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James Arness

James Arness was an American actor, best known for portraying Marshal Matt Dillon for 20 years in the CBS television series Gunsmoke. Arness has the distinction of having played the role of Dillon in five separate decades: 1955 to 1975 in the weekly series in Gunsmoke: Return to Dodge and four more made-for-television Gunsmoke films in the 1990s. In Europe, Arness reached cult status for his role as Zeb Macahan in the Western series How the West Was Won, he was the older brother of actor Peter Graves. James Arness was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota on May 26, 1923, his parents were Ruth Duesler. His father's ancestry was Norwegian; the family name had been Aurness, but when Rolf's father, Peter Aurness, emigrated from Norway in 1887, he changed it to Arness. Arness and his family were Methodists. Arness' younger brother was actor Peter Graves. Peter used a maternal family name. Arness attended John Burroughs Grade School, Washburn High School, West High School in Minneapolis. During this time, Arness worked as a courier for a jewelry wholesaler and unloading railway boxcars at the Burlington freight yards in Minneapolis, logging in Pierce, Idaho.

Despite "being a poor student and skipping many classes", he graduated from high school in June 1942. Although Arness wanted to be a naval fighter pilot, he was concerned his poor eyesight would bar him. However, his 6 feet 7 inches frame ended his chances because the limit for aviators was set at 6 feet 2 inches, he was drafted into the US Army and reported to Fort Snelling, Minnesota, in March 1943. As a rifleman, he landed on Anzio Beachhead on January 22, 1944, with the 2nd Platoon, E Company, 2nd Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment of the 3rd Infantry Division. Arness - due to his height - was the first man to be ordered off his landing craft to determine the depth of the water, he was wounded in his right leg during the Battle of Anzio, medically evacuated from Italy to the U. S. where he was sent to the 91st General Hospital in Iowa. His brother, came to see him when he was back in the U. S. beginning his long recuperation. Assuring him to not worry about his injuries; that there would be work for him in the field of radio.

After undergoing several surgeries, he was honorably discharged from the Army on January 29, 1945. However, his wounds continued to trouble him throughout the remainder of his life. In his latter years he suffered with chronic leg pain that became acute, was sometimes initiated when he was mounted on horses during his performances on Gunsmoke, his military decorations included the Bronze Star, the Purple Heart, the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with three bronze battle stars, the World War II Victory Medal, the Combat Infantryman Badge. After his discharge from the service, Arness entered Beloit College in Wisconsin, he began his entertainment career as a radio announcer at Minneapolis station WLOL in 1945. Arness soon began acting and appearing in films, he began with RKO, who changed his name from "Aurness". His film debut was as Peter Holstrom, in The Farmer's Daughter, he was credited in The Farmer's Daughter as Aurness. Though identified with Westerns, Arness appeared in two science-fiction films, The Thing from Another World and Them!.

He was a close friend of John Wayne and co-starred with him in Big Jim McLain, Island in the Sky, The Sea Chase, starred in Gun the Man Down for Wayne's company. He starred in a 1988 TV remake of Wayne's 1948 classic Red River. An urban legend has it that John Wayne was offered the leading role of Matt Dillon in the longtime favorite television show Gunsmoke, but he turned it down, instead recommending James Arness for the role; the only true part of this story is. Wayne introduced Arness in a prologue to the first episode of Gunsmoke, in 1955; the Norwegian-German Arness had to dye his blond hair darker for the role. Gunsmoke made Arness and his co-stars, Milburn Stone, Amanda Blake, Dennis Weaver, Ken Curtis, Burt Reynolds, Buck Taylor, world-famous, ran for two decades, becoming the longest-running primetime drama series in US television history by the end of its run in 1975; the series' season record was tied in 2010 with the final season of Law & Order and tied again in 2018 with season 20 of Law & Order: SVU.

