University of California, Los Angeles
The University of California, Los Angeles is a public research university in Los Angeles. It became the Southern Branch of the University of California in 1919, making it the third-oldest undergraduate campus of the 10-campus University of California system, it offers 337 graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. UCLA enrolls about 31,000 undergraduate and 13,000 graduate students and had 119,000 applicants for Fall 2016, including transfer applicants, making the school the most applied-to of any American university; the university is organized into six undergraduate colleges, seven professional schools, four professional health science schools. The undergraduate colleges are the College of Science; as of 2017, 24 Nobel laureates, three Fields Medalists, five Turing Award winners, two Chief Scientists of the U. S. Air Force have been affiliated with UCLA as researchers, or alumni. Among the current faculty members, 55 have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, 28 to the National Academy of Engineering, 39 to the Institute of Medicine, 124 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
The university was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1974. UCLA is considered one of the country's Public Ivies, meaning that it is a public university thought to provide a quality of education comparable with that of the Ivy League. In 2018, US News & World Report named UCLA the best public university in the United States. UCLA student-athletes compete as the Bruins in the Pac-12 Conference; the Bruins have won 126 national championships, including 116 NCAA team championships, more than any other university except Stanford, who has won 117. UCLA student-athletes and staff won 251 Olympic medals: 126 gold, 65 silver, 60 bronze. UCLA student-athletes competed in every Olympics since 1920 with one exception and won a gold medal in every Olympics the U. S. participated in since 1932. In March 1881, the California State Legislature authorized the creation of a southern branch of the California State Normal School in downtown Los Angeles to train teachers for the growing population of Southern California.
The Los Angeles branch of the California State Normal School opened on August 29, 1882, on what is now the site of the Central Library of the Los Angeles Public Library system. The facility included an elementary school where teachers-in-training could practice their technique with children; that elementary school is related to the present day UCLA Lab School. In 1887, the branch campus became independent and changed its name to Los Angeles State Normal School. In 1914, the school moved to a new campus on Vermont Avenue in East Hollywood. In 1917, UC Regent Edward Augustus Dickson, the only regent representing the Southland at the time, Ernest Carroll Moore, Director of the Normal School, began to lobby the State Legislature to enable the school to become the second University of California campus, after UC Berkeley, they met resistance from UC Berkeley alumni, Northern California members of the state legislature, Benjamin Ide Wheeler, President of the University of California from 1899 to 1919, who were all vigorously opposed to the idea of a southern campus.
However, David Prescott Barrows, the new President of the University of California, did not share Wheeler's objections. On May 23, 1919, the Southern Californians' efforts were rewarded when Governor William D. Stephens signed Assembly Bill 626 into law, which transformed the Los Angeles Normal School into the Southern Branch of the University of California; the same legislation added the College of Letters and Science. The Southern Branch campus opened on September 15 of that year, offering two-year undergraduate programs to 250 Letters and Science students and 1,250 students in the Teachers College, under Moore's continued direction. Under University of California President William Wallace Campbell, enrollment at the Southern Branch expanded so that by the mid-1920s the institution was outgrowing the 25 acre Vermont Avenue location; the Regents searched for a new location and announced their selection of the so-called "Beverly Site"—just west of Beverly Hills—on March 21, 1925 edging out the panoramic hills of the still-empty Palos Verdes Peninsula.
