A public university is a university, publicly owned or receives significant public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country to another depending on the specific education landscape. In Egypt, Al-Azhar University was founded in 970 AD as a madrassa, making it one of the oldest institutions of higher education in the world, formally becoming a university in 1961, it was followed by a lot of universities opened as public universities in the 20th century such as Cairo University, Alexandria University, Assiut University, Ain Shams University, Helwan University, Beni-Suef University, Benha University, Zagazig University, Suez Canal University, where tuition fees are subsidized by the government. In Kenya, the Ministry of Education controls all of the public universities. Students are enrolled after completing the 8-4-4 system of education and attaining a mark of C+ or above. Students who meet the criteria determined annually by the Kenya Universities and Colleges Central Placement Service receive government sponsorship, as part of their university or college fee is catered for by the government.
They are eligible for a low interest loan from the Higher Education Loan Board. They are expected to pay back the loan after completing higher education. In Nigeria public universities can be established by both the federal government and by state governments. Examples include the University of Lagos, Obafemi Awolowo University, University of Ibadan, University of Benin, University of Nigeria, Ahmadu Bello University, Abia State University, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Gombe State University, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Federal University of Technology Yola, University of Maiduguri, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, University of Jos, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, University of Ilorin, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University South Africa has 23 public tertiary educational institutions, either categorised as a traditional university or a comprehensive university. Prominent public South African universities include the University of Johannesburg, University of Cape Town, Nelson Mandela University, North-west University, University of KwaZulu-Natal, University of Pretoria, University of Stellenbosch, University of Witwatersrand, Rhodes University and the University of South Africa.
In Tunisia, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research controls all of the public universities. For some universities, the ministry of higher education coordinates with other ministries like: the Ministry of Public health or the Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies. Admission in a public university in Tunisia is assured after succeeding in the Tunisian Baccalaureate: Students are classified according to a Formula score based on their results in the Baccalaureate; the students make a wishlist with the universities they want to attend on a state website dedicated for orientation. Thus, the high-ranking-students get priority to choose. Examples of Tunisian public universities: Carthage University, Carthage Ez-Zitouna University, Tunis Manouba University, Manouba Tunis El Manar University, Tunis Tunis University, Tunis Université Tunis Carthage University of Gabès, Gabès University of Gafsa, Gafsa University of Jendouba, Jendouba University of Kairouan, Kairouan University of Monastir, Monastir University of Sfax, Sfax University of Sousse, Sousse There are 40 public universities in Bangladesh.
The universities do not deal directly with the government, but with the University Grants Commission, which in turn deals with the government. Many private universities are established under the Private University Act of 1992. All universities in Brunei are public universities; these are major universities in Brunei: University of Brunei Darussalam Brunei Technological University Sultan Sharif Ali Islamic University In mainland China, nearly all universities and research institutions are public and all important and significant centers for higher education in the country are publicly administered. The public universities are run by the provincial governments; some public universities are national. Private undergraduate colleges do exist, which are vocational colleges sponsored by private enterprises; the majority of such universities are not entitled to award bachelor's degrees. Public universities enjoy higher reputation domestically. Eight institutions are funded by the University Grants Committee.
The Academy for Performing Arts receives funding from the government. The Open University of Hong Kong is a public university, but it is self-financed; the Shue Yan University is the only private institution with the status of a university, but it receives some financial support from the government since it was granted university status. In India, most universities and nearly all research institutions are public. There are some private undergraduate colleges engineering schools, but a majority of these are affiliated to public universities; some of these private schools are partially aided by the national or state governments. India has an "open" public university, the Indira Gandhi National Open University, which offers distance education, in terms of the number of enrolled students is now the largest university in the world with over 4 million students. There are private educational institutes in Indonesia; the government (Ministry of Re
Florida's First Coast, or the First Coast, is a region of the U. S. state of Florida, located on the Atlantic coast of North Florida. The First Coast refers to the same general area as the "directional" region of Northeast Florida, it comprises the five counties surrounding Jacksonville: Duval, Clay, St. Johns corresponding to the Jacksonville metropolitan area, may include other nearby areas such as Putnam and Flagler counties in Florida and Camden County, Georgia; the name originated in a marketing campaign in the 1980s, has since emerged as one of Florida's best known vernacular regions. As its name suggests, the First Coast was the first area of Florida colonized by Europeans. However, as with several other of Florida's vernacular regions, the "First Coast" identity originated in the tourism industry of the 20th century before it was adopted within the community at large. In 1983 the Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce commissioned the William Cook Advertising Agency to develop a new nickname and comprehensive marketing campaign for the entire metropolitan area – Duval, Clay, St. Johns counties.
