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Jacques Offenbach

Jacques Offenbach was a German-French composer and impresario of the romantic period. He is remembered for his nearly 100 operettas of the 1850s–1870s and his uncompleted opera The Tales of Hoffmann, he was a powerful influence on composers of the operetta genre Johann Strauss, Jr. and Arthur Sullivan. His best-known works were continually revived during the 20th century, many of his operettas continue to be staged in the 21st; the Tales of Hoffmann remains part of the standard opera repertory. Born in Cologne, the son of a synagogue cantor, Offenbach showed early musical talent. At the age of 14, he was accepted as a student at the Paris Conservatoire but found academic study unfulfilling and left after a year. From 1835 to 1855 he earned his living as a cellist, achieving international fame, as a conductor, his ambition, was to compose comic pieces for the musical theatre. Finding the management of Paris' Opéra-Comique company uninterested in staging his works, in 1855 he leased a small theatre in the Champs-Élysées.

There he presented a series of his own small-scale pieces. In 1858, Offenbach produced his first full-length operetta, Orphée aux enfers, exceptionally well received and has remained one of his most played works. During the 1860s, he produced at least 18 full-length operettas, as well as more one-act pieces, his works from this period included La belle Hélène, La Vie parisienne, La Grande-Duchesse de Gérolstein and La Périchole. The risqué humour and gentle satiric barbs in these pieces, together with Offenbach's facility for melody, made them internationally known, translated versions were successful in Vienna and elsewhere in Europe. Offenbach became associated with the Second French Empire of Napoleon III. Napoleon III granted him French citizenship and the Légion d'Honneur. With the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, Offenbach found himself out of favour in Paris because of his imperial connections and his German birth, he remained successful in London, however. He re-established himself in Paris during the 1870s, with revivals of some of his earlier favourites and a series of new works, undertook a popular U.

S. tour. In his last years he strove to finish The Tales of Hoffmann, but died before the premiere of the opera, which has entered the standard repertory in versions completed or edited by other musicians. Offenbach was born Jacob or Jakob Offenbach to a Jewish family, in the German city of Cologne, a part of Prussia, his birthplace in the Großer Griechenmarkt was a short distance from the square, now named after him, the Offenbachplatz. He was the second son and the seventh of ten children of Isaac Juda Offenbach né Eberst and his wife Marianne, née Rindskopf. Isaac, who came from a musical family, had abandoned his original trade as a bookbinder and earned an itinerant living as a cantor in synagogues and playing the violin in cafés, he was known as "der Offenbacher", after his native town, Offenbach am Main, in 1808 he adopted Offenbach as a surname. In 1816 he settled in Cologne, where he became established as a teacher, giving lessons in singing, violin and guitar, composing both religious and secular music.

When Jacob was six years old, his father taught him to play the violin. As he was by the permanent cantor of the local synagogue, Isaac could afford to pay for his son to take lessons from the well-known cellist Bernhard Breuer. Three years the biographer Gabriel Grovlez records, the boy was giving performances of his own compositions, "the technical difficulties of which terrified his master", Breuer. Together with his brother Julius and sister Isabella, Jacob played in a trio at local dance halls and cafés, performing popular dance music and operatic arrangements. In 1833, Isaac decided that the two most musically talented of his children and Jacob needed to leave the provincial musical scene of Cologne to study in Paris. With generous support from local music lovers and the municipal orchestra, with whom they gave a farewell concert on 9 October, the two young musicians, accompanied by their father, made the four-day journey to Paris in November 1833. Isaac had been given letters of introduction to the director of the Paris Conservatoire, Luigi Cherubini, but he needed all his eloquence to persuade Cherubini to give Jacob an audition.

The boy's age and nationality were both obstacles to admission. Cherubini had several years earlier refused the 12-year-old Franz Liszt admission on similar grounds, but he agreed to hear the young Offenbach play, he listened to his playing and stopped him, saying, "Enough, young man, you are now a pupil of this Conservatoire." Julius was admitted. Both brothers adopted French forms of Julius becoming Jules and Jacob becoming Jacques. Isaac failed to do so and returned to Cologne. Before leaving, he found a number of pupils for Jules. At the conservatoire, Jules was a diligent student. By contrast, Jacques was bo

The Fight (Star Trek: Voyager)

"The Fight" is the 113th episode of the science fiction television series Star Trek: Voyager, the 19th episode of the fifth season. "The Fight" is noted its use of one Voyager's common themes, the crewmembers hobbies. Guest stars include Ray Walston reprising the character Boothby and Ned Romero as Chakotay's Grandfather. However, the episode is dream sequence based so the characters are visions within Chakotay's mind or symbolic. Chakotay is in sickbay, struggling to communicate with aliens through a vision quest. Through flashbacks, we learn of the events leading up to this scene. Chakotay is in a holodeck boxing simulation. Shortly after, Voyager is pulled into chaotic space, an area where the laws of physics are in a constant state of flux. Seven of Nine warns that this type of space can destroy the ship due to changes in the gravitational coefficient. Chakotay begins to hallucinate, seeing his boxing gloves at various locations on the ship as well as hearing voices, he is taken to sickbay after attempting to fight Tuvok on the bridge.

