James Burrill Angell was an American educator and diplomat. He is best known for being the longest-serving president of the University of Michigan, from 1871 to 1909, he represented the transition from small college life to nationally-oriented universities. Under his energetic leadership, Michigan gained prominence as an elite public university. Angell is cited by school administrators for providing the vision that the university should provide "an uncommon education for the common man." Angell was president of the University of Vermont from 1866 to 1871 and helped that small school recover from its financial difficulties brought on by the Civil War. Throughout the war, he was the editor of The Providence Journal and was a consistent vocal supporter of Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. Angell served in diplomatic posts as America's minister to China from 1880 to 1881 and to Turkey from 1897 to 1898. On his mission to China, he was the primary American negotiator of the Angell Treaty of 1880 that curtailed the emigration of laborers to the United States, as well as a second treaty restricting the trade in opium.
In Turkey, he was responsible for the protection of American missionaries during the unrest following the massacre of Armenians. Angell was a member of a prominent Yankee family in Rhode Island and numerous descendants became senior academics. James Burrill Angell was born January 7, 1829, in Scituate, Rhode Island, the eldest of eight children of Andrew Aldrich Angell and Amy Aldrich, who themselves were distantly related; the Angells had been a prominent family in and around Providence, Rhode Island, since its founding in 1636 by Roger Williams and his companion Thomas Angell. Though scant, there is evidence suggesting Thomas Angell's ancestors were relations of Henry I of England. Thomas Angell's grandson had settled the farm where James was born in 1710, the same year he founded the Angell Tavern, where Scituate's leaders held town meetings after its incorporation in 1730, where men such as George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, the Marquis de Lafayette stayed during the Revolutionary War.
Angell's grandfather built an inn on the site in 1810, Angell credited his boyhood interaction with the travelers who passed through for some of his success, saying, "... the knowledge of men I gained by the observations and experiences of my boyhood in the country tavern has been of the greatest service.... The eminent political speakers were always entertained at our table, some of them were helpful friends in my life." The building burned down in 1862, the land was submerged during the creation of the Scituate Reservoir. Angell attended the local school until the age of eight, when his parents placed him with a Quaker tutor who taught him arithmetic and surveying. At twelve, he left home to attend a seminary in Seekonk, Massachusetts, in order to study Latin, but after one term went to study at the Smithville Seminary, where he stayed until the age of fourteen. Unsure what career path to take, he had worked on the family farm for two summers, unsuccessfully attempted to find clerk jobs with Providence businesses.
When his father informed him that he had the financial means to pay for college, Angell decided to attend Brown University. A year too young to enroll, he went first to University Grammar School in Providence, where one of his instructors was Henry S. Frieze, who would serve as acting president of the University of Michigan while Angell was abroad on diplomatic assignments. In 1845, Angell began studying at Brown, which had a total of seven instructors on the faculty at the time, he graduated in 1849 and obtained part-time jobs working as an assistant librarian at the university and tutoring a boy whose eyesight prevented him from reading. In 1850, Angell came down with a cold and sore throat, but he refused to give his throat any rest from the daily exertion of reading aloud to his pupil; the resultant damage to his throat made extended speaking difficult for the rest of his life. While Angell was recuperating, the father of his friend Rowland Hazard II, whose own grandson Rowland Hazard III would be instrumental in the formation of Alcoholics Anonymous, suggested that Angell accompany Hazard on an upcoming winter tour of the South he was undertaking to help alleviate a lung ailment.
The trip, which began on October 5, 1850, lasted seven and a half months and took Angell and Hazard throughout much of the South. The young men were introduced to the realities of slavery, including a whipping and a slave auction that Angell called "the most repulsive and disgusting spectacle we had seen". Upon his return, Angell had planned to attend Andover Theological Seminary and take up a career as a minister. A throat specialist, advised him to avoid any work that would require extended public speaking, he instead found work in the office of Ellis S. Chesbrough, the city engineer of Boston, his brief tenure there ended when his friend Rowland Hazard, still suffering from lung ailments, invited him on another trip, this time to Europe. The pair traveled first to France, arriving just three weeks after Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte had staged a coup d'état later to Italy and Austria. While in Vienna, he received a letter from Francis Wayland, the president of Brown University, offering him a choice of jobs as chairman of either the Civil Engineering or Modern Language Department, with a year and a half of continued study in Europe.
