click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Jacques Kallis

Jacques Kallis is a South African cricket coach and former cricketer. As a right-handed batsman and right-arm fast-medium swing bowler, Kallis is regarded as one of the greatest all-rounders of all time, as South Africa's greatest batsman; as of 2020 he is the only cricketer in the history of the game to score more than 10,000 runs and take over 250 wickets in both ODI and Test match cricket. He took 292 wickets and 200 catches. Kallis played 166 Test had a batting average of over 55 runs per innings. From October to December 2007, he scored. With his century in the second innings of the third Test against India in January 2011, his 40th in all, he moved past Ricky Ponting to become the second-highest scorer of Test centuries, behind only Sachin Tendulkar's 51. Kallis was named Leading Cricketer in the World in the 2008 Wisden for his performances in 2007 in addition to being the "ICC Test Player of the Year" and ICC Player of the Year in 2005, he has been described by Kevin Pietersen and Daryll Cullinan as the greatest cricketer to play the game, along with Wally Hammond and Sir Garry Sobers is one of the few Test all-rounders whose Test batting average is over 50 and exceeds his Test bowling average by 20 or more.

Kallis became the fourth player and first South African to score 13,000 Test runs the opening day of the first Test against New Zealand on 2 January 2013. He was named one of the Wisden cricketers of the year in 2013, he retired from Test and first-class cricket after playing in the second test against India at Durban in December 2013. He retired from all forms of international cricket on 30 July 2014. Kallis featured for Wales, representing the nation against England in the 2002 Natwest Challenge, helping them to an 8 wicket victory with a return of 31–1 off 10 overs and a score of 3 in the run chase. In December 2019, it was announced that Jacques Kallis would rejoin the South African national cricket team, The Proteas, as the team's batting consultant for the duration of the summer. Kallis played cricket for Wynberg Boys' High School. In 2009 Wynberg honoured Kallis by naming their main cricket oval after him; as a teenager, Kallis had a brief spell with Netherfield CC in England where he established himself in Northern England – Kallis was only 19 when he spent a summer at Parkside Road back in 1995, returning 791 runs at an average of 98.87 from 14 matches before making his Test debut against England that year.

Kallis played for Old Edwardians for a spell as a teenager, where coaching staff saw potential for him to become a first-class all rounder. He made his first-class debut in 1993/94 as an 18-year-old, playing for Western Province B, his first Test appearance was on 14–18 December 1995 against England in Durban, but he struggled with the bat in his first few matches. Kallis did not have much opportunity to excel, his breakthrough came in 1997, with 61 against Pakistan, two matches he salvaged a draw for South Africa with a fighting century against Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Between 1998 and 2002, Jacques Kallis was one of the world's leading all-rounders, as seen in the ICC's cricket ratings. In 1998, he led South Africa to the ICC Champions Trophy title with two "Man of the Match" and the "Player of the Series" performances; the youngster was solid, without being spectacular, in the 1999 ICC Cricket World Cup, before a "Player of the Series" performance led South Africa to a stunning Test series victory against India in India in 2000.

By late 2001 he was the world's number one ranked Test all-rounder, having held the same ranking in ODIs for the best part of 3 years. During this time, "Kallis blossomed into arguably the world's leading batsman, with a defensive technique second to none, the adhesive qualities of a Cape Point limpet. A placid and undemonstrative man, he nailed down the crucial No. 3 position in the South African batting order after a number of players had been tried and discarded, his stock rose exponentially from that moment. Kallis is one of only four players in Test history to make a century in five consecutive matches, which he achieved in the 2003/04 season. For his performances in 2004, 2005 and 2008, he was named in the World Test XI by ICC, he was named in the World ODI XI by the ICC for the year 2004 and 12th man for XI in 2005. He was selected for the ODI XI in 2007 as well. In 2005, he set the record for the fastest half-century in Test cricket history, scoring 50 against Zimbabwe off only 24 balls.

