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Jack Benny

Jack Benny was an American comedian, radio and film actor, violinist. Recognized as a leading 20th-century American entertainer, Benny portrayed his character as a miser, who obliviously played his violin badly, ridiculously claimed to be 39 years of age, regardless of his actual age. Benny was known for his comic timing and the ability to cause laughter with a pregnant pause or a single expression, such as his signature exasperated "Well!" His radio and television programs, popular from 1932 until his death in 1974, were a major influence on the sitcom genre. Benny was born Benjamin Kubelsky in Chicago, Illinois on February 14, 1894, grew up in nearby Waukegan, he was the son of Jewish immigrants Meyer Kubelsky and Emma Sachs Kubelsky, sometimes called "Naomi." Meyer was a saloon owner and a haberdasher who had emigrated to America from Poland. Emma had emigrated from Lithuania. Benny began studying violin, an instrument that became his trademark, at the age of 6, his parents hoping for him to become a professional violinist.

He loved the instrument, but hated practice. His music teacher was father of Otto Graham of NFL fame. At 14, Benny was playing in his high school orchestra, he was a dreamer and poor at his studies, was expelled from high school. He did poorly in business school and at attempts to join his father's business. In 1911, he began playing the violin in local vaudeville theaters for $7.50 a week, equal to $205.79 today. He was joined on the circuit by a young composer and singer; that same year, Benny was playing in the same theater as the young Marx Brothers. Minnie, their mother, enjoyed Benny's violin playing and invited him to accompany her boys in their act. Benny's parents refused to let their son go on the road at 17, but it was the beginning of his long friendship with the Marx Brothers Zeppo Marx; the next year, Benny formed a vaudeville musical duo with pianist Cora Folsom Salisbury, a buxom 45-year-old divorcée who needed a partner for her act. This angered famous violinist Jan Kubelik, who feared that the young vaudevillian with a similar name would damage his reputation.

Under legal pressure, Benjamin Kubelsky agreed to change his name to Ben K. Benny, sometimes spelled Bennie; when Salisbury left the act, Benny found a new pianist, Lyman Woods, renamed the act "From Grand Opera to Ragtime." They worked together for five years and integrated comedy elements into the show. They reached the "Mecca of Vaudeville," and did not do well. Benny left show business in 1917 to join the United States Navy during World War I, entertained the sailors with his violin playing. One evening, his violin performance was booed by the sailors, so with prompting from fellow sailor and actor Pat O'Brien, he ad-libbed his way out of the jam and left them laughing, he received more comedy spots in the revues and did well, earning a reputation as a comedian and musician. Shortly after the war, Benny developed a one-man act, "Ben K. Benny: Fiddle Funology", he received legal pressure from Ben Bernie, a "patter-and-fiddle" performer, regarding his name, so he adopted the sailor's nickname of Jack.

By 1921, the fiddle was more of a prop, the low-key comedy took over. Benny had some romantic encounters, including one with dancer Mary Kelly, whose devoutly Catholic family forced her to turn down his proposal because he was Jewish. Benny was introduced to Kelly by Gracie Allen; some years after their split, Kelly resurfaced as a dowdy fat girl and Jack gave her a part in an act of three girls: one homely, one fat, one who couldn't sing. In 1922, Benny accompanied Zeppo Marx to a Passover seder in Vancouver at the residence where he met 17-year-old Sadie Marks, their first meeting did not go well. They met again in 1926. Jack had not remembered their earlier meeting and fell for her, they married the following year. She was working in the hosiery section of the Hollywood Boulevard branch of the May Company, where Benny courted her. Called on to fill in for the "dumb girl" part in a Benny routine, Sadie proved to be a natural comedienne. Adopting the stage name Mary Livingstone, Sadie collaborated with Benny throughout most of his career.

They adopted a daughter, Joan. Her older sister Babe would be the target of jokes about unattractive or masculine women, while her younger brother Hillard would produce Benny's radio and TV work. In 1929 Benny's agent, Sam Lyons, convinced Irving Thalberg, American film producer at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, to watch Benny at the Orpheum Theatre in Los Angeles. Benny signed a five-year contract with MGM, where his first role was in The Hollywood Revue of 1929; the next movie, Chasing Rainbows, did not do well, after several months Benny was released from his contract and returned to Broadway in Earl Carroll's Vanities. At first dubious about the viability of radio, Benny grew eager to break into the new medium. In 1932, after a four-week nightclub run, he was invited onto Ed Sullivan's radio program, uttering his first radio spiel "This is Jack Benny talking. There will be a slight pause while you say,'Who cares?'..." Benny had been a minor vaudeville performer before becoming a national figure with The Jack Benny Program, a weekly radio show that ran from 1932 to 1948 on NBC and from 1949 to 1955 on CBS.

