Norway the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe whose territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The Antarctic Peter I Island and the sub-Antarctic Bouvet Island are dependent territories and thus not considered part of the kingdom. Norway lays claim to a section of Antarctica known as Queen Maud Land. Norway has a total area of 385,207 square kilometres and a population of 5,312,300; the country shares a long eastern border with Sweden. Norway is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, the Skagerrak strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the Barents Sea. Harald V of the House of Glücksburg is the current King of Norway. Erna Solberg has been prime minister since 2013. A unitary sovereign state with a constitutional monarchy, Norway divides state power between the parliament, the cabinet and the supreme court, as determined by the 1814 constitution; the kingdom was established in 872 as a merger of a large number of petty kingdoms and has existed continuously for 1,147 years.
From 1537 to 1814, Norway was a part of the Kingdom of Denmark-Norway, from 1814 to 1905, it was in a personal union with the Kingdom of Sweden. Norway was neutral during the First World War. Norway remained neutral until April 1940 when the country was invaded and occupied by Germany until the end of Second World War. Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities; the Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act. Norway maintains close ties with both the United States. Norway is a founding member of the United Nations, NATO, the European Free Trade Association, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty, the Nordic Council. Norway maintains the Nordic welfare model with universal health care and a comprehensive social security system, its values are rooted in egalitarian ideals; the Norwegian state has large ownership positions in key industrial sectors, having extensive reserves of petroleum, natural gas, lumber and fresh water.
The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product. On a per-capita basis, Norway is the world's largest producer of oil and natural gas outside of the Middle East; the country has the fourth-highest per capita income in the world on the World IMF lists. On the CIA's GDP per capita list which includes autonomous territories and regions, Norway ranks as number eleven, it has the world's largest sovereign wealth fund, with a value of US$1 trillion. Norway has had the highest Human Development Index ranking in the world since 2009, a position held between 2001 and 2006, it had the highest inequality-adjusted ranking until 2018 when Iceland moved to the top of the list. Norway ranked first on the World Happiness Report for 2017 and ranks first on the OECD Better Life Index, the Index of Public Integrity, the Democracy Index. Norway has one of the lowest crime rates in the world. Norway has two official names: Norge in Noreg in Nynorsk; the English name Norway comes from the Old English word Norþweg mentioned in 880, meaning "northern way" or "way leading to the north", how the Anglo-Saxons referred to the coastline of Atlantic Norway similar to scientific consensus about the origin of the Norwegian language name.
The Anglo-Saxons of Britain referred to the kingdom of Norway in 880 as Norðmanna land. There is some disagreement about whether the native name of Norway had the same etymology as the English form. According to the traditional dominant view, the first component was norðr, a cognate of English north, so the full name was Norðr vegr, "the way northwards", referring to the sailing route along the Norwegian coast, contrasting with suðrvegar "southern way" for, austrvegr "eastern way" for the Baltic. In the translation of Orosius for Alfred, the name is Norðweg, while in younger Old English sources the ð is gone. In the 10th century many Norsemen settled in Northern France, according to the sagas, in the area, called Normandy from norðmann, although not a Norwegian possession. In France normanni or northmanni referred to people of Sweden or Denmark; until around 1800 inhabitants of Western Norway where referred to as nordmenn while inhabitants of Eastern Norway where referred to as austmenn. According to another theory, the first component was a word nór, meaning "narrow" or "northern", referring to the inner-archipelago sailing route through the land.
The interpretation as "northern", as reflected in the English and Latin forms of the name, would have been due to folk etymology. This latter view originated with philologist Niels Halvorsen Trønnes in 1847; the form Nore is still used in placenames such as the village of Nore and lake Norefjorden in Buskerud county, still has the same meaning. Among other arguments in favour of the theor
Formula One is the highest class of single-seater auto racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile and owned by the Formula One Group. The FIA Formula One World Championship has been one of the premier forms of racing around the world since its inaugural season in 1950; the word "formula" in the name refers to the set of rules to which all participants' cars must conform. A Formula One season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, which take place worldwide on purpose-built circuits and on public roads; the results of each race are evaluated using a points system to determine two annual World Championships: one for drivers, the other for constructors. Drivers must hold valid Super Licences, the highest class of racing licence issued by the FIA; the races must run on tracks graded "1", the highest grade-rating issued by the FIA. Most events occur in rural locations on purpose-built tracks, but several events take place on city streets. Formula One cars are the fastest regulated road-course racing cars in the world, owing to high cornering speeds achieved through the generation of large amounts of aerodynamic downforce.