In 2007, Kallis scored five centuries in four Tests, making him just the fourth man after Bradman, Ken Barrington and Matthew Hayden to score four centuries in four Tests on two different occasions. Kallis has a remarkable batting average in the mid-50s, was rated as one of the best batsmen in the world. Although a capable bowler with 292 Test wickets, he impressed with the bat between 2005 and 2007; as a result, he evolved into more of a batting all-rounder, a role in which he continued because of the emergence of Dale Steyn, Morné Morkel, Vernon Philander. Kallis is the only man to take over 200 wickets in Test cricket. Sir Garfield Sobers managed over 8,000 runs and 200 wickets by comparison, at similar averages. In 2005, Kallis was selected for the World XI team to play an Asian XI in a benefit match for those affe

Left for Live

Left for Live is a live album by John Entwistle, the bassist for The Who. In 1995, Entwistle put together a backing unit with producer Steve Luongo that he christened as simply'The John Entwistle Band'; the outfit featured guitarist Godfrey Townsend and keyboardist Gordon Cotten with harmony vocals performed by all the members. The group documented their 1998 tour, during which they performed a mix of new and classic songs from The Who; the song "Under a Raging Moon" is written by John Parr and Julia Downes and is included on Roger Daltrey's 1985 solo album of the same name, the track is a tribute to The Who's drummer Keith Moon who died in 1978. It was said that Entwistle wanted to play this song instead of Won't Get Fooled Again at Live Aid with The Who but Pete Townshend disagreed so Entwistle wanted to record his own version instead as a tribute to Moon; when Allmusic rated the album they said, "John Entwistle may be the most esteemed bass guitarist in rock & roll – and he's a proven songwriter, too.

But while Entwistle's thundering basslines and seminal synthesizer work helped make the Who the godfathers of arena rock, Left for Live is a sorry imitation. Most of the album is just generic bluster. All songs written by John Entwistle except those noted John Entwistle – lead vocals, backing vocals, 8-string bass guitar, bass guitar Godfrey Townsend – guitar, backing vocals Steve Luongo – drums, backing vocals Gordon Cotten – keyboards, backing vocals

2028 Summer Olympics

The 2028 Summer Olympics known as the Games of the XXXIV Olympiad, known as Los Angeles 2028/LA 2028, is a forthcoming international multi-sport event, scheduled to take place from July 21 to August 6, 2028, in Los Angeles, United States. It will be the first Summer Games to be held in the US since the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia; the process of bidding for the host city had been scheduled to begin in 2019, with the winning bid due to be announced in 2021. However, following the withdrawal of a number of cities from bidding for both the 2022 Winter Olympics and the 2024 Summer Olympics, the International Olympic Committee resolved in July 2017 to jointly award both the 2024 and 2028 Games, thus on July 31, 2017, an agreement was reached whereby Los Angeles would bid for the 2028 Games with $1.8 billion of additional funding from the IOC, which cleared the way for Paris to be confirmed as host of the 2024 Games. Both cities were formally announced as winners of their respective games at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru, on September 13, 2017.

The LA bid was praised by the IOC for using a record-breaking number of existing and temporary facilities and for relying on corporate funding. This will be the third time that Los Angeles has hosted the Summer Olympics, making it the first American city and the third worldwide, after London and Paris, to host the Games three times; these will be the fifth Summer Olympic Games to be hosted in the United States, the previous four being St. Louis 1904, Los Angeles 1932, Los Angeles 1984, Atlanta 1996; these will be the fourth Olympics to be held in the state of California, the ninth Olympics to be held in the US overall. On September 16, 2015, the International Olympic Committee announced the candidature process and the five candidate cities for the 2024 Games: Budapest, Los Angeles and Rome. Budapest and Rome withdrew, leaving only Los Angeles and Paris. A similar situation had occurred during the bidding for the 2022 Winter Olympics when Krakow, Lviv and Stockholm withdrew, resulting in a two-way decision between Beijing and Almaty, with Beijing declared the winner.