Jacksonville had other nicknames, but local officials wanted a new identity to better promote the entire region without overshadowing the identities of the individual localities. The term "Florida's First Coast" was coined by William Cook staff members Kay Johnson, Bryan Cox, Bill Jones, was introduced in the "First Coast Anthem" at the 1983 Gator Bowl; the First Coast is similar to Florida's various other "Coast" regions such as the Emerald Coast, Gold Coast, Space Coast that emerged as a result of marketing campaigns. The name refers both to the area's geographic status as the "first coast" that many visitors reach when entering Florida via I 95 and trains such as the Silver Meteor and Silver Star, as well as to the region's history as the first place in the continental United States to see European contact and settlement. Juan Ponce de León may have landed in this region during his first expedition in 1513, the early French colony of Fort Caroline was founded in present-day Jacksonville in 1563.
The First Coast includes St. Augustine, the oldest continuously inhabited European-established city in the continental U. S. founded by the Spanish in 1565. A 2007 survey by geographers Ary J. Lamme and Raymond K. Oldakowski notes that the term "First Coast" has superseded two earlier geographical appellations for the region: "Florida's Crown" and "South Georgia", attested in earlier surveys; the former term refers to the area's northern location and the shape of the Georgia border, while the latter emphasizes that the local culture was considered more similar to that of Georgia and the South in general than to the lower Florida peninsula. A conscious push to supplant uncomplimentary connotations may have led to the decline of "South Georgia" in favor of "First Coast"; the name "First Coast" reinforces the region's connection to the rest of Florida, an important perceptual tie-in for attracting residents and tourists. The term "First Coast" became popular through the 1980s, surprising its creators.
By 2002, nearly 800 organizations and businesses included "First Coast" in their name. Lamme and Oldakowski found that in 2007, 18% of Floridians surveyed were familiar with the First Coast, making it one of the best-known vernacular regions by Floridians; the First Coast identity has spread to other nearby areas, being found as far south as Flagler Beach in Flagler County and Palatka in Putnam County, as far north as St. Mary's, Georgia. In 2013, the Florida Times-Union noted that within the area, St. Johns County had begun to brand itself as the "Historic Coast"; the "directional" region of Northeast Florida refers to the same area as the First Coast. Lamme and Oldakowski's 2007 survey noted that "North East Florida" had emerged as one of six common directional regions, along with North Florida, Central Florida, South Florida, North Central Florida, South West Florida; the survey found that the term was used in the north-easternmost parts of the state – Nassau and Duval Counties. Enterprise Florida, the state's economic development agency, identifies "Northeast Florida" as one of eight economic regions used by the agency and other state and outside entities.
This definition includes all five counties of the Jacksonville metropolitan area, as well as Putnam and Flagler counties to the south. Other organizations such as the Florida Department of Transportation, JaxUSA Partnership, the Northeast Florida Regional Council use this definition. In June 2013, the state established the Northeast Florida Regional Transportation Commission, which covers all these counties besides Flagler
St. Marys, Georgia
St. Marys is a city in Camden County, United States; the city is the gateway to Cumberland Island National Seashore, the largest of the Georgia Coast's barrier islands. The National Seashore's visitor center and boat access are both located at the St. Marys waterfront; the city is home to the annual St. Marys Rock Shrimp Festival, the St. Marys Submarine Museum, Crooked River State Park, its territory is bordered by Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base, the home port for several Ohio-class submarines. The population of St. Marys was 17,121 as of the 2010 Census. St. Marys is located along the southern border of Camden County at 30°45′23″N 81°34′17″W, on the north bank of the St. Marys River; the state of Florida is across the river. The city of Kingsland borders St. Marys to the west. According to the United States Census Bureau, St. Marys has a total area of 24.9 square miles, of which 22.5 square miles is land and 2.4 square miles, or 9.57%, is water. The closest major city is Florida, 38 miles south.