Unlike the latter show, Gunsmoke featured its lead character in each of its 20 seasons. After Gunsmoke ended, Arness performed in Western-themed movies and television series, including How the West Was Won, in five made-for-television Gunsmoke movies between 1987 and 1994. An exception was as a big-city police officer in a short-lived 1981-1982 series, McClain's Law, co-starring with Marshall Colt, his role as mountain man Zeb Macahan in How the West Was Won made him a cult figure in many European countries, where it became more popular than in the United States, as the series has been rebroadcast many times across Europe. James Arness: An Autobiography was released in September 2001, with a foreword by Burt Reynolds. Arness noted that he realized, "f I was going to write a book about my life, I better do it no

Unit 88

Unit 88 was a neo-Nazi organisation founded in Wellington by Collin Wilson and it based itself in Auckland, New Zealand. They are now defunct. Named for the use of 88 as a reading of'HH' or Heil Hitler as employed by neo-Nazi groups, they employed the name of racist skinhead movement Blood & Honour as their motto, they sought to expand in Wellington, distributing propaganda in the city. Seen as one of the more violent groups in New Zealand, Unit 88 have argued that they only used violence in self-defence; the movement was investigated by the Race Relations Office for distributing pro-Nazi literature in 1997. The investigation was supported by Minister of Justice Doug Graham, who intimated this in response to a question by New Zealand National Party MP Pansy Wong. At the time it had been claimed that Unit 88 was in the process of seeking to expand its membership throughout the country. A racist skinhead movement, which claims to have around 100 members, links have been alleged between Unit 88 and Colin King-Ansell.

Unit 88 hosted a large National Meeting for White Nationalist from around New Zealand in their Auckland base. This caused some trouble with local gangs and police. Unit 88 disbanded and selected members joined with the New Zealand Hammerskins who were expanding at that time. Mr Bar set up a group called 88 Hammers as part of the process to join the Hammerskin Nation; the Dominion and the Press news papers reported the link as police raids and street conflict was drawing police attention in both Wellington and Christchurch. Some attempts have been made to re-establish Unit 88. Other skinheads who were part of the early formations of Unit 88 formed other groups like Frontline Skinheads in South Auckland and some joined with the other emerging Auckland group the Psycho Skins. Fascism in New Zealand Flag used by Unit 88

Perry Hale

Perry Titus Wells Hale was an American football player and coach. He played college football at Yale University was selected to the 1900 College Football All-America Team as a fullback. Hale played professionally for the 1901 Homestead Library & Athletic Club football team; that season, he coached the Phillips Exeter Academy football team and joined Homestead in mid-November after Exeter’s last game. Hale served as the sixth head football coach at Ohio State University from 1902–1903, compiling a record of 14–5–2, he was 0–2 against Michigan. After his football career, Hale was the water manager for Connecticut, he was arrested in May 1910 for misapplying city funds. Hale stated. A subsequent investigation found the charges to be groundless, he died of heart disease in 1948. He had been blinded as a result of an explosion in 1913. In 1923 he was elected tax collector for Portland, CT and held that position until his death in 1948. Notes of the Football Players New York Times October 17, 1901 Admits Accounts Are Short: But Hale Old Yale Fullback is Not Worrying Over Charge New York Times May 4, 1910 Perry Hale at Find a Grave


The ST3000DM001 is a hard disk drive released by Seagate Technology in 2011 as part of the Seagate Barracuda series. It has a spindle speed of 7200 rpm; this particular drive model was reported to have unusually high failure rates. The ST3000DM001 uses three 1 TB platters, compared to five platters in the previous generation Barracuda XT drive, has a spindle speed of 7200 rpm; the drive uses 64 MB of DDR2-800 as the DRAM cache. As part of the release of its 1 TB-platter drives, Seagate announced that it was phasing out its Barracuda Green line of 5900 rpm hard drives. Anand Lal Shimpi of AnandTech noted that the ST3000DM001 is "a bit faster in sequential performance than the old Barracuda XT, at lower power consumption" and that "Seagate appears to have optimized the drive's behavior for lower power rather than peak performance", he said he was "personally ok" with the lower performance under heavy loads as long as the drive is used together with a solid-state drive in a system. Backblaze, a remote backup service company, observed that its ST3000DM001 drives have failed at rates far higher than the average of other hard drives.

Only 251 of the 4,190 ST3000DM001 hard drives placed in service in 2012 were still in service as of 31 March 2015. According to Backblaze, the company switched to Seagate 3 TB hard drives after the 2011 Thailand floods disrupted the supply of hard drives and increased their prices by 200–300%. Backblaze, which used HGST 3 TB hard drives, were only able to find Seagate 3 TB drives in "decent quantity". Backblaze noted that the failure rates of the ST3000DM001 did not follow a bathtub curve followed by hard disk drive failure rates, instead having 2.7% failing in 2012, 5.4% failing in 2013, 47.2% failing in 2014. Other 3 TB hard drives that Backblaze placed in service in 2012, which were operated in a similar environment as the Seagate drives, did not show signs of increased failure. Joel Hruska of ExtremeTech noted that Backblaze was unable to explain the high failure rates of the ST3000DM001 compared to other products. Hruska pointed out that Seagate cut the warranty for these drives, along with most other hard disk drive manufacturers, from three years to one year in 2012.