He chose the latter, went to Paris for several months to study French to Braunschweig, Germany to study German returning home in the summer of 1853. When Angell began his tenure as chair of the modern languages department at Brown University, President Wayland was in
The American Eagles men's soccer team is an intercollegiate varsity sports team of American University. The team is a member of the Patriot League of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. In 1985, the team reached to the national championship. American University kicked off its varsity men's soccer program in 1949 as a member of the Mason-Dixon Conference in the NCAA College Division, the predecessor to Division II, but suspended it after just two seasons when a study by the Board of Trustees decided the school was too small to field a competitive team and the sport was too expensive to fund, it was revived, however, in 1954, with the hopes of replacing the role of the football program as the centerpiece of homecoming weekend and a source of school spirit. The program had achieved a modicum of success under six different head coaches by the mid-1960s when AU made the decision to move to Division I, announcing in the spring of 1966 that it would join the Middle Atlantic Conference, the largest in the nation, for the 1966–67 collegiate year.
That left no time, however, to schedule enough conference opponents to be eligible for the MAC's soccer championship, so the Eagles continued to compete in the Mason-Dixon Conference in soccer for one additional season. Since the other schools in the MAC's University Division did not operate as their own division until the 1969 season, this enabled AU to use the 1966–1968 seasons to transition to Division I; the Eagles compiled a 2–14 record against other D1 schools over that time under the tenure of tennis coach Larry Nyce for two seasons Ned Boehm. The 1969 season marked the beginning of MAC University Division soccer and AU's real foray into Division 1 under Coach Boehm, with the team compiling a 3-4-1 record against D1 opponents, going 1-3-1 in conference play against the rest of the MAC University Division's eastern section. Junior defender Jeff Wood and freshman forward Fahad Al-Rajaan were named to the all-MAC eastern team, while senior defender Chris Kalavritinos and junior goalkeeper Ira Kamens were named to the NCAA's all-South region team.
In 1970, Boehm left the athletics department to accept a job as assistant director of admissions. His replacement was Sidwell Friends head coach Dick Stimson, who had won three high school championships in eight seasons there, including going undefeated in 1967; the 1970 Eagles would have compiled a 3-5-1 record against D1 competition but for a bizarre game at Reeves Field against new conference foe Drexel. It was a wild affair, with the Eagles blowing a 2–1 lead after trailing 0–1, Al-Rajaan scoring a hat trick on AU's first 3 goals, junior Jim Tate tying the game 5–5 with just seconds remaining in regulation. With two minutes to play in the second overtime period, Drexel head coach Don Yonker was ejected from the game for assisting one of his players whose leg had cramped despite the referee not stopping play, but he refused to leave the field, so the game was called a forfeit. AU soccer's coaching carousel would continue in 1971 with Stimson's departure, but Boehm helped recruit Scottish-Canadian John Kerr, Sr. a member of the Canadian Men's National Team and professional player in the NASL, who had coached Georgetown's freshman team to an undefeated record in 1970.
The student-athletes responded to Kerr's experience as a professional international soccer player, willing to practice with them and share techniques. Most to the Eagles, Kerr nurtured the sudden interest in soccer by sophomore Kurt Kuykendall, cut from the varsity basketball team after his freshman year and threw himself into learning how to play goalkeeper—a position, open on the team after the graduation of Kamens. Though the 1971 Eagles’ 2-5-1 record against D1 opponents appeared to be a step backward, the team's play was much improved qualitatively. Four Eagles were named to the all-MAC eastern team: Al-Rajaan, junior defender Kenny Davidson, junior midfielder Mark Lowenstein, sophomore forward Alan Ross. However, the Darts moved to south Florida over the winter and Kerr's contract was sold to the New York Cosmos. Another coaching change was yet again in the works for the Eagles, but few could have guessed the 20 years of stability and unprecedented success that coach would bring. Pete Mehlert was born in Shanghai.