The St. Marys area was first explored in the mid 16th century as part of the settlement of Spanish Florida, with nearby St. Augustine as the established capital. Settlement for Georgians became legal after the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Local inhabitants of Camden County gathered on Cumberland Island and signed a charter for "a town on the St. Marys" on November 20, 1787. There were twenty charter members who each received one marsh lot; these twenty city founders are named on an historical marker in downtown St. Marys: Isaac Wheeler, William Norris, Nathaniel Ashley, William Ashley, Lodowick Ashley, James Seagrove, James Finley, John Fleming, Robert Seagrove, Henry Osborne, Thomas Norris, Jacob Weed, John Alexander, Langley Bryant, Jonathan Bartlett, Stephen Conyers, William Keady, Prentis Gallup, Simeon Dillingham and Richard Cole; the original boundaries of the town correspond to the modern waterfront, Bartlett Street, North Street, a block east of Norris Street. There were two public town squares.
However, in the original deed the town was unnamed, for several years afterwards in public documents it was referred to as either St. Marys or St. Patrick's, colloquially as "the New Town". Accounts differ regarding the origin of the name itself—some say it is named after the St. Marys River, while others say it comes from a seventeenth-century Spanish mission, Santa Maria, on nearby Amelia Island, Florida. St. Marys was recognized by an act of the Georgia legislature on December 5, 1792, with the result of incorporation in November 1802. Oak Grove Cemetery is included in the St. Marys Historic District and was laid outside the western border of St. Marys during its founding in 1787. On June 29, 1796, the Treaty of Colerain was signed just up the river from St Marys between the United States and the Creek Nation. St. Marys town founder Langley Bryant served as the official interpreter between the Creek Indians and the United States. St. Marys was made a United States port of entry by act of the U.
S. Congress March 2, 1799; the first Collector was James Seagrove. During the antebellum period, Archibald Clark served as the U. S. Customs Collector from 1807 until his death in 1848. After the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves took effect in 1808, St. Marys became, along with Spanish Amelia Island, a center for smuggling during the period between 1812-1819 when various rebel groups held Amelia Island. During the War of 1812 the Battle of Fort Peter occurred near the town, at the fort on Point Peter along the St. Marys River; the British occupied it for about a month. The United States Navy bombarded the town's shoreside buildings during the American Civil War. St. Marys served as Camden County's seat of government from 1869 until 1923; as of the census of 2000, there were 13,761 people, 4,837 households, 3,758 families residing in the city. The population density was 733.8 people per square mile. There were 5,351 housing units at an average density of 285.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 72.78% White, 19.99% African American, 0.47% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, 2.09% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 4.46% of the population. There were 4,837 households out of which 47.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.3% were non-families. 16.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.18. In the city, the population was spread out with 33.4% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 34.7% from 25 to 44, 15.6% from 45 to 64, 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,087, the median income for a family was $46,065. Males had a median income of $35,419 versus $24,449 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,099. About 9.6% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over.
Cumberland Island Duck House Orange Hall List of county seats in Georgia St. Marys Historic District St. Marys Railroad St. Marys Airport St
Camden County, Georgia
Camden County is a county located in the southeastern corner of the U. S. state of Georgia. According to the 2010 Census, the population was 50,513, its county seat is Woodbine, the largest city is St. Marys, it is one of the original counties of Georgia, created February 5, 1777. It is the 11th largest county in the state of Georgia by area, the 41st largest by population. Camden County comprises the St. Marys, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA Combined Statistical Area; the first recorded European to visit what is today Camden County was Captain Jean Ribault of France in 1562. Ribault was sent out by French Huguenots to find a suitable place for a settlement. Ribault named the rivers he saw the Seine and the Some, known today as the St. Marys and Satilla Rivers. Ribault described the area as, "Fairest and pleasantest of all the world."In 1565, Spain became alarmed by the French settlements and sent out a large force to take over and settle the area.
