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Izmail

For the class of Russian warships, see Izmail-class battlecruiser. Izmail is a historic city on the Danube river in Odessa Oblast in south-western Ukraine. Administratively, Izmail is incorporated as a city of oblast significance, it serves as the administrative center of Izmail Raion, one of twenty-six districts of Odessa Oblast, though it is not a part of the district. In Russian historiography Izmail is associated with the 18th century sacking of Ottoman fortress of Izmail by Russian general Alexander Suvorov, it is the largest Ukrainian port in the Danube Delta, on its Chilia branch. As such, Izmail is a center of the food processing industry and a popular regional tourist destination, it is a base of the Ukrainian Navy and the Ukrainian Sea Guard units operating on the river. The World Wildlife Fund's Isles of Izmail Regional Landscape Park is located nearby. Population: 72,471 The fortress of Izmail was built by Genoese merchants in the 12th century, it belonged for a short period of time to Wallachia – as the territory north of the Danube was one of the possessions of the Basarabs.

The town was first mentioned with the name Ismailiye, derived from the name of the Ottoman Grand Vizier Izmail. From the end of the 14th century, Izmail was under the rule of Moldavia. In 1484, the Ottoman state conquered the territory, which became from that moment an Ottoman protectorate. Since the early 16th century it was the main Ottoman fortress in the Budjak region. In 1569 Sultan Selim II settled Izmail with his Nogai subjects from the North Caucasus. After Russian general Nicholas Repnin took the fortress of Izmail in 1770, it was refortified by the Turks, so as never to be captured again; the Sultan boasted that the fortress was impregnable, but during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–1792 the Russian Army commander Alexander Suvorov stormed it on 22 December 1790. Ottoman forces inside the fortress had the orders to stand their ground to the end, haughtily declining the Russian ultimatum; the defeat was seen as a catastrophe in the Ottoman Empire, while in Russia it was glorified in the country's first national anthem, Let the thunder of victory sound!.

Suvorov announced the capture of Ismail in 1791 to the Empress Catherine in a doggerel couplet, after the assault had been pressed from house to house, room to room, most of the garrison and support forces in the city had been killed in three days, a few hundred taken into captivity. For all his bluffness, Suvorov told an English traveler that when all was over he went back to his tent and wept. At the end of the war, Izmail was returned to the Ottoman Empire, but Russian forces took it for the third time on 14 September 1809. After it was ceded to Russia with the rest of Bessarabia by the 1812 Treaty of Bucharest, the town was rebuilt thoroughly; the Intercession Cathedral, the churches of Nativity, St. Nicholas and several others date back to that time. Izmail's oldest building is the small Turkish mosque, erected either in the 15th or 16th centuries, converted into a church in 1810 and housing a museum dedicated to the 1790 storm of Izmail. After Russia lost the Crimean War, the town returned to the Principality of Moldavia, which would soon become part of the Romanian Principalities.

Russia gained control of Izmail again after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878. With the breakup of the Russian Empire in 1917 and in the aftermath of World War I, the city was occupied by the Romanian Army on 22 January 1918, after a skirmish with troops of the Danube flotilla; that year, the Sfatul Țării of Chișinău, which claimed to be the representative of the whole of Bessarabia, voted to formally unite the region with Romania. This union was recognized by the United Kingdom and Italy in the Treaty of Paris, but not by the Soviet Union which had territorial claims over Bessarabia. In 1940, again during World War II, it was occupied by the Soviet Red Army and included in the Ukrainian SSR. During the Soviet period following World War II, many Russians and Ukrainians migrated to the town changing its ethnic composition. Izmail Oblast was formed in 1940 and the town remained its administrative center until the oblast was merged to Odessa Oblast in 1954. Since 24 August 1991, Izmail has been part of independent Ukraine.

Under the Köppen classification, Izmail has a humid continental climate with four distinct seasons and generous precipitation year-round, typical for the inland South. Summers are humid, with temperatures somewhat moderated by the city's elevation. Winters are cool but variable, with an average of 48 freezing days per year. Before 1920, the population of Izmail was estimated at 37,000. During that time 11,000 of the population were Jewish, 8,000 Romanians and 6,000 Germans. Additional members of the population were Russians, Bulgarians and Cossacks. 2008 — 77,076 people. The national composition: Russians - 43.7%, Ukrainians - 38.0%, Bulgarians - 10.0% and Romanians - 4.3%. In 2010, the population was 75,300; the population consists of many other nationalities: Gagauz, Jews, etc. - 75 nationalities. Alexandru Averescu, Romanian Marshal, Army Commander during World War I.