After the athletic teams entered the Pacific Coast conference in 1926, the Southern Branch student council adopted the nickname "Bruins", a name offered by the student council at UC Berkeley. In 1927, the Regents renamed the Southern Branch the University of California at Los Angeles. In the same year, the state broke ground in Westwood on land sold for $1 million, less than one-third its value, by real estate developers Edwin and Harold Janss, for whom the Janss Steps are named; the campus in Westwood opened to students in 1929. The original four buildings were the College Library, Royce Hall, the Physics-Biology Building, the Chemistry Building, arrayed around a quadrangular courtyard on the 400 acre campus; the first undergraduate classes on the new campus were held in 1929 with 5,500 students. After lobbying by alumni, faculty and community leaders, UCLA was permitted to award the master's degree in 1933, the doctorate in 1936, against continued resistance from UC Berkeley. A timeline of the history can be found on its website, as well
The Brothers Karamazov
The Brothers Karamazov translated as The Karamazov Brothers, is the final novel by the Russian author Fyodor Dostoevsky. Dostoevsky spent nearly two years writing The Brothers Karamazov, published as a serial in The Russian Messenger from January 1879 to November 1880. Dostoevsky died less than four months after its publication; the Brothers Karamazov is a passionate philosophical novel set in 19th-century Russia, that enters into the ethical debates of God, free will, morality. It is a spiritual drama of moral struggles concerning faith, doubt and reason, set against a modernizing Russia, with a plot which revolves around the subject of patricide. Dostoevsky composed much of the novel in Staraya Russa. Since its publication, it has been acclaimed as one of the supreme achievements in world literature. Although Dostoevsky began his first notes for The Brothers Karamazov in April 1878, he had written several unfinished works years earlier, he would incorporate some elements into his future work from the planned epos The Life of a Great Sinner, which he began work on in the summer of 1869.
It remained unfinished after Dostoevsky was interested in the Nechayev affair, which involved a group of radicals murdering one of their former members. He started with Demons; the unfinished Drama in Tobolsk is considered the first draft of the first chapter of The Brothers Karamazov. Dated 13 September 1874, it tells of a fictional murder in Staraya Russa committed by a praporshchik named Dmitry Ilynskov, thought to have murdered his father, it goes on noting that his body was discovered in a pit under a house. The unfinished Sorokoviny, dated 1 August 1875, is reflected in book IX, chapter 3–5 and book XI, chapter nine. In the October 1877 A Writer's Diary article "To the Reader", Dostoevsky mentioned a "literary work that has imperceptibly and involuntarily been taking shape within me over these two years of publishing the Diary", his Diary, a collection of numerous articles, had included similar themes The Brothers Karamazov would borrow from. These include patricide and order and social problems.
Although Dostoevsky was influenced by religion and philosophy, in his life and the writing of The Brothers Karamazov, a personal tragedy altered the work. In May 1878, Dostoevsky's three-year-old son Alyosha died of epilepsy, a condition inherited from his father; the novelist's grief is apparent throughout the book. His loss is reflected in the story of Captain Snegiryov and his young son Ilyusha; the death of his son brought Dostoevsky to the Optina Monastery that year. There, he found inspiration for several aspects of The Brothers Karamazov, though at the time he intended to write a novel about childhood instead. Parts of the biographical section of Zosima's life are based on "The Life of the Elder Leonid", a text he found at Optina and copied "almost word for word". Although written in the 19th century, The Brothers Karamazov displays a number of modern elements. Dostoevsky composed the book with a variety of literary techniques. Though privy to many of the thoughts and feelings of the protagonists, the narrator is a self-proclaimed writer.
Through his descriptions, the narrator's voice merges imperceptibly into the tone of the people he is describing extending into the characters' most personal thoughts. There is no voice of authority in the story. In addition to the principal narrator there are several sections narrated by other characters such as the story of the Grand Inquisitor and Zosima's confessions; this technique enhances the theme of truth, making many aspects of the tale subjective. Dostoevsky uses individual styles of speech to express the inner personality of each person. For example, the attorney Fetyukovich is characterized by malapropisms. Several plot digressions provide insight into other minor characters. For example, the narrative in Book Six is entirely devoted to Zosima's biography, which contains a confession from a man whom he met many years before. Dostoevsky does not rely on a single source or a group of major characters to convey the themes of this book, but uses a variety of viewpoints and characters throughout.
