Jailhouse Rock is a 1957 American musical drama film directed by Richard Thorpe and starring Elvis Presley, Judy Tyler, Mickey Shaughnessy. Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and dramatized by Guy Trosper from a story written by Nedrick Young, the film is about a young man sentenced to prison for manslaughter, mentored in music by his prison cellmate who realizes his musical abilities. After his release from jail, while looking for a job as a club singer, the young man meets a musical promoter who helps him launch his career; as he develops his musical abilities and becomes a star, his self-centered personality begins to affect his relationships. The wife of producer Pandro S. Berman convinced him to create a film with Presley in the role. Berman delegated the casting to Benny Thau, head of the studio and Abraham Lastfogel, the president of William Morris Agency. Berman hired Richard Thorpe, known for shooting productions quickly; the production of Jailhouse Rock began on May 13, 1957, concluded on June 17 of that year.
The dance sequence to the film's title song "Jailhouse Rock" is cited as "Presley's greatest moment on screen". Before pre-production began, songwriters Mike Stoller and Jerry Leiber were commissioned to integrate the film's soundtrack. In April and Stoller were called for a meeting in New York City to show the progress of the repertoire; the writers, who had not produced any material, toured the city and were confronted in a hotel room by Jean Aberbach, who locked them into their hotel room by blocking the hotel room door with a sofa until they wrote the material. Presley recorded the soundtrack at Radio Recorders in Hollywood on April 30 and May 3, with an additional session at the MGM Soundstage on May 9. During post-production, the songs were dubbed into the films scenes, in which Presley mimed the lyrics. Jailhouse Rock premiered on October 17, 1957 in Memphis and was released nationwide on November 8, 1957, it peaked at number 3 on the Variety box office chart, reached number 14 in the year's box office totals, grossing $4 million.
Jailhouse Rock earned mixed reviews, with most of the negative reception directed towards Presley's persona. In 2004, the film was selected for preservation in the National Film Registry and was deemed "culturally, aesthetically or significant." On its January 28, 2019 edition, the Ultimate Classic Rock website named it the best rock movie of 1957. Construction worker Vince Everett accidentally kills a drunken and belligerent man in a barroom brawl, he is sentenced to two years in the state penitentiary for manslaughter. His cellmate, washed-up country singer Hunk Houghton, jailed for bank robbery, starts teaching Vince to play the guitar after hearing Vince sing and strum Hunk's guitar. Hunk convinces Vince to participate in an upcoming inmate show, broadcast on nationwide television. Vince receives numerous fan letters as a result. Hunk convinces Vince to sign a "contract" to become equal partners in his act. Meanwhile, during an inmate riot in the mess hall, a guard shoves Vince, who retaliates by striking the guard.
As a result, the warden orders Vince to be lashed with a whip. Afterwards, it was discovered that Hunk attempted to bribe the guards to drop the punishment, but to no avail. Upon Vince's release 20 months the warden gives Vince his fan mail. Hunk promises Vince a singing job at a nightclub owned by a friend, where Vince meets Peggy Van Alden, a promoter for pop singer Mickey Alba. Vince is surprised when the club owner denies him a job as a singer but offers him a job as a bar boy. Undeterred, Vince takes the stage when the house band takes a break and starts singing "Young and Beautiful." But one of the customers laughs obnoxiously throughout the performance, enraging Vince, who smashes his guitar on the customer's table and leaves the club. Peggy persuades him to record a demo so that he can listen to himself sing. Vince records "Don't Leave Me Now," which Peggy takes to Geneva Records; the manager seems unimpressed. The next day, Peggy informs Vince, she takes him to a party at her parents' home, but Vince leaves after he offends a guest he mistakenly believes is belittling him.
Angry and offended, Peggy confronts Vince. Peggy resentfully calls the gesture "cheap tactics," to which Vince replies, "Them ain't tactics, honey. Vince and Peggy visit a local record store to check out Vince's new single, but they are shocked to discover that the Geneva Records manager gave the song to Mickey Alba, who recorded and released the song himself, thereby stealing Vince's song. Outraged, Vince storms into the label's office and confronts the manager, violently slapping him around. To avoid making the same mistake twice, Vince suggests that he and Peggy should form their own label, they do, naming the new label Laurel Records and hiring an attorney, Mr. Shores, to oversee their business. Vince records "Treat Me Nice" and begins pitching it, but it is universally rejected. Peggy convinces disc jockey Teddy Talbot, to air the song, he does, it becomes an immediate hit. That evening, Vince asks Peggy out to celebrate the success of his new single, but is disappointed when he learns that she has accepted a dinner date for that evening with Teddy.
