Jacques-Antoine Dassier

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Jacques-Antoine Dassier (1715–1759) was a Genevan[1] medallist. He was active in London, as James Anthony Dassier, from 1740 to the mid-1750s.

Life[edit]

He was born in Geneva on 15 November 1715, the son of Jean Dassier. He received lessons in drawing and engraving from his father.[2]

At 17 Dassier was sent to Paris for instruction from the silversmith Thomas Germain. In 1736 he went to Italy. He stayed at Rome for one year (1737), studied art, and made a medal of Pope Clement XII. At Turin he took the portrait of the king of Sardinia in wax, completing it as a medal on his return to Geneva, where he stayed for some time as an assistant to his father.[2]

In 1740 Dassier went to England, In 1741 he was appointed assistant engraver to the Royal Mint, with a salary and lodging: the duties were light. He visited Geneva in 1743 (again in 1745) and, on his way, in Paris, made a wax portrait of Montesquieu from the life, producing a medal from it in 1753.[2]

About 1756, George II permitted Dassier leave England for St. Petersburg, where he worked on the coinage of the Empress Elizabeth, and made medals of Count Schouwalov and of the Empress. During his three years' stay his health worsened, and he was returning to England, when he died at Copenhagen, in the house of Count Bernstorf, on 2 October 1759.[2]

Works[edit]

At the beginning of his time in England, Dassier printed proposals for making medals of 13 distinguished living Englishmen by subscription.[2] This series, with subjects largely from Whig political and Royal Society circles, was carried out 1740–1744.[3] The dies were engraved in London, then the medals were struck off at Geneva.[2]

The table below lists all Dassier's English medals; they have a bust for the obverse, and normally, for the reverse, an inscription in an ornamental border.[2] (The original 13 candidates had Richard Mead in place of the Duke of Marlborough, the other 12 being Argyll, Barker, Barnard, Carteret, Chesterfield, Folkes, Halley, de Moivre, Pope, Pulteney, Sloane, Walpole.[4])

Date Obverse Subject Reverse
1740 Martin Foulkes MET DP-1494-001.jpg Martin Folkes Martin Foulkes MET DP-1494-002.jpg
1741 Abraham de Moivre MET DP-1424-031.jpg Abraham de Moivre Abraham de Moivre MET DP-1424-032.jpg
1741 Alexander Pope MET DP-1424-033.jpg Alexander Pope Alexander Pope MET DP-1424-034.jpg
1742 Charles Spencer, Duke of Marlborough MET DP-1424-035.jpg Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough Charles Spencer, Duke of Marlborough MET DP-1424-036.jpg
1742 William Windham "Officii et augurii causa fecit J. Dassier"
1743 John Campbell, Duke of Argyle and Greenwich MET DP-1424-037.jpg John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll John Campbell, Duke of Argyle and Greenwich MET DP-1424-038.jpg
1743 Philip Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield MET DP-1424-039.jpg Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield Philip Stanhope, Earl of Chesterfield MET DP-1424-040.jpg
1743? Ralph Brideoake the younger Church of St. Mary, Southampton
1744 Robert Barker MET DP-1424-047.jpg Robert Barker Robert Barker MET DP-1424-048.jpg
1744 Sir John Barnard MET DP-1424-029.jpg Sir John Barnard Sir John Barnard MET DP-1424-030.jpg
1744 John, Lord Carteret MET DP-1424-043.jpg John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville John, Lord Carteret MET DP-1424-043.jpg
1744 Sir Andrew Fountaine MET DP-1424-053.jpg Sir Andrew Fountaine Sir Andrew Fountaine MET DP-1424-054.jpg
1744 Sir Edmund Halley MET DP-1424-051.jpg Edmund Halley Sir Edmund Halley MET DP-1424-052.jpg
1744 William Pulteney, Earl of Bath MET DP-1424-045.jpg William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath William Pulteney, Earl of Bath MET DP-1424-046.jpg
1744 Sir Hans Sloane MET DP-1424-049.jpg Sir Hans Sloane Sir Hans Sloane MET DP-1424-050.jpg
1744 Robert Walpole, Earl of Orford MET DP-1424-041.jpg Sir Robert Walpole Robert Walpole, Earl of Orford MET DP-1424-042.jpg
1750 Bust of George II "State of England" medal Britannia, Mercury, &c.
1750? Frederick, Prince of Wales Genii supporting coronet
1751 John Montagu, 2nd Duke of Montagu Good Samaritan

Dassier was less prolific than his father.[2] On the other hand, the initial portrait series has been considered "perhaps the most accomplished medals produced in England during the eighteenth century".[3] Dassier's signatures were I. (or J.) A. Dassier; I. Dassier (rare); Ja. Ant. Dassier; A. Dassier; A. Das.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Dassier became citizens of the Republic of Geneva (1541-1798 and 1813-1815) in 1638. See Dassier in the Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1888). "Dassier, James Anthony". Dictionary of National Biography. 14. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  3. ^ a b Baker, Malcolm. "Dassier, Jacques-Antoine". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7181. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ Vertue's Note Book B. 4 [British Museum Add. MS. 23,079], The Volume of the Walpole Society Vol. 22, Vertue Note Books: Volume III (1933–1934), pp. 87–142, at p. 101. Published by: The Walpole Society. JSTOR 41830357

External links[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainStephen, Leslie, ed. (1888). "Dassier, James Anthony". Dictionary of National Biography. 14. London: Smith, Elder & Co.