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James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster

Lieutenant-General James FitzGerald, 1st Duke of Leinster, PC, styled Lord Offaly until 1744 and known as The Earl of Kildare between 1744 and 1761 and as The Marquess of Kildare between 1761 and 1766, was an Irish nobleman and politician. Leinster was the son of Robert FitzGerald, 19th Earl of Kildare, Lady Mary, daughter of William O'Brien, 3rd Earl of Inchiquin. Leinster was a member of the Irish House of Commons for Athy from 1741 before succeeding his father as 20th Earl of Kildare in 1744, he was sworn of the Irish Privy Council in 1746 and in 1747, on the occasion of his marriage, he was created Viscount Leinster, of Taplow in the County of Buckingham, in the Peerage of Great Britain, took his seat in the British House of Lords that same year. From 1749 to 1755 he was one of the leaders of the Popular Party in Ireland, served as the country's Master-General of the Ordnance between 1758 and 1766, becoming Colonel of the Royal Irish Artillery in 1760, he was promoted to Major-General in 1761 and to Lieutenant-General in 1770.

In 1761 Lord Kildare was created Earl of Offaly and Marquess of Kildare in the Peerage of Ireland and in 1766 he was further honoured when he was made Duke of Leinster, becoming by this time the Premier Duke and Earl in the Peerage of Ireland. Leinster married the 15-year-old Lady Emily Lennox, daughter of Charles Lennox, 2nd Duke of Richmond and one of the famous Lennox Sisters, in London on 7 February 1747, she descended from King Charles II and was therefore a distant fifth cousin of King George III. The couple had nineteen children: George FitzGerald, Earl of Offaly William FitzGerald, 2nd Duke of Leinster. Lady Caroline FitzGerald. Lady Emily Mary FitzGerald, married Charles Coote, 1st Earl of Bellomont and Baron Coote of Coolony; the couple had one son who died young and four daughters. Emily died in Cornwall in 1818 after a lingering illness. Lady Henrietta FitzGerald. Lady Caroline FitzGerald. Charles FitzGerald, 1st Baron Lecale. Lady Charlotte Mary Gertrude married Joseph Strutt and was made first Baroness Rayleigh.

Had issue. Lady Louisa Bridget FitzGerald. Lord Henry FitzGerald, general. Lady Sophia Sarah Mary FitzGerald. Lord Edward FitzGerald. Lord Robert Stephen FitzGerald, a diplomat. Lord Gerald FitzGerald. Drowned, went down with the ship in which he was serving. Lord Augustus FitzGerald. Lady Fanny FitzGerald. Lady Lucy Anne FitzGerald, who took part in the Irish Rebellion of 1798, she was married to Admiral Sir Thomas Foley. They had no children. Lady Louisa FitzGerald. Lord George Simon FitzGerald. Recognized as son of Lord Kildare, but was in fact the biological son of his brother's tutor, William Ogilvie. Leinster died at Leinster House, Dublin, in November 1773, aged 51, was buried in the city's Christ Church Cathedral, he was succeeded by his second son, Marquess of Kildare. The Duchess of Leinster caused a minor sensation by marrying her lover William Ogilvie in 1774, but continued to be known as The Dowager Duchess of Leinster, she had a further three children by him. She died in London in March 1814, aged 82.

Leinster appears in the 1999 BBC television series Aristocrats played by Ben Daniels. Ducal House of Leinster Pedigree of the 1st Duke of Leinster

Entry Level Certificate

The Entry Level Certificate is a qualification offered in England and Northern Ireland. It lies at Entry Level of the National Qualifications Framework. ELCs are available in a variety of subjects, such as English, Science, Life Skills and Childcare; the qualifications are targeted at those who struggle to access the mainstream curriculum, such as students with special educational needs. Most students take the qualifications in school at ages 14–16, as an alternative to GCSEs, but many adults take them. Students are assessed through a combination of coursework, controlled assessment and examinations, depending on the qualification. ELCs are offered by a number of examination boards, including AQA, CCEA, Edexcel, OCR and WJEC. A student completing an ELC is awarded one of the following grades, which are common to all Entry Level qualifications: Entry 3 Entry 2 Entry 1 Those who do not reach the level for Entry 1 are recorded as uncertified and do not have the subject appear on their results certificates.

