James A. Garfield Memorial

The James A. Garfield Memorial was built in memory of the 20th U. S. President, James A. Garfield, assassinated in 1881; the memorial is located at 12316 Euclid Avenue in Lake View Cemetery in Ohio. The country grieved for his loss as much as they had done for Lincoln, 16 years previously. In Washington, 100,000 plus citizens visited his casket. Part of the memorial's funding came from pennies sent in by children throughout the country; the caskets of the President and Lucretia Garfield lie in a crypt beneath the memorial, along with the ashes of their daughter and son-in-law. The tomb was designed by architect George Keller, with reliefs depicting scenes from Garfield's life. All the stone for the monument came from the quarries of the Cleveland Stone Company, was quarried locally; the exterior sculptures were done by Caspar Buberl. Its construction began in 1885, it was dedicated on May 30, 1890, its cost, $135,000, was funded through private donations. The round tower is 180 feet high. Around the exterior of the balcony are five terra cotta panels with over 110 life size figures depicting Garfield's life and death.

The interior features stained glass windows and window like panes representing the original 13 colonies, plus the state of Ohio, along with panels depicting War and Peace. An observation deck provides views of downtown Lake Erie; the monument was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. It is open to the public daily from April 1 through November 19 from 9am to 4pm. Historic images from the Cleveland Memory Project

The Historical Novel

The Historical Novel is a 1924 book by Herbert Butterfield. It gained the Le Bas Prize for Butterfield, it was published by Cambridge University Press, one of the conditions for the prize. The work was Butterfield's first publication, it developed from the embryo of a paper, presented to the Peterhouse History Society in the Michaelmas term, which he expanded. It examines the relationship between the form of the historical novel on the one hand and the formal study of history on the other, it explores the style of historical fictions, the way in which they engage with evidence and the extent to which such a form of writing affects mainstream historical scholarship itself. Butterfield sees the historical novel as a form, a kind of'fusion' of other styles and approaches. In particular, he sees a potential in it for a form of historical empathy that can provide deep insights into the motivations behind the actions of historical protagonists such as Napoleon. One of its purposes, according to Butterfield, was to help us'feel' a particular epoch of the past in ways in which traditional historical writing might not because of the different role and importance of the imagination in the case of the historical novel.

Another important element of historical fiction for Butterfield was its role in bringing to light the existence of uncertainty in human affairs as lived by real people: the historian, in his view, tends to have a retrospective reach which draws out trajectories and processes over time, but the characters in a historical novel live as real human beings do, being only aware of probabilities and potential situations rather than knowing where certain events and phenomena are headed. The work did not display Butterfield's detestation of the form of the historical novel.


A liftboat is a self-propelled, self-elevating vessel with a large open deck capable of carrying equipment and supplies in support of various offshore mineral exploration and production or offshore construction activities. A liftboat has the capability of raising its hull clear of the water on its own legs so as to provide a stable platform from which maintenance and construction work may be conducted; the first liftboat was designed in 1955 by brothers Orin Dean in Violet, Louisiana. In 1950 the Dean brothers owned a repair service for automobiles and farm equipment called Universal Repair Service, now known as EBI, Elevating Boats LLC. EBI, Elevating Boats LLC, operates 30 liftboats that service the shallow water Oil & Gas industry in the Gulf of Mexico from their liftboat dock in Houma, Louisiana. If registered to the United States, liftboats structures and their machinery are covered under Title 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Liftboats are outfitted with at least one crane. Liftboats are used to perform maintenance on oil and gas well platforms.

The liftboat moves on location on a side of the platform where no obstructions or pipelines are observed, lowers its legs and jacks up out of the water. Because the pads of the liftboat are sitting on a muddy, unstable seafloor, most liftboats practice a safety measure called a preload, where the boat jacks-up the absolute minimum to clear hull from the tips of the significant wave heights, fills its holds with water for weight and allows the boat to settle in the mud for several hours before dumping the water and jacking up to work height. If the mud of the seafloor gives way under the liftboat, it can fall into the water and put the lives of the crew in danger. A complete site survey prior to moving on location is an important safety measure to ensure that all seafloor features are known before choosing a final location; the naval architecture firm A. K. Suda, Ltd. has completed the design of a 450-foot truss-legged liftboat for Teras Offshore. Built by Triyards Marine, Saigon Shipyard in HCMC, this vessel, the world’s largest liftboat, was delivered at the end of 2nd Quarter 2014.

This state-of-the-art vessel is a 3-legged, self-propelled, self-elevating general service workboat, known as the BH-450, is suitable for operation in the North Sea. It is an ABS classed with Unrestricted Service, DP-1, Accommodation Service DRC, carries a Wind Farm Installation Maintenance and Repair Certification; the molded steel hull dimensions are 60m x 54m x 6m. It has two deck cranes, one leg encircling around the starboard jackcase, the other, a pedestal crane on the port side of the vessel; the quarters arrangement can accommodate 250 persons including crew. With the long legs on this vessel, this Self-Elevating Unit is capable of working in water depths up to 367 feet. A unique feature of this vessel is its easy deployment. Unlike other vessels in this size range, this Mobile Offshore Unit has no rack chocks. Montco Offshore's MiNO Marine, LLC designed L/B Robert has a working water depth of 270 feet, 15,400 square feet of deck area and a 500-ton crane; the legs are 335' long and it has 3 additional cranes in addition to the main crane.

The vessel uses electro-hydraulic jacking systems and cranes all driven from the segregated machinery spaces. The ORCA series of self-propelled, self-elevating platforms was designed by Bennett Offshore working in collaboration with the Offshore Technology Development group of Keppel Offshore & Marine; these SEPs range in size from small platforms designed for the Gulf of Mexico to large units up to 115 m in length, capable of installing offshore wind turbines and foundations exceeding 800 tonnes. ORCA platforms can be configured for construction support, light drilling, well intervention, well plug and abandonment, coiled tubing operations, wind farm installation, gas compression and accommodation; the first ORCA 2500, customized for the Middle East and North Africa, was delivered to a Qatari rig operator in February 2016. An ORCA 3500 is under construction by Keppel FELS for delivery in Q4 2017. Liftboats go by several names in the marine industry, such as: Liftboat – used by USCG & ABS MOU – used by Lloyds Register.