Izaak Walton was an English writer. Best known as the author of The Compleat Angler, he wrote a number of short biographies that have been collected under the title of Walton's Lives. Walton was born at Stafford in c. 1593. The register of his baptism in September 1593 gives his father's name as Jervis, or Gervase, his father, an innkeeper as well as a landlord of a tavern, died before Izaak was three, being buried in February 1596/7 as Jarvicus Walton. His mother married another innkeeper by the name of Bourne, who ran the Swan in Stafford. Izaak had a brother named Ambrose, as indicated by an entry in the parish register recording the burial in March 1595/6 of an Ambrosius filius Jervis Walton, his date of birth is traditionally given as 9 August 1593. However, this date is based on a misinterpretation of his will, which he began on 9 August 1683, he is believed to have been educated in Stafford before moving to London in his teens. He is described as an ironmonger, but he trained as a linen draper, a trade which came under the Ironmongers' Company.
He had a small shop in Exchange in Cornhill. In 1614 he had a shop in Fleet Street, two doors west of Chancery Lane in the parish of St Dunstan's, he became verger and churchwarden of the church, a friend of the vicar, John Donne. He joined the Ironmongers' Company in November 1618. Walton's first wife was a great-great-niece of Archbishop Cranmer, she died in 1640. He soon remarried, to Anne Ken. After the Royalist defeat at Marston Moor in 1644, Walton retired from his trade, he went to live just north of his birthplace, at a spot between the town of Stafford and the town of Stone, where he had bought some land edged by a small river. His new land at Shallowford included a farm, a parcel of land. Following the Restoration of the Monarchy it was revealed he had aided the Royalists, Izaak was a staunch Royalist supporter, at great personal risk he managed to safeguard one of the Crown Jewels following Charles II defeat at the battle of Worcester. Walton was entrusted with returning it to London from where it was smuggled out of the country to Charles II, in exile.
The first edition of his book The Compleat Angler was published in 1653. His second wife died in 1662, was buried in Worcester Cathedral, where there is a monument to her memory. One of his daughters married a prebendary of Winchester; the last forty years of his life were spent visiting eminent clergymen and others who enjoyed fishing, compiling the biographies of people he liked, collecting information for the Compleat Angler. After 1662 he found a home at Farnham Castle with George Morley, Bishop of Winchester, to whom he dedicated his Life of George Herbert and his biography of Richard Hooker, he sometimes visited Charles Cotton in his fishing house on the Dove. Walton died in his daughter's house at Winchester on 15 December 1683 and was buried in Winchester Cathedral. Isaac Walton, by will, dated 9 August 1698, gave to the town or corporation of Stafford, in which he was born, a farm, situate at Halfhead, in the parish of Chebsey, for the good and benefit of some of the said town, to bind out, two boys, the sons of honest and poor parents, to be apprentices to some tradesmen or handicraftmen, to the intent that the said boys might the better afterwards get their own living: And he gave £5.
Yearly, out of the said rent, to some maid servant that should have attained the age of 21 years, or to some honest poor man's daughter, to be paid to her on her marriage. Walton left his property as described above at Shallowford in Staffordshire for the benefit of the poor of his native town, he had purchased Halfhead Farm there in May 1655. In doing this he was part of a more general retreat of Royalist gentlemen into the English countryside, in the aftermath of the English Civil War, a move summed up by his friend Charles Cotton's well-known poem "The Retirement"; the cost of Shallowford was £350, the property included a farmhouse, a cottage, courtyard and nine fields along which a river ran. Part of its attraction may have been that the River Meece, which he mentions in one of his poems, formed part of the boundary; the farm was let to tenants, Walton kept the excellent fishing. The cottage is now a Walton Museum; the ground floor of the museum is set-out in period, with information boards covering Walton's life, his writings and the story of the Izaak Walton Cottage.
Upstairs a collection of fishing related items is displayed, the earliest dating from the mid-eighteenth century, while a room is dedicated to his Lives and The Compleat Angler. The Izaak Walton Cottage and gardens are open to the public on Sunday afternoons during the summer; the Compleat Angler was first published in 1653, but Walton continued to add to it for a quarter of a century. It is a celebration of the spirit of fishing in prose and verse, it was dedicated to his most honoured friend. There was a second edition in 1655, a th
Can Masdeu is a squatted social centre and community garden in the Collserola Park on the outskirts of Barcelona. In 2001, an international group of activists organizing a conference to raise awareness around climate change squatted the former leper hospital, abandoned for some 53 years; the squat became famous in 2002, when squatters in lockons and on tripods nonviolently resisted an eviction. During a three-day standoff, police were unable to remove the squatters, resulting in the case returning to the courts. After three years, the case was won by the owners. On most Sundays from late September to early June there is an open house and guided tour in which residents explain community living, consensus-based decision-making, ecological gardening and living, the functioning of the social center. There is a collective meal and from 100 to 300 people come up to participate in free activities related to ecology and self-sufficiency. Can means "property of" and "Masdeu" comes from the Masdeu family who once inhabited the farmhouse at the center of the valley.
