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James C. Fletcher

James Chipman Fletcher served as the 4th and 7th Administrator of NASA, first from April 27, 1971 to May 1, 1977, under President Richard M. Nixon, again from May 12, 1986 to April 8, 1989, under President Ronald Reagan; as such, he was responsible for the early planning of the Space Shuttle program, for its recovery and return to flight after the Space Shuttle Challenger accident. Prior to this, he was president of the University of Utah from 1964 to 1971. Fletcher was born in New Jersey to Harvey Fletcher and Lorena Chipman, his father, Harvey is known as the "Father of Stereophonic sound". Fletcher earned a bachelor's degree in physics from Columbia College of Columbia University and a Ph. D in physics from the California Institute of Technology. After holding research and teaching positions at Harvard and Princeton Universities, he joined Hughes Aircraft in 1948 and worked at the Guided Missile Division of the Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation. In 1958, Fletcher co-founded the Space Electronics Corporation in Glendale, which, after a merger, became the Space General Corporation.

He was named systems vice president of the Aerojet General Corporation in Sacramento, California. In 1964, he became president of the University of Utah, a position he held until he was named NASA Administrator by President Richard M. Nixon in 1971. During his first administration at NASA, Fletcher was responsible for beginning the Space Shuttle effort, as well as the Viking program that sent landers to Mars, he oversaw the Skylab missions and approved the Voyager space probes and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project. When he left NASA in 1977, Fletcher became an independent consultant in McLean and served on the faculty of the University of Pittsburgh. For nine years, he was active as an advisor to key national leaders involved in planning space policy. Among other activities, he served on an advisory board involved in developing the Strategic Defense Initiative. In 1986, President Ronald Reagan selected Fletcher to administer NASA for a second time, to help the agency recover from the Space Shuttle Challenger accident.

Shuttle flights went into a two-year hiatus while Fletcher ensured that NASA reinvested in the program's safety and reliability, made organizational changes to improve efficiency, restructured its management system. He oversaw a complete reworking of the components of the Shuttle to enhance its safety, including a redesign of the solid rocket boosters, added an egress method for the astronauts; the Space Shuttle returned to flight on September 29, 1988. Fletcher approved the Hubble Space Telescope program, he served as Administrator until April 8, 1989, into the term of Reagan's successor, President George H. W. Bush. Fletcher died in December 1991 of lung cancer at his home in suburban Washington, DC, he was buried at Salt Lake City Cemetery. He was a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, he was posthumously inducted into the International Space Hall of Fame in 1992. Portions of this article are based on public domain text from NASA Appearances on C-SPAN

Kurt Schütte

Kurt Schütte was a German mathematician who worked on proof theory and ordinal analysis. The Feferman–Schütte ordinal, which he showed to be the precise ordinal bound for predicativity, is named after him, he was the doctoral advisor of 16 students, including Wolfgang Bibel, Wolfgang Maaß, Wolfram Pohlers, Martin Wirsing. Schütte, Proof theory, Grundlehren der Mathematischen Wissenschaften, 225, Berlin-New York: Springer-Verlag, pp. xii+299, ISBN 3-540-07911-4, MR 0505313Beweistheorie, Grundlehren der mathematischen Wissenschaften, 1960. Ein Jahrhundert Mathematik 1890-1990, Vieweg 1990 Pohlers, Wolfram, "In Memoriam: Kurt Schütte, 1909-1998", The Bulletin of Symbolic Logic, 6: 101–102, JSTOR 421083 Wilfried Buchholz, "Schütte, Kurt", Neue Deutsche Biographie, 23, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 653–654.


The Central American Sports Organization is an international organization which represents the current 7 National Olympic Committees of the Central American region. It is affiliated with the Pan American Sports Organization, it was established on 15 July 1972. It is recognised by the IOC whom approved its creation at the Congress of the XX Olympiad, held in Munich, Germany, in 1972; the founding members were: Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras PanamaORDECA is the governing body of the Central American Games. The President of Olympic Committee of Guatemala Luis Canella Gutiérrez, was elected the first President of ORDECA, as Vice President Carlos Vasquez, Secretary Ingrid Keller, of Guatemala, Alfonso Salmeron Treasurer of El Salvador and Rafael Barquero vocal, Costa Rica, Mariano Perdomo Vallecillo, of Honduras