Although The Brothers Karamazov has been translated from the original Russian into a number of languages, the novel's diverse array of distinct voices and literary techniques makes its translation difficult. Constance Garnett performed the first English translation, released in 1912. In 1958, David Magarshack and Manuel Komroff released translations of the novel, published by Penguin and The New American Library of World Literature. In 1976, Ralph Matlaw revised Garnett's work for his Norton Critical Edition volume; this in turn was the basis for Victor Terras' influential A Karamazov Companion. Another popular translation is by Julius Katzer, published by Progress Publishers in 1981 and re-printed by Raduga Publishers Moscow. In 1990 Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky released a new translation.
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Sleeping Beauty Castle
Sleeping Beauty Castle is a fairy tale castle at the center of Disneyland and at Hong Kong Disneyland. It is based on the late-19th century Neuschwanstein Castle in Germany, it appears in the Walt Disney Pictures title card, along with Cinderella Castle, is an iconic symbol of The Walt Disney Company. It is the only Disney castle. Opened July 17, 1955, the castle is the oldest of all Disney castles. Though it reaches a height of 77 feet, it was designed by Roland E. Hill to appear taller through a process known as forced perspective; the castle featured an empty upper level, never intended to house an attraction, but Walt Disney was not satisfied with what he viewed as wasted space, challenged his Imagineers to find some use for the space. Beginning April 29, 1957,the visitors were able to walk through the castle and view several dioramas depicting the story of Sleeping Beauty; the voice of Jiminy Cricket from Walt Disney's Pinocchio singing "When You Wish Upon a Star" is piped into the castle.
The original dioramas were designed in the style of Eyvind Earle, production designer for Disney's 1959 film Sleeping Beauty, were redone in 1977 to resemble the window displays on Main Street, U. S. A.. The walkthrough was closed for unspecified reasons on October 7, 2001. On July 17, 2008, Disney announced that the Sleeping Beauty Castle walkthrough would reopen in the style of the original Earle dioramas, enhanced with new technology not available in 1957; the walkthrough reopened on November 27, 2008 at 5:00 p.m. drawing long lines going as far back as the Hub at the center of the park. Unlike previous incarnations, visitors who are unable to climb stairs or navigate the passageways of the Castle can still experience the walkthrough "virtually" in a special room on the Castle's ground floor; this room is lavishly themed, presents the closed-captioned CGI walkthrough recreation on a high-definition TV. This same virtual recreation is included on the Sleeping Beauty 50th Anniversary Platinum Edition DVD.
The castle walkthrough entrance is on the west side of the building inside Fantasyland. Guests first see a large medieval-themed story book open to a page that announces the birth of the princess Aurora. After climbing the stairs inside, a scene depicts Aurora as a baby, being blessed with magic gifts by her fairy godmothers. Behind a glass window, there is an animation of the castle courtyard, the king and queen watching as a large fire burns all the spinning wheels in the kingdom. At the top of the stairs, as guests reach the center of the castle's top level, another window looks out on the castle's great hall, where everyone in the kingdom is asleep, including servants and the cat and dog; the second half of the walkthrough becomes darker, featuring appearances by Maleficent, her crow, several gargoyles which fly out of her nearby castle. At the end, the prince fights against Maleficent's incarnation as a dragon, amid a forest of thorny brambles, a field of roses appears with doves flying above, as he kisses Aurora and breaks the spell.
As guests exit the walkthrough at the bottom of the stairs on the east side of the castle, another medieval-themed oversized book depicts an image of the prince and princess dancing together, as her dress changes colors from pink to blue and back again. The Disney family coat of arms hangs above the archway to the castle, it is composed of three lions passant in pale. It is known that the coat of arms was not on the castle, but was placed there sometime between June 1965 and July 1965. At the rear of the castle, shaded by the archways and driven into the ground is a gold spike, but wrongly, believed to mark the geographical center of Disneyland as of the addition of Mickey's Toontown in 1993. In reality, the spike is a surveyor's mark, used to ensure that the castle bridge and entrance lined up with Main Street USA when the park was first constructed; the original geographical center of the Magic Kingdom was in the middle of the round park, where the "Partners" statue of Walt Disney and Mickey Mouse stands.