The Doctor detects a genetic marker for a cognitive disorder in Chakotay, surmising that this is responsible for his hallucinations. Voyager finds another ship in the chaotic space, along with information that some of that crew was hallucinating, suggesting that Chakotay's hallucinations may be induced by chaotic space. Chakotay decides hoping to learn more about his hallucinations. There he sees his grandfather, who had the cognitive disorder, reactivated in Chakotay, he becomes confused when the vision quest becomes a boxing match that he can't leave. He is awakened by the Doctor, where he realizes that aliens were attempting to communicate with him through his vision quest, he struggles to communicate this to the captain and the Doctor, as he continues to slip in and out of reality, returning to the boxing match again and again, as his mind had latched onto the boxing holo-program he had participated in. Chakotay fears he is endangering his sanity and safety, but decides going back into the vision quest is the only way to make first contact.

He accepts a confrontation with his "boxing opponent." The alien sends information on how to escape, using the words of the crew. Chakotay, back on his feet, manually adjusts the ship, being unable to explain it to Kim or the others. After the ship is safe, Chakotay is given some time off, which he uses to further continue his boxing holo-program; the episode is noted for being "atmospheric" and its development of the Chakotay character. However, a Star Trek binge-watch guide by W. I. R. E. D. Put "The Fight" on its recommended skips, in 2011 it was rated among the worst episodes of Star Trek: Voyager. In 2017, it was ranked among the top 15 worst of all Star Trek television episodes, again in 2018 it was placed as the 18th worst Star Trek episode. Chakotay was ranked as the 12th worst Star Trek character in 2016, the 34th worst in 2018. In 2015, a Star Trek: Voyager binge-watching guide by W. I. R. E. D. Suggesting skipping this episode. Jammer's Reviews rated it 1.5 stars out of four stars. On IMDB listing of ratings of Star Trek:Voyager, "The Fight" was ranked last of all episodes of the series with a rating of 5.2 in 2019.

In July 2019, Screen Rant ranked "The Fight" as one of the top five worst of the series, noting "the character of Chakotay never had a place to be in the show...." Chakotay's hallucinations feature Ray Walston as Boothby, the Starfleet Academy head groundskeeper, as Chakotay's boxing trainer. Carlos Palomino is featured in this episode; the Fight on IMDb "The Fight" at TV.com The Fight at Memory Alpha The Fight at StarTrek.com

Mount St. Joseph Academy (West Hartford, Connecticut)

The Mount St. Joseph Academy is a historic former school building at 1 Hamilton Heights Drive in West Hartford, Connecticut, it is a four- and five-story brick and stone structure with Colonial Revival styling, designed by Hartford architect John J. Dwyer and built in 1905-08, it was operated by the Sisters of Mercy as a Roman Catholic school for girls, reaching a maximum enrollment of 565 in 1958. The school closed due to declining enrollment in 1978; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 22, 1983. In 1996 the building was renovated for use as an assisted living facility, which presently is operated as Atria Hamilton Heights The former Mount St. Joseph Academy stands on a landscaped hilltop at the southwest junction of Fern Street and Hamilton Avenue in eastern West Hartford, it is a large masonry structure with Georgian Revival styling. Its exterior is finished in red brick, with limestone and buff brick used in the trim, it is laid out in an E shape, with the main spine of the E oriented north-south, the legs of the E extending westward.

The front facade faces east, is divided into five sections, with a central projecting entry with gabled pediment and half-round columned portico, projecting end wings. The interior central lobby spaces have retained original features and finishes despite conversion of the premises from a school to assisted living; the academy building was built in 1905-08, is one of the major works of Hartford architect John J. Dwyer, it was built for the Sisters of a Roman Catholic order, as a boarding school for girls. The order was founded in 1831 in Dublin and had established itself in Hartford in 1852, it promptly opened a school for girls, which moved to larger quarters on Farmington Avenue in 1874 and was given the name Mount St. Joseph Seminary. Again needing a larger space in the early 20th century, the Sisters had this facility constructed. Designed with more expensive materials, both the size of the building and its material costs were reduced to fit the Sisters' $300,000 budget; the school operated until 1978.

National Register of Historic Places listings in West Hartford, Connecticut

ISSF shooting events

The International Shooting Sport Federation recognizes several shooting events, some of which have Olympic status. They are divided into four disciplines: rifle, pistol and running target; the main distinctions between different rifle events are the distances to the target and the shooting positions used. For the other disciplines, the position is always standing, changes include limits to shooting times and different types of targets. Due to the ISSF, some Olympic events have been discontinued in the past. In total, Forty-five ISSF events have been discontinued. All ISSF shooting events consist of precision shooting in the sense that only the position of the shot on the target determines the result, not the time used to produce that shot; this separates them from International Practical Shooting Confederation events and other kinds of action shooting. In rifle and running target events, the maximum score for each shot is 10. In shotgun events, there miss. In the 300 metre rifle events and the 50 metre rifle and pistol events, all participants of a main competition must compete at the same time.

