click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

James Colledge Pope

James Colledge Pope, was a land proprietor and politician on Prince Edward Island, Canada. He served as premier of the colony from 1865 to 1867, from 1870 to 1872, he was premier of PEI in 1873. He was born in the son of Joseph Pope and Lucy Colledge. Pope was a successful businessman, at one point the island's third largest shipowner, he entered PEI politics in 1857. He was a member of the Conservative Party, defended the rights of landowners against growing demands by tenant farmers for land reform. Pope was named to the Executive Council in 1859, joining the Conservative government of Edward Palmer. In 1865, he became Premier after a dispute over Canadian confederation resulted in Palmer and John Hamilton Gray resigning from the Executive Council. While not hostile to confederation, Pope did not agree with the terms set by the Quebec Conference. A particular problem was the unresolved land question, which pitted the demands of tenant farmers for land reform against demands by landlords for compensation.

The question had led to violence, and, in 1865, Pope used soldiers to put down disturbances led by the Tenant League. The next year, his government negotiated the purchase of the large Cunard estate, which composed 15% of the island's land mass, in order to redistribute the land to over 1,000 tenants; the colony lacked the funds to purchase all the island's proprietary estates. Pope was in Britain during the London Conference of 1867, persuaded delegates to agree to $800,000 being allocated by the federal treasury to buy proprietary lands on PEI so that they could be distributed to tenants; this was seen as bribery on the island and divided the Tories, leading to their defeat in the 1867 election at the hands of the Liberals, who were more hostile to confederation. The Tories were hurt by their reputation as being pro-landlord: the Tenant League campaigned to defeat the Pope government. Pope returned to the premiership in 1870 leading a coalition government of Conservatives and Liberals; the question of school funding and the role of separate schools divided the province and both political parties, caused the fall of Robert Poore Haythorne's Liberal government.

Pope was able to form a coalition between his Tories and dissident Liberals by promising not to act on the question of schools, or confederation, before an election. The new government instead moved to commence the construction of a railway on the island in 1871; the railway proved to be a severe economic burden that bankrupted the island. The government lost a by-election on the railway issue, Pope, as a result, lost his governing majority in the House of Assembly, was forced to resign in 1872; the financial crisis caused by the railway, the ability of the Canadian government to bail the island out, was a major factor in the colony agreeing to seek to join Canadian confederation. The Liberal government of Robert Poore Haythorne sent a delegation to Ottawa, Ontario in February 1873 seeking terms to admission to Canada. Ottawa agreed to take over the railway, provide funds to settle the land question, assume the colony's debts and give the new province an annual subsidy; the Liberals called an election on the proposal.

Pope's Tories argued that the terms were not good enough, that, if elected, his government would obtain more favourable conditions. Pope's party won 20 out of 30 seats in the April election, he proceeded to Ottawa where he persuaded the Canadian government to increase the promised annual subsidy to PEI by a further $25,000. PEI entered confederation on July 1, 1873. Pope's third stint as Premier ended in September 1873 when he won a seat in the House of Commons of Canada, he did not run in the 1874 federal election and returned to the province's House of Assembly in 1875, although he did not return to government. In 1876, he lost his seat in the provincial election, fought on the issue of school funding and separate schools. Pope's position was considered too moderate for voters; the next year, he returned to the House of Commons and served as Minister of Marine and Fisheries from 1878 to 1882 in the Conservative government of Sir John A. Macdonald. "James Colledge Pope". Dictionary of Canadian Biography.

University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016. James Colledge Pope – Parliament of Canada biography

Sectorul Centru

Sectorul Centru is one of the five sectors in Chișinău, the capital of Moldova. The local administration is managed by a pretor appointed by the city administration, it governs over a portion of the city of Chișinău itself, the suburban town of Codru. It is populated by Moldovans and Romanians. Central or Downtown Chișinău is the central business district of Moldova. In central Chișinău are located the major governmental and business institutions of Moldova: The Parliament Government House Presidential Palace St. Teodora de la Sihla Church Nativity Cathedral, Chișinău National History Museum of Moldova Embassy of the United States in Chișinău Embassy of Romania in Chișinău Delegation of the European Union to Moldova Sfatul Țării Palace Embassy of Austria, Chișinău Embassy of Germany, Chișinău Embassy of Hungary, Chișinău Embassy of France, Chișinău Stephen the Great Monument, the country's most prominent monument Capitoline Wolf, Chișinău Triumphal arch, Chișinău Alley of Classics, Chișinău Monument to Simion Murafa, Alexei Mateevici and Andrei Hodorogea Monument to Doina and Ion Aldea Teodorovici Monument to the Victims of the Soviet Occupation Memorial to victims of Stalinist repression

132nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 132nd Infantry Division was a German division in World War II. It was formed on 5 October 1940 in Landshut and was destroyed in the Courland Pocket in 1945. In May 1941 the units of this division participated in the suppression of the Đurđevdan uprising. Structure of the division: Headquarters 132nd Reconnaissance Battalion 436th Infantry Regiment 437th Infantry Regiment 438th Infantry Regiment 132nd Engineer Battalion 132nd Artillery Regiment 132nd Tank Destroyer Battalion 132nd Signal Battalion 132nd Divisional Supply Group Generalleutnant Rudolf Sintzenich, 5 October 1940 – 11 January 1942 General der Artillerie Fritz Lindemann, 11 January 1942 – 12 August 1943 Generalleutnant Herbert Wagner, 12 August 1943 – 8 January 1945 Generalmajor Rudolf Demme, 8 January – 8 May 1945

Herb Orvis

Herbert Vaughn Orvis is a former American football defensive tackle who played for the Detroit Lions and the Baltimore Colts in a ten-year career that lasted from 1972 to 1981 in the National Football League. Orvis played college football at the University of Colorado. Orvis twice earned first-team All-Big Eight honors, he was named to the 1970s All-Big Eight Decade team. In 1971, CU finished. In 2014, Orvis was named to the University of Colorado Athletic Hall of Fame. Orvis was drafted 16th overall in the first round of the 1972 NFL Draft by the Lions, playing for five years with that team. From 1978-81, he played for the Colts. In 1971 he was an All-American. Two times he received first-team All-Big Eight honors, he was inducted into the Colorado University Athletic Hall of Fame on October 30, 2014. and was named to its All-Century team, celebrating the first 100 years of Buffaloes’ football. After football, he grew, he retired in 2013. Orvis was chosen to be inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame on January 8, 2015.

The ceremony was held Dec. 2016 in New York City. List of Detroit Lions first-round draft picks

Prix Rosny-Aîné

The Prix Rosny-Aîné is a literary prize for French science fiction. It has been awarded annually since 1980 in two categories: best short fiction. 1980: Michel Jeury, for Le territoire humain 1981: Michel Jeury, for Les yeux géants 1982: Elisabeth Vonarburg, for Le silence de la cité 1983: Emmanuel Jouanne, for Damiers imaginaires 1984: Jean-Pierre Hubert, for Le champ du rêveur 1985: Emmanuel Jouanne, for Ici-bas 1986: Jean-Pierre Hubert, for Ombromanies 1987: Francis Berthelot, for La ville au fond de l'œil 1988: Joëlle Wintrebert, for Les olympiades truquées 1988: Roland C. Wagner, for Le serpent d'angoisse 1989: Roland C. Wagner, for Poupée aux yeux morts 1990: Yves Fremion, for L'hétéradelphe de Gane 1991: Pierre Stolze, for Cent mille images 1992: Jean-Claude Dunyach, for Étoiles mortes 1993: Alain Le Bussy, for Deltas 1994: Richard Canal, for Ombres blanches 1995: Richard Canal, for Aube noire 1996: Maurice Dantec, for Les Racines du mal 1997: Serge Lehman, for F. A. U. S. T. 1998: Roland C.

Wagner, for L'odyssée de l'espèce 1999: Jean-Marc Ligny, for Jihad 2000: Michel Pagel, for L'équilibre des paradoxes 2001: Johan Heliot, for La Lune seule le sait 2002: Laurent Genefort, for Omale 2003: Joëlle Wintrebert, for Pollen 2004: Roland C. Wagner, for La Saison de la Sorcière 2005: Xavier Mauméjean, for La Vénus anatomique 2006: Catherine Dufour, for Le Goût de l'immortalité 2007: Jean-Marc Ligny, for Aqua TM 2008: Élise Fontenaille, for Unica 2009: Xavier Mauméjean, for Lilliputia 2010: Ugo Bellagamba, for Tancrède. Une uchronie 2011: Laurent Whale, for Les Pilleurs d'Âmes 2012: Roland C. Wagner, for Rêves de gloire 2013: Laurent Genefort, for Points chauds 2014: Ayerdhal, for Rainbow Warriors and L. L. Kloetzer, for Anamnèse de Lady Star 2015: Ayerdhal, for Bastards 2016: Laurent Genefort, for Lum'en 2017: François Rouiller, for Métaquine® 1980: Joëlle Wintrebert, for La créode 1981: Jacques Boireau, for Chronique de la vallée 1981: Serge Brussolo, for Subway, éléments pour une mythologie du métro 1982: Christine Renard, for La nuit des albiens 1983: Roland C.