Camco Drum Company

The Camco Drum Company is a musical instrument brand owned by Japanese company Hoshino Gakki. Camco was a drum hardware manufacturing company which began producing drums after a hostile takeover of the George H. Way drum company in 1961. Camco was active until its closure in 1977, with its assets purchased by Drum Workshop while Hoshino Gakki took over rights over the Camco name. During its 17-year history, the company had three different locations –Oak Lawn, from 1961 until 1971, Kansas from 1971 till 1973 and finally in Los Angeles until 1977/78 and the company's demise; the drums were identified by George Way's distinctive round lug design and the so-called "cloud" badge, used throughout the company's history, except for a brief two-year period when an oval badge was sometimes used. In the 1960s, unlike the major American drum companies like Ludwig, Gretsch and Slingerland, Camco entirely missed the rock music wave, picking up only a small handful of high-profile rock players like Dennis Wilson of the Beach Boys and Doug Clifford of Creedence Clearwater Revival.

This lapse meant the brand laboured under a old-fashioned image and certainly sowed the seeds for its demise. As the company was attracting predominantly endorsers from a jazz background such as Tijuana Brass' Nick Ceroli, much of the company's output during the 1960s tended towards small four or five-piece kits in comparatively small sizes, in marked contrast to their competitors, who were marketing kits of multiple drums in bigger sizes to compete with the huge increase in rock band amplification. Camco drum shells during the Oak Lawn and Chanute periods tended to be either three or four ply with glue rings; when they moved to Los Angeles, the company changed shell manufacturers and opted for a six ply with glue ring construction. Though quite different in sound, both periods have their fans. Most collectors tend to favour the Oak Lawn period because these were the original drums. Pre-LA the drums would have white-painted interiors if there was a plastic wrapped exterior and a clear lacquered interior if the outer was a lacquer finish.

LA shells always had clear lacquered interiors regardless of their exterior finish. The legendary Jim Gordon who played as a top session drummer during the late 1960s and early 1970s period used to play a Walnut Stain finish Camco drum kit, as did Mike Botts. During the 1970s, the new design LA Camco drums became the studio drum of choice for many on the US west coast with session advocates like Jeff Porcaro, with some efforts being made at export made an impression on the British and European scenes with players like Dave Mattacks and Bob Henrit and in Australia with players like Warren Daly of the jazz ensemble, Daly-Wilson Big Band. In the 1975 Alice Cooper concert film Welcome To My Nightmare, Alice's Finnish-born drummer Pentti "Whitey" Glan plays a white lacquer finish double bass "Los Angeles" era Camco drum kit; this set was interesting. The finish became known as "Alice Cooper White". In 1977, Drum Workshop and Hoshino Gakki jointly purchased Camco's assets. DW would receive Camco's inventory and manufacturing equipment, while Tama would receive the Camco name, the original design blueprints, engineering rights.

Tama used the Camco name in the late 1970s for so-called Tama/Camco drum kits which varied between US-made Camco shells and sometimes Japanese-made shells with a rounded lug similar, though not the same, as the Camco lugs. They produced, more famously, a "Camco by Tama" bass drum pedal which utilised Frank Ippolito's modified-Camco chain-drive pedal drive and this design has since become an industry standard for most bass drum pedals. Tama re-issued the now classic pedal in 2011. Drum Workshop adopted George Way's original round lug design with no change and uses the iconic lugs to this day. Camco drums are now attractive to collectors and players alike and achieve some of the highest prices in the vintage drum market. Now, decades after the company closed, some contemporary musicians, like rated jazz player Jeff Ballard and British session player Chris Whitten, continue to use vintage Camco kits. In 2007 Ronn Dunnett purchased the rights to the George Way trademark and is producing drums under that brand.

