Jacopo Peri, known under the pseudonym Il Zazzerino, I was an Italian composer and singer of the transitional period between the Renaissance and Baroque styles, is called the inventor of opera. He wrote the first work to be called an opera today and the first opera to have survived to the present day, Euridice. Peri was born in Rome, but studied in Florence with Cristofano Malvezzi, went on to work in a number of churches there, both as an organist and as a singer, he subsequently began to work in the Medici court, first as a tenor singer and keyboard player, as a composer. His earliest works were incidental music for plays and madrigals. In the 1590s, Peri became associated with the leading patron of music in Florence, they believed contemporary art was inferior to classical Greek and Roman works, decided to attempt to recreate Greek tragedy, as they understood it. Their work added to that of the Florentine Camerata of the previous decade, which produced the first experiments in monody, the solo song style over continuo bass which developed into recitative and aria.
Peri and Corsi brought in the poet Ottavio Rinuccini to write a text, the result, though nowadays thought to be a long way from anything the Greeks would have recognised, is seen as the first work in a new form, opera. Rinuccini and Peri next collaborated on Euridice; this was first performed on 6 October 1600 at the Palazzo Pitti. Unlike Dafne, it has survived to the present day; the work made use of recitatives, a new development which went between the arias and choruses and served to move the action along. Peri produced a number of other operas in collaboration with other composers, wrote a number of other pieces for various court entertainments. Few of his pieces are still performed today, by the time of his death his operatic style was looking rather old-fashioned when compared to the work of younger reformist composers such as Claudio Monteverdi. Peri's influence on those composers, was large. Jacopo Peri: Ai Lettori. Introduzione a'Le Musiche sopra l'Euridice', revisione e note di Valter Carignano Jacopo Peri: Le Musiche sopra l'Euridice.
Revisione e Note di Valter Carignano, L'Opera Rinata, Torino "Jacopo Peri", in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. Stanley Sadie. 20 vol. London, Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 1980. ISBN 1-56159-174-2 Jacopo Peri at the Encyclopædia Britannica Free scores by Jacopo Peri at the International Music Score Library Project Free scores by Jacopo Peri in the Choral Public Domain Library
When We Were Small is the debut album by American singer-songwriter Rosie Thomas, released in 2002. Pitchfork Media rated the album 7.3 out of 10, with reviewer Brad Haywood calling it "a solid debut, long on talent but maybe a bit short on melody or lacking in appropriate production". Allmusic awarded it four stars, with Tom Semioli calling it a "mesmerizing debut outing". Indy Week described it as "a quiet collection of songs that tend to spotlight the lyrics, in Thomas' case, that's a plus". Geoffrey Himes, writing for the Washington Post, commented on Thomas's "frail, breathy soprano that offers reluctant confessions over minimalist keyboard settings". All songs written by Rosie Thomas. "2 Dollar Shoes" – 3:10 "Farewell" – 3:12 "Wedding Day" – 5:26 "Lorraine" – 3:24 "Finish Line" – 2:40 "October" – 2:21 "I Run" – 4:07 "Charlotte" – 3:19 "Have You Seen My Love?" – 2:56 "Bicycle Tricycle" – 6:04
Luis Alberto García is a Venezuelan taekwondo practitioner, who competed in the men's featherweight category. He retrieved a silver medal in the 58-kg division at the 1999 Pan American Games in Winnipeg, Manitoba and represented his nation Venezuela at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Garcia emerged himself on Venezuela's sporting fame at the 1999 Pan American Games in Winnipeg, Canada, where he picked up a silver medal in the men's 58-kg division, losing the final to Mexico's Óscar Salazar. At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Garcia qualified for the Venezuelan squad in the men's featherweight class, by placing third and granting a berth from the World Olympic Qualifying Tournament in Paris, France. Garcia crashed out early in a narrow 5–6 defeat to Brazil's Diogo Silva during his opening match. With his Brazilian opponent losing the quarterfinals to Iranian fighter and eventual Olympic champion Hadi Saei, Garcia denied his chance to proceed into the repechage bracket for the Olympic bronze medal.
