Jack Patrick Dorsey is an American computer programmer and Internet entrepreneur, the co-founder and CEO of Twitter, the founder and CEO of Square, a mobile payments company. Dorsey was born and raised in St. Louis, the son of Tim and Marcia Dorsey, he is of English and Italian descent. His father worked for a company that developed his mother was a homemaker, he was raised Catholic, his uncle is a Catholic priest in Cincinnati. He attended the Catholic Bishop DuBourg High School. In his younger days, Dorsey worked as a fashion model. By age fourteen, Dorsey had become interested in dispatch routing; some of the open-source software he created in the area of dispatch logistics is still used by taxicab companies. Dorsey attended the University of Missouri–Rolla for two-plus years before transferring to New York University, but he dropped out in 1999, one semester short of graduating, he came up with the idea that he developed as Twitter while studying at NYU. While working on dispatching as a programmer, Dorsey moved to California.
In 2000, Dorsey started his company in Oakland to dispatch couriers and emergency services from the Web. His other projects and ideas at this time included networks of medical devices and a "frictionless service market". In July 2000, building on dispatching and inspired in part by LiveJournal and by AOL Instant Messenger, he had the idea for a Web-based realtime status/short message communication service; when he first saw implementations of instant messaging, Dorsey wondered whether the software's user status output could be shared among friends. He approached Odeo. Dorsey and Biz Stone decided that SMS text suited the status-message idea, built a prototype of Twitter in about two weeks; the idea attracted many users at Odeo and investment from Evan Williams, who had left Google after selling Pyra Labs and Blogger. Williams and Noah Glass co-founded Obvious Corporation, which spun off Twitter, Inc. with Dorsey as the Chief Executive Officer. As CEO, Dorsey saw the startup through two rounds of funding by venture capitalists.
He lost his position for leaving work early to enjoy other pursuits, such as yoga and fashion design. As the service began to grow in popularity, Dorsey chose the improvement of uptime as top priority over creating revenue – which, as of 2008, Twitter was not designed to earn. Dorsey described the commercial use of Twitter and its API as two things that could lead to paid features, he says his three guiding principles, which he says the company shares, are simplicity and craftsmanship. On October 16, 2008, Williams took over as CEO. On March 28, 2011, Dorsey returned to Twitter as executive chairman after Dick Costolo replaced Williams as CEO. On June 10, 2015, Costolo announced that he was resigning as CEO of Twitter, effective July 1, 2015. Dorsey would assume the post of interim CEO upon Costolo's departure, he was named permanent CEO of Twitter on October 5, 2015. On the day after the controversy about Twitter's new algorithms for tweets, Dorsey said it was only a hoax. In May 2016, Dorsey announced that Twitter would not count photos and links in the 140-character limit to free up more space for text.
This was an attempt to entice new users, since the number of tweets per day had dropped to about 300 million in January 2016 from about 500 million in September 2013 and its peak of 661 million in August 2014. On November 22, 2016, Dorsey was suspended from his own Twitter account with 3.9 million followers. After restoring the account, Dorsey tweeted that the suspension was due to an "internal mistake". In February 2017, Dorsey and Executive Chairman Omid Kordestani matched a $530,000 donation to the American Civil Liberties Union raised by Twitter staffers, their match brought the total donation to $1.59 million. In March 2018, Dorsey announced that an improved version of the verification system is coming to Twitter; the purpose of redesigning verification is to let people verify more facts about themselves, emphasizing proof of identity. The overhaul was not in place before the U. S midterm election of 2018 to help in verifying the identities of the candidates. In September 2018, Dorsey testified before the Senate Intelligence Committee alongside Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg about meddling in the 2016 presidential election.
Following this testimony, Twitter shares fell 6%. Dorsey met with U. S. President Donald Trump at the White House and discussed Trump's concerns that Twitter had limited or removed some of his Twitter followers, those of conservatives. After the meeting, Dorsey tweeted that their discussion included making Twitter "healthier and more civil". A week earlier, Dorsey took part in a TED talk about the social media platform's spread of abuse and misinformation, which has brought him criticism. On August 30, 2019, Dorsey's personal Twitter account was breached for nearly an hour by a group calling itself the Chuckling Squad and retweeting numerous racist tweets. On October 23, 2019, Twitter's stock price fell by nearly 24%, from $38.83 to $30.75. The reason was an earnings miss off a third-quarter report, which Twitter blamed on ad targeting problems. Dorsey had been making a concerted effort to dampen the effect that Twitter had on political elections, which entailed banning all political ads; this was seen as a large contributor to the drop.