Those drums resemble the visual and sonic qualities of the original George Way drums and have received good reviews. Camco Drummer website, 29 Jan 2011

Biglow Canyon Wind Farm

Biglow Canyon Wind Farm is an electricity generating wind farm facility in Sherman County, United States. It is owned by Portland, Oregon based Portland General Electric and began operations in 2007. With the completion of phase 3 of the project it has a generating capacity of 450 megawatts, it is located five miles northeast of Wasco and about ten miles southeast of Rufus, Oregon. Biglow Canyon Wind Farm covers 25,000 acres in the Columbia River Gorge. In 2005, Orion Energy announced plans to develop a 450-megawatt wind farm with 225 turbines at Biglow Canyon in the Columbia River Gorge, at the time the largest project of its kind in Oregon. Portland General Electric acquired Orion's development right to the $200 million project in 2006. In November 2006, PGE purchased the first 76 turbines for the project from Vestas, with the project cost increasing to an estimated $256 million for the first phase. PGE broke ground on the site in February 2007. In the middle of October 2007, ten Vestas V82 wind turbines were energized to produce the first electricity at Biglow.

The last of the 76 turbines in the first-phase of the wind farm development became operational in December 2007. The turbines for phases 2 and 3 were purchased from Siemens Energy. There will be 141 SWT-2.3-93 turbines, with a capacity of 2.3 MW each. Phase 2 of the project was completed in August 2009; the expansion brought generating capacity to 275 megawatts. Phase 3 will add an additional 76 wind turbines, with the cost of phases two and three totaling $700 to $800 million. Phase 3 will complete the project and allow for a maximum generating capacity of 450 megawatts, though the anticipated generation is estimated to average 150 megawatts; the final phase was completed in September 2010, with the project totaling 217 turbines at a cost $1 billion. The Biglow Canyon Wind Farm has an installed capacity of 275 megawatts. Additional phases, planned for construction in 2009 and 2010, are expected to bring its total generating capacity to between 400 and 450 megawatts; the site covers 25,000 acres in Sherman County.

The wind farm uses a feeder transmission line from the canyon to high-voltage transmission lines via a power substation located near The Dalles. PGE does not own this line. Additionally, the line connects this and other wind farms to the Bonneville Power Administration run power grid built for use with the hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River; the facility is authorized to install up to 225 wind turbines totaling 450 MW and averaging 150 MW distributed over 25,000 acres. Each turbine's supporting tower must be 265–280 feet tall; the turbines may be aligned in up to 30 corridors 500 feet wide on private farmland leased from the appropriate landowners. The initial construction—termed phase I—provides a completed capacity of 125 MW or enough to power 34,000 homes. Phase I cost some $250 million. Energy Trust of Oregon contributed $6 million. Turbine output is around 600 V AC and is converted to 34.5 kV by a transformer at the base of each tower. The output is gathered by a substation. Most collector cabling and associated control and monitoring fiber optic cable is buried 3 feet underground.

Exceptions are made for aerial cables to span terrain such as canyons and cultivated areas to protect the environment. Up to 15 miles of aerial cabling is permitted. Bonneville Power Administration built a 12-mile 230 kV transmission line to collect the power, it has capacity for an expected additional 450 MW from two other proposed wind farms in Sherman County. The substation may be up to 6 acres including transformers, switching equipment, maintenance shops, control room, offices; as many as ten meteorological observation towers up to 279 ft are allowed throughout the wind farm to collect wind resource data. Construction must be completed by June 30, 2011. Visual impact restrictions are in force for the John Day Wildlife Refuge, John Day Wild and Scenic River, the John Day State Scenic Waterway. Wildlife protection must be provided for nesting bald eagles, peregrine falcons, Swainson's hawk, golden eagle, Burrowing owl, Ferruginous hawk and minimization of harm to other wildlife. Noise levels during construction and operation of the facility must not contribute more than 50 dBA at 24 identified noise sensitive sites.

List of wind farms in the United States Wind power in Oregon Oregon DOE: all Oregon certificates for Biglow Canyon Wind Farm

Covert coat

A covert coat or Crombie coat is a gentleman's overcoat with notched lapels which originated in the late 19th century as a "short topcoat" to be worn for hunting and horse riding. Since the 20th century, after the introduction of the suit for everyday use in town as opposed to the frock coat and the morning dress, the covert coat is used as a shorter, more informal topcoat option to the longer knee-length chesterfield coat traditionally associated with formal wear. Covert cloth, from which the coat is made, is a heavy tweed named after a covered area rich in game wildlife that would serve as a starting point on a hunt. A covert coat is always single-breasted with notch lapels, a centre vent, flap pockets, a signature four lines of stitching at the cuffs and hem; the collar may be constructed of covert velvet. The traditional colour varies from a light greenish-tan brown to a fawnish mix to a rather deep tannish-green, but variants in grey and navy are common. Variants were worn by George VI and Edward VIII, as well as by Jason Statham and Stephen Graham in the 2000 crime comedy film Snatch.