The addition of Toontown moved the actual center of the park a few yards northward, but still on the hub side of the castle drawbridge. In January 2019, renovations on the Sleeping Beauty Castle began in Disneyland; as of February 25, 2019, the construction is still ongoing. The entrance to Fantasyland is blocked through the archway of the castle during this construction, causing some crowding in other areas. There are Cast Members around the castle to guide visitors to the safest pathways into Fantasyland, through Frontierland and the other through Tomorrowland. In celebration of Disneyland's 50th anniversary, both Sleeping Beauty and Cinderella Castle received makeovers. In Disneyland, the castle was repainted and five turrets were decorated with stylized crowns, each representing a decade in the park's history: The creation of Disneyland is represented by a pair of famous "Ears" peeking up over the horizon to see the wonders to come. "A World on the Move", otherwise known as the "New Tomorrowland" of 1967, is represented by rocket ships and accented by opalescent planets.
The Blue Fairy represents the debut of the Main Street Electrical Parade. The Indiana Jones Adventure is represented by the evil Eye of Mara, guarded by snakes; the 50th Anniversary of Disneyland is represented by Tinker Bell. The gold railings were added into the second floor of the castle in order to differentiate itself
Pamela Suzette Grier is an American actress. Grier became known in the early 1970s for starring in a string of 1970s women in prison and blaxploitation films such as The Big Bird Cage, Foxy Brown, Sheba, Baby, she starred in Quentin Tarantino's 1997 crime film Jackie Brown, for which she received a Satellite Award and a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress. She has been nominated for a SAG Award. For six seasons, Grier portrayed Kate "Kit" Porter on the Showtime television series The L Word, which ran from 2004, she received an Emmy nomination for her work in the animated program Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child. Tarantino said. Grier was born on May 26, 1949, in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, the daughter of Gwendolyn Sylvia, a homemaker and nurse, Clarence Ransom Grier, Jr. who worked as a mechanic and technical sergeant in the United States Air Force. She has one brother. Grier has stated that she is of mixed ancestry consisting of African-American, Chinese and Cheyenne heritage.
At age 6, Grier was raped by two boys. "It took so long to deal with the pain of that," she says, "You try to deal with it, but you never get over it," she adds. "And not just me. Because of her father's military career, the family moved during her childhood to various places such as England before settling in Denver, where she attended East High School. While in Denver, she appeared in a number of stage productions, participated in beauty contests to raise money for college tuition at Metropolitan State College. Grier moved to Los Angeles, California, in 1967, where she was hired to work the switchboard at American International Pictures, she is believed to have been discovered by director Jack Hill, who cast her in his women-in-prison films The Big Doll House and The Big Bird Cage. While under contract at AIP, she became a staple of early 1970s blaxploitation movies, playing big, assertive women, beginning with Jack Hill's Coffy, in which she plays a nurse who seeks revenge on drug dealers.
Her character was advertised in the trailer as the "baddest one-chick hit-squad that hit town!" The film, filled with sexual and violent elements typical of the genre, was a box-office hit. Grier is considered to be the first African-American female to headline an action film, as protagonists of previous blaxploitation films were males. In his review of Coffy, critic Roger Ebert praised the film for its believable female lead, he noted that Grier was an actress of "beautiful face and astonishing form" and that she possessed a kind of "physical life" missing from many other attractive actresses. Grier subsequently played similar characters in the AIP films Foxy Brown, Sheba and Friday Foster. With the demise of blaxploitation in the 1970s, Grier appeared in smaller roles for many years, she acquired progressively larger character roles in the 1980s, including a druggie prostitute in Fort Apache, The Bronx, a witch in Something Wicked this Way Comes, Steven Seagal's detective partner in Above the Law.