On April 3, 2017 at the IOC convention in Denmark, Olympic officials met with bid committees from both Los Angeles and Paris to discuss the possibility of naming two winners in the competition to host the 2024 Summer Games. After these withdrawals, the IOC Executive Board met in Lausanne, Switzerland to discuss the 2024 and 2028 bid processes on June 9, 2017; the IOC formally proposed electing the 2024 and 2028 host cities at the same time in 2017, a proposal, approved by an Extraordinary IOC Session on July 11, 2017 in Lausanne. The IOC set up a process where the Los Angeles and Paris 2024 bid committees, the IOC, held meetings in July 2017 to decide which city would host in each of the two years. Following the decision to award the 2024 and 2028 Games Paris was understood to be preferred for the 2024 Games. On July 31, 2017, the IOC announced Los Angeles as the sole candidate for 2028, allowing Paris to be confirmed as the host for 2024. On August 11, 2017, Los Angeles City Council voted unanimously to approve the bid.

On September 11, 2017, Los Angeles received formal approval from the IOC's evaluation commission. On September 13, 2017, Los Angeles was formally awarded the 2028 Games following a unanimous vote by the IOC. On October 16, 2017, Los Angeles 2028 received official support from the state of California. On August 29, 2018, Olympic officials arrived for a two-day visit that included meetings with local organizers and a tour of the city's newest venues. On October 9, 2018, a movement called NOlympics LA released poll results stating that 45% of respondents from Los Angeles County and 47% from across California oppose bringing the 2028 Summer Games to Los Angeles. However, a different poll suggests that more than 88% of Angelenos are in favor of the city's hosting the 2028 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Los Angeles was elected as host city for the 2028 Summer Olympics at the 131st IOC Session in Lima, Peru on September 13, 2017; the three American IOC members, Anita DeFrantz, Angela Ruggiero and Larry Probst, were not eligible to vote in this election under the rules of the Olympic Charter.

This was the third time that Los Angeles had been selected as an Olympics host city without facing a competitive bidding process, following similar outcomes in 1932 and 1984. Los Angeles submitted bids for the Summer Olympics but lost in 1924, 1928, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1976, 1980. More Los Angeles applied to be the U. S. candidate city for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but on that occasion Chicago was chosen as U. S. candidate by the United States Olympic Committee. While most host cities have seven years to prepare for the Olympic Games, Los Angeles will get an additional four, giving the city eleven years; the Los Angeles bid relied on a majority of existing venues. Banc of California Stadium, which opened in 2018 as the home of Major League Soccer's Los Angeles FC, will host football and several events in athletics. SoFi Stadium, home of the NFL's Los Angeles Rams and Los Angeles Chargers upon its completion in 2020, will host the main opening ceremony and archery. Around the time when Los Angeles won its bid, the Los Angeles Clippers proposed building a new arena in Inglewood.

However, th

Global surveillance whistleblowers

Global surveillance whistleblowers are whistleblowers who provided public knowledge of global surveillance. Perry Fellwock revealed the existence of ultra secretive National Security Agency and its global mass surveillance apparatus and activities, including domestic spying, in a 1971 Ramparts exposé; this was the first wide exposure of the NSA, which had for decades prevented public knowledge of its abilities and activities. The revelations led the U. S. Senate Church Committee to introduce successful legislation intended to stop the NSA spying on American citizens. In December 2005 Russ Tice helped spark a national controversy over claims that the NSA and the Defense Intelligence Agency were engaged in unlawful and unconstitutional wiretaps on American citizens, he acknowledged that he was one of the sources that were used in The New York Times reporting on the wiretap activity in December 2005. After speaking publicly about the need for legislation to protect whistleblowers, Tice received national attention as the first NSA-whistleblower in May 2005 before William Binney, Thomas Andrews Drake, Mark Klein, Thomas Tamm, Edward Snowden came forward.