Luis García at TaekwondoData.com
The French Church of Friedrichstadt is located in Berlin at the Gendarmenmarkt, across the Konzerthaus and the German Cathedral. The earliest parts of the church date back to 1701. After being damaged during World War II, the church was rebuilt and continues to offer church services and concerts; the church is known as the "French Church of Friedrichstadt", but is referred to as Französischer Dom, or "French Cathedral". Despite their names, neither of the churches on Gendarmenmarkt are cathedrals, as neither was seat of a bishop. Louis Cayart and Abraham Quesnay built the first parts of the French Church between 1701 and 1705 for the Huguenot community. During this time, Huguenots constituted about 25 percent of the city population; the French Church was modelled after the destroyed Huguenot temple in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, France. In 1785, Carl von Gontard modified the church and built an adjacent domed tower, which gave the church its name. Technically speaking, the tower is not part of the church, both buildings have different proprietors.
The tower was built to embellish the Gendarmenmarkt ensemble at the instigation of Frederick the Great. The Deutscher Dom, however, on the other side of Gendarmenmarkt, consists of church building and tower as an entity. In 1817, the French Church community, like most Prussian Calvinist Reformed and Lutheran congregations joined the common umbrella organization "Evangelical Church in Prussia", with each congregation maintaining its former denomination or adopting the new united denomination; the community of the "French Church of Friedrichstadt" maintained its Calvinist denomination. Before the union of the Prussian Protestants the congregation underwent a certain acculturation with Lutheran traditions: in 1753, an organ was installed, competing with the Calvinist tradition of congregational singing without accompaniment; the singing of psalms was extended by hymns in 1791. The sober interior was refurbished in a more decorative but still Calvinist aniconistic style by Otto March in 1905. Today's community is part of the Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia.
The Französischer Dom was damaged during World War II and rebuilt between 1977 and 1981. Today, it is used by its congregations, for conventions of the Evangelical Church in Germany; the public observation deck of the domed tower offers a panoramic view of the downtown area. There is a restaurant in the basement underneath the sanctuary; the tower contains the Berlin Huguenot museum. Französischer Dom - official site
Terrorism in Indonesia refer to acts of terrorism that take place within Indonesia or attacks on Indonesian people or interests abroad. These acts of terrorism target the government of the Republic of Indonesia or foreigners in Indonesia, most notably Western visitors those from the United States and Australia. In June 2015, Indonesia was taken off the Financial Action Task Force blacklist of'Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories' due to Indonesia no longer being non-cooperative in the global fight against money laundering and terrorist financing; that gives Indonesia the same status as other major economies in the G-20. Traditionally militias politically opposed to Indonesian government interests have been held responsible for terrorism attacks in Indonesia. Separatist movements operating in Indonesia, such as the Darul Islam, the Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, the Organisasi Papua Merdeka were held responsible for terrorist attacks, such as bombings and shootings, in Indonesia. Recent terrorism in Indonesia can in part be attributed to the al-Qaeda-affiliated Jemaah Islamiyah Islamist terror group and/or ISIL.
Indonesia has worked with other countries to apprehend and prosecute perpetrators of major bombings linked to militant Islamism. Since 2003, a number of'western targets' have been attacked. Victims have included both foreigners — Western tourists — as well as Indonesian civilians. Terrorism in Indonesia intensified in 2000 with the Jakarta Stock Exchange bombing, followed by four more large attacks; the deadliest killed 202 people in the Bali resort town of Kuta in 2002. The attacks, subsequent travel warnings issued by other countries damaged Indonesia's tourism industry and foreign investment prospects. However, after the capture and killing of most of its key members and leaders, most notably Imam Samudra, Abu Dujana, Azahari Husin, Noordin Top, the terrorist cells in Indonesia have grown more and more insignificant. Since 2011, terrorist attacks seemed to shift from targeting foreign Western interests and residents to attacking Indonesian police officers; the Indonesian Police had success in cracking down on terrorist cells, in retaliation a new terrorist cell, identified as the "Cirebon Cell", began targeting police officers.
On 15 April 2011 a suicide bomber detonated an explosive device in a mosque in a police compound in the city of Cirebon, West Java, during Friday prayers. The bomber was killed and at least 28 people were injured; the same cell was suspected of being involved in two more attacks in Solo, the suicide bombing of a church on 25 September 2011, a shooting targeting police on 17 August 2012. However these attacks were not as well-prepared and high scaled as previous attacks organized by the Jemaah Islamiyah terrorist group. Although the number of terrorist attacks seem to have reduced in both amount and scale, some terrorist hotspots such as Poso, Central Sulawesi, remain; the Poso region was marred by religious violence between Muslims and Christians in the area. On 16 October 2012, Police discovered two corpses of murdered police, missing for three days in Tamanjeka village, Poso Regency, Central Sulawesi; the victims went missing during an investigatory mission to a suspected terrorist training ground in a forest the Poso area.