The cars underwent major changes in 2017, allowing wider front and rear wings, wider tyres, resulting in cornering forces closing in on 6.5g and top speeds of up to 375 km/h. As of 2019 the hybrid engines are limited in performance to a maximum of 15,000 rpm and the cars are dependent on electronics—although traction control and other driving aids have been banned since 2008—and on aerodynamics and tyres. While Europe is the sport's traditional base, the championship operates globally, with 11 of the 21 races in the 2018 season taking place outside Europe. With the annual cost of running a mid-tier team—designing and maintaining cars, transport—being US$120 million, Formula One has a significant economic and job-creation effect, its financial and political battles are reported, its high profile and popularity have created a major merchandising environment, which has resulted in large investments from sponsors and budgets. On 8 September 2016 Bloomberg reported that Liberty Media had agreed to buy Delta Topco, the company that controls Formula One, from private-equity firm CVC Capital Partners for $4.4 billion in cash and convertible debt.
On 23 January 2017 Liberty Media confirmed the completion of the acquisition for $8 billion. The Formula One series originated with the European Grand Prix Motor Racing of the 1930s; the formula is a set of rules. Formula One was a new formula agreed upon after World War II during 1946, with the first non-championship races being held that year. A number of Grand Prix racing organisations had laid out rules for a world championship before the war, but due to the suspension of racing during the conflict, the World Drivers' Championship was not formalised until 1947; the first world championship race was held at Silverstone, United Kingdom in 1950. A championship for constructors followed in 1958. National championships existed in the UK in the 1960s and 1970s. Non-championship Formula One events were held for many years, but due to the increasing cost of competition, the last of these occurred in 1983. On 26 November 2017, Formula One unveiled its new logo, following the 2017 season finale in Abu Dhabi during the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix at Yas Marina Circuit.
The new logo replaced F1's iconic'flying one', the sport's trademark since 1993. After a hiatus in European motor racing brought about by the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the first World Championship for Drivers was won by Italian Giuseppe Farina in his Alfa Romeo in 1950, narrowly defeating his Argentine teammate Juan Manuel Fangio. However, Fangio won the title in 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, his streak interrupted by two-time champion Alberto Ascari of Ferrari. Although the UK's Stirling Moss was able to compete he was never able to win the world championship, is now considered to be the greatest driver never to have won the title. Fangio, however, is remembered for dominating Formula One's first decade and has long been considered the "Grand Master" of Formula One; this period featured teams managed by road car manufacturers Alfa Romeo, Mercedes-Benz, Maserati. The first seasons were run using pre-war cars like Alfa's 158, they were front-engined, with narrow tyres and 1.5-litre supercharged or 4.5-litre aspirated engines.
The 1952 and 1953 World Championships were run to Formula Two regulations, for smaller, less powerful cars, due to concerns over the paucity of Formula One cars available. When a new Formula One, for engines limited to 2.5 litres, was reinstated to the world championship for 1954, Mercedes-Benz introduced the advanced W196, which featured innovations such as desmodromic valves and fuel injection as well as enclosed streamlined bodywork. Mercedes drivers won the championship for two years, before the team withdrew from all motorsport in the wake of the 1955 Le Mans disaster. An era of British dominance was ushered in by Mike Hawthorn and Vanwall's championship wins in 1958, although Stirling Moss had been at the forefront of the sport without securing the world title. Between Hawthorn, Jim Clark, Jackie Stewart, John Surtees and Graham Hill, British drivers won nine Drivers' Championships and British teams won fourteen Constructors' Championsh
Kjell Aukrust was a Norwegian author and artist. Aukrust was born in Alvdal as a son of Lars Olsen Louise Walmsnæss, he was a nephew of Olav Aukrust, brother of Odd Aukrust, a noted economist, responsible for research at Statistics Norway, first cousin of Tor Aukrust. He was married to Kari Holter since 1947, he is most famous for his memoirs of his childhood in Alvdal in the books Simen and Bror Min, his creation of the fictional Norwegian village of Flåklypa and its cast of idiosyncratic characters. He created the Flåklypa society while being an illustrator and columnist for the magazine Mannskapsavisa, with characters such as Reodor Felgen, Solan Gundersen and Emanuel Desperados, his column, modelled as a collection of satirical newspaper articles, was renamed Flåklypa Tidende. This setting was the basis of the 1975 animated film "Flåklypa Grand Prix", directed by Ivo Caprino; the film was the first full-length animated feature in Norway, became an international success and has been translated into more than seventy languages.
