Jacinda Ardern

Jacinda Kate Laurell Ardern is a New Zealand politician serving as the 40th Prime Minister of New Zealand since 26 October 2017. She has served as the Leader of the Labour Party since 1 August 2017. Ardern has been the Member of Parliament for the Mount Albert electorate since 8 March 2017. After graduating from the University of Waikato in 2001, Ardern began her career working as a researcher in the office of Prime Minister Helen Clark, she worked in the United Kingdom as a policy advisor to British Prime Minister Tony Blair. In 2008, she was elected President of the International Union of Socialist Youth. Ardern became a list MP in 2008, a position she held for ten years until her election to the Mount Albert electorate in the 2017 by-election, held on 25 February, she was unanimously elected as Deputy Leader of the Labour Party on 1 March 2017, following the resignation of Annette King. Ardern became Leader of the Labour Party on 1 August 2017, after Andrew Little resigned from the position following a low poll result for the party.

She is credited with increasing her party's rating in opinion polls. In the general election of 23 September 2017, the Labour Party won 46 seats, putting it behind the National Party, which won 56 seats. After negotiations with National and Labour, the New Zealand First party chose to enter into a minority coalition government with Labour, supported by the Greens, with Ardern as Prime Minister. Ardern's government has focused on the New Zealand housing crisis, child poverty, social inequality. In March 2019, she led the country through the aftermath of the Christchurch mosque shootings, her government introduced strict gun laws in response. Ardern describes herself as a progressive, she was the world's youngest female head of government, having taken office at age 37. Ardern became the world's second elected head of government to give birth while in office when her daughter was born on 21 June 2018. For her global outreach, leadership skills, the fact that New Zealand's global ratings of approval and importance are improving under her premiership, Ardern has been described as the most powerful woman in the Southern Hemisphere and one of the most powerful women in the world.

Born in Hamilton, New Zealand, Ardern grew up as a Mormon in Morrinsville and Murupara, where her father, Ross Ardern, worked as a police officer, her mother, Laurell Ardern, worked as a school catering assistant. She studied at Morrinsville College, where she was the student representative on the school's Board of Trustees. Whilst still at school she found her first job, she attended the University of Waikato, graduating in 2001 with a Bachelor of Communication Studies in politics and public relations. Ardern was brought into politics by her aunt, Marie Ardern, a longstanding member of the Labour Party, who recruited the teenaged Ardern to help her with campaigning for New Plymouth MP Harry Duynhoven during his re-election campaign at the 1999 general election. Ardern joined the Labour Party at age 17, became a senior figure in the Young Labour sector of the party. After graduating from university, she spent time working in the offices of Phil Goff and of Helen Clark as a researcher. After a period of time volunteering at a soup kitchen in New York City, Ardern moved to London to work as a senior policy adviser in an 80-person policy unit of then-British prime minister Tony Blair.

Ardern was seconded to the Home Office to help with a review of policing in England and Wales. In early 2008, Ardern was elected as the President of the International Union of Socialist Youth, a role which saw her spend time in several countries, including Jordan, Israel and China. Ahead of the 2008 election, Ardern was ranked 20th on Labour's party list; this was a high placement for someone, not a sitting MP, assured her of a seat in Parliament. Accordingly, Ardern returned from London to campaign full-time, she became Labour's candidate for the safe National electorate of Waikato. Ardern was unsuccessful in the electorate vote, but her high placement on Labour's party list allowed her to enter Parliament as a list MP. Upon election, she became the youngest sitting MP in Parliament, succeeding fellow Labour MP Darren Hughes, remained the youngest MP until the election of Gareth Hughes on 11 February 2010. Opposition leader Phil Goff promoted Ardern to the front bench, naming her Labour's spokesperson for Youth Affairs and as associate spokesperson for Justice.

She has made regular appearances on TVNZ's Breakfast programme as part of the "Young Guns" feature, in which she appeared alongside National MP Simon Bridges. Ardern contested the seat of Auckland Central for Labour in the 2011 general election, standing against incumbent National MP Nikki Kaye for National and Greens candidate Denise Roche. Despite targeting Green voters to vote strategically for her, she lost to Kaye by 717 votes. However, she returned to Parliament via the party list. Ardern maintained an office within the electorate. After Goff resigned from the Party leadership following his defeat at the 2011 election, Ardern supported David Shearer over David Cunliffe, she was elevated to the fourth-ranking position in the Shadow Cabinet on 19 December 2011, becoming a spokesperson for social development under new leader David

Winshill Water Tower

Winshill Water Tower is a former water tower in Burton upon Trent, England. It was constructed in 1907 after a local resident won a High Court ruling against the South Staffordshire Waterworks Company for poor water-supply pressure; the brick tower held a cast-iron water tank at a height of 80 feet to provide sufficient hydraulic head to improve water pressure. Constructed on Scalpcliffe Hill, the tower is visible from across the town and is a well known local landmark; the tower ceased to have any role in water supply in the 1990s but has since been used as a radio tower. Winshill Water Tower is one of Burton upon Trent's most prominent buildings, visible on the skyline from far afield, has been used as a landmark by road and rail travellers for decades, it is constructed atop Scalpcliffe Hill, from which there are views across most of the town, lies close to Winshill's boundary with Brizlincote parish. The tower stands adjacent to a small section of woodland known as Waterloo Clump, planted by local people to commemorate the Duke of Wellington's victory in 1815.

