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J. J. Johnson

James Louis Johnson was an American jazz trombonist and arranger. Johnson was one of the earliest trombonists to embrace bebop. After studying the piano beginning at age 9, Johnson decided to play trombone at the age of 14. In 1941, he began his professional career with Clarence Love, played with Snookum Russell in 1942. In Russell's band he met the trumpeter Fats Navarro, who influenced him to play in the style of the tenor saxophonist Lester Young. Johnson played in Benny Carter's orchestra between 1942 and 1945, made his first recordings in 1942 under Carter's leadership, recording his first solo in October 1943. In 1944, he took part in the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concert, presented in Los Angeles and organized by Norman Granz. In 1945 he joined the big band of Count Basie and recording with him until 1946. While the trombone was featured prominently in dixieland and swing music, it fell out of favor among bebop musicians because instruments with valves and keys were believed to be more suited to bebop's rapid tempos and demand for technical mastery.

In 1946, bebop co-inventor Dizzy Gillespie encouraged the young trombonist's development with the comment, "I've always known that the trombone could be played different, that somebody'd catch on one of these days. Man, you're elected."After leaving Basie in 1946 to play in small bebop bands in New York clubs, Johnson toured in 1947 with Illinois Jacquet. During this period he began recording as a leader of small groups featuring Max Roach, Sonny Stitt and Bud Powell, he performed with Charlie Parker at the 17 December 1947 Dial Records session following Parker's release from Camarillo State Mental Hospital. In 1951, with bassist Oscar Pettiford and trumpeter Howard McGhee, Johnson toured the military camps of Japan and Korea before returning to the United States and taking a day job as a blueprint inspector. Johnson admitted he was still thinking of nothing but music during that time, indeed, his classic Blue Note Records recordings as both a leader and with Miles Davis date from this period.

Johnson's compositions "Enigma" and "Kelo" were recorded by Davis for Blue Note and Johnson was part of the Davis studio session band that recorded the jazz classic Walkin'. In 1954 producer Ozzie Cadena with Savoy Records, convinced Johnson to set up a combo with trombonist Kai Winding: the "Jay and Kai Quintet"; the trombone styles and personalities of the two musicians, although different, blended so well that the pairing, which lasted until August 1956, was a huge success both musically and commercially. They toured U. S. nightclubs and recorded numerous albums before parting amicably, satisfied that they had explored their novel group. The duo reunited again in 1958 for a tour of the UK, an Impulse! studio album in 1960 and in 1968–1969. In January 1967, Johnson and Winding were in an all-star line-up backing Sarah Vaughan on her last sessions for Mercury Records, released as the album Sassy Swings Again, with three of the cuts, including Billy Strayhorn's "Take the "A" Train", being arranged by Johnson himself.

The duo made some jazz festival appearances in Japan in the early 1980s, the last shortly before Winding died in May 1983. Following the mid-1950s collaboration with Winding, J. J. Johnson began leading his own touring small groups for about 3 years, covering the United States, United Kingdom and Scandinavia; these groups included tenor saxophonists Bobby Jaspar and Clifford Jordan, cornetist Nat Adderley, trumpeter Freddie Hubbard, pianists Tommy Flanagan and Cedar Walton, drummers Elvin Jones, Albert "Tootie" Heath, Roach. In 1957, he recorded the quartet albums First Place and Blue Trombone, with Flanagan, Paul Chambers and Roach, he toured with the Jazz at the Philharmonic show in 1957 and 1960, the first tour yielding a live album featuring Johnson and tenor saxophonist Stan Getz. In 1958–59 Johnson was one of three plaintiffs in a court case which hastened the abolition of the cabaret card system; this period overlaps with the beginnings of Johnson's serious forays into Third Stream music.

Periods of writing and recording his music would alternate with tours demanding attention to his playing. Following the six months he spent writing Perceptions, Johnson entered the studio for a date with André Previn's trio, they recorded an entire album of the music of Kurt Weill. The inventive arrangements and inspired playing of both stars on Andre Previn and J. J. Johnson Play'Mack The Knife' and Other Kurt Weill Songs bore out the producer's foresight, yet this recording was not released on CD until after his death. In 1962 Johnson toured for a number of months with Davis' sextet of that year, which went unrecorded. Johnson's 1963 solo album J. J.'s Broadway is an example of both his mature trombone style and sound, his arranging abilities. 1964 saw the recording of his last working band for a period of over 20 years – Proof Positive. Beginning in 1965 Johnson recorded a number of large group studio albums under his name, featuring many of his own compositions and arrangements; the late 1960s saw a radical downturn in the fortunes of many jazz musicians and Johnson was heard exclusively on big band-style studio records backing a single soloist.