It was among the most rated programs during its run. Benny's long radio career began on April 6, 1932, when the NBC Commercial Program Department auditioned him for the N. W. Ayer & Son agency and their

Lift hill

A lift hill, or chain hill, is an upward-sloping section of track on a roller coaster on which the roller coaster train is mechanically lifted to an elevated point or peak in the track. Upon reaching the peak, the train is propelled from the peak by gravity and is allowed to coast throughout the rest of the roller coaster ride's circuit on its own momentum, including most or all of the remaining uphill sections; the initial upward-sloping section of a roller coaster track is a lift hill, as the train begins a ride with little speed, though some coasters have raised stations that permit an initial drop without a lift hill. Although uncommon, some tracks contain multiple lift hills. Lift hills propel the train to the top of the ride via one of two methods: a chain lift involving a long, continuous chain which trains hook on to and are carried to the top. A typical chain lift consists of a heavy piece of metal called a chain dog, mounted onto the underside of one of the cars which make up the train.

This is in place to line up with the chain on the lift hill. The chain travels through a steel trough, is powered by one or more motors which are positioned under the lift hill. Chain dogs underneath each train are engaged by the chain and the train is pulled up the lift. Anti-rollback dogs engage a rack alongside the chain to prevent the train from descending the lift hill. At the crest of the lift, the chain wraps around a gear wheel where it begins its return to the bottom of the lift; the spring-loaded chain and anti-rollback dogs will disengage themselves. The cable lift is a type of lift mechanism, first used on Millennium Force at Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio; this type of lift has been used for Kings Dominion's Intimidator 305, Holiday Park's Expedition GeForce, Walibi Holland's Goliath, Djurs Sommerland's Piraten, Tokyo Dome City's Thunder Dolphin, Hersheypark's Skyrush, Flying Aces at Ferrari World and Altair at Cinecittà World. There are only two wooden roller coasters that utilize a cable lift hill: El Toro at Six Flags Great Adventure and T Express at Everland.

The cable lift utilizes a cable loop in place of the traditional chain, attached to a short section of chain that engages the trains chain dog. Because a cable is much lighter than a chain, cable lifts are much faster than chain lifts and can be used on much steeper hills - vertical. A cable requires far less maintenance than a chain. Another advantage to park guests is that a cable lift is quiet because the main drive winch is located directly beneath the top of the lift, a location which will be far from guest-accessible areas. Despite having several advantages over a chain lift, it has a significant disadvantage, that it must return to the bottom of the lift hill after lifting each train; this limits the usefulness of the cable lift in applications where the cable must travel a long distance and the interval between train departures is short. The Ferris wheel lift is a type of lift based on the rotating circular design of a ferris wheel. Created by Premier Rides, it exists on'Round About' which operated at Freestyle Music Park in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina prior to being dismantled and moved to a park in Vietnam.

It uses a Ferris Wheel like motion to lift the cars to the top, as on a Ferris Wheel. The cars are released onto the track; the elevator lift is a new technology used to make the ascension of the roller coaster faster and more comfortable due to the fact all riders are doing is moving vertically up. It is used in indoor rollercoasters like Scooby-Doo Spooky Coaster; the most notable coaster to use this lift system is Cobra's Curse at Busch Gardens Tampa Bay. A tilt lift is a new way to elevate coasters; the tilt lift is an elevator lift, but the elevator lift rotates 90 degrees so that the train is now vertical, with the nose of the train facing the ground. This design has not been made yet. However, there are coaster designs; the first operating tilt coaster in the world is Gravity Max at Lihpao Land in Taiwan. The coaster was built by Vekoma. In this coaster, after going up a chain hill, the train is held on a horizontal section of track, which tilts forwards, to become a vertical section, which leads into a vertical drop accelerated by gravity.

The second and at the moment last tilt coaster is Battle of Jungle King at Hefei Wanda Theme Park. The familiar "click-clack" sound that occurs as a roller coaster train ascends the lift hill is not caused by the chain itself; the cause for this noise is a safety device used on lift hills—the anti-rollback device. The anti-rollback device is a standard safety feature consisting of a continuous, saw-toothed, section of metal, forming a linear ratchet. Roller coaster trains are fitted with anti-rollback "dogs" which are heavy-duty pieces of metal which fall and rest in each groove of the anti-rollback device on the track as the trains ascend the lift-hill; this makes the "clicking" sound and allows the train to go upwards only preventing the train from rolling back down the hill should it e