Wagner, for Faire-part 1984: Lionel Évrard, for Le clavier incendié 1985: Jean-Pierre Hubert, pour Pleine peau 1986: Sylvie Lainé, for Le chemin de la rencontre 1987: Gérard Klein, for Mémoire morte 1988: Jean-Pierre Hubert, for Roulette mousse 1989: Francis Valéry, for Bumpie 1990: Francis Valéry, for Les voyageurs sans mémoire 1991: Raymond Milesi, for Extra-muros 1992: Jean-Claude Dunyach, for L'autre côté de l'eau 1993: Wildy Petoud, for Accident d'amour 1994: Raymond Milesi, for L'heure du monstre 1995: Serge Lehman, for Dans l'abîme 1996: Serge Delsemme, for Voyage organisé 1997: Roland C. Wagner, for H. P. L. 1998: Jean-Claude Dunyach, for Déchiffrer la trame 1999: Jean-Jacques Nguyen, for L'amour au temps du silicium 2000: Sylvie Denis, for Dedans, dehors 2001: Claude Ecken, for La fin du big bang 2002: Raymond Milesi, for Le sommeil de la libellule 2003: Jean-Jacques Girardot, for Gris et amer 1: Les Visiteurs de l'éclipse 2003: Sylvie Lainé, for Un signe de Setty 2004: Claude Ecken, for Fragments lumineux du disque d'accrétion 2005: Ugo Bellagamba, for Chimères 2006: Sylvie Lainé, for Les Yeux d'Elsa 2007: Serge Lehman, for Origami 2008: Jean-Claude Dunyach, for Repli sur soie 2009: Jeanne-A Debats, for La Vieille Anglaise et le continent 2010: Jérôme Noirez, for Terre de fraye 2011: Timothée Rey, for Suivre à travers le bleu cet éclair puis cette ombre 2012: Ugo Bellagamba, for Journal d'un poliorcète repenti 2013: Ayerdhal, for RCW and Thomas Geha, for Les Tiges 2014: Christian Léourier, for Le Réveil des hommes blancs 2015: Sylvie Lainé, for L'Opéra de Shaya 2016: Laurent Genefort, for Ethfrag 2017: Estelle Faye, for Les anges tièdes Prix Rosny-Aîné

A61 autoroute

The A61 autoroute is a French motorway forming part of the Autoroute de Deux Mers. It is 147.5 kilometres long. It connects Toulouse, where becomes the A62 towards Bordeaux, it has junctions with the A64 towards Bayonne and A68 towards Albi on the outskirts of Toulouse. It is a toll road and operated by ASF, it is with 2x2 lanes on the majority of its course except for the section between Toulouse and the junction with A66 close to Villefranche-de-Lauragais, 2x3 lanes. It is the European route E80. Exchange A61-A68-A62 Junction with A62 to Bordeaux and A68 to Albi. 15 km 231 Towns served: Toulouse 16 km 233 Towns served: Toulouse 17 km 235 Towns served: Toulouse, Castres via RN126. 18 km 236 Towns served: Toulouse 19 km 239 Junction with A620 spur to Toulouse Centre. Péage de Toulouse sud Service Area km 248: Toulouse sud Rest Area km 256: Ayguesvives/Baziège Exchange A61-A66 Junction with the A66 to Pamiers and Barcelona. 20 km 264 Towns served: Gardouch, Villefranche-de-Lauragais Rest Area km 265: Renneville/Villefranche Rest Area km 274: Port Lauragais 21 km 288 Towns served: Castelnaudary Rest Area km 292: Mireval/Castelnaudary 22 km 302 Towns served: Bram Rest Area km 303: Montréal/Bram Service Area km 312: Carcassonne-Arzens 23 km 319 Towns served: Carcassonne Rest Area km 323: Belvédère d'Auriac/Belvédère de la Cité 24 km 329 Towns served: Carcassonne Service Area km 340: Les Corbières Rest Area km 354: Fontcouverte/La Peyrière 25 km 357 Towns served: Lézignan-Corbières Rest Area km 366: Bizanet Rest Area km 375: Narbonne Jonquières Rest Area km 376: Pech Loubat Exchange A9-A61 Junction with the A9 to Perpignan and Orange.

A61 Motorway in Saratlas