During that time, the Spaniards attempted to convert the Native Americans to Catholicism. At least two missions operated on Cumberland Island, ministering to the Timucuan people, who had resided on the island for at least four thousand years. Competing British and Spanish claims to the territory between their respective colonies of South Carolina and Florida was a source of international tension, the colony of Georgia was founded in 1733 in part to protect the British interests; the Spanish theoretically lost their claim to the territory in 1742 after the Battle of Bloody Marsh. However, settlement south of the Altamaha River was discouraged by both the British and Spanish governments. One group of settlers led by Edmund Gray sparked Spanish military action after settling on the Satilla River in the 1750s near present-day Burnt Fort, were subsequently disbanded by the Royal Governor John Reynolds. General Oglethorpe was at Cumberland Island, he erected a hunting lodge on Cumberland named Dungeness, the predecessor of the famous Greene and Carnegie Dungeness Mansions.
He founded Fort St. Andrews on the north end of Cumberland Island as well as a strong battery, Fort Prince Williams, on the south end. Fort Prince Williams commanded the entrance to the St. Marys River, but had become a ruin by the Revolutionary War. In 1763, under a treaty of peace with Great Britain, ceded Florida to the British. After this, the boundaries of Georgia were extended from the Altamaha to the St. Marys River. In 1765, four parishes were laid out between the St. Marys Rivers; these were St. Davids, St. Patricks, St. James, the parishes of St. Marys and St. Thomas. Due to security issues arising from proximity to powerful Indian groups and British Florida, Georgia was the last colony to join in the War for Independence in 1775. In the Georgia Constitution of 1777 St. Thomas and St. Marys Parishes were formed into Camden County, named for Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden in England, a supporter of American independence. Camden County was larger and included parts of present-day Ware and Charlton Counties, which were re-designated in the nineteenth century.
Under the 1777 state constitution, Glynn County and Camden County had limited and restricted representation in the new patriotic Georgia government due to their extreme "state of alarm" throughout the war. Between 1776 and 1778 Camden County saw the construction of numerous forts, three failed American campaigns against the British at St. Augustine, numerous depredations by raiders of various allegiance. One of the most notorious of these raiders was Daniel McGirth. A significant loyalist faction existed in Camden County, headed by the brothers of Royal Governor James Wright and German Wright, they built a fort on the St. Marys River in 1775 to protect their lands and chattel during the war after repeated attacks by patriot banditti. Wright's Fort became a rendezvous for a group of loyalists called the "Florida Rangers". Two skirmishes were fought by Loyalist and Continental forces over Wright's Fort, both times American troops failed to rout the Loyalists from the area. Retreating British soldiers burned it down in 1778.
The Americans rebuilt it when they invaded East Florida, burned it down to prevent it falling into enemy hands. The archaeological site was rediscovered in 1975; the primary economic enterprise of the county was rice planting along the Satilla River. Sea Island cotton was grown on Cumberland Island, short-staple cotton was grown on the mainland along with sugar cane. Various forest products including turpentine and timber were produced for consumption in the naval industry and the West Indies. Camden County served as a hub of backcountry trade with American settlers and various Indian groups, as a shipyard and shipping center centered around the town of St. Marys; the land in Camden County was owned by fewer than 300 people throughout the colonial and antebellum eras. Most of the white population worked in trades or as tenant farmers, while nearly all black residents were slaves; until the 1840s, Camden County had a small population of free black workers involved in day labor or maritime industry.
Camden County was the site of many trading posts with the Native Americans, who by the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries consisted of people of the Creek Nation. From America's earliest years and after Indian Removal in the 1830s, the county was a site of significant conflict between settlers and In
A metropolitan area, sometimes referred to as a metro area or commuter belt, is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core and its less-populated surrounding territories, sharing industry and housing. A metro area comprises multiple jurisdictions and municipalities: neighborhoods, boroughs, towns, suburbs, districts and nations like the eurodistricts; as social and political institutions have changed, metropolitan areas have become key economic and political regions. Metropolitan areas include one or more urban areas, as well as satellite cities and intervening rural areas that are socioeconomically tied to the urban core measured by commuting patterns. In the United States, the concept of the metropolitan statistical area has gained prominence. Metropolitan areas may themselves be part of larger megalopolises. For urban centres outside metropolitan areas, that generate a similar attraction at smaller scale for their region, the concept of the regiopolis and regiopolitan area or regio was introduced by German professors in 2006.
