The Jacquard machine is a device fitted to a power loom that simplifies the process of manufacturing textiles with such complex patterns as brocade and matelassé. It was invented by Joseph Marie Jacquard in 1804, based on earlier inventions by the Frenchmen Basile Bouchon, Jean Baptiste Falcon, Jacques Vaucanson; the machine was controlled by a "chain of cards". Multiple rows of holes were punched on each card, with one complete card corresponding to one row of the design. Several such paper cards white in color, can be seen in the images below. Chains, like Bouchon's earlier use of paper tape, allowed sequences of any length to be constructed, not limited by the size of a card. Both the Jacquard process and the necessary loom attachment are named after their inventor; this mechanism is one of the most important weaving inventions as Jacquard shedding made possible the automatic production of unlimited varieties of pattern weaving. The term "Jacquard" is not specific or limited to any particular loom, but rather refers to the added control mechanism that automates the patterning.
The process can be used for patterned knitwear and machine-knitted textiles, such as jerseys. This use of replaceable punched cards to control a sequence of operations is considered an important step in the history of computing hardware. Traditionally, figured designs were made on a drawloom; the heddles with warp ends to be pulled up were manually selected by a second operator, the draw boy, not the weaver. The work was slow and labour-intensive, the complexity of the pattern was limited by practical factors. An improvement of the draw loom took place in 1725, when Basile Bouchon introduced the principle of applying a perforated band of paper. A continuous roll of paper was punched by hand, in sections, each of which represented one lash or tread, the length of the roll was determined by the number of shots in each repeat of pattern; the Jacquard machine evolved from this approach. Joseph Marie Jacquard saw that a mechanism could be developed for the production of sophisticated patterns, he combined mechanical elements of other inventors, but innovated.
His machine was similar to Vaucanson's arrangement, but he made use of Jean-Baptiste Falcon's individual paste board cards and his square prism: he is credited with having perforated each of its four sides, replacing Vaucanson's perforated "barrel". Jacquard's machine contained eight rows of needles and uprights, where Vaucanson had double row, a modification that enabled him to increase the figuring capacity of the machine. In his first machine, he supported the harness by knotted cords, which he elevated by a single trap board. One of the chief advantages claimed for the Jacquard machine was that unlike previous damask-weaving machines, in which the figuring shed was drawn once for every four shots, with the new apparatus, it could be drawn on every shot, thus producing a fabric with greater definition of outline. Jacquard's invention had a deep influence on Charles Babbage. In that respect, he is viewed by some authors as a precursor of modern computing science. On the diagram, the cards are fastened into a continuous chain.
At each quarter rotation a new card is presented to the Jacquard head. The box swings from presses against the control rods. Where there is a hole the rod passes through the card and is unmoved whereas if the hole is not punched the rod is pushed to the left; each rod acts upon a hook. When the rod is pushed in the hook moves out of position to the left, a rod, not pushed in leaves its hook in place. A beam rises under the hooks and those hooks in the rest location are raised; each hook can have multiple cords. The cords are attached to their heddle and a return weight; the heddles raise the warp to create the shed. A loom with a 400 hook head might have four threads connected to each hook, resulting in a fabric, 1600 warp ends wide with four repeats of the weave going across; the term "Jacquard loom" is somewhat inaccurate. It is the "Jacquard head" that adapts to a great many dobby looms that allow the weaving machine to create the intricate patterns seen in Jacquard weaving. Jacquard-driven looms, although common in the textile industry, are not as ubiquitous as dobby looms which are faster and much cheaper to operate.
However, dobby looms are not capable of producing so many different weaves from one warp. Modern jacquard machines are controlled by computers in place of the original punched cards, can have thousands of hooks; the threading of a Jacquard machine is so labor-intensive. Subsequent warps are tied into the existing warp with the help of a knotting robot which ties each new thread on individually. For a small loom with only a few thousand warp ends the process of re-threading can take days; the Jacquard machines were mechanical, the fabric design was stored in a series of punched cards which were joined to form a continuous chain. The Jacquards were small and only independently controlled a few warp ends; this required a number of repeats across the loom width. Larger capacity machines, or the use of multiple machines, allowed greater control, with fewer repeats, hence larger designs could be woven across the loom width. A factory must choose looms and shedding mechanisms to suit its commercial requirem
Just Maath Maathalli is a 2010 Indian Kannada romantic feel good film, written & directed by Sudeep starring himself and Rajesh. The film follows Siddharth's search for Tanu to confess his love for her. Sudeep first approached producer Shanker Gowda to produce an action film. But, during discussions of the script, the idea of Just Maath Maathalli came up and Shanker Gowda showed immense interest in producing it. Sudeep direct the film. Siddharth, a singer in a rock band, leaves for Singapore from Bangalore. On the flight he meets Adi, a scriptwriter, who takes a liking to Siddharth and asks him about his trip to Singapore. Siddharth tells him that he was going in search of Tanu whom he liked. Adi, a scriptwriter, is amused and asks Siddharth to narrate his story about why he was trying to find her now. Siddharth begins narrating his experience which forms the greater part of the first half of the movie. Tanu's Story- Siddharth, standing at the precipice of a suicide point is looking down the cliff when Tanu, a stranger to Siddharth, pulls him back assuming he was attempting suicide and reprimands his act without allowing him to explain his actions.
