Balclutha, New Zealand
Balclutha is a town in Otago, lying towards the end of the Clutha River, on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It is about halfway between Dunedin and Invercargill on the Main South Line railway, State Highway 1 and the Southern Scenic Route. Balclutha has a population of 3,990, is the largest town in South Otago; the Clutha District Council is based in Balclutha. The major service center for the fertile farming region around the lower reaches of the Clutha River, it is the nearest large town to the Catlins, a scenic region of native forest and rugged coastline. Known locally as "Clutha", Balclutha's name - and that of the river on which it stands - reflects the Scottish origin of the town's settlement; the name would be spelt Baile Cluaidh in that language. James McNeil from Bonn Hill, Scotland, regarded as the town's founding father, arrived in 1853, via Port Chalmers in 1849, his farm was on the site of the present town, where he and the Provincial Government established a ferry service across the Clutha in 1857.
The Māori name for the area is Iwikatea "Bleached bones". The Clutha River flows through the town, it is the largest river in New Zealand by volume of water, the country's second longest after the Waikato. It provides the town with various recreational facilities, including fishing, water skiing and power boating; the most prominent structure in the town is the concrete Balclutha Road Bridge across the river, built in 1935. The original 1868 wooden bridge was washed away on 14 October 1878. Rebuilt in 1881, it was considered unsuitable for motor vehicles; the South Island Main Trunk Railway crosses the river some 800 metres downstream, near the junction where the Clutha River divides into the southern branch, known as the Koau, the northern the Matau. Most of Balclutha township lies on'the flat' land which lies within a wide loop in the river to the south of the road bridge, but North Balclutha is on the hill to the north of the bridge and Rosebank on the hill to the south. Including the environs of the Clutha itself, there are a number of other interesting natural features in and near Balclutha.
Nearby at Benhar / Kaitangata is Lake Tuakitoto, Matai Falls, a natural waterfall and scenic feature is in the Catlins. The Nuggets near Kaka Point are worth noting; the yellow-eyed penguin comes ashore for breeding in the Balclutha area at the edge of the Catlins. Government-funded educational facilities include: South Otago High School Balclutha Primary School Rosebank Primary School St. Joseph's Primary SchoolThere is one tertiary education facility - Telford / Te Whare Wanaka o Puerua – a Division of Lincoln University Ronald Algie, educated in Balclutha John Barr, poet Aubrey Begg, politician Tony Brown, All Black rugby union player Morgan Endicott-Davies, judoka Tony Ensor, rugby union player international sevens player Matt Faddes, rugby union player and international sevens player Phillipa Finch, netball player Aaron Gale, international cricketer Paul Grant, rugby union player and international rugby sevens player Hone Kouka, playwright Robbie Johnston, Olympic long-distance runner Ian Murray Mackerras, zoologist Clive Matthewson, politician Jan Mortimer, international draughts player Rachel Pullar, women's international cricketer Barbara Tilden, international hockey player Sarah Tsukigawa, women's international cricketer Rob Webster, virologist Debbie White, international netball player Jared Wrennall, drummer from the New Zealand punk band Steriogram Bette Flagler.
2005. Adventure guide: New Zealand, Hunter Publishing, Inc, 800 pages ISBN 1-58843-405-2 Reed, A. W; the Reed dictionary of New Zealand place names. Auckland: Reed Books. ISBN 0-790-00761-4. Media related to Balclutha at Wikimedia Commons
Sir Donald Charles McKinnon is a former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of New Zealand. He was the Secretary-General of the Commonwealth of Nations from 2000 until 2008. McKinnon was born in London, his father was Major-General Walter McKinnon, CB CBE, a New Zealand Chief of the General Staff, once Chairman of New Zealand Broadcasting Corporation. McKinnon's brothers include the twins John McKinnon, the current New Zealand Secretary of Defence and a former Ambassador to China, Malcolm McKinnon, an editor and academic, Ian McKinnon, Pro-Chancellor of Victoria University of Wellington, School Headmaster of Scots College and former Deputy Mayor of Wellington City; the McKinnon brothers are great-great-grandsons of John Plimmer, known as the "father of Wellington". McKinnon was educated at Khandallah School and Nelson College from 1952 to 1953. In 1956, he graduated from Woodrow Wilson High School, in Washington, D. C.. McKinnon spent a "lengthy period" in the Bighorn Mountains in Wyoming.