Similar attacks targeting the Indonesian authorities police officers, have occurred in Papua, however these are not linked with Islamist terrorist cells, but rather with the Papuan separatist movement Organisasi Papua Merdeka. On 8 April 2012, a Trigana Air PK-YRF airplane was shot at by unidentified gunmen during a landing approach on Mulia airstrip, Puncak Jaya, Papua. A Papua Pos journalist, was killed in this shooting. On 27 November 2012, three policemen stationed at the remote Pirime police post, Papua, were killed in an attack by a group of unidentified men. Police suspected. Subsequent bombings in the centre of Jakarta, in which all but one victim were ordinary Indonesians, shocked the public and brought swift responses from the Indonesian security forces; the most reluctant politicians had to admit that the evidence pointed to a small group of Islamist agitators. The Jakarta bombings and legal prosecutions helped shift public opinion away from the use of extremist Islamic political violence, but increased the influence of intelligence bodies, the police and military whose strength had diminished since 1998.
Political factors clouded Indonesian responses to the "War on Terror". The term "Jemaah Islamiyah" is controversial in Indonesia as it means "Islamic community/congregation", was the subject of previous "New Order" manipulation; the attacks, subsequent travel warnings issued by other countries including the United States and Australia damaged Indonesia's tourism industry and foreign investment prospects. Bali's economy was a hard hit, as were tourism based businesses in other parts of Indonesia. In May 2008, the United States government decided to lift its warning. In 2006, 227,000 Australians visited Indonesia and in 2007 this rose to 314,000. Detachment 88 is the Indonesian counter-terrorism squad, part of the Indonesian National Police. Formed after the 2002 Bali bombing, the unit has had considerable success against the jihadi terrorist cells linked to the Central Java-based Islamist movement Jemaah Islamiah. Within three months after the 2002 Bali bombing, various militants, including the attack's mastermind Imam Samudra, the notorious'smiling-bo
Chick Carter, Boy Detective is a 15-minute American old-time radio juvenile crime drama. It was carried on the Mutual Broadcasting System weekday afternoons from July 5, 1943 to July 6, 1945. Chickering "Chick" Carter was the adopted son of Nick Carter of Nick Carter, Master Detective fame, making this program a spinoff of the elder Carter's show. Episodes of Chick Carter ended with a cliffhanger, enticing young listeners to tune in again for the next installment of the program. Although Chick Carter ostensibly had a young audience, both it and the older Carter program "kept fans of varying ages engrossed in their crime-stopping pursuits." Officials at WOR, Mutual's flagship station in New York City, believed the duo to be "the first related pair of adult and juvenile series in radio."Both programs were products of the Street & Smith publishing company, which 11 years earlier put The Shadow on radio to promote the company's Detective Story Magazine. The trade publication Billboard reported that the broadcasts combined "the public yen for escape with need for protection against further cuts in paper" during World War II.
Street & Smith's writers provided scripts for the programs at no charge if the shows were not sponsored. Followers of either or both of the Carter programs could join the Inner Circle club, which provided a membership card and a folder that contained background information on the casts of the two shows. Membership was available only to listeners of WOR. Bill Lipton had the title role, with Leon Janney taking his place beginning July 3, 1944. Sisters Jean and Joanne McCoy played Sue, Gilbert Mack played Tex. In supporting roles, Bill Griffis played Rufus Lash, Stefan Schnabel played the Rattler. Ken Powell was the announcer. Fritz Block was one of the writers. Walter B. Gibson, Ed Gruskin, Nancy Webb wrote for the program. Charles Michelson was the producer. In 1971, Charles Michelson, president of Charles Michelson Inc. threatened to launch legal action against radio stations that were airing unauthorized broadcasts of Chick Carter or any of seven other old-time radio shows for which his company held the copyrights.
He said that about 300 radio stations were broadcasting at least some of the series after having bought the rights to use them. In some cases, those stations had notified Michelson of other stations in their markets that were broadcasting the programs illegally; the film serial Chick Carter, Detective was based on Boy Detective program. Chick Carter, Boy Detective was the basis for a comic strip. Log of episodes of Chick Carter, Boy Detective from Jerry Haendiges Vintage Radio Logs Log of episodes of Chick Carter, Boy Detective from Old Time Radio Researchers Group Episodes of Chick Carter, Boy Detective from the Internet Archive Episodes of Chick Carter, Boy Detective from the Old Time Radio Researchers Group Library