Siddharth sits by a lake. Again Tanu presumes he would jump into the water in his attempt to kill himself, she gives him another dress-down. Disgusted, he goes to a tea stall by the road and orders for coffee; as he is adding sugar-free cubes into his coffee, Tanu notices him from a distance and again assuming that he is adding poison to his coffee rushes to his side and knocks down the tumbler from his hand before he takes his first sip. Siddharth, by now evidently tired of her unsolicited good Samaritan ways, lashes back, he tells her that he was only trying to see the depth of the cliff at the suicide point, was trying to splash some water on his face at the lake and that he was adding sugar-free cubes into his glass, all of which she misunderstood as suicidal attempts by him. He walks away after assuring her. At a railway station, while waiting for his train Siddharth sees Tanu running into the station trying to catch a departing train, she anyway sits on a bench tired. She asks the station master directions to the toilet.
She decides to use the sky-walk to reach the other side of the platform. As she goes up the sky-walk, Siddharth, sitting on a bench beside hers, notices a beggar, sitting nearby, missing, he walks up witnesses the beggar trying to steal gold bangles from Tanu. He shouts at the beggar and Tanu finds this distraction enough to kick the beggar in his groin and runs towards Siddharth, they both sit on a bench exhausted. They introduce themselves and Siddharth suggests he keep the bangle for safekeeping, she agrees and he tucks the bangle into his backpack. Tanu sees the beggar walking back towards them with four more people; the couple hide in a dark cattle shed with few oxen. One of baddies gets kicked by an ox; the others think that Siddharth hit their run away scared. Next morning Tanu departs for her destination by the morning train. After she leaves, Siddharth realizes, he gets her address from a telephone booth from. He sets out to her hometown to return the bangle, he gives the bangle to her. She insists.
He agrees and she introduces him to her family members. Tanu falls in love with Siddaharth and he too starts liking her. On the day he is leaving, Tanu proposes her love to him. But, to her disbelief, he rejects her proposal, he leaves to Bangalore. On the flight - Adi wonders why he rejected her proposal. Siddharth narrates another incident which changed him to not get involved with girls. Flashback 3 years ago- Divya, a big fan of Siddharth proposes her love to him, he does not understand the seriousness of her craze for him and accepts her proposal just to hang around with her. Once at a mall along with Siddharth's band, he gets called on work, he informs Divya to go home. Divya insists on going with him reasoning that since she is his girlfriend she should know about his work. Siddharth realizes that she had taken the relationship seriously and admonishes her explaining that he did not want to get into a real relationship with her, he goes away. She commits suicide that night. Siddharth is depressed on realizing that he was the reason for her suicide decides never to get involved with girls.
Tanu's story- Siddharth narrates his Tanu experience to a friend who advises him get her as he loves her. He goes back to her house only to find, and on this plane to Singapore he meets Adi. On reaching Singapore, Adi invites him home. Siddharth sets out to find Tanu. Meanwhile, Adi invites Siddharth to his wedding. At the wedding Siddharth is shocked to see Tanu. Without another word, he leaves the wedding hall to the airport. On his way to the airport, he calls Adi to inform him, but he suggests he forget it. Adi agrees. Movie credits start rolling. Sudeep as Siddharth Ramya as Tanu Rajesh as Adi MG Srinivas Arun Sagar 58th Filmfare Awards South:- Filmfare Award for Best Actor - Kannada - Nominated - Sudeep Filmfare Award for Best Actress - Kannada - Nominated - Ramya Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer - Kannada -
Nemo & Friends SeaRider is a simulator ride at Tokyo DisneySea at Tokyo Disney Resort. It is based on its sequel Finding Dory. Nemo & Friends SeaRider utilizes the same ride system as StormRider; the attraction is located in the Marine Life Institute at the heart of Port Discovery. Scientists at the Institute have created a substance called “Chidiminium” which can conduct electricity and shrink materials; this new material is used to safely shrink a fish-shaped submarine with guests inside. The SeaRider boasts artificial fish intelligence which allows it to think like a real fish and operate without a pilot. Guests dive into the sea aboard this fish-submarine and meet marine life such as Nemo and Marlin, who take guests on a journey through the ocean and encountering numerous characters from the two Finding Nemo films. Similar to Star Tours: The Adventures Continue, there are multiple variations in the ride film with the attraction being divided into five story beats. Upon being shrunk, the guests arrive on the Great Barrier Reef.