From the mid-1950s, but the early 1960s on, Johnson dedicated more and more time to composition. He became an active contributor to the Third Stream movement in jazz, and

Kenneth R. Shadrick

Kenneth R. "Kenny" Shadrick was a United States Army soldier, killed at the onset of the Korean War. He was but incorrectly reported as the first American soldier killed in action in the war. Shadrick was born in Harlan County, one of 10 children. After dropping out of high school in 1948, he joined the U. S. Army, spent a year of service in Japan before being dispatched to South Korea at the onset of the Korean War in 1950 along with his unit, the 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division. During a patrol, Shadrick was killed by the machine gun of a North Korean T-34 tank, his body was taken to an outpost where journalist Marguerite Higgins was covering the war. Higgins reported that he was the first soldier killed in the war, a claim, repeated in media across the United States, his life was profiled, his funeral drew hundreds of people. His death is now believed to have occurred after the first American combat fatalities in the Battle of Osan. Since the identities of other soldiers killed before Shadrick remain unknown, he is still incorrectly cited as the first U.

S. soldier killed in the war. Shadrick was born on August 1931, in Harlan County, Kentucky, he was the third of 10 children born to Theodore Shadrick, a coal miner. Growing up during the Great Depression, Kenneth Shadrick moved with his family to Wyoming, West Virginia to an outlying town called Skin Fork, 20 miles away, as his father was looking for coal mining jobs. Shadrick was described by his family as "an avid reader" throughout his childhood, who had a variety of interests, including Westerns and magazines, he enjoyed riding his bicycle and hunting. Shadrick received top marks in his classes. During his sophomore year in 1948, he developed an interest in football and made the school's team, though he was small for his age; the team could not afford uniforms, Shadrick's father gave him five dollars to buy one, but it was stolen from his locker in October 1948. The incident upset Shadrick so much he dropped out of school refusing to return from that day forward. One month he and a friend enlisted in the U.

S. Army. Shadrick's father would refer to the stolen school uniform as the reason Shadrick enlisted in the military, said he felt it indirectly caused his son's death. On November 10, 1948, Shadrick left for basic combat training at Kentucky; as he was 17 years old, Shadrick had to convince his parents to sign papers allowing him to enlist. Shadrick completed this training in February 1949, sailed for Japan to join the 34th Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division, for post–World War II occupation duties. Shadrick spent a year on Kyushu island with the division. According to his family, Shadrick enjoyed his tour in Japan at first, but by June 1950 he was growing tired of the country, indicated in letters he was feeling depressed. On the night of June 25, 1950, 10 divisions of the North Korean army launched a full-scale invasion of South Korea. Advancing with 89,000 men in six columns, the North Koreans caught the disorganized, ill-equipped, unprepared South Korean army by surprise and routed them.

North Korean forces destroyed isolated resistance, pushing down the peninsula against the opposing 38,000 front-line South Korean men. The majority of the South Korean forces retreated in the face of the invasion, by June 28 the North Koreans had captured the southern capital and forced the government and its shattered forces to withdraw southward. Meanwhile, the United Nations Security Council voted to send assistance to the collapsing country and U. S. President Harry S. Truman ordered ground troops to the country. U. S. forces in the Far East had been decreasing since the end of World War II, five years earlier, Shadrick's division was the closest to the warzone. Under the command of Major General William F. Dean, the division was understrength and most of its equipment was antiquated due to reductions in military spending. In spite of these deficiencies the division was ordered into South Korea, tasked with taking the initial shock of the North Korean advances until the rest of the Eighth United States Army could arrive and establish a defense.

Dean's plan was to airlift one battalion of the 24th Infantry Division into South Korea via C-54 Skymaster transport aircraft and to block advancing North Korean forces while the remainder of the division was transported on ships. The 21st Infantry Regiment was identified as the most combat-ready of the 24th Infantry Division's three regiments, the 21st Infantry's 1st Battalion was selected because its commander, Lieutenant Colonel Charles B. Smith, was the most experienced, having commanded a battalion at the Battle of Guadalcanal during World War II. On July 5, Task Force Smith engaged North Korean forces at the Battle of Osan, delaying 5,000 North Korean infantry for seven hours before being defeated; the 540-man force suffered 60 killed, 21 wounded and 82 captured, a heavy casualty rate. In the chaos of the retreat, most of the bodies were left behind, the fates of many of the missing were unknown for several weeks. During that time, the 34th Infantry Regiment set up a line between the villages of Pyongtaek and Ansong, 10 miles south of Osan, to fight the next delaying action against the advancing North Korean forces.