Entry 1, Entry 2 and Entry 3 are broadly equivalent to National Curriculum Levels 1, 2 and 3 respectively. When converting qualifications to school attainment points, Entry 1 is worth 10 points, Entry 2 is worth 12 and Entry 3 is worth 14; this compares to 16 points for GCSE Grade G and 22 points for GCSE Grade F. The Entry Level Certificate was launched as the Certificate of Achievement in September 1996, with the first awards being made in 1998; the grades were known as Distinction and Pass. The name Entry Level Certificate was adopted from the 2001 award onwards

Marco Sartor

Marco Sartor is an award-winning Uruguayan classical guitarist. Born in Montevideo, Marco Sartor is a top prize winner in numerous international competitions including First Prizes in the Schadt String Competition, Texas Guitar Competition, the JoAnn Falletta International Guitar Concerto Competition, he has performed extensively across the USA and appeared as a soloist with the Allentown Symphony, Virginia Symphony, Buffalo Philharmonic, Ann Arbor Symphony, Indianapolis Chamber and other orchestras in the USA. Dr. Sartor has performed and was featured in radio and television broadcasts throughout Spain, Mexico, Canada and Uruguay to both critical and public acclaim. Marco Sartor completed his Doctor of Musical Arts degree at Yale University, holds degrees from the College of Charleston and Carnegie Mellon University as well, he studied with Robert Ravera, Mario Paysee and Eduardo Fernandez in Uruguay and Marc Regnier, James Ferla, Benjamin Verdery in the USA. In 2009 he recorded his debut CD for the Fleur de Son label and performed with the Buffalo Philharmonic and the SODRE Orchestra in Uruguay.

As a teacher, he has been invited to give master-classes in Uruguay, a number of universities and conservatories in the USA. He has started the guitar programs at the Carnegie Mellon Music Preparatory School in Pittsburgh, PA and at the Charleston Academy of Music in Charleston, SC, he teaches at the New World School of the Arts in Miami. Fleur de Son released Marco's debut CD in May 2010; the recording includes works by John Dowland, Domenico Scarlatti, Fernando Sor, Manuel Ponce, Abel Fleury, Tom Eastwood and Nikola Starcevic. 1st prize: 1998 Centro Guitarristico del Uruguay 1st prize: 2002 "Schadt String Competition". Archived from the original on 2009-07-27. Retrieved 2009-08-27. Allentown, Pennsylvania 1st prize: 2003 Music Teachers National Association Salt Lake City, Utah 1st prize: 2004 "Appalachian GuitarFest". Boone, North Carolina 1st prize: 2006 Texas Guitar Competition. Dallas, Texas 1st prize: 2007 "Pittsburgh Concert Society". Archived from the original on 2011-07-27. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 1st prize: 2008 JoAnn Falletta International Guitar Concerto Competition, "Official website".

Buffalo, New York 2nd prize: 2000 Colon Competition 2nd prize: 2000 Ciudad de Montevideo Competition 2nd prize: 2005 Texas Guitar Competition. Dallas, Texas 2nd prize: 2005 "St. Joseph International Guitar Competition". Archived from the original on 2009-05-15. St. Joseph, Missouri 2nd prize: 2005 National Guitar Workshop. New Milford, Connecticut 3rd prize: "Guitar Foundation of America". Archived from the original on 2009-08-22. 3rd prize: 2007 "International Koblenz Guitar Competition". "Hubert Kappel" 3rd prize: 2007 "Miami International Guitar Competition". Miami, Florida “Sartor’s playing was characterized by the smoothness and assurance of his technique that seemed casual in difficult moments; this contributed to the artist’s natural shaping of the musical line and the grace of the rapid figurations in the first movement... the most intimate view of Sartor’s nimble fingering, fluent long runs, wonderfully pensive, articulate solo passages... in the rousing Finale, his rhythmic acuity was striking in staking out the movement’s opposition of guitar and orchestra.

The audience loved it... a magical spell.” "Piccolo introduces us to a lot of new talent, but none can top the prodigious talent of Sartor...plays with great heart...consummate skill, sparkling technique and cleanly executed embellishments... a sizzling example of sterling talent." Post and Courier, Charleston, SC. Marco Sartor's Website Carnegie Mellon University College of Charleston Carnegie Mellon Preparatory School Charleston Academy of Music Robert Ravera Marc Regnier Eduardo Fernandez

Transportation coils

The Transportation coils series is a set of definitive stamps issued by the United States Postal Service between 1981 and 1995. Dubbed the "Transportation Issue" or "Transportation Series", they have come to be called the "transportation coils" because all of the denominations were issued in coil stamp format. All values except three were printed by the Bureau of Printing; the theme of the series was historical transportation vehicles used in the United States since its independence. The designs are spare, consisting only of the vehicle itself, with inscriptions describing the general type and a date, either a decade or sometimes a specific year; the stamps are engraved all in a single color on plain white paper. Some of the denominations received special service inscriptions in black, such as "Bulk Rate" or "ZIP + 4 Presort". Many of those denominations were unusual decimal rates, such as 16.7 or 24.1 cents, used by bulk mailers and other businesses who used precancels. Decimal rates had appeared on some coils of the 1975 Americana Series.

