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(clockwise from top) Tomb of Mohammad Momin and Haji Jamal; NIT Jalandhar
|Named for||In Water|
|• Commissioner||Vajinder Garg |
|• Mayor||Sh. Jagdish Raja|
|Elevation||228 m (748 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91-181-XXX XXXX|
|Vehicle registration||PB08 and PB90|
Jalandhar is a city in the Indian state of Punjab. Jalandhar lies alongside the Grand Trunk Road and is a well-connected rail and road junction. Jalandhar is 144 km northwest of Chandigarh, the state capital of Punjab and Haryana, it was spelled 'Jullundur' during the British period.
- 1 History
- 2 Climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Transport
- 6 Commerce
- 7 Leisure
- 8 Media
- 9 Healthcare
- 10 Sports
- 11 Education
- 12 Jalandhar Cantonment
- 13 Notable people
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The history of Jalandhar District comprises three periods — ancient, medieval and modern.
The city may be named after Jalandhara, a demon king, who is named in the Puranas and Mahabharata. Other possibilities include that it was the capital of the kingdom of Lava, son of Rama or that the name derives from the vernacular term Jalandhar, meaning area inside the water, i.e., tract lying between the two rivers Satluj and Beas. The whole of Punjab and the area of present Jalandhar District was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro are the other sites where remains of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found extensively; the archaeological exploration made during the recent years have pushed the antiquity of the Jalandhar District of the Harappa period. On the basis of surface exploration, the following new sites have been bought on the Archaeological map of India and the traces of the self-same people as at Harappa and Mohenjodaro have also been detected in Jalandhar District at many places.
The medieval history of Jalandhar started with the advent of Ala-ud-din Khilji. However, the war over Jalandhar did not stop and after the advent of Babur, he took over the reigns of Jalandhar and offered it to Daulat Khan Lodhi, thus began the Mughal rule over the region which was however interrupted by the able ruler, Sher Shah Suri. Sher Shah Suri's rule was very short lived and Jalandhar was finally restored in the strong hands of Akbar and his successors. After the death of Aurangazeb, the Mughal domination had come to an end and the tussle over the conquest of Jalandhar had again began with several foreign invaders trying to capture the city. During 1759, Jalandhar was ruled by 12 confederacies of Sikh religion.
The later years of medieval history of Jalandhar witnessed a fierce struggle between the Sikh battalion and foreign invaders; the medieval age had ultimately come to an end with the death of Ranjit Singh and the final outcome of Anglo-Sikh War. 
The modern era of Jalandhar began from AD 1846 when John Lawrance was appointed commission of the Jalandhar Doaba on its annexation. At that time, the city used to be surrounded by several suburbs known as Bastis, the most prominent of which were Basti Danishmandan and Basti Sheikh Darwesh; the town had two flour mills, one of which was attached to an Iron and Brass foundry. Silk was manufactured at that time and quality carpenter goods were also produced.
Jalandhar played a prominent role during the Revolt of 1857. Gandhiji visited Jalandhar on 8 March 1921. About the middle of April 1921, a Charkha (spinning wheel ) Club was formed At Jalandhar with about 25 girls and women as members. Lala Lajpat Rai visited Jalandhar on17 August 1921 and also on 17 November in the same year. Under the auspices of the Khilafat Committee, Jalandhar, a meeting was held at Jalandhar on 18 September 1921 in which people were exhorted to carry on the Non-co-operation Movement vigorously. In 1929 Bhagat Singh of village Khatkar Kalan (Jalandhar) and his associate, Batukeshwar Datt, each threw a bomb in the Assembly Hall in Delhi on April 1929, for which they were arrested and brought to the Central Jail, Lahore; this and many other factors led to the starting of Civil Disobedience Movement with the declaration of complete independence as its goal by the Indian National Congress during the Lahore Session in December 1929. Under the Gandhiji Irwin Pact dated 5 March 1931, Gandhiji alongwith all the political prisoners was released and the Civil Disobedience Movement was called off. Bhagat Singh and his two comrades, Raj Guru and Sukhdev were convicted in the Lahore conspiracy case and were hanged on 23 March 1931, their bodies were secretly cremated by the police near Husainiwal (near Firozpur), on the right bank of the Satluj. In 1947, along with rest of India Jalandhar achieved Independence, however many communal clashes were witnessed because of the partition of India.