In Britain it is known as "Pinchcliffe Grand Prix". The protagonist Reodor Felgen has become synonymous in Norway with Rube Goldberg type contraptions; some of the characters who populated the village of Pinchcliffe were the basis for the first full length handdrawn animated feature in Norway, "Solan, Ludvig og Gurin med reverompa". Released in 1998, this movie takes place in Alvdal. In Britain it is known as "Gurin with the Foxtail". Kjell Aukrust on IMDb The Aukrust Center Virtual tour of The Aukrust Center
Reuben Garrett Lucius Goldberg, known best as Rube Goldberg, was an American cartoonist, author and inventor. Goldberg is best known for his popular cartoons depicting complicated gadgets performing simple tasks in indirect, convoluted ways; the cartoons led to the expression "Rube Goldberg machines" to describe similar gadgets and processes. Goldberg received many honors in his lifetime, including a Pulitzer Prize for political cartooning in 1948 and the Banshees' Silver Lady Award in 1959. Goldberg was a founding member and first president of the National Cartoonists Society, the namesake of the Reuben Award, which the organization awards to its Cartoonist of the Year, he is the inspiration for international competitions, known as Rube Goldberg Machine Contests, which challenge participants to create a complicated machine to perform a simple task. Goldberg was born July 4, 1883, in San Francisco, California, to Jewish parents Max and Hannah Goldberg, he was the third of seven children. Goldberg began tracing illustrations when he was four years old, first took professional drawing lessons when he was eleven.
Goldberg married Irma Seeman on October 17, 1916. They had two sons named Thomas and George. During World War II Goldberg's sons changed their surname, at Goldberg's insistence, because of the amount of hatred towards him stemming from the political nature of his cartoons. Thomas chose the surname of George. Thomas and George's children now run. John George is assisted by his cousin Jennifer George and John's son Joshua George to keep the family name alive. Goldberg's father was a San Francisco police and fire commissioner, who encouraged the young Reuben to pursue a career in engineering. Rube graduated from the University of California, Berkeley in 1904 with a degree in Engineering and was hired by the city of San Francisco as an engineer for the Water and Sewers Department. After six months he resigned his position with the city to join the San Francisco Chronicle where he became a sports cartoonist; the following year, he took a job with the San Francisco Bulletin, where he remained until he moved to New York City in 1907, finding employment as a cartoonist with the New York Evening Mail.
The New York Evening Mail was syndicated to the first newspaper syndicate, the McClure Newspaper Syndicate, giving Goldberg's cartoons a wider distribution, by 1915 he was earning $25,000 per year and being billed by the paper as America's most popular cartoonist. Arthur Brisbane had offered Goldberg $2,600 per year in 1911 in an unsuccessful attempt to get him to move to William Randolph Hearst's newspaper chain, in 1915 raised the offer to $50,000 per year. Rather than lose Goldberg to Hearst, the New York Evening Mail matched the salary offer and formed the Evening Mail Syndicate to syndicate Goldberg's cartoons nationally. In 1916, Goldberg created a series of seven short animated films, finding humorous aspects to details of everyday life in the form of an animated newsreel; the seven films were released on these dates in 1916: The Boob Weekly. Goldberg was syndicated by the McNaught Syndicate from 1922 until 1934. A prolific artist, Goldberg produced several cartoon series including Mike and Ike, Boob McNutt, Foolish Questions, What Are You Kicking About, Lala Palooza, The Weekly Meeting of the Tuesday Women's Club, the uncharacteristically serious soap-opera strip, Doc Wright, which ran for 10 months beginning January 29, 1933.