Hruska provided supplier-change or part substitution, shipping of substandard hardware to increase profits, Backblaze's use of consumer hard drives in an enterprise environment as possible explanations. Paul Alcorn of Tom's Hardware pointed out that of the 3 TB hard disk drive models that were in service with Backblaze, the ST3000DM001 was the only drive without a rotational vibration sensor that counteracts excessive vibration in heavy-usage cases. In 2016, Seagate faced a class action over the failure rates of its ST3000DM001 3 TB drives. Law firm Hagens Berman filed the lawsuit on 1 February in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, cited reliability data provided by Backblaze; the lawsuit pointed to user reviews of the hard disk drive on Newegg, which totaled more than 700 reviews with 2 or fewer stars. The lawsuit lists Christopher Nelson, who purchased a Seagate Backup Plus 3 TB drive and a Seagate Barracuda 3 TB hard disk drive in October 2011, as its plaintiff.

Both products subsequently failed, the lawsuit contended that Seagate replaced them with inherently faulty products. Steve Berman, managing partner of Hagens Berman, said that the hard drives "failed to deliver on Seagate’s promises, replacements from Seagate were just as defective". Bruno Ferreira of The Tech Report compared the lawsuit with the high failure rates faced by the IBM Deskstar 75GXP and 60GXP hard drives in 2002. Paul Alcorn of Tom's Hardware argued that Backblaze used the drives in a manner that "far exceeded the warranty conditions" and questioned the "technical merits" of the lawsuit

Hyperion Heights

"Hyperion Heights" is the first episode of the seventh season and the 134th episode overall of the American fantasy-drama series Once Upon a Time. Directed by Ralph Hemecker and written by series co-creators Edward Kitsis and Adam Horowitz, it premiered on ABC in the United States on October 6, 2017; this episode marks a soft reboot in the series, with a new storyline being settled in with new characters and a new setting. The seventh season revolves around an older Henry Mills, who moved from Storybrooke to another realm in order to figure out what his story is; this episode opens this storyline, introducing reimagined characters, such as Cinderella, a new curse which turned some of the New Enchanted Forest characters into citizens of a Seattle neighborhood named Hyperion Heights. Upon its original airing, "Hyperion Heights" was watched by 3.26 million viewers and garnered a 0.7/3 Nielsen rating/share. It received mixed to positive response from television critics. Seattle's backdrop and the Space Needle are featured, alongside a new set of animations and transitions for the title logo, as well as a modified opening of the theme song.

With everyone's story now fulfilled, Henry plans on setting out to find his own story by travelling to new realms described in the storybooks found in the Sorcerer's mansion. He explains that he discovered that there's different versions of characters they've met and know, he wants to find his own place among them. Though Regina worries he's too young to be leaving home, he assures her that he will be fine, taking August's motorcycle with him as he uses a magic bean to open a portal into another realm. Years as Henry rides through a forest, he narrowly avoids a collision with an oncoming carriage, resulting in the woman inside being thrown to the ground. Realizing he has met this realm's version of Cinderella, he offers her a ride to the ball as an apology. Cinderella, knocks him out and takes the motorcycle once she's been shown how it works, with Henry chasing her. At the same time, Lady Tremaine is about to set off for the palace, having clipped the Fairy Godmother's wings and taken her wand.

When questioned why she is doing this, she explains to Drizella that magic has no power compared to fear, a point she drives home by destroying the Fairy Godmother. As Cinderella arrives at the ball, she tries to make her way to the prince, but is confronted by Henry; when pressed why she stole his bike and a dagger of his, she admits that she had an ulterior motive for coming to the ball. Henry tries to talk her out of it and gives her a hyacinth flower for luck, telling her that he is returning to his own realm at midnight, that she could start a new life there. Before he can pursue her any further, however, he blacks out and learns that his drink was drugged by Alice, a mysterious woman ordered by Rumpelstiltskin to keep an eye on Henry. Despite her warnings of the dangers of meddling in someone else's story, Henry chooses to stay and help; as Cinderella meets the prince, she pulls out the dagger, but has a change of heart. Tremaine takes the opportunity to kill him for turning down Drizella, frames Cinderella for the murder.

