Jagatjit Singh

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Sir Jagatjit Singh
Maharaja of Kapurthala
Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE.jpg
Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala.
Maharaja of Kapurthala
Reign3 September 1877 – 15 August 1947
Coronation24 November 1890
PredecessorKharak Singh (as Raja)
SuccessorMonarchy abolished
Born(1872-11-24)24 November 1872
Royal Palace, Kapurthala, Kapurthala State, Punjab, India
Died19 June 1949(1949-06-19) (aged 76)
Taj Hotel, Mumbai, India[1]
Spousesix wives
Issuefive sons and one daughter
Full name
Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur
DynastyAhluwalia dynasty
FatherKharak Singh Sahib Bahadur
MotherAnand Kaur Sahiba
ReligionSikh

Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur GCSI GCIE GBE (24 November 1872 – 19 June 1949) was the ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Kapurthala in the British Empire of India from 1877 until his death in 1949. He ascended the throne of Kapurthala state on 16 October 1877, he assumed full ruling powers on 24 November 1890 and then commenced a career as a world traveller and Francophile. He received the title of Maharaja in 1911, he built palaces and gardens in the city of Kapurthala; his main palace Jagatjit Palace there was modelled on the Palace of Versailles.

He also built in the Kapurthala city's mosque and a handsome gurudwara at Sultanpur Lodhi, sacred to Guru Nanak.

He served as the Indian Representative to the League of Nations General Assembly in Geneva in 1925, 1927 and 1929,[2] attended the Round Table Conference in 1931 and was Lt Governor of the PEPSU at the time of his death in 1949, aged 76, he was cousin of Sardar Bhagat Singh, one of the few Indian Justices of High Court during the British Raj. His grandson Arun Singh was a Minister in the Rajiv Gandhi government.

Titles[edit]

His full name was:

Major-General His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE.

During his life he acquired many other titles:

  • 1872–1877: Tikka Raja Sri Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur
  • 1877–1897: His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Raja Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Raja of Kapurthala
  • 1897–1911: His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Raja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Raja of Kapurthala, KCSI
  • 1911–1918: His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI
  • 1918–1921: Lieutenant-Colonel His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI
  • 1921–1926: Lieutenant-Colonel His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE
  • 1926–1927: Colonel His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE
  • 1927–1943: Colonel His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE
  • 1943–1948: Brigadier His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE
  • 1948–1949: Major-General His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE

Honours[edit]

Ribbon bar, as it would look today.

ImperialOrderCrownIndiaRibbon.gif Order of the Indian Empire Ribbon.svg Order of the British Empire (Civil) Ribbon.png Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal (military) ribbon.PNG Med.DelhiDurbar1903.png

King George V Coronation Medal ribbon.png GeorgeVSilverJubileum-ribbon.png GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png Indian Independence medal 1947.svg EST Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - 5th Class BAR.png

EGY Order of the Nile - Grand Cordon BAR.png Ordre de l'Ouissam Alaouite GC ribbon (Maroc).svg Cavaliere di gran Croce Regno SSML BAR.svg CHL Order of Merit of Chile - Grand Cross BAR.png PER Order of the Sun of Peru - Grand Cross BAR.png

Orden de Honor y Mérito de la Cruz Roja Cubana - Cinta.png ETH Order of Menelik II - Grand Cross BAR.png Ord.St.Sava-ribbon.jpg ESP Charles III Order GC.svg Ordre du Nichan Iftikhar GC ribbon (Tunisia).svg

KHM Ordre Royal du Cambodge - Grand Croix BAR.png Order of the Crown (Iran) - ribbon bar.gif CZE Rad Bileho Lva 3 tridy BAR.svg ROU Order of the Star of Romania 1999 GCross BAR.svg SMR Order of Saint Agatha - Grand Cross new BAR.svg

Order of Pope Sylvester BAR.svg Legion Honneur GC ribbon.svg Order of the Osmanie lenta.png

This is list of the orders and medals awarded to Jagatjit Singh, in the same order as appears on the ribbon bar:[3]

British Decorations[edit]

Medals[edit]

Foreign Decorations[edit]

Marriages[edit]

  • Singh married firstly at Paprola, on 16 April 1886, Maharani Harbans Kaur Sahiba, daughter of Mian Ranjit Singh Guleria of Paprola (died 17 October 1941 in Mussoorie from heart failure). They had one son.
  • Married secondly at Katoch, 1891, Rani Parvati Kaur Sahiba, daughter of a Sardar of Katoch (died 20 February 1944 in Kapurthala). They had one son.
  • Married thirdly at Bashahr, 1892, Rani Lakshmi Kaur Sahiba, a Princess of a Rajput family from Bashahr (died September 1959 in Kapurthala). They had one son.
  • Married fourthly at Jubbal, 1895, Rani Kanari Sahiba, daughter of the Dewan of Jubbal (died circa 1910). They had one son and one daughter.
  • Married fifthly at Paris, 28 January 1908 (later divorced), Rani Prem Kaur Sahiba [née Anita Delgado], (born 1890 in Málaga, Spain, died 7 July 1962 in Madrid, Spain from heart failure). They had one son.
  • Married sixthly at Kapurthala, 1942, Rani Tara Devi Sahiba [née Eugenia Marie Grossupova]; she was an actress, and the daughter of a Czech count and Nina Marie Grossupova. She committed suicide by jumping off the Qutub Minar in Delhi on 9 December 1946 in Delhi, they had no issue.

In media[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Royal Ark
  2. ^ The League of Nations Photo Collections
  3. ^ Biography
  4. ^ "No. 33333". The London Gazette. 29 November 1927. p. 7662.

External links[edit]

Jagatjit Singh
Born: 24 November 1872 Died: 19 June 1949
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Kharak Singh
Raja of Kapurthala
1877–1911
Himself as
Maharaja
New title Maharaja of Kapurthala
1911–1947
Succeeded by
Monarchy abolished