A year after graduating BU, he was hired as American's first full-time soccer coach. Inheriting four all-conference players, in 1972 he guided the Eagles to a 3–5 record against D1 competition, including two wins against conference foes Senior forward Brian O’Neill and Lowenstein all were named to the all-MAC University Division east team, with Lowenstein being named eastern section MVP; the Eagles continued to improve in 1973 with their first-ever winning season against D1 competition
This is a list of township-level divisions of the province of Shaanxi, People's Republic of China. After province and county-level divisions, township-level divisions constitute the formal fourth-level administrative divisions of the PRC; this list is divided first into the prefecture-level the county-level divisions. The ten prefecture-level divisions of Shaanxi are subdivided into 107 county-level divisions; those are in turn divided into 1785 township-level divisions All of these administrative divisions are explained in greater detail at Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China. This chart lists only county-level divisions of Shaanxi. Subdistricts 街道 Zhangjiakou Subdistrict, Sanqiao Subdistrict, Xinjiamiao Subdistrict, Xujiawan Subdistrict, Damingguan Subdistrict, Tanjia Subdistrict, Caotan Subdistrict, Liucunhao Subdistrict, Weiyang Subdistrict, Hancheng Subdistrict Subdistricts 街道 Xiyilu, Zhongshanmen, Jiefang, Taihualu, Hujialu Subdistrict 街道 Nanyuemen, Changyuefang, Taizhelu, Changanlu, Changjiacun Subdistrict 街道 Qiannianlu, Beiguan, Huaichengxilu, Tumen, Zaoyuan Subdistrict街道 Fangzhi, Hongqi, Hongqing, Baqiao, Xinhe Subdistrict 街道 Xiaozhail, Changyanbaopu, Dengjiapo, Zhangbagou, Qujiang Subdistrict 街道 Fenghuanglu, Zhengxing, Beitun Town 镇 Wutun, Gunshan Subdistrict街道 Lishan, Xinfeng, Xiekou, Lingkou, Yujin, Xuyang, Liyang, MaE, Jiaokou, Beihuai, Renliu Town乡 Muzhai, Renzong Subdistrict Weiqu, Luanzhen, Wangsi, Taiyiguan, Ziniu, Xiliu, Dazhao, Xinglong, Mingdu, Wutai, Wuxing, Yangzhuang, Weizhai Township镇 Luyuan, Geng, Yuchu, Zhangbu Township乡 Chonghuang One subdistrict: Languan Eighteen towns: Xiehu, Qianwei, Jiaodai, Sanli, Gepai, Jiujianfang, Wangchuan, Sanguanmiao, Mengcun, Xiaozhai Town镇 Erqu, Zhongnan, Yixian, 楼观镇 尚村镇 Changqi, 厚畛子镇 青化镇 竹峪镇 翠峰镇 四屯镇 侯家村镇 辛家寨镇 司竹镇 九峰镇 富仁镇 骆峪镇 陈河镇 板房子镇 Wangjiahe Town:镇 Ganting, Zuan, Dawang, Jiangcun, Laodian, Shijing, Wuzhu, Weifeng, Tianqiao Subdistrict街道 Yonganlu, Xianfenglu, Zhengyang road, Jinyang Road 锦阳路街道Town 镇 Dongjiahe, Yaoqu, Putou, Sunyuan, Guangzhuang Township乡 Yanchi, Shizhu Subdistrict 街道 Chengguan, Sanlihe Wangshiao Town镇 Chenglu, Changyang, Azhuang Township乡 Yintai, Gaolu Subdistrict 街道 Qiyilu, Taoyuan, Wangjiahe Town 镇 Huangliu Township乡 Wangyilu Town 镇 Chengguan, Wuli, Tai'an, Yaosheng尧生镇Township乡 Kuquan, Xicun Subdistrict街道 Jinling, Qingjiang, Qiaonan Town 镇 Maying, Shennong, Bayu Subdistrict 街道 Zhongshandonglu, Zhongshanxilu, Dongfenglu, Wolongsi Town镇 Chencang, Jinhe, Xiashi Subdistrict 街道 Guozhen, Qianwei Town镇 Yangping, Panxi, Muyi, Jiancun, Xin, Xiangquan, Tuodan, Diaowei Town镇 Chengguan, Biaojue, Tianjiazhuang, Nanzhihui, Chencun Changqing, Yaojiagou, Fanjiazhai Township 镇 Fengming, Yidian, Zhujiazhuang, Qishan, Yongchuan, Jingdang One subdistrict: Chengguan,Seven towns: Tiandu, Jiangzhang, Xinglin, Famen Town镇 Shoushan, Huaiya, Changxing, Yingtou, Qi County-Equivalent Shaanxi White Mountain Vacation, Red River Valley Forest Region Town镇 Chengguan, Dongfeng