The city has a humid subtropical climate with cool winters and long, hot summers. Summers last from April to June and winters from November to February. Temperatures in the summer vary from average highs of around 48 °C (118 °F) to average lows of around 25 °C (77 °F). Winter temperatures have highs of 19 °C (66 °F) to lows of −7 °C (19 °F); the climate is dry on the whole, except during the brief southwest monsoon season during July and August. The average annual rainfall is about 70 cm. In 2018, Jalandhar witnessed Heavy rainfall, with over 20% increase from average rainfall. Since it is in the northern plains, it feels really cold during winters and very hot during summers.
|Climate data for Jalandhar|
|Average high °C (°F)||19.4
|Average low °C (°F)||6.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||10.7
As per provisional data of 2011 census Jalandhar had a population of 873,725, of which 463,975 were male and 409,750 female.
The literacy rate was 86.22 per cent. For males and females respectively the literacy rate was 88.82% and 83.30%
Pre partition era Jalandhar had a large population of Muslims. According to 1941 census of Punjab, Muslims made up 45.2 % of the population, compared to Sikhs and Hindus being 26.5 % and 27.6 % respectively.
Jalandhar has been selected in the second phase of the smart city project and 200 crores have been allocated to the municipal corporation for initializing the project.
Jalandhar exports goods like furniture, glass to neighboring cities and is a global hub for the manufacture of sporting equipment. Jalandhar is famous for its sports industry and equipment manufactured in Jalandhar has been used in many international sporting games including Olympics, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games, among others, it is also a hub for manufacturing of hand tools. Jalandhar is also famous for its leather industry, leather for footwear, leather goods, furniture being sold to export houses located at Delhi, Agra, Kanpur and other Indian cities, Together with Hand tools it is a major production centre of Industrial tool bags being used by workmen in America & Europe.
Many new malls and shopping complexes are being established at a very rapid pace and as such is also a hub of the NRI's who among many of them belong to Jalandhar region.
The nearest airport is Jalandhar(Adampur) airport northwest of Jalandhar which currently handles only scheduled operation on maiden flights of private carrier Spicejet to Delhi; the nearest fully-fledged International Airport is Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar. It is one of the busiest airports in North India, and is connected to other parts of the country by regular flights. Several airlines operate flights from abroad, including Birmingham, Dubai, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Doha; the airport handles as many as 48 flights every week up from the occasional, intermittent ones some years ago.
Direct train service is available for other major cities like Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi; some prestigious trains that halt in Jalandhar City railway station are Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express. Now many trains of Jammu route are extended up to Mata Vaishno Devi-Katra.
Jalandhar City Railway Station is well-connected to other parts of the country, Jalandhar City is a major stop between the Amritsar-Delhi rail link which is serviced by Shatabdi Express, Intercity Express, and others
Direct Service to major cities such as Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Patna, Guwahati, Pune, Haridwar, Varanasi, Jaipur and Jammu Tawi are available. There are prestigious services such as the Howrah Mail, Golden Temple Mail (Frontier Mail), New-Delhi Amritsar Shatabdi Express, Paschim Express.
There is one of the largest network of bus services of Punjab at Shaheed-e-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh ISBT(JALANDHAR), Himachal, Delhi, Haryana, Pepsu, Chandigarh, Uttar Pradesh,Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Uttrakhand, Rajasthan State Roadways, apart from private operators.