The covert coat caused media attention during the 2015 General Election in UK when worn by UKIP and Brexit Party leader Nigel Farage

Your Moment

Your Moment is a Filipino reality talent competition show broadcast by ABS-CBN. It is a joint-collaboration with the network itself, the Dutch production company Fritz Productions. Billed as the 2-in-1 reality talent competition show, it is known for state-of-the-art innovations such as the revolving immersive set, where the audience and the judges witness their performances from the singing to the dancing stage, vice versa; the judges evaluate acts' performances using an emotion meter knob which reflect their scores in real time. Each performance starts in black-and-white and bursts with lights and color as it progresses, while the judges have to input their scores three times using an emotion meter knob, ranging them from 0% as the lowest to 100% the highest. An emotion meter appears on-screen reflecting the scores given by the judges every time a performance reaches the three time markers, which indicate the time they can score; the acts must accomplish through four competition levels in order to become one of the grand champions: Level 1: Your First MomentEach episode features three acts each, from the singing and dancing categories to be given two minutes each to impress the judges.

Your Wildcard MomentTen returning acts will be performing again. The top singing and dancing act with a highest score will be took over their last spots. Level 2: Your Moment of ChoiceThe highest-ranking acts will get to pick their opponents in a three-way showdown. Level 3: Your Moment of PowerThe top performers will be give a chance to choose from local and international mentors in the entertainment industry. Both the second and third levels will follow the beat the winner elimination process. Level 4: Your Grand MomentThe top three acts per category will compete in a series of rounds that will determine one grand champion in each category and the grand prize per winning act is worth ₱2,000,000, including trophy and ABS-CBN exclusive contract. Color key: Color key: Color key: Color key: Color key: Color key: Color key: Singing categoryDancing category

Many-sorted logic

Many-sorted logic can reflect formally our intention not to handle the universe as a homogeneous collection of objects, but to partition it in a way, similar to types in typeful programming. Both functional and assertive "parts of speech" in the language of the logic reflect this typeful partitioning of the universe on the syntax level: substitution and argument passing can be done only accordingly, respecting the "sorts". There are various ways to formalize the intention mentioned above. In most cases, the following are given: a set of sorts, S an appropriate generalization of the notion of signature to be able to handle the additional information that comes with the sorts; the domain of discourse of any structure of that signature is fragmented into disjoint subsets, one for every sort. When reasoning about biological organisms, it is useful to distinguish two sorts: animal. While a function mother: animal ⟶ animal makes sense, a similar function mother: plant ⟶ plant does not. Many-sorted logic allows one to have terms like mother, but to discard terms like mother as syntactically ill-formed.

The algebraization of many-sorted logic is explained in an article by Caleiro and Gonçalves, which generalizes abstract algebraic logic to the many-sorted case, but can be used as introductory material. While many-sorted logic requires two distinct sorts to have disjoint universe sets, order-sorted logic allows one sort s 1 to be declared a subsort of another sort s 2 by writing s 1 ⊆ s 2 or similar syntax. In the above example, it is desirable to declare dog ⊆ carnivore, dog ⊆ mammal, carnivore ⊆ animal, mammal ⊆ animal, animal ⊆ organism, plant ⊆ organism,and so on. Wherever a term of some sort s is required, a term of any subsort of s may be supplied instead. For example, assuming a function declaration mother: animal ⟶ animal, a constant declaration lassie: dog, the term mother is valid and has the sort animal. In order to supply the information that the mother of a dog is a dog in turn, another declaration mother: dog ⟶ dog may be issued. Order-sorted logic can be translated into unsorted logic, using a unary predicate p i for each sort s i, an axiom ∀ x for each subsort declaration s i ⊆ s j.

The reverse approach was successful in automated theorem proving: in 1985, Christoph Walther could solve a benchmark problem by translating it into order-sorted logic, thereby boiling it down an order of magnitude, as many unary predicates turned into sorts. In order to incorporate order-sorted logic into a clause-based automated theorem prover, a corresponding order-sorted unification algorithm is necessary, which requires for any two declared sorts s 1, s 2 their intersection s 1 ∩ s 2 to be declared, too: if x 1 and x 2 are variables of sort s 1 and s 2 {