The cartoons that brought him lasting fame involved a character named Professor Lucifer Gorgonzola Butts. In that series, Goldberg drew labeled schematics of the comical "inventions" that would bear his name. Professor Butts was based on a couple of college professors he studied with while earning his degree from the College of Mining and Engineering at the University of California from 1901-1903, Samuel B Christie and Frederick Slate. From 1938 to 1941, Goldberg drew two weekly strips for the Register and Tribune Syndicate: Brad and Dad and Side Show; the popularity of Goldberg's cartoons was such that the term "Goldbergian" was in use in print by 1915, "Rube Goldberg" by 1928. "Rube Goldberg" appeared in the Random House Dictionary of the English Language in 1966 meaning "having a fantastically complicated improvised appearance", or "deviously complex and impractical." The 1915 usage of "Goldbergian" was in reference to Goldberg's early comic strip Foolish Questions which he drew from 1909 to 1934, while use of the terms "Goldbergian", "Rube Goldberg" and "Rube Goldberg machine" refer to the crazy inventions for which he is now best known from his strip The Inventions of Professor Lucifer Gorgonzola Butts, drawn from 1914 to 1964.
The corresponding term in the UK was, still is, "Heath Robinson", after the English illustrator with an equal devotion to odd machinery portraying sequential or chain reaction elements. Goldberg's work was commemorated posthumously in 1995 with the inclusion of Rube Goldberg's Inventions, depicting his 1931 "Self-Operating Napkin" in the Comic Strip Classics series of U. S. postage stamps. Rube Goldberg wrote a feature film featuring his machines and sculptures called Soup to Nuts, which was
Lillehammer is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal; the administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer. As of 2018, the population of the town of Lillehammer was 28 034; the city centre is a late nineteenth-century concentration of wooden houses, which enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake Mjøsa and the river Lågen, surrounded by mountains. Lillehammer hosted 2016 Winter Youth Olympics. Before Oslo's withdrawal from consideration, it was included as part of a bid to host events in the 2022 Winter Olympics if Oslo were to win the rights to hold the Games; the municipality was named after the old Hamar farm. The name is identical with the word hamarr. To distinguish it from the nearby town and bishopric, both called Hamar, it began to be called "little Hamar": Lilþlæ Hamar and Litlihamarr, Lillehammer, it is mentioned in the Old Norse sagas as Litlikaupangr. The coat-of-arms was granted in 1898 and shows a birkebeiner, carrying a spear and a shield, skiing down a mountainside.
It symbolizes the historical importance of when the Birkebeiners carried the to-be-King Haakon from Lillehammer to Rena on skis. The area has been settled since the Norwegian Iron Age. Lillehammer had a lively market by the 1800s and obtained rights as a merchant city on 7 August 1827, at which point there were 50 registered residents within its boundaries; the town of Lillehammer was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838. The rural municipality of Fåberg was merged into the municipality of Lillehammer on 1 January 1964. In 1973, Mossad killed a Moroccan waiter, having mistaken him for Palestinian terrorist Ali Hassan Salameh. Lillehammer is known as a typical venue for winter sporting events. Lillehammer is home to the largest literature festival in the Nordic countries, in 2017 was designated as a UNESCO City of Literature. A number of schools are located in Lillehammer including the Hammartun Primary and Lower Secondary School, Søre Ål Primary School and Kringsjå Primary and Lower Secondary School.
Lillehammer Public High School consists of two branches and South, both situated near the city center. The private High school Norwegian College of Elite Sports, NTG has a branch in Lillehammer; the Lillehammer campus of Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences is situated just north of the town itself. Lillehammer is the home of the Nansen Academy - the Norwegian Humanistic Academy; the Nansen Academy is an educational institution for adult students with varied political and cultural backgrounds. The Academy was founded on the core principles of humanism and aims at strengthening the knowledge of these principles; the 14th World Scout Jamboree was held from July 29 to August 7, 1975 and was hosted by Norway at Lillehammer. Lillehammer is situated in the lower part of Gudbrandsdal, at the northern head of lake Mjøsa, is located to the south of the municipality of Øyer, to the southeast of Gausdal, northeast of Nordre Land, to the north of Gjøvik, all in Oppland county. To the southeast, it is bordered by Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark county.