Meanwhile, Vince makes arrangements for another television show. During a party, Hunk visits him after being paroled and persuades Vince to give him a spot on the upcoming show. Prior to taping, V
Walkinshaw Andretti United is an Australian motor racing team based in the Melbourne suburb of Clayton. The team fields two Holden ZB Commodores in the Supercars Championship for Bryce Fullwood and Chaz Mostert, along with a Porsche 911 GT3-R in the Australian GT Championship. Formed in 1990 as the Holden Racing Team, it is one of the most successful Supercars Championship teams in the history of the category, having won the drivers' championship six times, the series' signature race, the Bathurst 1000, seven times. In 2017, the Holden Racing Team name was transferred by Holden to Triple Eight Race Engineering and the team was renamed Mobil 1 HSV Racing. For the 2018 season, the team was rebranded Walkinshaw Andretti United, as Andretti Autosport and United Autosports become shareholders; as part of the joint venture established in 1987 between Tom Walkinshaw and Holden to form Holden Special Vehicles, Tom Walkinshaw Racing was to run Holden's motor sport programme. TWR were responsible for designing the Holden VL Commodore SS Group A SV, homologated for racing in August 1988 after Holden Special Vehicles completed the required 500.
For 1988 it was decided to contract out the racing programme to Perkins Engineering although a car built by TWR in England was raced by Tom Walkinshaw at the RAC Tourist Trophy and Bathurst 1000. For 1989 it was planned for TWR to run the full season with two cars. Win Percy and Neil Crompton were announced as the team's drivers and a second VL Commodore built in England was tested in Holden Racing Team livery at Calder but with the likelihood of being mauled by the Ford Sierra RS500s, the Australian Touring Car Championship programme was cancelled. For the Sandown 500, Bathurst 1000 and Grand Prix support races, the programme was once again contracted to Perkins Engineering. In 1990 the operation was brought in house with longtime TWR driver Win Percy moving to Melbourne to fill the role of both driver and team manager. Percy drove at all Australian Touring Car Championship rounds except for Mallala where Neil Crompton drove after Percy returned to England for a family bereavement. Percy's highest qualifying position was sixth at Winton and highest race result a third place at Lakeside, he finished eighth overall in the championship.
At the Sandown 500, Percy and Crompton qualified the car fourth, however did not finish the race. For the Bathurst 1000 the team entered two cars with Percy, against the wishes of Holden and Tom Walkinshaw, recruiting Allan Grice to co-drive the lead car. Crompton was joined by Brad Jones. With Percy suffering a shoulder injury, his decision to hire Grice was vindicated with the latter handling the bulk of the driving on the way to an unexpected victory, the second car finished fifth. For 1991 the VN Commodore was homologated with Win Percy driving in all ATCC rounds except Lakeside where Allan Grice substituted while Percy competed in an event in Europe. Percy again finished eighth in the championship. At the Bathurst 1000, Percy and Grice teamed together to finish second, with the second car of Neil Crompton and Brad Jones not finishing after running out of fuel. With Win Percy having decided to return to England, Tomas Mezera was hired. Due to a budget shortfall and the need to develop the VP Commodore for the new V8 formula, HRT only competed at the Sandown and Eastern Creek rounds.
Two 1993 spec VP Commodores were raced at the Sandown 500 with Mezera and Brad Jones finishing third while Percy and Grice finished fifth at the Bathurst 1000. Mezera and Jones drove two cars at the Grand Prix support races. With budget problems compounded by Castrol deciding to transfer its funding to Perkins Engineering, at the beginning of 1993 there was some doubt as to whether the team would compete in the 1993 Australian Touring Car Championship. Former 1987 World 500cc champion Wayne Gardner with only one touring car start was signed as the team's driver with Tomas Mezera's participation being dependent on additional sponsorship being secured, however he would compete in all nine rounds. At the Sandown 500 Mezera was joined by Michael Preston, with Brad Jones and Allan Grice in the second car. For the Bathurst 1000 Mezera was joined by Win Percy with Gardner and Jones driving the second car to a third-place finish. Gardner won a race at the Australian Grand Prix; the team's season was dominated by off-track politics.
Before the end of the championship chief engineer Wally Storey and team manager Neal Lowe had left the team with Mezera appointed as acting team manager. Before the Sandown 500, Gardner was suspended for two weeks from the team. HRT alleged Gardner was trying to poach the team's sponsors for his own operation, Gardner claimed that he was acting on a request by the team to help secure extra funding. Gardner secured funding from Coca-Cola for 1994, but his proposal for taking part ownership was rejected by Tom Walkinshaw and he elected to form Wayne Gardner Racing. At Bathurst, Jeff Grech commenced what would be a successful stint as team manager. In 1994 Peter Brock was signed to drive for the team. In spite of some resistance by some within Holden after the manufacturer's split with Brock's Holden Dealer Team in 1987, the substantial Mobil and NGK sponsorship he brought to the team made the deal irresistible. Both of these sponsors remain with the team in 2015; the team was competitive throughout the ATCC, with Brock taking the round win at Eastern Creek and second places at Sandown, Symmons Plains, Philip Island and Oran Park on the way to a third-place finish, Mezera finished ninth.