The Visitors (opera)

The Visitors is an opera in three acts and a prologue composed by Carlos Chávez to an English libretto by the American poet Chester Kallman. The work was Chávez's only opera, its first version, with the title Panfilo and Lauretta, premiered in New York City in 1957. The final version with the title The Visitors was premiered in Guanajuato, Mexico in 1999, twenty years after the composer's death; the story is set in 14th century Tuscany during the time of the Black Death. The libretto uses the device of a play within a play to reflect and intensify the relationships between the protagonists, who in this case are loosely based on characters in The Decameron; the Visitors was commissioned in 1953 by Lincoln Kirstein, with the intention of premiering it in 1954 in New York City. Chávez began working on the score with the provisional title of The Tuscan Players in the spring of 1953 and continued working on it until 1956; the opera premiered with the title Panfilo and Lauretta on 9 May 1957 in the Brander Matthews Theatre at Columbia University, conducted by Howard Shannet.

It was presented on three occasions in Mexico, conducted by the composer: in October 1959 in the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City. In the succeeding thirty years the opera went unperformed apart from excerpts conducted by Chávez at the Cabrillo Music Festival in Aptos, California in 1973. However, he continued to revise the score up until his death in 1978. In 1997, his daughter entrusted the manuscript and her father's revisions to the composer and musicologist Max Lifchitz, who within two years had prepared the definitive version of the score; the world premiere of this version took place in October 1999 during the Festival Internacional Cervantino in the Teatro Juárez, Guanajuato. Conducted by José Areán with stage direction by Sergio Vela, the opera was performed with its original English libretto and its final title, The Visitors; the opera is scored for 5 solo voices (soprano, mezzo-soprano, tenor and bass. Time: 14th century Place: Tuscany Lauretta, Elissa and Dioneo have sought refuge from the Black Plague in a villa near Florence.

To pass the time they devise and perform plays. The first to be performed is devised by Panfilo and tells the story of Cupid and Psyche with Panfilo playing Cupid and Lauretta playing Psyche; the play is interrupted. After a discussion about the wisdom of letting a stranger in, they open the door to a monk who suggests that they put on a Biblical play. At first they make fun of him, but devise a play based on the story of Mary Magdalene, with a prologue about the story of Adam and Eve. At the end of the play, the Monk opens the door to a crowd of strangers demanding to be let in; the monk falls dead of the plague. Lauretta realizes they have been betrayed by him and urges Panfilo to drive the strangers out with his sword; as Lauretta, Elissa and Dioneo blame themselves for what has happened, the chorus of strangers sing of the end of the world. Two months have passed; the courtyard of the villa is filled with the sick and dying strangers. A physician is looking after them. Dioneo, sleeping on a table wakes up and tells the physician of a nightmare he has had and asks him about Lauretta's condition.

The physician tells him. He attributes her recovery to the power of love. Lauretta asks about Panfilo who had left the villa. Panfilo returns unexpectedly, tells of the horrors he has seen in the city, berates his companions for living in their isolated villa without knowledge of the death and suffering outside. Elissa and Dioneo explain to him that Lauretta is recovering. Lauretta interrupts them to say she wants to stop acting and confesses to Panfilo that the vision of suffering and death has made her realize her love for him. Elissa becomes furious that Panfilo would accept the love of woman who had just been playing a role, when she had always loved him. Dioneo urges her to seek a life outside the villa. Elissa realizing that Dioneo is burning with fever and about to die, forgives the lovers; the physician asks them to put on a play for the other patients. It is Dioneo's dying wish that they resume the story of Cupid and Psyche, interrupted in the first act; the play ends with Venus forgiving Cupid and Psyche and Cupid offering Psyche fruit from the tree of eternal life.