To the northwest is the mountain Spåtind. Lillehammer has a humid continental climate, with the Scandinavian mountain chain to the west and north limiting oceanic influences; the record high of 34 °C was recorded in June 1970. The record low of -31 °C was recorded in December 1978 and January 1979, the same low was recorded in January 1987. Recent decades have seen warming. There has been no overnight air frost in August since 1978, the coldest recorded temperature after 2000 is -26.2 °C in January 2010. The current weather station Lillehammer-Sætherengen became operational in 1982; the basis for the city's commerce is its position as the northernmost point of the lake Mjøsa and as the gateway for the Gudbrandsdal region, through which the historical highway to Trondheim passes. The Mesna river has provided the basis for several small industries through the years, but Lillehammer is now all but industry-less. One of the major Norwegian rail lines, the Dovre Line, runs from Hamar to the north through Lillehammer on its way up the Gudbrandsdal, to terminate in Trondheim.
European route E6 passes through Lillehammer. In addition to the Olympic site, Lillehammer offers a number of other tourist attractions: Maihaugen, centrally located in Lillehammer, is the largest open-air museum in Norway, with 185 buildings from Lillehammer and the valley of Gudbrandsdalen. Garmo stave church The Norwegian Olympic Museum is the only museum in Northern Europe that shows the whole Olympic history from the ancient times and up to today, including all Summer- and Wintergames; the museum houses the Norwegian Sports Hall of Fame and a special section about the Lillehammer `94 Olympic Wintergames. The Museum is located in the indoor museum at Maihaugen. Lillehammer Art Museum Hafjell Kvitfjell The PS Skibladner is the world's oldest paddle steamer in scheduled service, launched in 1856. Summer sailings around lake Mjøsa: Lillehammer, Moelv, Gjøvik, H
Norsk biografisk leksikon
Norsk biografisk leksikon is the largest Norwegian biographical encyclopedia. The first edition was issued including 19 volumes and 5,100 articles, it was published by Aschehoug with economic support from the state. Kunnskapsforlaget bought the rights to NBL1 from Aschehoug in 1995, after a pre-project in 1996-97 the work for a new edition began in 1998; the project had economic support from the Fritt Ord Foundation and the Ministry of Culture, the second edition was launched in the years 1999-2005, including 10 volumes and ca. 5,700 articles. In 2006 the work for an electronic edition of NBL2 began, with support from the same institutions. In 2009 an Internet edition, with free access, was released by Kunnskapsforlaget together with the general-purpose Store norske leksikon; the electronic edition features additional biographies, updates about dates of death of biographees. Apart from that, the vast body of text is unaltered from the printed version; this is a list of volumes in the second edition of Norsk biografisk leksikon.
Volume 1: Abel–Bruusgaard. Published 1999 Volume 2: Bry–Ernø. Published 2000 Volume 3: Escholt–Halvdan. Published 2001 Volume 4: Halvorsen–Ibsen. Published 2001 Volume 5: Ihlen–Larsson. Published 2002 Volume 6: Lassen–Nitter. Published 2003 Volume 7: Njøs–Samuelsen. Published 2003 Volume 8: Sand–Sundquist. Published 2004 Volume 9: Sundt–Wikborg. Published 2005 Volume 10: Wilberg–Aavik, plus extra material. Published 2005This is a list of volumes in the first edition of Norsk biografisk leksikon. Volume 1: Aabel–Bjørnson. Published 1923 Volume 2: Bjørnstad–Christian Frederik. Published 1925 Volume 3: Christiansen–Eyvind Urarhorn. Published 1926 Volume 4: Fabricius–Grodtschilling. Published 1929 Volume 5: Grosch–Helkand. Published 1931 Volume 6: Helland–Lars Jensen. Published 1934 Volume 7: Lars O. Jensen–Krefting. Published 1936 Volume 8: Kristensen–Løwenhielm. Published 1938 Volume 9: Madsen–Nansen. Published 1940 Volume 10: Narve–Harald C. Pedersen. Published 1949 Volume 11: Oscar Pedersen–Ross. Published 1952 Volume 12: Rosseland–Schult.
Published 1954 Volume 13: Schultz–Skramstad. Published 1958 Volume 14: Skredsvig–Stenersen. Published 1962 Volume 15: Stensaker–Sørbrøden. Published 1966 Volume 16: Sørensen–Alf Torp. Published 1969 Volume 17: Eivind Torp–Vidnes. Published 1975 Volume 18: Vig–Henrik Wergeland. Published 1977 Volume 19: N. Wergeland–Øyen. Published 1983
Bærum is a municipality in Akershus County, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Sandvika. Bærum was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838. A suburb of Oslo, Bærum is located on the west coast of the city. Bærum has the highest income per capita in Norway and the highest proportion of university-educated individuals. Bærum its eastern neighbourhoods bordering West End Oslo, is one of Norway's priciest and most fashionable residential areas, leading Bærum residents to be stereotyped as snobs in Norwegian popular culture; the municipality has been voted the best Norwegian place to live in considering governance and public services to citizens. The name is composed of berg, which means "mountain", heimr, which means "homestead" or "farm", it originally belonged to a farm located at the base of the prominent mountain of Kolsås. In Old Norse times, the municipality was called Bergheimsherað, meaning "the herað of Bergheimr"; the coat-of-arms was granted on 9 January 1976.