Because of their heavy use by businesses mailing to households, vast quantities of these were produced, were a common sight in the daily mail of the 1980s and 1990s. Plate numbers were printed in small letters at the bottom of the stamps at intervals of twenty-four, forty-eight, or fifty-two depending on the printing press employed and these stamps are known as plate number coils; the series has become popular with stamp collectors, both because of the "classic" engraved designs, because to the emergence of the plate number collecting. Many issues with specific plate numbers can be valuable. Stamps of the series: 1¢ Omnibus 2¢ Locomotive 3¢ Handcar 3¢ Conestoga 3.4¢ School BusStagecoachSteam Carriage 4.9¢ Buckboard 5¢ Motorcycle 5¢ Milk wagon 5¢ Circus wagon 5¢ Canoe 5.2¢ Sleigh 5.3¢ Elevator 5.5¢ Star Route Truck 5.9¢ Bicycle 6¢ Tricycle 7.1¢ Tractor 7.4¢ Baby Buggy 7.6¢ Carreta 8.3¢ Ambulance 8.4¢ Wheel Chair 8.5¢ Tow Truck 9.3¢ Mail Wagon 10¢ Canal Boat 10¢ Tractor Trailer 10.1¢ Oil Wagon 10.9¢ Hansom Cab 11¢ Caboose 11¢ Stutz Bearcat 12¢ Stanley Steamer 12.5¢ Pushcart 13¢ Patrol Wagon 13.2¢ Coal Car 14¢ Iceboat 15¢ Tugboat 16.7¢ Popcorn Wagon 17¢ Electric Auto 17¢ Dog Sled 17.5¢ Racing Car 18¢ Surrey 20¢ Fire Pumper 20¢ Cable Car 20¢ Cog Railway 20.5¢ Fire Engine 21¢ Railway Mail Car 23¢ Lunch Wagon 24.1¢ Tandem Bike 25¢ Bread Wagon 32¢ Ferry Boat $1 Sea Plane Notes SourcesScott catalog Agris, Joseph.

The Transportation Coils and Other Plate Number Coils Issues. Houston, TX.: Eclectic Publishing, 1987 332p. Lawrence, Ken. "A Tribute to Transportation Coils." The American Philatelist. Vol. 105 No. 6, p. 530-541. Winick, Les; the United States Transportation Coils. Florham Park, N. J.: The Washington Press, 1988 4p

The Amazing Race en Discovery Channel 1

The first season of The Amazing Race en Discovery Channel is a Latin American reality television game show based on the American series, The Amazing Race. The first season of the show featured eleven teams of two with a pre-existing relationship, in a race across Latin America to win US$250,000; the race was produced by RGB Entertainment. The host of the show is Harris Whitbeck; the Amazing Race en Discovery Channel premiered on Sunday 20 September 2009 at 10:00 p.m.. The season finale was aired on 13 December 2009 at 10:00 p.m.. Argentine married couple Matías Franchini & Tamara Reichelt were the winners of the Race. Discovery Channel greenlit the first installment in November 2008. Filming covered nearly 14,600 km; the first season spanned nine countries in two continents. This season marked a first-time visit by any race franchise outside of the American edition to visit North America. Among them, 7 have been visited by the original American version, including Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico and Peru.

At the time the season aired and the Dominican Republic hadn't been visited in the American version with Colombia visited in the twenty-eighth season of the original American version, in 2016. The route markers in this season were colored blue and black, including the clue envelopes and the Pit Stop. Different from other editions is the fact that the opening shows the teams' country of origin. Only two teams, both of which were Mexican teams, appeared at the Finish Line. Applications were accepted from 17 November 2008 to 31 January 2009; this season counted with eleven teams from Argentina, Chile, Mexico and Venezuela. The cast includes the first team in the history of the franchise composed of a Godfather and a Godson; the following teams participated with their relationships at the time of filming. Placements are listed in finishing order: A red team placement indicates that the team was eliminated. A green ƒ and team placement indicates. An underlined blue team placement indicates that the team came in last on a non-elimination leg and had to perform a Speed Bump in the next leg of the Race.

