Colin Moss

Colin William Moss was a British artist and teacher who served as a camouflage designer during World War Two. Moss was born in Ipswich above off-licence, his father was killed at Passchendaele in 1917 and Moss and his elder sister were brought up by relatives in Devonport near Plymouth. Moss studied at the Plymouth Art School from 1930 to 1934 before continuing his studies at the Royal College of Art under Gilbert Spencer and Charles Mahoney. For his 1937 diploma show he included the oil painting Hunger Marchers, based on the Jarrow March of the previous year – Moss was, remained, a socialist, proud of his working-class roots, he worked on murals for the British Pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair. When World War Two broke out Moss, like many artists, applied to the Ministry of Home Security to do camouflage work, he became one of the eighty-three camouflage officers and technicians working at the Ministry's Civil Defence Camouflage Establishment at Leamington Spa. When his time at Leamington had come to an end, Moss was given a months leave to record his designs before he transferred to other duties.

Moss made a series of watercolours recording the elaborate camouflage scheme he had designed and painted for the Stonebridge Power Station in Wembley. In 1941 he was drafted into the Life Guards and served in the Middle East as a captain before joining the Army Education Corps in Palestine after the war. A number of the pictures he painted at Stonebridge, others he painted whilst on active service in the Middle East, were subsequently purchased by the War Artists' Advisory Committee and presented to the Imperial War Museum at the end of the conflict; when his military service ended, in 1947, Moss took a teaching post at the Ipswich School of Art and, apart from a short spell with Oskar Kokoschka in Salzburg in 1961, held various positions there until his retirement in 1979. One-man exhibitions at the Kensington Art Gallery, in 1951, at the Zwemmer Gallery in 1955 led to several national collections acquiring examples of his work, he became a founder member of the New Ipswich Art Group in 1958, the Six in Suffolk Group in 1976.

Moss served as chairman of the Ipswich Art Club for three years and exhibited at both the Royal Academy and the Royal Watercolour Society. During the 1980s retrospective exhibitions of his work were held at the Wolsey Art Gallery in Ipswich in 1981, at the Minories Gallery in Colchester in 1983 and at Bury St. Edmunds Art Gallery in 1987. From 1981 to 1995 Moss was an art critic to the East Anglian Daily Times, he continued to hold numerous solo exhibitions after his retirement and could count both Brian Eno and Maggi Hambling among his pupils. Colin Moss Life Observed by Chloe Bennett, published by Malthouse Press, Suffolk 1996. 13 paintings by or after Colin Moss at the Art UK site

Canutama State Forest

The Canutama State Forest is a state forest in the state of Amazonas, Brazil. The Canutama State Forest is divided between the municipalities of Tapauá and Canutama in the state of Amazonas, it has an area of 150,588 hectares. The state forest lies on the left bank of the Purus River between the towns of Canatuma and Nova Ação, it adjoins the Canutama Extractive Reserve to the south. The vegetation is 100% dense rainforest; the Canutama State Forest was created by decree 28422 of 27 March 2009 with the objective of promoting and managing multiple sustainable uses of forest resources, scientific research with emphasis on methods of sustainable exploitation of native forests. The conservation unit was created with five others totalling 23,000 square kilometres to help meet the requirements for granting an environmental license to reconstruction work on the BR-319 highway that connects Porto Velho to Manaus; the minister of the environment defended implementation of what he called a "green pocket" around the highway.

On 16 November 2009 the forest was recognised as supporting 200 families of small rural producers, who would be eligible for PRONAF. The management plan was approved on 22 July 2014; the state-level conservation units in the BR-319 corridor are the Piagaçu-Purus, Rio Amapá, Rio Madeira, Igapó-Açu and Matupiri sustainable development reserves, Canutama Extractive Reserve, Canutama State Forest, Tapauá State Forest and Matupiri State Park. In December 2012 the Amazonas state government allocated more than R$6 million to these nine units, covering 30,000 square kilometres and 143 communities, to be coordinated by the State Center for Conservation Units; the funding was for development of management plans, creation of management councils, environmental monitoring, land survey, production and marketing