As the guards close in, Henry breaks out of his trance and helps Cinderella to escape, reiterating his offer and telling her to meet him where her carriage crashed. After escaping the palace, Henry returns to the carriage and prepares to open a portal, assuming Cinderella has abandoned the idea. Upon discovering one of her glass slippers, however, he takes it as a sign, chooses to remain in the new realm to undertake "Operation Glass Slipper". Henry is now making ends meet as freelance cab driver, struggling with writer's block after the failure of his book, Once Upon a Time; when Lucy arrives at his apartment, she tells Henry that she is his daughter and that his family needs him, although Henry refuses to believe her and turns her away. The next day, Lucy's mother, shows up late for work at Cluck's Chicken, but quits when calling out her boss for his bad temper; when she returns to her apartment, she tells her roommate, about having quit her job, but is stunned to find that Lucy has snuck out without her knowledge.

In Belfrey Tower, Jacinda's stepmother Victoria grows irritated with what she sees as Jacinda's irresponsibility, plans on taking full custody of her granddaughter, all while buying out smaller businesses and raising rent to push the cursed inhabitants out of the neighborhood. On, Henry discovers his laptop missing and finds a note to meet at Roni's Bar to get it back from Lucy. After a brief encounter with a woman named Tilly he goes to Roni's, is greeted by the eponymous owner, who happens to be Regina with her memories stripped by the curse. Meanwhile, Jacinda finds Lucy at the wishing well in the community garden, who tells her that she found Henry, despite her mother's skepticism. Jacinda returns the laptop back to Henry, the two are encouraged by Roni to share a drink. However, Victoria shows up, ready to buy out Roni's bar and to deal with Jacinda, telling her that she'll be taking full custody of Lucy. Henry attempts to defuse the tension between the three, but is warned by Victoria to stay out of her business.

Afterwards, Lucy meets him at the garden, attempts to convince him about the curse, only for Henry to reveal that his wife and child perished in a fire years ago. Finding that his car has been stolen, Henry goes to the nearby police station, reports it missing to a cursed Killian Jones, who now lives as Officer Rogers with no memories of his past life. In another part of town, Tilly enters an abandoned warehouse to f

Corallorhiza mertensiana

Corallorhiza mertensiana, or Pacific coralroot, is a coralroot orchid native to the shady conifer forests of northwestern North America. It goes by the common names Western coralroot and Mertens' coralroot. Corallorhiza mertensiana was considered a subspecies of Corallorhiza maculata but was given species rank in 1997 by Freudenstein. Corallorrhiza mertensiana is a leafless, perennial orchid, 6-20 inches tall; the stem is red to brownish purple. The upper petals are pink to reddish pink, with yellow to dark red veins; the lower petals are wider, dark pink to red, have three deep red veins. Beneath the lower petal the spur is prominent; the flower spikes are visible from May to August. Corallorrhiza mertensiana has no roots, only hard, branched rhizomes. Corallorrhiza mertensiana is a nonphotosynthetic, myco-heterotroph that receives its nutrition from ectomycorrhizal fungi; the fungi receive carbon symbiotically from trees. Corallorrhiza mertensiana parasitizes the carbon from the fungi. Corallorrhiza mertensiana only associates with mutually exclusive subsets of species from the Russulaceae.

Corallorrhiza mertensiana never shares fungal species with Corallorrhiza maculata when intermixed at the same growing site. Corallorrhiza mertensiana grows in shady coniferous forests at low to mid-elevations, it prefers damp soil, rich in humus, receives dappled sunlight. Corallorrhiza mertensiana is found in the Cascades from Alaska to California, the Rocky Mountains from Alberta to Wyoming. In a survey of the plants found in Glacier Bay, Alaska in 1923, Corallorhiza mertensiana was reported to be growing beneath the thickets of Alnus tenuifolia along with Petasites frigida and Polystichum. In British Columbia it has been found to be associated with Gaultheria shallon, Hylocomium splendens, Rhytidiadelphus loreus. USDA Plants Database: Corallorrhiza mertensiana Jepson Manual treatment - Corallorhiza mertensiana Mycorrhizal Specialization: Corallorhiza mertensiana and Corallorhiza maculata