Famous Religious places of worship
- Shri Devi Talab Mandir
- Shree Guru Ravidass Mandir (New), Basti Danishmanda
- Shree Guru Ravidass mandir(old), near Peelee kothi basti danishmanda
- Sree Ayyappa Mandir, Guru Gobind Singh Avenue
- Akshardham Mandir Surya Enclave
- Arya samaj mandir, Basti Danishmanda
- Om Divya Prem Mandir, Danishmanda
- Shri Balmiki Mandir
- Shri Siddh Baba Sodal
- Shri Mukteshwar Mandir, Basti Guzan
- Baba Lal dayal Mandir, Partapbagh
- Baba Lal dayal Mandir, Basti Guzan
- Hanuman Mandir, ali mohalla
- hanuman garhi mandir jaggu chowk
- Geeta mandir Model town
- Geeta mandir, Central Town
- Geeta Mandir Adarsh Nagar
- Kali Mata Mandir Mahaver marg
- Durga Mandir Near Ambedkar Chowk, Avtar Nagar
- Raghuth Mandir
- Mata Vaishno Devi Mandir
- Shri Mahalakshmi Mandir
- Mata Chintapurni Mandir
- Mata Rani Temple
- Panch Mukhi Shiv Mandir
- Panchvati Temple
- Ram Mandir, Pucca bagh
- Sanatan Daram Mandir
- Sati Mata Mandir
- Sati Virinda Devi
- Satya rayan Mandir
- Shri Ayyapa Mandir
- Shri Baba Balak nath Ji Mandir
- Radhye sham Mandir &dharamshala
- Durga Shakti Mandir (Deol Nagar)
- Shri Mahalakshmi Mandir
- Shiv Mandir
- Shiv Bari Mandir
- Shri Pramhans Adhiwait Mandir
- Shri Ram Sarovar Mandir
- Viyak Mandir
- Yogeshwer Dham Mandir
- Tulsi Mandir
- Radha Soami Satsang Beas,(Mission Compound Jalandhar)
- Gurduwara Thra Sahib (Hazara Village)
- Baba Khaki Shah (Khurla Kingra)
- Gurudwara Singh Sabha (Jalandhar Cantt)
- Mayaan da Gurudwara (Jalandhar Cantt)
- Gurudwara Kakipind Rama mandi
- Imam Nasir Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid
- Darbar Sajjad Peer Warish Shah Ji (Hardyal Nagar)
- Darbar Peer Sakhi Sultan
- Chishti Qadri Darbar Hazrat Ghous Pak Ji Peeran De Peer
- Darbar Baba Peer Phalai Wala Ji
- Shri Dasjee Guru Mandir
- Darbaar Panj Peer Ji (Near Ravidas Chowk)
- Darbar Sachi Sarkar Lakha Da (Bootan Mandi, Jalandhar-Nakodar Road)
- Darbar Baba Sunehri Sai Ji (Abadi Jallowal)
- Guru Ravidass Dham (Bootan Mandi)
- Masjid Umme Salmaa (Bootan Mandi)
- Gurdwara Chhevin Pathshahi
- Gurudwara Singh Sabha-Model Town
- Gurudwara Talhan Sahib
- St Mary's Cathedral Church (Jalandhar Cantt)
- Gurudwara Nauwi Patshahi
- Church of North India (CNI) Mission Compound
- Gurudwara Makhdoompura
- Gurdwara Panj Tirth Sahib (Jandu Singha)
- Sankat Mochan Hanuman Mandir (phillar tehsil)
- Gurudwara Asapuran (Tagore nagar)
- Ebenezer Assembly of God Church (English/Hindi Services)
- Jama Masjid Imam Nasir Gud Mandi chowk
- Jama Masjid asgar Hussain Muslim colony Jaimal Nagar
- Masjid Dakoha Talhaan Rd Kaki Pind
- Pushpa Gujral Science City
- Fun City
- Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Museum Khatkar Kalan
- Company Bagh
- Niku Park, Model Town
- Model Town Market
- Wonder Land
- Adarsh Nagar Park
- Saraswati Vihar
- PVR, MBD Neopolis, BMC Chowk
- Big Bazaar, Vasal Tower
- PVR, Curo Highstreet
- Jyoti Market
- Jang-e-Azadi Memorial Museum at kartarpur
- Viva Collage
- LPU Mart
- Rangla Punjab
- The Regent Park Hotel
- Curo High Street Mall
Doordarshan Kendra, Jalandhar is an Indian television station in Jalandhar, owned and operated by state-owned Doordarshan, the television network of Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India), it was established in 1979 and produces and broadcasts the 24-hour Punjabi language TV channel, DD Punjabi, which was launched in 1998 and covers most of the state of Punjab, India.