He undertook study at New Zealand. After leaving university, he became a farm manager, a farm management consultant. In 1974, he became a real estate agent. In his spare time, he worked as a rehabilitation tutor in prisons. In the elections of 1969 and 1972, McKinnon stood unsuccessfully as the National Party's candidate in the Birkenhead electorate, having served on two of the party's electorate committees. In the election of 1978, McKinnon won the newly established seat of Albany, which covered much of the same area. In 1980, McKinnon was made the government's junior Whip. Two years he was made senior Whip; when Prime Minister Robert Muldoon called the snap election of 1984, was defeated by David Lange's New Zealand Labour Party, McKinnon remained senior Whip for his party in Opposition. In September 1987, he became deputy leader of the National Party; when National led by Jim Bolger, won the 1990 elections, McKinnon became Deputy Prime Minister. He became Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade and Minister of Pacific Island Affairs.
During his tenure in the former role, he oversaw New Zealand's election to the UN Security Council, increased activity in the Commonwealth of Nations, attempts to broker a truce on the island of Bougainville. He received recognition as a result of the Bougainville negotiations. In 1996, the National Party required the support of the New Zealand First party to form a government, part of the coalition agreement gave the office of Deputy Prime Minister to New Zealand First leader Winston Peters. McKinnon kept his role as Minister of Foreign Affairs and became Minister for Disarmament and Arms Control; when the coalition with New Zealand First collapsed, McKinnon did not resume the Deputy Prime Minister's role as he had been replaced beforehand as Deputy National Party leader by Wyatt Creech and therefore Creech became Deputy Prime Minister instead, although he did gain the minor responsibility of Minister in Charge of War Pensions. McKinnon retired from parliament shortly after the 1999 elections.
During his time as New Zealand's Minister of Foreign Affairs, McKinnon had been involved with the Commonwealth. At the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 1999, in Durban, he was elected to the office of Secretary General. Since that time, he has had to deal with issues such as Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe and George Speight's attempted nationalist coup in Fiji. McKinnon has placed an emphasis on supporting "good governance". In late 2003, New Zealand media reported that Zimbabwe was attempting to gather support from other Commonwealth members to remove McKinnon from the office of Secretary-General in retaliation for McKinnon's views about the issue of Zimbabwean democracy; the government of Zimbabwe denied. At the opening of the 2003 CHOGM, in Nigeria on 5 December, McKinnon was challenged for the position of Secretary-General by Lakshman Kadirgamar, a former Foreign Minister of Sri Lanka. However, McKinnon defeated Kadirgamar in a vote reported to be 40-11 in McKinnon's favour. McKinnon received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 2005 In 2007 McKinnon attempted to mediate between Fiji and the Australian and New Zealand governments in their continuing dispute over the appropriate timetable and rules for the holding of Fijian elections in 2008.
In a 2007 interview McKinnon criticised British public support for evicted white farmers in Zimbabwe as being "a bit of a guilt thing" and argued that the evictions were justified as there was "no way you can justify a society where 15,000 white farmers control 80 per cent of the most fertile land". In the 2008 New Year Honours, McKinnon was appointed as a Member of the Order of New Zealand, New Zealand's highest civilian honour. In 2009, McKinnon was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order for services to the Commonwealth, he is a Vice-President of the Royal Commonwealth Society. Don McKinnon Drive is named in his former electorate of Albany. In April 2013, McKinnon released his memoirs of his time as Secretary General of the Commonwealth, entitled In The Ring. McKinnon is chairman of the Global Panel Foundation Australasia, a non-governmental organization that works in crisis areas around the world. McKinnon is married to his second wife, former journalist Clare de Lore, together they have a son.