Brock's win at Eastern Creek was the HRT's first ATCC round win. For the endurance events, Brad Jones and Rickard Rydell were earmarked to drive the second car. However, with Rydell's wife due t
Harry Coulby was a British American businessman known as the "Czar of the Great Lakes" for his expertise in managing the Great Lakes shipping fleet of Pickands Mather & Company. And the Pittsburgh Steamship Company. After retiring, he served as the first mayor of the newly incorporated town of Ohio, his former home, now serves as the city hall of Wickliffe. He chose the design for Great Lakes ore carriers in 1905 that became the standard for the next 65 years, was elected to the National Maritime Hall of Fame in 1984. Coulby was January 1, 1865, in Claypole, United Kingdom, to Thomas and Jane Coulby, he was the fourth of seven children, the fourth of four sons. His father was a farmer, Coulby worked on the farm, he was educated in the local private school, was a voracious reader. During his youth, he became fascinated by them. Coulby left school at the age of 11, in the summer of 1879 at the age of 14 left home to take up residence in the town of Newark-on-Trent, he won a position with the London and Scottish Railway learning telegraphy.
He was an expert at Morse code within three months. The company formally hired him at 12 shillings a week, sent him to work at a telegraph station in the village of Ilkeston in Derbyshire. A year he was transferred to the telegraphy station at Marple, Greater Manchester, received a raise of four shillings. In 1883, Coulby won an $800-a-year position with the British Cable Company. After a 26-day voyage about the steamship SS Leonora, Coulby arrived in Santiago de Cuba in Cuba. Two months after arriving in Cuba, Coulby contracted malaria; because Coulby's salary was being used to defray the cost of his travel, he had to borrow $30 to pay for his treatment. The company did not respond. Coulby found himself clashing with a senior telegrapher. In March 1884, Coulby stowed away on the steamer SS Cienfuegos, bound for New York City. Still suffering from the after-effects of malaria, he was nursed to health for free by the Sisters of Charity of New York. After two weeks in the hospital, Coulby was well enough to be discharged.
Determined to reach the Great Lakes but without any money, Coulby walked more than 600 miles from New York City to Albany, New York, west along the Erie Canal to Buffalo, New York. He followed lakeshore railroad tracks to Cleveland, Ohio. During his two-week journey, he did odd jobs for pay for food and pocket money. Coulby applied for a job as a deckhand aboard the Onoko, the first iron hulled lake freighter and one of the biggest ships on the Great Lakes. Lacking experience, he was rejected. Coulby instead received work pushing wheelbarrows for a construction company, he enrolled in night school, where he learned to take shorthand. In the fall, he won a job as a $40-a-month stenographer's job with the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway. Amasa Stone, founder of the railroad, had two daughters, John Hay, President Abraham Lincoln's former private secretary, had married one of them. Hay and John George Nicolay, another of Lincoln's private secretaries, had been working on a biography of Lincoln since 1874, but by 1884 Hay needed in help in making further progress.
Sources differ as to whether Coulby met Hay by chance in the railroad office or whether Coulby answered a newspaper advertisement placed by Hay. But by the end of 1884, Coulby was working for Hay, transcribing notes, taking dictation, checking facts against the extensive documents and correspondence Hay had amassed; the work left him with a lifelong admiration for Lincoln. With work on the biography finished by 1886, Hay decided to move to Washington, D. C. Coulby did not want to leave Cleveland. Hay found him an $1,800-a-year government job as a stenographer, a position would have left Coulby financially secure for the rest of his life, but Coulby was ambitious and the job held no prospect for advancement, so he turned the offer down. Amasa Stone's other daughter, had married Samuel Mather, heir to the Cleveland Iron Mining Company fortune and founder of the expanding mining concern Pickands Mather & Co. Hay recommended Coulby to Mather, who hired Coulby as a secretary for $50 a month on April 10, 1886.
Pickands Mather was shipping iron ore from mines in Minnesota to steel mills all over the Great Lakes. Coulby's fascination with lakes led him to learn all he could about Great Lakes shipping: the type of boats, port facilities, routes and more; as as he could, he traveled on ships to learn their idiosyncrasies and labor issues. Coulby was quick to identify ways in which to cut costs, ways to expand the company's business at minimal expense, he returned again and again to the Marine Department. He was made a partner in the firm in 1900. Coulby helped plan and participated in the greatest expansion of a Great Lakes shipping fleet seen at that time. In 1889, Pickands Mather partner and iron mine owner Jay C. Morse, others organized the Minnesota Steamship Company to meet their joint shipping needs. Within three years, the firm had a fleet of five barges. In 1892, Pickands Mather purchased the Huron Barge Company, the following year established a steamship coal fueling business; the firm organized the Interlake Company in 1894, in 1895 purchased the American Steel Barge Company, which had constructed the largest whaleback shipping fleet on the Great Lakes.
In 1897, John D. Rockefeller approached Pickands Mather with a request: Build him a fleet of 12 steamships to carry iron for