She had a recurring role on Miami Vice from 1985 to 1989 and made guest appearances on Martin, Night Court, The Fresh Prince of Bel Air. She had a recurring role in the TV series Crime Story between 1986 and 1988, her role in Rocket Gibraltar was cut due to fears by the film's director, Daniel Petrie, of "repercussions from interracial love scenes." She appeared on Sinbad, Preston Chronicles, The Cosby Show, The Wayans Brothers Show, Mad TV. In 1994, Grier appeared in Snoop Dogg's video for "Doggy Dogg World". In the late 1990s, Grier was a cast member of the Showtime series Linc's, she appeared in 1996 in John Carpenter's Escape from L. A. and 1997 with the title role in Quentin Tarantino's Jackie Brown, films that paid homage to her 1970s blaxploitation movies. She was nominated for numerous awards for her work in the Tarantino film. Grier appeared on Showtime's The L Word; the series ran for six seasons and ended in March 2009. Grier guest-stars in such television series as Law & Order: Special Victims Unit.
In 2010, Grier began appearing in a recurring role on the hit science-fiction series Smallville as the villain Amanda Waller known as White Queen, head agent of Checkmate, a covert operations agency. She appeared as a colleague to Julia Roberts' college professor in 2011's Larry Crowne. In 2010, Grier wrote Foxy: My Life in Three Acts, with Andrea Cagan. In January 2018, Grier revealed a biopic based on her book is in Pam. Grier received an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from the University of Maryland Eastern Shore in 2011; that same year, she received an honorary Doctorate of Science from Langston University. She started the Pam Grier Community Garden and Education Center with the National Multicultural Western Heritage Museum; the purpose is to teach people about organic gardening and nutrition among other things. Grier has had a few high profile relationships. Grier met basketball player Kareem Abdul-Jabbar. Soon after they began dating, he converted to Islam. Abdul-Jabbar gave her an ultimatum to convert to Islam.
He said, ``, I'm getting married at 2 this afternoon. She's a converted Muslim, she's been prepared for me," adding, "once you become Muslim, you might appreciate another wife." Grier declined, he got married that day. G
The Terror (1963 film)
The Terror is a 1963 Independent American Vistascope horror film produced and directed by Roger Corman. The plot concerns a French officer who finds an intriguing woman, believed to be the ghost of a baron's long departed wife, it was filmed on sets left over including The Haunted Palace. The film was released as Lady of the Shadows, The Castle of Terror, The Haunting; the film is sometimes linked to Corman's Poe cycle, a series of films based on the works of Edgar Allan Poe, however The Terror is not based on any text by Poe. In 1806, Andre Duvalier, a French soldier lost in the Confederation of the Rhine, is saved by Helene, a young woman who bears a resemblance to Ilsa von Leppe, the wife of the Baron von Leppe who died twenty years before. Andre sets out to investigate Helene's true identity and, in doing so, learns the Baron's darkest secret: After he found Ilsa with another man, the Baron killed his wife while his servant killed her lover. Over the last two years, the Baron has been tormented by Ilsa's ghost, who has beseeched him to kill himself so they can be together.
After much hesitation, the Baron decides to atone for his crimes. Unbeknownst to him, Ilsa's ghost is being commanded to haunt him by a peasant witch named Katrina. After preventing the Baron from killing himself and Stefan, the Baron's major domo, capture Katrina and force her into compliance. Katrina reveals herself to be the mother of a man named Eric, whom she believes the Baron killed twenty years before and hopes to avenge by damning his soul to hell. In a stunning revelation, Stefan reveals that Eric was Ilsa's lover, that it was the Baron who had died 20 years ago, not Eric, that Eric felt so guilty about it he took the Baron's place, pretending to be him. Over the years Eric has convinced himself. Realizing her error too late, Katrina goes with Andre and Stefan to stop Eric from flooding the castle crypt. Katrina's pact with the Devil, makes her unable to walk on consecrated ground and she ends up burning to death after being struck by lightning. At the von Leppe castle, Eric floods the crypt as Ilsa's ghost attempts to kill him and Stefan struggles to stop her.