McKinnon has four other children from a previous marriage. Don McKinnon on IMDb Profile: Don McKinnon - BBC news The Global Panel Foundation
Bay of Plenty
The Bay of Plenty is a bight in the northern coast of New Zealand's North Island. It stretches 260 km from the Coromandel Peninsula in the west to Cape Runaway in the east; the Bay of Plenty Region is situated around this body of water incorporating several large islands in the bay. The bay was named by James Cook after he noticed the abundant food supplies at several Māori villages there, in stark contrast to the earlier observations he had made in Poverty Bay. According to local Māori traditions, the Bay of Plenty was the landing point of several migration canoes that brought Māori settlers to New Zealand; these include the Mataatua, Nukutere, Tākitimu and Tainui canoes. Many of the descendent iwi maintain their traditional homelands in the region, including Te Whānau-ā-Apanui, Te Whakatōhea, Ngāi Tai, Ngāi Tūhoe, Ngāti Awa, Ngāti Tūwharetoa ki Kawerau, Te Arawa, Ngāi Te Rangi, Ngāti Ranginui and Ngāti Pūkenga. Early Māori settlement gave rise to many of the city names used today; the first recorded European contact came when James Cook sailed through the Bay of Plenty in 1769.
Cook noted the abundance of food supplies, in comparison to Poverty Bay further back along the eastern coast of the North Island. Further reports of European contact are scarce prior to the arrival of missionary Samuel Marsden to the Tauranga area in 1820. During the 1820s and 1830s, northern iwi including Ngā Puhi invaded the Bay of Plenty during their campaign throughout the North Island, fighting local Māori tribes in what became known as the Musket Wars. However, the 1830s and 1840s saw increased contact between Bay of Plenty Māori and Europeans through trade, although few Europeans settled in the region. Missionary activity in the region increased during this time. In 1853, New Zealand was subdivided into provinces, with the Bay of Plenty incorporated into Auckland Province. Conflict returned to the Bay of Plenty during the 1860s with the New Zealand Land Wars; this stemmed from Tauranga iwi supporting the Waikato iwi in their conflict with the government. In retaliation, British Crown and government-allied Māori forces attacked the Tauranga iwi, including at the famous Battle of Gate Pā in 1864.
Further conflict with the government arose in 1865 when German missionary Carl Völkner and interpreter James Fulloon were killed by local Māori at Opotiki and Whakatane, respectively. The ensuing conflict resulted in the confiscation of considerable land from several Bay of Plenty iwi by the government. Confiscation of Māori land deprived local iwi of economic resources, provided land for expanding European settlement; the government established fortified positions, including at Tauranga and Opotiki. European settlers arrived throughout the latter half of the 19th century, establishing settlements in Katikati, Te Puke and the Rangitaiki area. In 1876, settlements were incorporated into counties following the nationwide dissolution of the provincial system. Initial settlements in the region struggled: the climate was ill-suited to sheep farming and the geography was inaccessible, further hindered by a lack of infrastructure. By the end of the century the population had started to dwindle, but after experimenting with different crops, settlers found success with dairy production.
Dairy factories sprang up across the Bay of Plenty in the 1900s, with butter and cheese feeding economic prosperity throughout the early 20th century. Timber became a major export in the 1950s, as kiwifruit did later; the present Bay of Plenty region was formed in 1989 after a nationwide review and shakeup of top-level local government in New Zealand. The new region incorporated the former counties of Tauranga, Rotorua and Opotiki. On 5 October 2011, the MV Rena ran aground on the Astrolabe Reef in the bay causing a large oil spill, described as New Zealand's worst environmental disaster; the region is subdivided into territorial authorities, which include the Western Bay of Plenty District, Tauranga City, Whakatane District, Kawerau District and Opotiki District, as well as parts of Rotorua District and the town of Rangitaiki in Taupo District. The Bay of Plenty Regional Council, which used the brand name Environment Bay of Plenty for a number of years, is the administrative body responsible for overseeing regional land use, environmental management and civil defence in the region.