A yellow > indicates. A brown ⊃ indicates. Italicized results indicate the position of the team at the midpoint of a two-episode leg; the prize for each leg is awarded to the first place team for that leg. Leg 1 – $200 Credit Card issued by Visa for each team member. Leg 2 – $200 Credit Card issued by Visa for each team member. Leg 3 – $300 Credit Card issued by Visa for each team member. Leg 4 – $300 Credit Card issued by Visa and a Nintendo DSi for each team member. Leg 5 – $300 Credit Card issued by Visa and a Wii for each team member. Leg 6 – $400 Credit Card issued by Visa and a Palm Treo Pro for each team member. Leg 7 – $400 Credit Card issued by Visa and a Wii for each team member. Leg 8 – $500 Credit Card issued by Visa and a Palm Treo Pro for each team member. Leg 9 – $600 Credit Card issued by Visa and a Nintendo DSi for each team member. Leg 10 – $800 Credit Card issued by Visa and a Palm Treo Pro for each team member. Leg 11 – $1000 Credit Card issued by Visa and a Palm Treo Pro for each team member and a stay of 7 nights at The Fairmont Mayakoba Hotel & Spa located at the Riviera Maya, Mexico with a spa treatment.

Leg 12.1 – 2 tickets courtesy of Mexicana Airlines, 7 nights in the State of Yucatán. Leg 12.2 – $250,000 Airdate: September 20, 2009 Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil Foz do Iguaçu Foz do Iguaçu Foz do Iguaçu to Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre Gramado Gramado Gramado Gramado The Detour in this leg was Flores and Árbol. In Flores, teams made their way to Lago Negro. Once there, teams had to take a swan boat out and paddle to the other shore to pick up a basket of flowers from a villager, they had to go back to the dock and give the basket to a female villager to receive their next clue. In Árbol, teams made their way to the Aldeia Do Papai Noel. Once in the village, teams searched in the "Arvore dos desejos" for a "Mimo" with their names written on it, which they had to give to a Goblin in order to receive their next clue. Additional tasksIn Garganta do Diabo Falls, teams were instructed to find their bikes in Espaço Naipi and ride to Mirante 2. There, they had to walk to the Canion Iguaçu entrance.

In the entrance was the cluebox with their next clue. In Canion Iguaçu, teams had to rappel down to the Iguaçu River shore. At the shore, teams needed to raft 4 kilometres down the river to Puerto Macuco dock; the cluebox with their next clue was waiting at the dock. In Mini Mundo, teams had to find five characters, they needed to match the characters with the places. After they were approved, teams received their next clue. Airdate: September 27, 2009


Odontocheila is a genus of beetles in the family Carabidae, containing the following species: Odontocheila amabilis Chaudoir, 1860 Odontocheila angulipenis W. Horn, 1933 Odontocheila annulicornis Brulle, 1837 Odontocheila atripes Rivalier, 1970 Odontocheila baeri Fleutiaux, 1903 Odontocheila batesii Chaudoir, 1860 Odontocheila camposi W. Horn, 1925 Odontocheila camuramandibula Huber, 1999 Odontocheila cayennensis Odontocheila chiriquina Bates, 18817 Odontocheila chrysis Odontocheila cinctula Bates, 18813 Odontocheila confusa Odontocheila cyanella Chaudoir, 1860 Odontocheila cylindrica Odontocheila cylindricoflavescens W. Horn, 1922 Odontocheila dilatoscapis Huber, 1999 Odontocheila divergentehamulata W. Horn, 1929 Odontocheila euryoides W. Horn, 1922 Odontocheila exilis Bates, 1884 Odontocheila eximia Lucas, 1857 Odontocheila fulgens Odontocheila gilli Johnson, 2000 Odontocheila hamulipenis W. Horn, 1933 Odontocheila howdeni Br. van Nidek, 1980 Odontocheila ignita Chaudoir, 18603 Odontocheila iodopleura Bates, 1872 Odontocheila iodopleuroides Mandl, 1972 Odontocheila jordani W. Horn, 1898 Odontocheila luridipes Odontocheila marginata Odontocheila margineguttata Odontocheila marginilabris Erichson, 1847 Odontocheila mexicana Castelnau, 18352 Odontocheila molesta Br. van Nidek, 1957 Odontocheila nicaraguensis Bates, 1874 Odontocheila nigrotarsalis W. Horn, 1929 Odontocheila nitidicollis Odontocheila nodicornis Odontocheila parallelaruga Huber, 1999 Odontocheila quadrina Chevrolat, 18353 Odontocheila rondoniana Huber, 2000 Odontocheila rufiscapis Bates, 1874 Odontocheila rutilans Odontocheila salvini Bates, 18749 Odontocheila scapularis W. Horn, 1896 Odontocheila simulatrix W. Horn, 1894 Odontocheila spinipennis Chaudoir, 1843 Odontocheila sternbergi W. Horn, 1898 Odontocheila suareziana Huber, 1999 Odontocheila tawahka Johnson, 1996 Odontocheila tricuspipenis W. Horn, 1933 Odontocheila trilbyana Thomson, 1857 Odontocheila vermiculata Bates, 1872 Odontocheila yunga Huber, 1999