The 34th Infantry Regiment was unprepared for a fight, with few soldiers experienced in combat. At this time, Shadrick was part of an M9A1 Bazooka team with 1st Battalion, 34th Infantry. About 90 minutes after Task Force Smith began its withdrawal from the Battle of Osan, the 34th Infantry sent Shadrick as part of a small scouting force northward to the

Archdeacon of Hampstead

The Archdeacon of Hampstead is a senior ecclesiastical officer in the Church of England Diocese of London, named after, based in and around, the Hampstead area of London. He or she is the priest responsible for the Archdeaconry of Hampstead; the archdeaconry was created by Order in Council on 23 July 1912 from the ancient archdeaconry of Middlesex. Part of the archdeaconry was split off to create the Charing Cross archdeaconry before 1989; the Hampstead archdeaconry is geographically equivalent to the episcopal area overseen by the area Bishop of Edmonton. 1912–1920: Brook Deedes 1920–1950: Charles Lambert 1950–1962: Hubert Matthews 1962–1964: Graham Leonard 1964–1974: Hubert Pink 1974–1984: Fred Pickering 1985–1994: Robert Coogan 1995–1999: Peter Wheatley 1999–2010: Michael Lawson 2011–31 July 2015: Luke Miller 7 October 2015–present: John Hawkins

French cruiser Primauguet (1924)

Primauguet was a French Duguay-Trouin-class light cruiser built after World War I. During the Anglo-American invasion of French North Africa in 1942, she was burnt out and abandoned, having been subject to gunfire from a fleet led by the battleship Massachusetts, repeated aerial attacks by SBD Dauntless dive bombers, she was named after the 15th century Breton captain Hervé de Portzmoguer, nicknamed "Primauguet". The design of the Duguay-Trouin class was based on an improved version of a 1915 design, but was reworked with more speed and a more powerful armament to match the British E-class and the American Omaha-class light cruisers; the ships had an overall length of 175.3 meters, a beam of 17.2 meters, a draft of 5.3 meters. They displaced 8,128 metric tons at 9,655 t at deep load, their crew consisted of 591 men. Primauguet was commissioned in April 1927 and commenced a seven-month world cruise, returning in mid-December; the pattern of extended cruises was maintained until April 1932, when she was stationed in the Far East until a refit in January 1936.

The Far East posting was resumed in November 1937 until she was relieved by the cruiser Suffren and returned to France. The first months of World War II were spent on Atlantic patrols, convoy escort and surveillance of Axis shipping. On 1 April 1940, she sailed for Fort-de-France in the West Indies, to replace the cruiser Jeanne d'Arc, she operated in Dutch West Indies waters. On 6 May 1940, under the command of Vessel Captain Pierre Goybet, relieved the British sloop Dundee off Aruba and, at the Dutch surrender, she landed forces to secure the oil installations. Primauguet returned to Dakar on 12 June 1940, after the French surrender. Primauguet remained with the Vichy French Navy after the French surrender in 1940, she brought a part of the French Gold Reserve of Banque de France in Africa. Primauguet was at Dakar in July 1940 during the Royal Navy's attack on the French fleet at Mers-el-Kebir, she was sent to escort an oiler in support of three La Galissonnière-class cruisers of the 4th Squadron.

They were on an operation to Libreville, in French Equatorial Africa, to counter Free French activity. In the Bight of Benin, the French force was intercepted by Delhi. After negotiations, Primauguet was ordered to turn back to Casablanca by Admiral Bourague, aboard Georges Leygues. On 8 November 1941, she began a refit in Casablanca and was not operational when the Naval Battle of Casablanca began one year later. During this unequal engagement, she was shelled by the largest ships of the opposing American forces, the US battleship Massachusetts and the 8-inch cruisers Wichita and Augusta, as well as the 6-inch cruiser Brooklyn, she was subject to four waves of aerial attack by Douglas Dauntless dive-bombers from the aircraft carrier USS Ranger, which claimed six direct hits. Massively outmatched by the opposing firepower, she was badly suffered many casualties. To allow the crew to be evacuated, the ship ran in close to the shore and dropped anchor in shallow water, where she burnt out overnight.

Although sources state that she was run aground, photographs taken after the battle show her lying at anchor, inoperable but still afloat. The wreck of Primauguet was sold in 1951, broken up for scrap. Guiglini, Jean & Moreau, Albert. "French Light Cruisers: The First Light Cruisers of the 1922 Naval Program, Part 1". Warship International. XXXVIII: 269–299. ISSN 0043-0374. Guiglini, Jean & Moreau, Albert. "French Light Cruisers: The First Light Cruisers of the 1922 Naval Program, Part 2". Warship International. XXXVIII: 355–390. ISSN 0043-0374. Jordan, John & Moulin, Jean. French Cruisers 1922–1956. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-133-5. O'Hara, Vincent P.. Torch: North Africa and the Allied Path to Victory. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-61251922-7. Shores, Christopher. A History of the Mediterranean Air War, 1940-1945. Volume Three: Tunisia and the End in Africa, November 1942 - May 1943. Grub Street Publishing. ISBN 9781910690000