On the Brizlincote side of the hill an area of woodland, planted by the National Forest Company, has been named Tower Woods after the landmark. The tower is constructed on an 8 feet thick concrete foundation, 50 feet square; the exterior is brickwork brown brindle Staffordshire bricks laid in English bond, with details picked out in different coloured bricks. The top of the tower is castellated. Inside the tower, at a height of 80 feet and supported on rolled steel joists atop a brick pier, stood a cast-iron water tank. Water was pumped to this tank to provide the necessary pressure to supply the houses of Winshill; the tank measured 28 feet by 11 feet and in service was kept full to a level of 10 feet 3 inches by a float-operated valve, providing a head of water 496 feet above sea level. The tank was fed by water pumped up a pipe internal to the structure. In the early 20th century the residents of Winshill complained about the poor water pressure from their taps. One resident, Harry Mills Barrow, took the South Staffordshire Waterworks Company to the High Court, at his own expense, over the matter in 1905.

In 1906 the court compelled the water company to remedy the situation. For his efforts, Barrow was rewarded with a sum of money and an illuminated house sign, that remained in use at an address in Ashby Road until the 1960s. Construction of the water tower was carried out in 1907 and the Burton Town Council made a contribution of £1,000 towards the costs; the tower was supplied from the nearby water main in Ashby Road via an electric pump in Hamilton Road. The feed was switched to the company's 18-inch water main in Saxon Street, the main supply to Burton from the pumping station at Chilcote; the Ashby Road supply was maintained as a backup. During the First World War local scouts mounted a guard on the tower as fire wardens, owing to the fear of German invasion or Zeppelin attack; the town would become one of the first in Britain to be attacked by German strategic bombing when a Zeppelin raid of 31 January 1916 killed 15 people and wounded 72. During the 1960s the South Staffordshire Waterworks Company installed aerials onto the tower as part of a short-wave radio system used by its engineers to contact the company headquarters.

Other antennas and mobile-phone masts have since been added since the tower lost its role in water supply in the 1990s. The tower remains in the ownership of South Staffordshire Water


Easterton is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, 4 miles south of Devizes. The parish includes the hamlets of Easterton Eastcott. Easterton lies at the northern edge of Salisbury Plain; the parish includes gault and greensand north-west of the road, lower and upper chalk zones ascending the slope south-eastwards on to the high plain. Across the parish run The Ridgeway along the scarp, the railway north of the greensand ridge, the former turnpike road in between; this forms the village street. The street is in a hollow, so that gardens on the east side rise steeply and have been terraced up the slope. Paths and lanes lead off the street to ` the Clays' on ` the Sands' on the west; the main streets in the village are Oak Lane, Haywards Place, High Street, White Street, the Clay, Kings Road and Vicarage Lane. Easterton is the site of a Roman villa estate, known from stray archaeological finds in the area of Kestrels in Oak Lane, west of the village; this may be linked with a mid 4th century Roman coin hoard, discovered in an urn during the 19th century and dispersed.

Another possible Roman site, deduced from place-name evidence, may lie at Wickham Green on the boundary with Urchfont some 2 km north of Kestrels. Easterton's toponym is derived from the Old English for "the more easterly farm", it was a tithing which formed the eastern part of the ancient parish of East Lavington, now Market Lavington. Easterton was made a separate civil parish soon after its ecclesiastical parish was created in 1874, in 1934 Eastcott hamlet was transferred to it from Urchfont parish; the parish has three concentrations of buildings: around Easterton Manor House and the Royal Oak inn. Some older houses were lost as a result of road widening in the 20th century. A map of 1773 suggests that there were more buildings at Eastcott, between Eastcott and Easterton than at present, therefore that the settlements have declined; the survival of timber-framed houses in separate groups in an area where from the 18th century brick buildings have predominated is consistent with such a decline.

A school opened at Easterton in 1865, moved to a new building in 1876, became a National School. The school closed in 1971, along with the Victorian school at Market Lavington, pupils from both parishes transferred to a new school, now called St Barnabas Church of England Primary School, in Market Lavington parish near the boundary with Easterton. Market gardening and fruit growing by smallholders on the fertile soils of the greensand became important as the traditional sheep and corn husbandry on the chalk declined following enclosures before 1800. Samuel Moore's jam factory was a legacy of the fruit fields, it began in a small way early in the 20th century after an earlier venture had closed, became a major employer in the area, with 100 staff in 1972. An extension was opened in 1985, but the whole enterprise closed during the 1990s, visitors to the village are no longer greeted by the all-pervading aroma of warm strawberry jam; until 1874 when Easterton became a separate ecclesiastical parish, it was a tithing of St Mary's, Market Lavington.

The Church of England parish church of St Barnabas was built in 1875, in red brick with coloured brick decoration. Today the church is part of the benefice of the Lavingtons and Easterton. A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built at Easterton in 1868, it was sold and became a private house in 1985. Eastcott had a small chapel by 1309, which passed to Edington Priory in the century; the chapel fell into disuse after its location is not known. Eastcott Manor is a Grade II* listed farmhouse of c. 1600, extended in the 17th century and in the 18th. At Easterton, Kestrels is an early 18th century brick house Grade II*. Wroughton's Folly was a mansion in the far northwest of the parish, close to the modern boundary with Urchfont parish, it was built and enlarged by two members of the Wroughton family and Seymour, between about 1730 and 1780. After Seymour's accidental death in 1789 the house became a ruin, its foundations, visible in the 19th century, have now disappeared. Seymour's ghost remains recreating along his vanished driveway the furious carriage ride which ended in his death.

Easterton is a civil parish with an elected parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, responsible for all significant local government functions. Easterton has the Royal Oak, a 17th-century thatched building. There is a village hall. Charles Ingram, the man, convicted of cheating his way to winning the top prize of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? in September 2001. Media related to Easterton at Wikimedia Commons