Thus, Can Masdeu can refer to any of the following: the masia - a traditional Iberian patriarchal mansion or plantation house the valley, or the community gardens which inhabit it the community of squatters the social center or the ecological project associated with it. The nunnery or leper hospital which once inhabited the masia and the valley; the grounds governed by the squat include a hectare of land in use as gardens, an abandoned nunnery and hospital facility and about 15 hectares of hilly forests. The building is draped over the side of a hill, it includes 24 different rooms of various sizes including a large hall. Can Masdeu is located up the hill from the Canyelles L3 Metro station in Barcelona. There is a sign for it; the building was built on an ancient Roman site, was surrounded by vineyards before the city expanded into Nou Barris. Of the existing structure, first the temple was completed in the 17th century. In the early 20th century the living units, common space and kitchen were added.
After functioning as a nunnery for some years, the facility was converted into a leper hospital. It was shuttered and abandoned in 1948. Fear of leprosy may have been a factor in this large facility being left vacant for over half a century. An international group of activists spent over a year searching in Barcelona for the best location to occupy and in December 2001 they moved onto the abandoned hospital; the aim was to hold a conference to raise awareness around climate change. Can Masdeu became famous in April 2002. Using passive resistance over three days the squatters were able to hold off the police's efforts at forced removal; the squatters used a number of techniques to retain control of the space including locking themselves to various precarious perches outside the building. This created a situation in which the police risked serious injury to themselves or to squatters in attempting to remove them; some dangling occupiers locked themselves to the building, others balanced on a long seesaw, from which no single occupant could be removed without dropping the other.
Many were suspended outside the building on frames and a bathtub was used. The police changed their initial strategy of forced removal with one of waiting for the squatters to get thirsty and hungry and come down, they waited for three days with growing local media attention. Hundreds of spectators came to see the occupation, many of them chanted slogans, stopped traffic on the local highway. A Dutch solidarity organization organized an occupation of the Spanish Embassy in the Netherlands. After three days, the Barcelona judge overseeing the case ordered the police to withdraw; the judge's ruling specified that safety are more important than property rights. There have been both civil and criminal cases brought against the occupants of Can Masdeu since 2002. Most of these cases have been lost by the community, but it continues to occupy the site, in part because the hospital that owns the facility does not have the financial capacity to renovate the structure. Further complicating the hospital's plans to provide a suitable reason for improving the Can Masdeu site is the fact that next to it there is another larger abandoned institutional building, which could more be used than the more dilapidated older facility.
Relations with the surrounding local population has been a focus of the efforts of the residents of Can Masdeu. After the occupation, the community encouraged local gardeners to come plant on their gardens on the grounds. About a dozen people at first older women responded to the offer and began planting produce and some flowers; the community hosts monthly or bi-monthly potlucks with local gardeners and there are regular meetings to manage the affairs of the garden. In 2006 a large second terrace of gardens was recovered from the surround bush lands and additional local gardens were planted. There are three tiers of gardens, the lowest is the new local gardens, the middle tier is production garden for the community and the top tier is the original local gardens; these neighbors came from the Nou Barris district, but locals involved with these community gardens who move to nearby locations continue to come to this site and maintain their plots. For most Sundays from late September to early June there are public workshops offered in the social centre, the PIC, or Punt d'Interracció de Collserola.
These workshops and presentatio
Mulla Ali Kani (Persian: ملا علی کنی, was an Iranian Shia Muslim scholar and philosopher involved with the Iranian Constitutional Revolution. He was a pupil of Muhammad Hasan al-Najafi. Kani was in charge of religious affairs of Iran, had a great influence on people and on Naser al-Din Shah Qajar and his court. After the singing of the Reuter concession in 1873 which in practice made Iran a colony of Britain, Mulla Ali Kani wrote a letter to the King, Nasir al-Din Shah, opposed this contract, he wrote that what Reuter gains through this contract is more than what Britain gained in India. He wrote that when there is a flaw in governmental affairs, it is religious scholars' duty to refer to it, regardless of whether the king favors this approach, or tries to correct it or not, he asked the king in strong terms to cancel the contract and dismiss the prime minister, behind the signing of the contract. As a result of these objections, as well as foreign objections to the contract, Nasir al-Din Shah canceled the contract and removed the minister from the office.
Kani was buried in the shrine of Shah-Abdol-Azim shrine in Rey. Iranian Constitutional Revolution