The curtain comes down with the lovers' song of triumph. Carlos Chávez: The Visitors - Lourdes Ambriz, Encarnación Vázquez, Randolph Locke, Jesús Suaste, Marc Embree. Label: BMG Entertainment México RV3 743217834722. Antonio Alcaraz, José, "Esto hizo, así escribió: The Visitors, ópera del compositor Carlos Chávez", Proceso, 1 October 2000. Accessed via subscription 14 January 2009. Craton, John Carlos Chávez Discography Parker, Robert L. Carlos Chavez: Mexico's Modern-Day Orpheus, Twayne Publishers, 1983. ISBN 0-8057-9455-7 Parker, Robert L. Carlos Chávez: A Guide to Research, Routledge, 1998. IS

Dark Horses (band)

Dark Horses are a British rock band formed in 2010, consisting of lead vocalist Lisa Elle, synth player/guitarist Bobby Waterson, lead guitarist David Wheeldon, electric bass Anastasia Zio and drummer Stevie Ingham. The band's formation includes Ali Tollervey and Pierre Angelique and video artist; the band has gained following with their two studio LPs, Black music and Hail Lucid State, both produced by Richard Fearless and released on Last Gang Records. The band formed during a recording session with the producer Richard Fearless from Death in Vegas at Key Club Recording Company studios in Michigan U. S. A. In August 2012 their first single, "Radio", was released followed by the LP Black Music on Last Gang Records in September 2012, their second single, "Alone", was released April 2013. One of their debut performances was opening for Kasabian at Wembley arena followed by a UK tour supporting Black Rebel Motorcycle Club In the meantime, the single "Radio" found its way onto the BBC 6Music A-list and saw the group win Artrocker’s "Single of the Year."

The band were invited to play a number of opening live dates in the U. K, Europe and Australia with Black Angels, Black Mountain, Sigur Ros and Tame Impala with performances at festivals including Glastonbury Festival BBC Introducing Stage, Festival N°6, The Great Escape, Harvest Festival Australia, Hard Rock Calling, the highlight being invited by Noel Gallagher and Roger Daltrey to play the Teenage Cancer Trust Concert at The Royal Albert Hall; the band released Fugitive Atmospheres EP in April 2013 on Last Gang Records. Dark Horses contributed "Jul Song" to A Psych Christmas album released November 2013, their version of "Hello I Love You" was included on a Doors covers album with fellow artists such as Iggy Pop, Black Angels and Dead Meadow, released March 2014 both on L. A. label Cleopatra Records. Their second album, Hail Lucid State, was recorded at Retreat Studios in East Sussex, produced again by Richard Fearless and released August 2014 on Last Gang Records; this was followed by U. K and European tours in 2014/15 headlining, opening for the Dandy Warhols and performing at the Zanne Festival, Reeperbahn Festival, Montreux Jazz Festival alongside Dirty beaches, Blonde Redhead, Clinic, The Vacant Lots and Lola Colt, stopping off in Berlin to record a session with Anton Newcombe of Brian Jonestown Massacre.

The single "Live on Hunger" was released April 2014, followed by "Saturn Returns" released July 2015, both on Last Gang Records. The band returned with the single "XIII" in November co-produced by Bob Earland; the release coincided with a string of European tour dates supporting Black Rebel Motorcycle Club. Black Music Hail Lucid State Fugitive Atmospheres "Radio" "Alone" "Live on Hunger" "Saturn Returns" "XIII" Official website for Dark Horses

Francis Hurt

Francis Hurt was an English Tory politician who represented the constituency of South Derbyshire. Hurt was born at Rock House Cromford, the son of Francis Edward Hurt and his wife Elizabeth Arkwright, the daughter of Richard Arkwright Junior, he played a first-class cricket match for Marylebone Cricket Club in 1840, being out for nought in both innings. Hurt became MP for Derbyshire South in 1837 but lost the seat in 1841, he lived at Alderwasley Hall, in the Hurt family since 1690. He was High Sheriff of Derbyshire in 1860, Deputy Lieutenant and J. P.. In 1851, he rebuilt in stone an Observatory called Crich Stand on a limestone cliff overlooking Crich; this had been erected by his grandfather in 1788 at a cost of £210. This was rebuilt in 1923 as a Memorial Tower for those of the Sherwood Foresters regiment who died in battle in World War I. Hurt built a wooden house on a height in the Alderwasley woods in 1857, used for picnics; this was on or near the site of the "Earl's Chamber", a hunting lodge belonging to Edmund Earl of Lancaster, brother of Edward I.

Hurt married Cecilia Norman, daughter of Richard Norman of Melton Mowbray and niece to the Duke of'Rutland. Their son Captain Francis R. Hurt was killed in the Crimean War in the attack on the Redan on 18 June 1855. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Francis Hurt