Mark Klein is a former AT&T technician who leaked knowledge of his company's cooperation with the NSA in installing network hardware to covertly monitor and process American telecommunications en masse. The subsequent media coverage became a major story in May 2006. In recognition of his actions, the Electronic Frontier Foundation picked Klein as one of the winners of its 2008 Pioneer Awards. For over 22 years Mark Klein worked for AT&T. Starting with the company as a Communications Technician in New York, where he remained from November 1981 until March 1991, he continued in that capacity in California until 1998. From January 1998 to October 2003, Klein worked as a Computer Network Associate in San Francisco. From October 2003 to May 2004 he returned to the role of Communications Technician, after which he retired in May 2004. William Binney is a former placed intelligence official with the NSA turned whistleblower who resigned on October 31, 2001, after more than 30 years with the agency, he was a high-profile critic of his former employers during the George W. Bush administration, was the subject of FBI investigations, including a raid on his home in 2007.

He came forward with NSA colleagues J. Kirk Wiebe and Edward Loomis, in cooperation with House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence staffer Diane Roark. Thomas Tamm is a former attorney in the United States Department of Justice Office of Intelligence Policy and Review during the period in 2004 when senior Justice officials fought against the widening scope of warrantless NSA surveillance that consisted of eavesdropping on U. S. citizens. He was an anonymous whistleblower to The New York Times, making the initial disclosure regarding the issue. Thomas Andrews Drake is a former senior executive at the NSA, a decorated United States Air Force and United States Navy veteran, a whistleblower. In 2010 the government alleged that Drake "mishandled" documents, one of the few such Espionage Act cases in U. S. history. Drake's defenders claim that he was instead being persecuted for challenging the Trailblazer Project, he is the 2011 recipient of the Ridenhour Prize for Truth-Telling and co-recipient of the Sam Adams Associates for Integrity in Intelligence award.

On June 9, 2011, all 10 original charges against him were dropped. Drake rejected several deals because he refused to "plea bargain with the truth", he pleaded to one misdemeanor count for exceeding authorized use of a computer. Edward Snowden is an American computer specialist, a former Central Intelligence Agency employee, while working as a Booz Allen Hamilton contractor, disclosed top secret NSA documents to various media outlets, initiating the NSA leaks, which reveal operational details of a global surveillance apparatus run by the NSA and other members of the Five Eyes alliance, along with numerous commercial and international partners; the release of classified material was called the most significant leak in US history by Pentagon Papers leaker Daniel Ellsberg. A series of exposés beginning June 5, 2013 revealed Internet surveillance programs such as PRISM, XKeyscore, Tempora, as well as the interception of US and European telephone metadata, among other disclosures. William Hamilton Martin and Bernon F. Mitchell Joseph Nacchio James Bamford John Crane List of whistleblowers

United Nations Security Council Resolution 938

United Nations Security Council resolution 938, adopted on 28 July 1994, after recalling previous resolutions on Israel and Lebanon including 501, 508, 509 and 520 as well as studying the report by the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali on the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon approved in 426, the Council decided to extend the mandate of UNIFIL for a further six months until 31 January 1995. The Council reemphasised the mandate of the Force and requested the Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali to report back on the progress made with regard to the implementation of resolutions 425 and 426. Resolution 938 was adopted by 14 votes to none. List of United Nations Security Council Resolutions 901 to 1000 South Lebanon conflict Works related to United Nations Security Council Resolution 938 at Wikisource Text of the Resolution at undocs.org

Valtion Kivääritehdas

Valtion Kivääritehdas, State Rifle Factory in English, was a Finnish state-owned firearms manufacturer that existed independently in the Tourula district of Jyväskylä 1926-1946. The first serial product in the factory was the Lahti-Saloranta M/26 light machine gun. Other military firearms included the Lahti L-39 20 mm anti-tank rifle. During World War II, production was decentralized to Seppälänkangas depot and SOK-owned factories in Vaajakoski. After the war in 1946, VKT was consolidated into the government-owned Valtion metallitehtaat conglomerate that became Valmet in 1951 and the unit was named just Tourula factory; the factory still produced sport and hunting rifles, but the main focus shifted to building industrial machines and tractors. Valmet's Tourula factory was merged with SAKO to form Sako-Valmet Oy in 1986. Production in Tourula ended in the late 1990s