Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte

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Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte
Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte-Patterson (1805-1870).jpg
Jerome Napoleon Patterson-Bonaparte in his mid-forties
Born (1805-07-05)5 July 1805
95 Camberwell Grove, Camberwell, London, England
Died 17 June 1870(1870-06-17) (aged 64)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Spouse Susan May Williams
Issue Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II
Charles Joseph Bonaparte
House Bonaparte
Father Jérôme Bonaparte
Mother Elizabeth Patterson

Jérôme Napoléon "Bo" Bonaparte (London, 5 July 1805 – Baltimore, 17 June 1870) was a French-American farmer, chairman of the Maryland Agricultural Society, first president of the Maryland Club,[1] and the son of Elizabeth Patterson and Jérôme Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon I.[2]

He was born in 95 Camberwell Grove, Camberwell, London, England, but lived in the United States with his wealthy American mother. Jérôme's mother's marriage had been annulled by order of Jérôme's uncle, French Emperor Napoleon I. The annulment caused the rescission of his right to carry the Bonaparte name; though the ruling was later reversed by his cousin, Napoleon III.

It is speculated that Jérôme's prospective title is a reason the 11th Congress of the United States in 1810 proposed the Titles of Nobility Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that would strip an American of his citizenship if he accepted a title of nobility from a foreign nation. The amendment has never been approved, lacking the approval of only two state legislatures at that time.[3]

He married Susan May Williams, and it is from them that the American line of the Bonaparte family descended. They had two sons:

He graduated from Mount St. Mary's College (now Mount St. Mary's University) in 1817[4] and later received a law degree from Harvard but did not practice the law.[5] He was a founding member of the Maryland Club, serving as its first president[6]

Jérôme Napoleon Bonaparte died in Baltimore, Maryland and is buried in the Loudon Park Cemetery, Baltimore.

Susan May Williams[edit]

Susan May Williams
Born (1812-04-02)April 2, 1812
Died September 15, 1881(1881-09-15) (aged 69)
Spouse Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte
Issue Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte II
Charles Joseph Bonaparte
Father Benjamin Williams
Mother Sarah Copeland

Susan May Williams Bonaparte (April 2, 1812 – September 15, 1881) was the daughter of Benjamin Williams, a prominent Baltimore merchant (originally from Roxbury, Massachusetts), and his wife, Sarah Copeland, widow of Nathaniel Morton. In response to the opening of the Erie Canal, which was in direct competition with the port of Baltimore, her father became one of the founders of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the first railroad company in the United States, chartered on April 24, 1827. In November 1829, Susan married Jérôme Napoleon Bonaparte-Patterson. He had refused to wait for an arranged marriage to a European princess, instead opting for the $200,000 fortune that Susan brought to the marriage. In an attempt to match the railroad heiress's dowry, the groom's maternal grandfather, William Patterson — one of the wealthiest men in Maryland — gave the couple Montrose Mansion as a wedding gift.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Shannon, Selin. "Jerome Napoleon Bonaparte, Napoleon's American nephew". Shannon Selin. Retrieved 11 May 2016. 
  2. ^ Marshall, Bill, and Cristina Johnston. France and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History : a Multidisciplinary Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO, Inc, 2005. "Jérôme Napoléon Bonaparte was born in England on July 7, 1805. Betsy and her son returned to Baltimore in September 1805. At Napoléon's behest, Jérôme married Princess Catherine of Württemberg in August 1807." - Page 162. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  3. ^ "The "Missing Thirteenth Amendment": Constitutional Nonsense and Titles of Nobility". Thirdamendment.com. Retrieved 2012-03-08. 
  4. ^ Edward Francis Xavier McSweeny. The Story of the Mountain: Mount St. Mary's College and Seminary. Volume I, p. 70. Retrieved 22 November 2015
  5. ^ Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the United States, Volume I, p. 341.
  6. ^ Gunning, Brooke; O'Donovan, Molly (2000). Baltimore's Halcyon Days. Arcadia Publishing. p. 75. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  7. ^ "Maryland State Archives, Montrose Mansion and Chapel" (PDF). Retrieved February 25, 2013.