In the United States, the term micropolitan statistical area is used. A metropolitan area combines an urban agglomeration with zones not urban in character, but bound to the center by employment or other commerce; these outlying zones are sometimes known as a commuter belt, may extend well beyond the urban zone, to other political entities. For example, New York on Long Island is considered part of the New York metropolitan area. In practice, the parameters of metropolitan areas, in both official and unofficial usage, are not consistent. Sometimes they are little different from an urban area, in other cases they cover broad regions that have little relation to a single urban settlement. Population figures given for one metro area can vary by millions. There has been no significant change in the basic concept of metropolitan areas since its adoption in 1950, although significant changes in geographic distributions have occurred since and more are expected; because of the fluidity of the term "metropolitan statistical area," the term used colloquially is more "metro service area," "metro area," or "MSA" taken to include not only a city, but surrounding suburban and sometimes rural areas, all which it is presumed to influence.
A polycentric metropolitan area contains multiple urban agglomerations not connected by continuous development. In defining a metropolitan area, it is sufficient that a city or cities form a nucleus with which other areas have a high degree of integration. See the many lists of metropolitan areas itemized at § Lists of metropolitan areas; the Australian Bureau of Statistics defines Greater Capital City Statistical Areas as the areas of functional extent of the seven state capitals and the Australian Capital Territory. GCCSAs replaced "Statistical Divisions" used until 2011. In Brazil, metropolitan areas are called "metropolitan regions"; each State defines its own legislation for the creation and organization of a metropolitan region. The creation of a metropolitan region is not intended for any statistical purpose, although the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics uses them in its reports, their main purpose is to allow for a better management of public policies of common interest to all cities involved.
They don't have political, electoral or jurisdictional power whatsoever, so citizens living in a metropolitan region do not elect representatives for them. Statistics Canada defines a census metropolitan area as an area consisting of one or more adjacent municipalities situated around a major urban core. To form a CMA, the metropolitan area must have a population of at least 100,000, at least half within the urban core. To be included in the CMA, adjacent municipalities must have a high degree of integration with the core, as measured by commuter flows derived from census data. In Chinese, there used to be no clear distinction between "megalopolis" and "metropolitan area" until National Development and Reform Commission issued Guidelines on the Cultivation and Development of Modern Metropolitan Areas on Feb 19, 2019, in which a metropolitan area was defined as "an urbanized spatial form in a megalopolis dominated by supercity or megacity, or a large metropolis playing a leading part, within the basic range of 1-hour commute area."
The European Union's statistical agency, has created a concept named Larger Urban Zone. The LUZ represents an attempt at a harmonised definition of the metropolitan area, the goal was to have an area from a significant share of the resident commute into the city, a concept known as the "functional urban region". France's national statistics institute, the INSEE, names an urban core and its surrounding area of commuter influence an aire urbaine; this statistical method applies to agglomerations of all sizes, but the INSEE sometimes uses the term aire métropolitaine to refer to France's largest aires urbaines. In German definition, metropolian areas are eleven most densely populated areas in the Federal Republic of Germany, they comprise the major German cities and their surrounding catchment areas and form the political and cultural centres of the country. For urban centres outside metropolitan areas, that generate a similar attraction at smaller scale for their region, the concept of the Regiopolis and regiopolitan area or regio was introduced by German professors in 2006.
In India, a metropolitan city is defin
Macclenny is a city in Baker County, Florida and is one of the principal municipalities comprising Greater Jacksonville. The population was 6,374 at the 2010 census, up from 4,459 in 2000, it is the county seat of Baker County. Macclenny was first called Darbyville because most of the land of this area was owned by the Darby family. Carr Bowers McClenny married into the Darby family, bought most of this land in the late 19th century, he intended to harvest it for timber. Darbyville became known as McClenny. McLenny developed many businesses there related to lumber: harvesting the wood, sawmills to process it, land; the town name McClenny was changed to the current name of Macclenny because the post office department had a rule against using capital letters in the middle of a name. The first post office in Macclenny was established in 1890. There were settlers in Macclenny as early as 1829, but it was not until after the Civil War that more people began to settle there. In 1888 most of the town residents were killed in a yellow fever epidemic.