By the time Andre gains access to the crypt, it is starting to cave in and he is only able to save Helene. The two share a moment outside the castle. Boris Karloff as the Baron von Leppe/Eric Jack Nicholson as Andre Duvalier Dick Miller as Stefan Sandra Knight as Helene/Ilsa Dorothy Neumann as Katrina the Witch Jonathan Haze as Gustaf Corman decided to make the film to take advantage of sets left over from The Raven, he paid Leo Gordon $1,600 to write a script, made a deal with Boris Karloff to be available for two days' filming for a small amount of money, plus a deferred payment of $15,000 that would be paid if the film earned more than $150,000. Boris Karloff recalled: Corman had the sketchiest outline of a story. I begged him not to do it, he said "That's alright Boris, I know. I want you for two days on this." I was in every shot, of course. Sometimes I was just walking through and I would change my jacket and walk back, he nearly killed me on the last day. He had me in a tank of cold water for about two hours.
After he got me in the can he suspended operations and went off and directed two or three operations to get the money, I suppose... were so magnificent... As they were being pulled down around our ears, Roger was dashing around with me and a camera, two steps ahead of the wreckers, it was funny. Corman says he had "a previous deal" with Nicholson and Knight to work two days on the film. Karloff's scenes were shot in two days by Corman, who said, "I didn't have the money to shoot the rest of the picture union, which meant I couldn't direct myself because I was signed with the unions. So I would say that at one time half the young filmmakers in Hollywood did pieces on The Terror."Corman says when he cut together Karloff's footage he realised "it didn't make sense" so he filmed a scene between Dick Miller and Jack Nicholson and got them to explain the plot. Corman sent Francis Ford Coppola to Big Sur for three days to shoot additional footage, he ended up staying eleven days. Monte Hellman, Jack Hill, Dennis Jacob and Jack Nicholson directed some scenes.
Corman says, "Jack Nicholson directed himself when we ran out of directors. The tree against which Sandra Knight expires in The Terror is the same one to which Price was tied and burned in The Haunted Palace; the uniform worn by Jack Nicholson was used by Marlon Brando in Désirée. The film was released on a double bill with Dementia 13; the Los Angeles Times thought it was "spooky" with a "slow, lazy plot" and "Excellent photography and settings... it moves like a stately pavan but the authors exhibit some of that old Edgar Allan Poe touch for haunted happenings". Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes shows a 36% score based on 11 reviews, with an average rating of 5.0/10. Today, the film is in the public domain since there is no copyright notice in the credits for the film. In the early 1990s, actor Dick Miller, who plays Karloff's major domo, was hired to shoot new scenes to use as a framing sequence for an overseas version of The Terror. Under this scheme, the main action of the film is presented in flash
Roger William Corman is an American director and actor. He has been called "The Pope of Pop Cinema" and is known as a trailblazer in the world of independent film. Much of Corman's work has an established critical reputation, such as his cycle of low-budget cult films adapted from the tales of Edgar Allan Poe. Admired by members of the French New Wave and Cahiers du cinéma, in 1964 Corman was the youngest filmmaker to have a retrospective at the Cinémathèque Française, as well as the British Film Institute and the Museum of Modern Art, he was the co-founder of New World Pictures, a prolific multimedia company that helped to cement Fox as a major American television network, is a longtime member of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. In 2009, he was awarded an Honorary Academy Award "for his rich engendering of films and filmmakers."Corman mentored and gave a start to many young film directors such as Francis Ford Coppola, Ron Howard, Martin Scorsese, Jonathan Demme, John Sayles, James Cameron, was influential in the New Hollywood filmmaking movement of the 1960s and 70s.