If the range capacity is not enough for this, an elimination round is conducted the day before the main competition. From this round, only so many shooters advance; the program of the elimination round is the same as that of the qualification round. The match, or qualification round in case of Olympic events, is the major part of the competition. In all events except those where elimination rounds are held, shooters are divided as necessary into relays and shoot the match at different times during the competition day. In matches consisting of two stages, all shooters must complete the first stage before the second stage may commence; the stages are not completed on two consecutive days. In larger matches, but only in the Olympic events, a final is added to the qualification round; the top eight contestants, qualify for the final. The final consists of 24 shots in the 10 meter air rifle event, 45 shots across all three positions in the 50 meter rifle three positions event, 20 shots in the 25 metre events, one series in the shotgun events.

In rifle and pistol finals, the score zones are divided into decimals, so that each final shot may give up to 10.9 points. In shotgun finals, there is still only a hit or a miss, but a special type of clay target with coloured powder is used to make it easier for spectators to see the result. In all cases, the final score is added to the score of the qualification round, the winner is the shooter with the best aggregate score. Ties are resolved by shooting as many additional shots. In all rifle and running target events results are recorded in ten-shot series, despite the fact that none of them are shot this way. However, the recorded ten-shot series are used for tie-breaking, so that the participant with the better last series comes before the other. From 2009 however, the number of inner tens, where applicable, will be the first tie-breaking criterion. In events without finals this tie-breaking system can decide championships, while in Olympic events it only decides the qualification and starting order for the finals.

In 25 metre center-fire pistol and 25 metre standard pistol, ties for medal places are resolved by a one-string shoot-off. Shotgun events are recorded in series of 40 targets or 50 targets; the first ISSF World Shooting Championships were held in 1897, while the Olympic shooting program changed until the 1930s, the World Championship program was quite stable. The early events were 300 metre rifle, 50 metre pistol, 300 metre army rifle. In 1929, the program was extended with 50 metre rifle and trap. Rapid fire pistol, although a popular Olympic event, was not added until 1933. After World War II, a number of new events were introduced. After the inclusion of the airgun events and 25 metre standard pistol in 1970, there have not been many additions, double trap being an exception. Events can have a status as test events, with rules provided by the ISSF but not counted among the ISSF shooting events. 5-shot air pistol is such an event. The development of this 10 metre version of rapid fire pistol is more or less stalled however, as few shooters have the special airguns needed, several of the countries where the shooting form has some popularity use other rulesets instead of the one suggested by the ISSF.

There are official ISSF rules for automatic trap, although there are no ISSF championships in that event. Several companies design and manufacture firearms for use in ISSF shooting events; some companies specialize in air guns, while others specialize in pistols whether air powered or small caliber. For shotgun events, guns from traditional shotgun manufact

Old Cathedral, Brescia

The Duomo Vecchio or Old Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church in Brescia, Italy. It is known as the Winter Co-Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, while the adjacent main cathedral is known as the Summer Cathedral, it is one of the most important examples of Romanesque round church in Italy. While some claims for an earlier construction exist, the earliest documents state the cathedral was built in the 11th century on the site of a prior church with a basilica layout, it has a circular shape. In the 19th century, many additions to the original medieval building were removed; the entrance portal is one addition remaining. It contains the medieval Crypt of San Filastrio, in honor of the beatified Brescian bishop. Near the entrance, rests the sarcophagus of Bishop Berardo Maggi made of red marble; the Duomo Vecchio contains l'Assunta and St. Luke, St. Mark and the sleeping Elijah by Moretto da Brescia, it contains a Gathering Manna by Gerolamo Romanino and a Translation of the Bodies of Saints by Francesco Maffei.

Media related to Duomo vecchio at Wikimedia Commons

2018–19 Nashville Predators season

The 2018–19 Nashville Predators season was the 21st season for the National Hockey League franchise, established on June 25, 1997. They entered the season as the defending Presidents' Trophy winners, won by the Tampa Bay Lightning on March 18, 2019; the Predators clinched a playoff spot on March 25, after a 1–0 win over the Minnesota Wild. They were defeated by the Dallas Stars in six games in the first round; the preseason schedule was published on June 12, 2018. The regular season schedule was released on June 21, 2018; the Predators faced the Dallas Stars in the First Round of the playoffs, were defeated in six games. As of April 22, 2019 †Denotes player spent time with another team before joining the Predators. Stats reflect time with the Predators only. ‡Denotes player was traded mid-season. Stats reflect time with the Predators only. Bold/italics denotes franchise record; the Predators have been involved in the following transactions during the 2018–19 season. Below are the Nashville Predators' selections at the 2018 NHL Entry Draft, held on June 22 and 23, 2018, at the American Airlines Center in Dallas, Texas.

Notes: The Columbus Blue Jackets' fourth-round pick went to the Nashville Predators as the result of a trade on February 25, 2018, that sent Mark Letestu to Columbus in exchange for this pick. The Chicago Blackhawks' fifth-round pick went to the Nashville Predators as the result of a trade on February 26, 2018, that sent Victor Ejdsell and a first and fourth-round pick both in 2018 to Chicago in exchange for Ryan Hartman and this pick