation Pure Frosting. This version is traditionally played after a home win for either the Cleveland Indians or Cleveland Cavaliers. Although it was never played for the Cleveland Browns, Carey had the Browns fans chant "Cleveland Rocks!" when the team returned to playing in the city in 1999. Hunter's original version would open a Drew Carey "mistakes" episode; this song was covered by glam metal band Steel Panther on their debut album Hole Patrol. For the final season of Drew Carey, the theme song was performed in a different musical style for each episode. Trans-Siberian Orchestra plays a cover of the song as the finale in any performance in Cleveland. Joe Elliott's Down'n' Outz, a side project of the Def Leppard lead vocalist, covered "England Rocks" on the Mott the Hoople-themed album My ReGeneration

Amtala, Murshidabad

Amtala is a town, with a college, not identified in 2011 census, in Naoda CD Block in Barhampur subdivision of Murshidabad district in the state of West Bengal, India. Jatindra Rajendra Mahavidyalaya was established in 1986 at Amtala. Guru Prasad Biswas and Birendranath Biswas made a handsome contribution, the college was named after the fathers of both the donors; the land was provided by Amtala High School. Affiliated with the University of Kalyani, it offers honours courses in Bengali, Arabic, philosophy, political science and education. Amtala High School was established in 1919, it is a coeducational institution up to 12th class. Amtala Anadamani Balika Vidyalaya was established in 1972, it is a girls’ school up to 12th class. Amtala Rural Hospital functions with 50 beds

Hyderabad Kalibari

The Hyderabad Kalibari is a Hindu temple located in Vivekanandapuram of Neredmet, just 7 km from Secunderabad Railway Station. The presiding deity of the temple is goddess Kali, hence the name Abode of Kali; the temple is famous for its Kali Puja and Durga Puja, held on October/November of every year during Dusshera and Diwali. In 1974, a piece of Land measuring about 2000 sq. yds was donated by the late Shree S. Madhusudan Reddy, ex-M. L. C. Malkajgiri a devotee of Ma Kali, to the Hyderabad Kalibari trust for building a Kali Temple. Subsequently, a number of devotees, in particular the late Lala Chowdhury Maman Ram Agarwal, a philanthropist came forward in collecting / offering donations for the construction of the Kalibari at Vivekanandapuram, Secunderabad; the organization started in 1974 and the foundation stone was laid by the Swamy Ranganathanandaji Maharaj, the President of Ramakrishna mission Hyderabad. On 28 August 1976, an idol of Kalimata, made out of a single piece of black stone, was purchased from "Chitpur", West Bengal, in the pattern of Kalimata of Dakshineshwar temple at Kolkata.

It was installed by Swamy Ranganathanandaji Maharaj of Ramakrishna Mission and the late Raja Sagi Suryanarayana Raju, the Minister for Endowments, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh was the chief guest on this occasion. The idol sthapana and Pran Pratistha of the goddess was done by the late Sree Gostha Behari Bhattacherjee, Vidyaratna, a famous Tantric priest of famous "Chunagali Kali Temple" of Kolkata. Late Sree A. K. Ganguly, the 1st priest of Hyderabad Kalibari, assisted him in performing the pooja under vedic and tantric ways in accordance with shastrik injunctions. Swamy Ranganathanandaji Maharaj was approached for guidance, he suggested that the Kalibari should be named as the "Hyderabad Kalibari". Many devotees visit the holy Kalibari premises in search of solace. Today Hyderabad Kalibari performs all the festivals related to Bengal, viz. Saraswati puja, Annapurna Puja etc. All Amavasya Pujas. Devotees in large numbers gather on all such occasions; the Kalibari has a free school for children where Bengali is taught.

Dancing and singing are taught every Sunday. The children take part in the social programmes. Hyderabad Kalibari website