He helped to launch the careers of actors like Peter Fonda, Jack Nicholson, Dennis Hopper, Bruce Dern, Sylvester Stallone, Diane Ladd, William Shatner. Corman has taken minor acting roles in the films of directors who started with him, including The Silence of the Lambs, The Godfather Part II, Apollo 13, The Manchurian Candidate and Philadelphia. A documentary about Corman's life and career entitled Corman's World: Exploits of a Hollywood Rebel, directed by Alex Stapleton, premiered at the Sundance and Cannes Film Festivals in 2011; the film's TV rights were picked up by A&E IndieFilms after a well-received screening at Sundance. Corman was born in Detroit, the son of Anne and William Corman, an engineer, his younger brother, Eugene Harold "Gene" Corman, has produced numerous films, sometimes in collaboration with Roger. Corman and his brother were baptized in the Catholic faith. Corman went to Beverly Hills High School and to Stanford University to study Industrial Engineering. While at Stanford, Corman realised.
He enlisted in the V-12 Navy College Training Program with six months of study to complete. He served in the navy from 1944 to 1946, he returned to Stanford to finish his degree, receiving a Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering in 1947. While at Stanford University, Corman was initiated in the fraternity Sigma Alpha Epsilon. In 1948, he worked at U. S. Electrical Motors on Slauson Avenue in Los Angeles, but his career in engineering lasted only four days, his brother Gene was working in the film industry as an agent and Roger decided to go into filmmaking instead. Corman found work at 20th Century Fox in the mail room, he worked his way up to a story reader. The one property that he liked the most and provided ideas for was filmed as The Gunfighter with Gregory Peck; when Corman received no credit at all he decided he would work in film by himself. Under the GI Bill, Corman studied English Literature at Oxford University and lived in Paris for a time, he returned to Los Angeles and tried to re-establish himself in the film industry.
He took various jobs, including a messenger at Fox. He worked as an assistant to a literary agent. Corman wrote a script in his spare time and sold it to William F. Broidy at Allied Artists for $2,000. "Dick thought it was funny and let me pay myself a commission," said Corman. Called House in the Sea, it was retitled as Highway Dragnet, starred Richard Conte and Joan Bennett. Corman worked as associate producer on the film for nothing, just for the experience. Corman used his script fee and personal contacts to raise $12,000 to produce his first feature, a science fiction film, The Monster From the Ocean Floor, it was produced by Corman's own company, Palo Alto, released by Robert L. Lippert; the film did well enough to encourage Corman to produce another film, the racing car thriller The Fast and the Furious, directed by its star, John Ireland, co-starring Dorothy Malone. Corman sold the movie to a new independent company, the American Releasing Company, run by James H. Nicholson and Samuel Z. Arkoff.
Although Corman had a number of offers for the film from Republic and Columbia, he elected to go with ARC because they undertook to advance money to enable him to make two more movies. Corman's second film for ARC was one he decided to direct, Five Guns West, a Western, made in colour for around $60,000, with Malone and John Lund; the script was written by Robert Wright Campbell, who would work with Corman on several more occasions. Corman announced he would make four more projects for ARC: High Steel, Fortress Beneath the Sea, an untitled film from Campbell. Instead Corman did some uncredited directing on The Beast with a Million Eyes made another Western, Apache Woman, starring Lloyd Bridges, written by Lou Rusoff. Rusoff and Corman reunited on Day the World Ended, a post-apocalyptic science fiction film, popular. Corman was to make The Devil on Horseback by Charles B. Griffith about the Brownsville Raid but it was too expensive; the Woolner Brothers, Louisiana drive-in owners, financed Corman's, Swamp Women, a girls-on-the-lam saga.
He returned to ARC for The Oklahoma Woman and Gunslinger. He bought a script from The Girl from Beneath the Sea. Harrington wo