The population was 334 in 1890. The town recovered. By 2000, residents increased to 4,500; the 2016 population was estimated at 6562.. Macclenny is located in eastern Baker County at 30°17′N 82°7′W, 28 miles west of downtown Jacksonville. U. S. Route 90 runs through the center of town, Interstate 10 passes through the southern tip of the town, with access from Exit 335. Lake City is 32 miles to the west, the Florida–Georgia border is 6 miles to the north. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.7 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,459 people, 1,548 households, 1,140 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,354.9 people per square mile. There were 1,644 housing units at an average density of 499.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 75.89% White, 21.87% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.47% of the population.
There were 1,548 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 20.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.3% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85 males; the median income for a household in the city was $31,895, the median income for a family was $37,091. Males had a median income of $26,775 versus $19,573 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,909. About 17.1% of families and 20.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.4% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.
City of Macclenny official website Baker County Press, newspaper that serves Macclenny, available for free in full-text with images in Florida Digital Newspaper Library
Clay County, Florida
Clay County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 190,895, its county seat is Green Cove Springs. Clay County is included in FL Metropolitan Statistical Area. Clay County was created on December 1858, from a section of Duval County, its name is in honor of Henry Clay, a famous American statesman, member of the United States Senate from Kentucky, United States Secretary of State in the 19th century. Clay County was once a popular destination for tourists visiting from the northern states; the therapeutic, warm springs and mild climate were major draws for visitors. Steamboats brought them to various hotels in Green Cove Springs - the St. Elmo and the Oakland. President Grover Cleveland was the most prominent of such tourists. Clay County's popularity among tourists peaked during the last three decades of the 19th century, it was eclipsed by Henry Flagler's extension of the Florida East Coast Railway to points south such as Palm Beach and Miami.
The military has played an important role in Clay County history. In 1939, Camp Blanding opened on Kingsley Lake in southwest Clay County; the Florida National Guard developed this 28,000 acres complex. During World War II, it trained over 90,000 troops and became the fourth largest "city" in the state. In Green Cove Springs, Lee Field was a flight training center. After World War II, Lee Field became a base for the mothball fleet. Although Lee Field closed in the early 1960s, Camp Blanding continues to operate today as a base for military training. Clay County is a popular choice of residence for military personnel stationed on bases in nearby Duval County. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 644 square miles, of which 604 square miles is land and 39 square miles is water. Alachua County, Florida - southwest Duval County, Florida - north St. Johns County, Florida - east Putnam County, Florida - south Bradford County, Florida - west Baker County, Florida - northwest Keystone Heights Airport US 17 US 301 SR 16 SR 21 SR 23 SR 100 As of the census of 2010, there were 190,865 people, 65,356 households, 39,390 families residing in the county.
The majority of Clay County's population is located in the northeastern part where large suburban communities have been built. Orange Park and the surrounding area share the majority of the population. Green Cove Springs area has the lower population spread west and south, along with the small city of Keystone Heights, which lies at the southwestern end of the county. Although the population of Clay County is high, the majority of the county is still rural and consists of many farms and county roads less maintained; the population density was 234 people per square mile. There were 73,208 housing units at an average density of 89 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.8% White, 9.9% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 2.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, 2.9% from two or more races. 7.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino, with Puerto Ricans being the majority of the Hispanic population. There were 50,243 households, out of which 39.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.60% were non-families.
16.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, 9.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $48,854, the median income for a family was $53,814. Males had a median income of $36,683 versus $25,488 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,868. About 5.10% of families and 6.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.90% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over. According to the Florida Times-Union, in October 2004, there were 106,114 registered voters in Clay County. According to the Secretary of State's office, Republicans account for a majority of registered voters in Clay County.
Clay County is one of the most reliably Republican counties in the state during presidential elections outside of the Panhandle, although it does support conservative Democrats for local and state offices. Clay County Historical and Railroad Museum, Green Cove Springs. Middleburg Historical Museum, Middleburg. Black Heritage Museum, Middleburg. Camp Blanding Museum, Camp Blanding; the Clay County School District operates 42 public schools. There are 28 elementary schools, six junior high schools and eight high schools; the Clay County Public Library System consists of five branches: Green Cove Springs Library Headquarters Library Keystone Heights Library Middleburg-Clay Hill Library Orange Park LibraryThe first public library in Clay County was made up of a small collection established by the Village Improvement Association within the county. Other small libraries were established by other organizations within Clay County. In 1961, representatives from different women’s organizations in the county started a movement to establish a library system within the county, resulted in the Clay County Board of County Commissioners