They show an old silver-colored lime kiln on a green background. That was an important aspect of the local economy from the Middle Ages until around 1800. There are still some original ovens visible in the municipality; the area known today as Bærum was a fertile agricultural area as far back as the Bronze Age, several archeological finds stem from the Iron Age. The first mention of the name is from the saga of Sverre of Norway, from about 1200. There are ruins of stone churches from the 12th century at Tanum; the pilgrim road to Trondheim, established after 1030 went through Bærum, there is evidence that lime kilns were in use in the area in 850. There were shipping ports for the quicklime at Sandvika; the lime kiln is the main motif for the municipality's coat of arms. In the 17th century, iron ore was discovered in Bærum and the ironworks at Bærums Verk were founded. Industries such as paper mills, nail factories, sawmills and brickworks were established along the rivers Lysakerelven and Sandvikselva in the following centuries.
There were orchards and other agricultural concerns throughout the area, remnants of which still exist today. A number of artists established themselves in Bærum around the art school run by Johan Fredrik Eckersberg. Among the artists who did much of their work in Bærum are Frits Thaulow, Christian Skredsvig, Harriet Backer, Kitty Lange Kielland, Otto Sinding, Eilif Pettersen, Gerhardt Munthe, Erik Werenskiold. Starting in the mid-20th century, Bærum's agricultural base gave way to residential construction. Still, only a third of the area, 64 square kilometres, is built up for residential use. In 2010, the city hosted that year's Eurovision Song Contest; the physical geography of Bærum is dominated by a craggy coastline along the Oslofjord and inland, hilly areas rising to the north and east, where there are large forested areas. The mountain of Kolsås forms a natural center, but the municipality includes the secluded valley of Lommedalen. Four major rivers flow through the municipality: Lysakerelven, Lomma, Øverlandselva, there are numerous lakes, both in residential and forested areas.
The official municipality flower is Anemone ranunculoides. The geology of Bærum includes Rhomb porphyry at Kolsås. Since nearly two-thirds of Bærum's area consists of forests, there are rich opportunities for outdoor activities, such as skiing and fishing; the forests are considered part of Marka, the forested areas around Greater Oslo. Areas within the municipality of Bærum include Bærumsmarka and Krokskogen; the highest point in Bærum is Vidvangshøgda at 60.0242329°N 10.4838324°E / 60.0242329. The largest lake is Stovivatnet with an area of 0.420 square kilometres at 59.9078776°N 10.4508305°E / 59.9078776. It derives much of its tax base by being a bedroom community to Oslo, it is one of the most affluent areas in Norway. Two of Norway's busiest highways and one railroad traverse the municipality. There has been considerable development of office parks along E18 around Lysaker in the last 20–30 years, reducing some of the pressure on downtown areas of Oslo. Scandinavian Airlines System Norway has its offices in Bærum.
The airline Widerøe has some administrative offices in Bærum. Norwegian Air Shuttle has its head office in Fornebu. Partnair, a charter airline, was headquartered at Fornebu Airport; when the airline Busy Bee of Norway existed, its head office was on the grounds of Fornebu Airport. Braathens and SAS Braathens had their head office facilities in a building on the grounds of Fornebu Airport. In 2010 Norwegian Air Shuttle bought the former Braathens head office. Bærum is the fifth most densely populated municipality in Norway. Along the E18 highway, the residential area is continuous with Oslo and continues with some interruption through to the neighboring municipality of Asker. Bærum is the most affluent of Norwegian municipalities, with average per capita income of NOK 370,800, it has the highest level of education nationwide. Administratively, Bærum is divided into 22 sections; the population for each section on 1 January 2005 was: According to a local survey conducted by Dagbladet, Bærum is the best place to live in Norway in terms of go