The city is the region's headquarters for newspapers, national television and radio stations; these include Daily Ajit, Jagbani, Punjab Kesari, Dainik Bhaskar, Dainik Jagran, Hindustan Times, The Tribune, Hind Samachar, etc. http://bbcnews7.com
State-owned All India Radio has a local station in Jalandhar that transmits programs of mass interest. FM local radio stations include:
- Radio city 91.9 MHz
- BIG FM 92.7 92.7 MHz
- 94.3 FM-My Fm- 94.3 MHz
- Radio Mirchi 98.3 MHz
- All India Radio 102.7 MHz
There are excellent medical facilities in Jalandhar which include treatment centers and specialist hospitals; the Municipal Corporation of Jalandhar claims that the city has over 423 hospitals, a claim that would make it the city with the highest number of hospitals in South Asia.
Cricket is very popular in grounds and streets of the city. There is an international-standard stadium at Burlton Park. The Indian cricket team played a Test Match against the Pakistan cricket team on this ground on 24 September 1983.
Guru Gobind Singh Stadium
Guru Gobind Singh Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Jalandhar, it is usually used mostly for football matches and is the home stadium of JCT Mills Football Club. People can be seen jogging, playing soccer, weight-lifting, etc. in the stadium most of the time. The Punjab government has started new projects at the stadium.
Surjit Hockey Stadium
Surjeet Hockey Stadium is a field hockey stadium in Jalandhar, Punjab, India, it is named after Jalandhar-born Olympian Surjit Singh. This stadium is home of the franchise Sher-e-Punjab of the World Series Hockey.
There is a Government Sports College in the city and it is a focus for many of the National Sports Councils. In this college, many sports are played like cricket, hockey, swimming, volleyball, basketball, etc.
Higher education institutions include
- DAV University
- Lovely Professional University
- Khalsa College
- Guru Nanak Dev University, Regional Campus
- Punjab Technical University
- Doaba College
- Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences
- DAV College, Jalandhar
- Hans Raj Mahila Mahavidalya
- DAV Institute of Engineering & Technology
- CT Group of Institute, Jalandhar
- St. Soldier Management & Technical Institute
- PCMSD college for women
- Apeejay Institute of Management Technical Campus, Jalandhar (Punjab)
- Trinity College
- Mehr Chand Polytechnic College
- B.D Arya Girls college
- Lyallpur Khalsa College
- Lyallpur Khalsa College for Women
- KCL Group of Institute
- Mata Gujri Institute of Nursing
- Delhi Public School
- Edex Institute
- Apeejay School, Mahavir Marg
- Seventh Day Adventist Senior Secondary School
- BSF senior secondary school
- Cambridge International School(co-ed,girls,IB)
- Dayanand Model School, Model Town
- Delhi Public School
- Guru Amar Dass Public School
- Innocent Hearts School
- IVY world school
- Montgomery Guru Nanak Public School, Adarsh Nagar
- Montgomery Guru Nanak Public School, Urban Estate, Phase 2
- Police DAV Public School
- Sanskriti K.M.V. School, Tanda Road (awarded by British council)
- St. Joseph's Boys School
- St. Joseph's Convent School (Girls), Jalandhar Canty