Dorsey announced that, as of November 2019, Twitter would ban all political advertising. The policy applies globally to all marketing campaigns about political issues. Dorsey, along with co-founder Jim McKelvey, developed a small business platform to acce
Matthew Ruth is an Irish hurler who plays as a substitute centre-forward for the Kilkenny senior team. Ruth made his first appearance for the team during the 2011 National League, however, he remained as a substitute for the subsequent championship. Since he has won an All-Ireland medal as a non-playing substitute and Leinster and National League medals on the field of play. At club level, Ruth is a Leinster medalist with the James Stephens club, his father, Matt Ruth, played winning two All-Ireland medals. Ruth has enjoyed some success. After developing his hurling at juvenile levels Ruth was drafted into the club's senior team as a seventeen-year-old in 2004, he was a non-playing substitute for James Stephens's county and All-Ireland victories. By 2005 Ruth had become a regular on the club's senior team, he missed the county final victory over Ballyhale Shamrocks because he was playing for the club's minor team in the opening game on county final day. The minors lost that game by two points. Ruth subsequently returned to the senior team, winning a Leinster club title following a 2-13 to 1-12 defeat of UCD.
Ruth appeared in two more county finals in 2008 and 2009, James Stephens were defeated by Ballyhale Shamrocks on both occasions. Ruth first came to prominence on the inter-county scene as captain of the Kilkenny minor hurling team in 2004; that year he won a Leinster title following a 1-15 to 1-04 defeat of Dublin. Ruth's side were defeated by Galway in an All-Ireland final replay. Kilkenny failed to retain their provincial title in 2005 and Ruth's minor hurling career came to a close Ruth did not make it onto the Kilkenny under-21 team straight away, however, by 2008 he was a key member of the team in 2008; that year he won a Leinster title following a 2-21 to 2-10 defeat of Offaly. Ruth added an All-Ireland medal to his collection following a 2-13 to 0-15 defeat of Tipperary. In 2011 Ruth made his senior debut for Kilkenny in the pre-season Walsh Cup tournament, he lined out in various group stage games of the National Hurling League and started in the league final defeat by Dublin. Ruth subsequently made his championship debut when he came on as a substitute in the Leinster final defeat of Dublin.
It was his first Leinster winners' medal
Luther S. Luedtke is an author and non-profit executive. From 2006 to 2015 he was president and chief executive officer of Education Development Center, an international research and development organization with headquarters in Waltham, Massachusetts. EDC has been named one of the top 100 places to work in Boston. Luedtke served as the fifth President of California Lutheran University from 1992-2006. During his tenure, undergraduate enrollment increased from 1,250 students to 2,000, the annual operating budget grew from $29 million to $66 million; the university established new academic programs in areas such as computer science and business. In addition, he helped oversaw the completion of six new buildings, he served as President of CLU for fourteen years, the longest of any past president. Prior to becoming CLU President, he served as a faculty member at the University of Southern California for 22 years. Prior to EDC, Dr. Luedtke spent 14 years as President of California Lutheran University in Thousand Oaks, California.
Prior to CLU, Dr. Luedtke spent two decades at the University of Southern California, where he held a series of positions as Professor and Director of Graduate Studies in English, Chair of American Studies, Director of the School of Journalism. Dr. Luedtke was a Fulbright Lecturer in Germany, a Distinguished Fulbright Scholar and Director of the American Studies Research Centre in India, a Resident Scholar with the U. S. Information Agency in Washington, D. C. Additionally, he worked as a consultant for the U. S. Department of Education, the Council for International Exchange of Scholars, other governmental bodies. In 1965, Dr. Luedtke received a bachelor of arts summa cum laude in English from Gustavus Adolphus College and in 1971 received his Ph. D. in American Civilization from Brown University. He is the author of Nathaniel Hawthorne and the Romance of the Orient and the editor of Making America: The Society and Culture of the United States, he served as a member of the Board of Directors of Lutheran Brotherhood, since renamed Thrivent Financial for Lutherans.