James Donald

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James Donald
Actor James Donald.jpg
Born James Robert MacGeorge Donald
(1917-05-18)18 May 1917
Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, UK
Died 3 August 1993(1993-08-03) (aged 76)
West Tytherley, Hampshire, England, UK
Occupation Actor
Years active 1938-1978
Spouse(s) Ann Donald (?-1993; his death; 1 child)

James Donald (18 May 1917 – 3 August 1993) was a Scottish actor.[1] Tall and thin, he specialised in playing authority figures.[2]

Early life[edit]

Donald was born in Aberdeen, the fourth son of a Scottish Presbyterian minister. His mother died when he was 18 months old and his father remarrried.

Donald grew up in Galasheils and was schooled at Rossall School on Lancashire's Fylde coast. He briefly attended McGill University in Montreal, but his asthma meant he transferred to Edinburgh University.

Donald originally intended to be a teacher but seeing Sir Cedric Hardwicke and Dame Edith Evans in The Late Christopher Bean made him decide to be an actor.

He began seeing as many shows as possible and studied at the London Theatre Studio for two years.

Early career[edit]

He made his stage debut in 1938 in The White Guard and he began to get work regularly on stage. He appeared in Twelfth Night with Michael Redgrave and understudied John Gielgud in King Lear. He toured the provinces in The Cherry Orchard.

Second World War[edit]

In 1939, Donald tried to enlist but a medical classified him as unfit for military service so he joined ENSA. He played minor roles in several war films, including Alibi (1942), In Which We Serve (1942), Went the Day Well? (1942), San Demetrio London (1943) and The Way Ahead (1944). He achieved fame on stage appearing in Present Laughter by Noel Coward. In 1943 he was signed by MGM.

After The Way Ahead in 1944, the British Army reversed its earlier decision and called up Donald. He joined the RASC before being assigned to British Army Intelligence where he typed up decoded enemy messages.[3]

Post-war career[edit]

After the war he resumed his career. On stage he was in The Eagle with Two Heads (1947) and You Never Can Tell (1948) In films, MGM loaned him to Gainsborough Studios for Broken Journey (1948). He was in also The Small Voice (1948) and MGM's Edward, My Son (1949).

Donald had a big success on stage in The Heiress (1949) with Ralph Richardson, Peggy Ashcroft and Donald Sinden. It led to Laurence Olivier casting him in a production of Captain Caravallo (1950).[4]

For films, he was Jean Kent's love interest in Trottie True (1949) and supported Jean Kent in Cage of Gold (1950) and Googie Withers in White Corridors (1951).

Donald had the lead in a comedy Brandy for the Parson (1952) and supported Trevor Howard and Richard Attenborough in Gift Horse (1952). He played Mr. Winkle in the 1952 film version of The Pickwick Papers.

He had the lead in The Net (1953) and was cast in his first Hollywood film in MGM's Beau Brummell (1954). The same studio hired him to play Theo Van Gogh in Lust for Life (1956).

International career[edit]

He portrayed Major Clipton, the doctor who expresses grave doubts about the sanity of Colonel Nicholson's (Alec Guinness) efforts to build the bridge in order to show up his Japanese captors, in the war film The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957). He spoke the film's final words: "Madness!, Madness!"

Donald was in much demand to play supporting roles in action and prisoner-of-war films: The Vikings (1958); Third Man on the Mountain (1959); Group Captain Ramsey, the Senior British Officer in The Great Escape (1963); King Rat (1965), a doctor in a POW camp; and Cast a Giant Shadow (1966). He played a colonel in a comedy The Jokers (1967) and had a part as a heroic scientist in Quatermass and the Pit (1967).[5]

Donald starred in a 1960 television adaptation of A. J. Cronin's The Citadel and appeared regularly in many other television dramas in the UK and US. He starred in two episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents directed by Hitchcock himself: "Poison" (from the story by Roald Dahl) and "The Crystal Trench" (based on the story by A.E.W. Mason). In 1961, he played Prince Albert opposite Julie Harris's Queen Victoria, in the Hallmark Hall of Fame production of Laurence Housman's play Victoria Regina, for which he received an Emmy nomination.[2]

He performed Write Me a Murder (1961) on Broadway.

Later film roles included Hannibal Brooks (1969), The Royal Hunt of the Sun (1969), David Copperfield (1969), Conduct Unbecoming (1975) and The Big Sleep (1978).

Death[edit]

Donald retired from acting in part because of a lifelong asthmatic condition. He died of stomach cancer on 3 August 1993 in West Tytherley, Hampshire.[5] He was survived by his wife, Ann, and a stepson.[6][5]

Filmography[edit]

Film
Year Film Role Notes
1942 The Missing Million
1942 One of Our Aircraft Is Missing Uncredited
1942 Alibi Barman Uncredited
1942 In Which We Serve Doc
1942 Went the Day Well? German Corporal Uncredited
1943 San Demetrio London Gunnery Control Officer
1944 The Way Ahead Pvt. Evan Lloyd
1948 Broken Journey Bill Haverton
1948 The Small Voice Murray Byrne
1949 Edward, My Son Bronton
1949 Trottie True Lord Digby Landon
1950 Cage of Gold Alan
1951 White Corridors Neil Marriner
1952 Brandy for the Parson Bill Harper
1952 Gift Horse Lt. Richard Jennings, No. 1
1952 The Pickwick Papers Nathaniel Winkle
1953 The Net Prof. Michael Heathley
1954 Beau Brummell Lord Edwin Mercer
1956 Lust for Life Theo Van Gogh
1957 The Bridge on the River Kwai Major Clipton
1958 The Vikings Egbert
1959 Third Man on the Mountain Franz Lerner
1961 Victoria Regina[7] Benjamin Disraeli
1963 The Great Escape Gp. Capt. Ramsey "The SBO"
1965 King Rat Dr. Kennedy
1966 Cast a Giant Shadow Maj. Safir
1967 The Jokers Col. Gurney-Simms
1967 Quatermass and the Pit Dr. Mathew Roney (Released as Five Million Years to Earth in the US)
1969 Hannibal Brooks Padre
1969 The Royal Hunt of the Sun King Carlos
1970 David Copperfield Mr. Murdstone TV Movie
1975 Conduct Unbecoming The Doctor
1978 The Big Sleep Inspector Gregory (final film role)

Theatre[edit]

  • "White Guard" (1938)
  • "Swords About the Cross" (1938)
  • "Weep for the Spring" (1939)
  • "Twelfth Night" (1939)
  • "King Lear" (1940)
  • "Thunder Rock" (1943)
  • "The Time of Your Life" (1943)
  • "Present Laughter" (1943)
  • "This Happy Breed" (1943)
  • "The Brothers Karamazov" (`946)
  • "The Eagle Has Two Heads" (1947)
  • "The Cherry Orchard" (1948)
  • "You Never Can Tell" (1948)
  • "The Heriress" (1949)
  • "Captain Carvallo" (1950)
  • "Peter Pan" (1952)
  • "Slightly Soiled" (1953)
  • "The Dark is Light Enough" (1954)
  • "The Gates of Summer"(1956)
  • "Face of a Hero" (1960)
  • "Write Me a Murder" (1961)
  • The Wings of the Dove" (1963)
  • "The Doctor's Dilemma" (1963)
  • "School for Scandal" (1970)
  • "The Marquise" (1971)
  • "Emperor Henry IV" (1973)

References[edit]

External links[edit]