- St. Joseph's Convent Junior School
- Swami Sant Dass Public School
- Dayanand Model sr. sc. School
- Itronix Solution
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|Anurag Singh (director)||Director, Producer, Writer|
|Diljit Dosanjh||Actor, Singer|
|Dr. Ranbir Singh Kanwar||Sugarcane Researcher, Director of Research (Agriculture) PAU, Director of Research Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University|
|Vanya Mishra||Winner of Miss India Femina 2012|
|Lawrence Durrell||Expatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer|
|Kundan Lal Saigal||Actor/Singer|
|Hans Raj Hans||Singer|
|Bahadur Singh||Indian former shot putter who won gold medal|
|General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq||Chief of Army Staff, 4th Chief Martial Law Administrator and the sixth President of Pakistan|
|Diwan Bhai Abdul Hamid||Revenue and Chief Minister of Kapurthala State|
|Hafeez Jullundhri||Writer and poet|
|Baba Kashmira Singh||Head of Sidhant Sant Samaj or Gurbani|
|Paul Nischal||NRI President, first Indian candidate for the British Political Party|
|Col. Balbir Singh Kular||Hockey Player|
|Varinder Singh Ghuman||Bodybuilder, Wrestler and Punjabi Film Actor|
|Ajit Pal Singh||Hockey Player|
|Surjit Singh||Hockey Player|
|Pargat Singh||Hockey Player|
|Inder Kumar Gujral||Former Prime Minister of India|
|Wasim Sajjad||Two-time Acting President of Pakistan, Ex-Chairman of Senate|
|Sheikh Anwarul Haq||Former Chief Justice|
|Mian Mohammed Sharif||Surveyor General|
|Lala Jagat Narain||Freedom fighter and founder of Punjab Kesri|
|Basheer Hussain Najafi||One of the six Grand Ayatollahs|
|Sardar Swaran Singh||Politician|
|Udham Singh (field hockey)||Hockey Player|
|Darshan Singh (field hockey)||Hockey Player|
|Ashwini Kumar Chopra||Journalist, Politician (MP-Karnal)|
|Kartar Singh Duggal||Writer|
|Kulwant Singh Virk||Writer|
|Ishar Singh (poet)||Poet|
|Sadhu Singh Hamdard||Freedom fighter and Writer|
|Ajit Saini||Writer and Army General|
|Gurbachan Singh Talib||Writer|
|Gurdial Singh||Writer and novelist|
|Chaudhry Muhammad Ali||Former Prime Minister of Pakistan|
|Swami Shraddhanand||Indian educationist and an Arya Samaj missionary|
|R. Paul Dhillon||Indo-Canadian journalist|
|Arun Shourie||Politician, author, and journalist|
|Amanjot Singh||Social Worker|
|Agha Sadiq||Writer and poet|
|Fateh Ali Khan||Singer. Father of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan|
|Dharam Singh Uppal||Athlete|
|Balbir Singh, Sr.||Hockey Player|
|Sugandha Mishra||Singer, Anchor, Comedian|
|Nalini Priyadarshni||Poet, Writer|
|Vijay Sampla||State Minister in Union Govt|
|Bhagat Chunni Lal||Minister in Punjab Govt|
|Ram Kapoor||Indian Actor|
|Sardar Buta Singh||Ex-Home Minister of India|
|Sukhbir Singh||Punjabi Musician, Singer|
|Diljaan||Participant in the Pakistani and Indian Music Reality Show Sur Kshetra, Composer and Singer|
|Amarjit Kaypee||Former highest run scorer in Ranji Trophy (Cricket)|
|Akshaye Khanna||Indian Actor|
|Surbhi Jyoti||Indian Actress|
|Jyotica Tangri||Playback singer, appeared in several reality TV shows|
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