They travel through the reef either in the midst of a game of hide and seek with Dory or swimming with Mr. Ray and his class; as this sequence ends, they are invited to ride on the East Australian Current with the Sea Turtles, with sequences either focusing on Crush or Squirt. Leaving the Current either drops the group off in the Jellyfish Forest where they bounce their way out or in the Kelp Forest where they play tag with the Sea Otters; this leads into a climactic sequence which can include being sucked into the pipes of the Marine Life Institute and evading kids at the touch tank and escaping with the help of Hank or encountering the giant squid at the sunken shipping cargo area which concludes with the group being rescued by Destiny and Bailey. The attraction wraps up with a "return to the reef" scene where the group is carried and dropped off by Becky and the Loons or following the stingray migration back; the gang says farewell and the SeaRider is brought back to its original size. Official website
Patrick Cassidy is an Irish orchestral and film score composer. Cassidy was born in County Mayo, Ireland, he received a master's degree in Applied Mathematics from the University of Limerick, supported his early compositional activities with a day job as a statistician. He is best known for his narrative cantatas – works he has written for orchestra and choir based on Irish mythology; the Children of Lir, released in September 1993, remained at number one in the Irish classical charts for a full year. It was the first cantata written in the Irish language since the work of Paul McSwiney in the late 1800s; the BBC produced an hour long documentary on the piece. Famine Remembrance, a commissioned piece to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Irish Famine, was premiered in New York's St. Patrick's Cathedral in 1996. In June 2007, the piece was performed at the opening of Toronto's Ireland Park with the President of Ireland as special guest. Other albums include Cruit and Deirdre of the Sorrows, another cantata in the Irish language, recorded with the London Symphony Orchestra and the Tallis Choir.
In 2004, Immortal Memory was released. Cassidy now lives in Los Angeles with his family, where in addition to his concert work he has scored and collaborated on films and documentaries, he is uncle to the singer Sibéal Ní Chasaide who sang his arrangement of Patrick Pearse's Mise Eire at the official government commemorations of the 1916 Rising. Notable credits include Hannibal Veronica Guerin Confessions of a Burning Man Salem's Lot King Arthur Layer Cake Che Guevara Ashes and Snow Kingdom of Heaven The Front Line Breaking the Ice Edgar Allen Poe's Ligeia Kill the Irishman In 2010, Cassidy's Funeral March was used in the trailer for The Tree of Life. In 2011, he recorded a new setting of the Latin mass with the London Symphony Orchestra and London Voices. 1993: The Children of Lir 1997: Famine Remembrance 1998: Deirdre of the Sorrows 2004: Immortal Memory – with Lisa Gerrard 2006: Ashes and Snow – with Lisa Gerrard 2014: Calvary 2016: 1916: The Irish Rebellion Air-Edel Associates
Fanatical is a United Kingdom-based online video game retailer. It has sold more than 62 million authorised game keys to over one million customers globally. Fanatical has a catalogue of over 5,950 games from more than 900 game developers; these include direct partnerships with Bethesda Softworks, SEGA, THQ Nordic, Deep Silver, Kalypso Media and Codemasters as well as smaller independent developers. Fanatical was launched in 2012 by UK publisher Focus Multimedia, under the name Bundle Stars; as Bundle Stars, it curated collections of games for the Steam platform at discounted prices. Bundle Stars relaunched as Fanatical on November 1, 2017, expanding both its product offering and its team; as a digital distribution service, Fanatical offers games and downloadable content for Windows PC, Mac and Linux platforms
Martin John Bamber is a former English cricketer. Bamber was a right-handed batsman, he was born in Surrey. Having played Second XI cricket for Middlesex and Surrey between 1976 and 1981, Bamber joined Northamptonshire, making his first-class debut for the county against Cambridge University in 1982, he made a further twelve first-class appearances for the county, the last of which came against Somerset in the 1984 County Championship. In his thirteen first-class matches, he scored a total of 638 runs at an average of 26.58, with a high score of 77. This score, one of three first-class fifties he made, came against Cambridge University in 1982, he made his List A debut in the 1983 John Player Special League against Surrey. He made nine further List A appearances, the last of which came in the 1984 John Player Special League against Somerset. In his ten List A matches, he scored 205 runs at an average of 29.28, with a high score of 71. This score, his only List A fifty, came against Surrey in 1983.
He left Northamptonshire at the end of the 1984 season. Martin Bamber at ESPNcricinfo Martin Bamber at CricketArchive