Reggie Wilkes

Reginald Wayman Wilkes is a former American football linebacker in the National Football League for the Philadelphia Eagles and Atlanta Falcons. He attended university and played college football at Georgia Tech, graduating with a Bachelor of Science. Wilkes was drafted by the Eagles in the third round of the 1978 NFL Draft. Wilkes was all-state at Southwest Atlanta High School and won the 1973 Georgia AA State Championship, heading a defense that allowed 126 yards rushing for the whole season, he went on to letter for Georgia Tech football all four years of college. Upon graduation, he was granted membership into the prestigious ANAK Society, Georgia Tech's honor society, which recognizes exemplary student leaders. In his rookie NFL year with the Eagles, Wilkes recorded 88 tackles, along with Pro Bowler Bill Bergey, co-led the team with five fumble recoveries, he was named to the UPI and Pro Football Weekly All-Rookie teams in 1978–79. Wilkes played in every regular season game in his first three NFL seasons, was a starting outside linebacker on the 1980–81 Philadelphia Eagles Super Bowl XV team.

After eight seasons with the Eagles, Wilkes finished his career with two years on the Atlanta Falcons. In 1989, Wilkes was inducted into the Georgia Tech Hall of Fame. In 2013, Wilkes was inducted into the Georgia Sports Hall of Fame. During his 10-year NFL career, Wilkes worked on the staff of Merrill Lynch advisory group in the off-seasons. Following his retirement from the NFL in 1988, Wilkes and two partners began a registered investment advisory firm, Pro Cap, which specialized in investment and lifestyle management services for professional athletes, they sold that business to Mercantile Trust Bank, based in Baltimore, Wilkes maintained his position as senior vice president, heading up its sports and entertainment division. Wilkes returned to Merrill Lynch in 2007 and founded "The Wilkes Sports Management & Advisory Group", before moving to Janney Montgomery Scott, LLC, where he continues to specialize in wealth management of high-net-worth athletes in the NFL and NBA. Wilkes, his group, has been featured by numerous news and media outlets, including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Forbes, CNBC, Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel, the documentary film Broke, which premiered at the 2012 Tribeca/ESPN Sports Film Festival.

The film is part of ESPN's 30 for 30 series of sports documentaries. Wilkes is a NFLPA Registered Player Financial Advisor. Wilkes lives with his wife in Philadelphia; the Wilkes Group, Janney Montgomery Scott, LLC Reggie Wilkes featured on HBO Real Sports, episode 166 Reggie Wilkes featured in the New York Times, "Financial Lessons From Sports Stars' Mistakes," September 10, 2011 Reggie Wilkes featured in Dow Jones NewsPlus, September 21, 2011 Reggie Wilkes featured in The Wall Street Journal, September 26, 2011 Reggie Wilkes featured in OregonLive.com, October 29, 2011 Reggie Wilkes and client Bart Scott of the New York Jets featured in Wall Street Journal online video, December 30, 2011 Reggie Wilkes featured in Newark Star-Ledger article, January 5, 2012 Reggie Wilkes featured in Reuters article, January 20, 2012 2013 Georgia Sports Hall of Fame Inductees, September 19, 2012, WMAZ ESPN Film "Broke" 2013 East-West Shrine Game 13 Ex-Football Players and Finance: The Good & The Bad, AdvisorOne, 1/24/13 Reggie Wilkes featured on CNBC, August 7, 2014 OnWallStreet.com features Reggie Wilkes Reggie Wilkes featured on CNBC, September 10, 2015 Reggie Wilkes featured on CNBC, February 2, 2018 Reggie Wilkes featured in the New York Times in Wealth Matters - "Andrew Luck Walked Away From $58 Million, but That's Necessarily Bad," September 6, 2019

Totally Nude Island

"Totally Nude Island" is the debut single by The Superions, a side project of Fred Schneider of The B-52s. The single was released to iTunes Stores internationally as a digital download on October 31, 2008. "Totally Nude Island" was released as a digital single on December 18, 2008. Both the original version and the Ursula 1000 remix were remastered in 2009 and released with two more remixes by The Lolligags and Marshmallow Coast on The Superions EP by Happy Happy Birthday To Me Records as a digital download on January 19, 2010, the CD and Limited Edition 12" were released on February 23, 2010. "Totally Nude Island" 4:07Notes The running time of the new remastered version on The Superions EP is 4:05 Band Fred Schneider - vocals Noah Brodie - keyboards Dan Marshall - programmingProduction Producer: The Superions Mastering: Bob Katz at Digital Domain Additional Mixing: Robin Reumers at Digital Domain Management: Dave Brodie Artwork: Dan Marshall