Ty Harper

Ty Harper is a fictional character from the Australian soap opera Neighbours, played by singer Dean Geyer. He made his first screen appearance during the episode broadcast on 27 March 2008, he was introduced to the show as the cousin of Taylah Jordan and as a potential love interest for Rachel Kinski. He departed on 30 April 2009. During 2008, Neighbours' underwent a major revamp and former Australian Idol contestant Dean Geyer joined the show as regular cast member, Ty Harper. Producers recruited models Imogen Bailey and Erin McNaught in a bid to "sex up" the cast. Geyer had to undertake a screen test with Caitlin Stasey, he worked with the Neighbours drama coach, Mike Bishop, for four months to help prepare for the role and took vocal lessons to help with his South African accent. On joining Neighbours, Geyer said that it was "definitely a stepping stone." Commenting on his first day on set Geyer stated: "The first day was pretty nerve-racking, but I was doing a performance with the band and that's something I'm very familiar with."Geyer quit the role of Ty in November 2008, so he could pursue his music career.

He admitted that he had struggled with some of the sexier storylines involving his character. Geyer, a Christian, said "In some instances my personal beliefs maybe were contradicting with what the character was doing". However, he added that the storylines had no influence over his decision to leave the show. Geyer filmed his final scenes in December 2008. Whilst interviewed by TV Week Geyer described Ty stating: "He's a singer. Ty decided to drop out because music is so close to his heart, he wants to be a rock star. He's the cousin of one of the regular characters." Speaking of possible romances he added: "The first girl is Rachel. There may be a bit of chemistry there. Ty may set his sights on an older woman." The Daily Telegraph said "Ty is a university drop-out with musical aspirations."Network Ten describe Ty as being "charismatic and impossibly handsome." His cousin, tries to set him and Rachel up, but they do not get on well at first and when Rachel tries to initiate a conversation with him, she is "thwarted at every turn."

Ten added "now that he has landed himself a job behind the bar at Charlie's it can only be a matter of time before he's an integral part of the Erinsborough community." Ty is first seen at an all-ages music gig attended by her friends. Ty speaks to Rachel at the bar, commenting on the poor service before getting on stage to perform with his band. Taylah decides to play cupid and bring Rachel and Ty together, but Rachel rejects every move that she makes. Ty is unhappy to see Donna Freedman at Charlie's. Ty explains to Rachel that Donna is an obsessive fan and Rachel helps him to get Donna to back off. Ty is offered a job by Stephanie Scully, after he is caught sleeping behind the bar, he explains that he does not have a job or anywhere to live and he is invited to move in with her and Libby Kennedy. Ty develops a crush on Libby and they share a kiss, but Libby tells Ty that it would be wrong to pursue a relationship when he liked Rachel. At the Erinsborough High school formal, Ty allows Rachel to sing a song that he wrote, called "Unforgettable".

Although Ty develops feelings for Rachel he does not act on them due to Rachel's on-going love for Angus Henderson. After Angus leaves Rachel for a job in South Australia, Ty gives her an electric keyboard to make her feel better. Rachel decides that she does not want it. Ty explains that he is the one who brought it for her and Rachel is angry that Ty is buying her gifts so soon after Angus left. Ty apologises for upsetting her and tells her that the only reason he wants her to be happy is that he cares about her. One night while Rachel is babysitting Ben Fitzgerald and Charlie Hoyland someone sends her text messages and turns off the power. Armed with a cricket bat, Rachel hits the stalker; when the lights come back on Rachel sees that she has attacked Ty, coming home. Rachel accuses Ty of being the stalker and he is taken to the hospital to get checked over. Ty questions how anyone thought that he could do that to Rachel and he asks her how she does not know how he feels about her. Rachel discovers that a classmate is responsible for stalking her and she apologises to Ty.

He tells Rachel that he is hurt. Rachel invites Ty to a mystery gig at Charlie's and when he turns up, they kiss, they begin a relationship. When Rachel's brother, goes missing following a rafting accident, Rachel turns to Ty for support. Rachel receives a scholarship to a school in London and she nearly declines as she could stay with Ty. Zeke encourages Ty to break up with her. However, he realises his mistake and races to the airport to say goodbye to Rachel properly. Ty misses Rachel and gives up his music career, but he is talked out of selling his guitar; when he receives a text from Rachel meant for her cousin, Ty jumps to the conclusion that she is seeing someone else. However, Libby tells him that he should tell Rachel how he feels. Ty is invited to join Rachel in London and the younger Ramsay Street residents have a small party for Ty, they sing to him. For his portrayal of Ty, Geyer was nominated for Most Popular New Male Talent at the 2009 Logie Awards. In the same year, the actor won the "Fave Aussie Hottie" award from th