It oversees local-tier governing councils for each of the territorial authorities. In 1989, Whakatane was selected as the seat for the regional council, as a compromise between the two dominant cities of Tauranga and Rotorua. Public health in New Zealand is broken into regions; the Bay of Plenty and Lakes district health boards have public health provided by Toi Te Ora - Public Health. The Bay of Plenty region covers 9,500 km ² of coastal marine area, it extends along the eastern coast of the North Island, from the base of the Coromandel Peninsula in the west to Cape Runaway in the east. The region extends 12 nautical miles from the mainland coastline, extends from the coastlines of several islands in the bay, notably Mayor Island/Tuhua, Motiti Island, Whale Island and the active volcano of Whakaari/White Island, it extends inland to the sparsely populated forest lands around Murupara. The geographical bay is defined by 259 km of open coastline used for economic and cultural purposes; the coastline from Waihi Beach in the west to Opape is defined as sandy coast, while the coast from Opape to Cape Runaway is rocky shore.
Sizeable harbours are located at Tauranga and Ohiwa. Major estuaries include Maketu, Little Waihi, Whakatane and Waioeka/Otara. Eight major rivers empty into the bay from inland
For Professor Miles Warren, a supporting character of Spider-Man, see Jackal. Sir Frederick Miles Warren, is a New Zealand architect, he apprenticed under Cecil Wood before studying architecture at the University of Auckland working at the London County Council where he was exposed to British New Brutalism. Upon returning to Christchurch, forming the practice Warren and Mahoney, he was instrumental in developing the "Christchurch School" of architecture, an intersection between the truth-to-materials and structural expression that characterised Brutalism, the low-key and Japanese commitment to "straightforwardness", he retired from Warren and Mahoney in 1994, but continues to consult as an architect and maintain his historic home and garden at Ohinetahi. Warren was educated at Christ's College, he commenced his architectural training as an apprentice to Cecil Wood and studied architecture via correspondence at the Christchurch Atelier. Warren moved to Auckland to complete his studies at the University of Auckland.
Warren’s first major building was the Dorset Street Flats that were derided as prison-like due to their small scale and exposed concrete. This domestic vocabulary was adapted to various building types – the Dental Nurses School, the Architect's own office and home, Harewood Crematorium, Christchurch College and the Christchurch Town Hall. In between these larger projects, Warren & Mahoney designed a group of beautifully detailed houses in the language of contemporary Danish models; these houses were composed of crisp boxes of white-painted concrete block, with punched, recessed window openings and no eaves or verges on their steeply gabled roofs. Warren & Mahoney won the New Zealand Institute of Architects Gold Medal in 1959, 1964, 1969 & 1973. In 1966 they won the American Institute of Architects’ Pan Pacific Citation, an award given to such luminaries as Kenzo Tange and Harry Seidler. Miles Warren was awarded the NZIA Gold Medal as an individual in 2000. Warren and Peter Beaven are the only two Christchurch architects who have been awarded the New Zealand Institute of Architects gold medal.
In the 1974 New Year Honours, Warren was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire, advanced to Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1985 New Year Honours, appointed to the Order of New Zealand in the 1995 Queen's Birthday Honours. In 2001 he received an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Auckland, in 2003 he received an Icon Award from the Arts Foundation of New Zealand. In March 2009, Warren was commemorated as one of the Twelve Local Heroes, a bronze bust of him was unveiled outside the Christchurch Arts Centre. For his 80th birthday, his work was the basis of an exhibition at the Christchurch Art Gallery, shown at the University of Auckland's Gus Fisher Gallery in 2010. In 2011 Warren was profiled on a TVNZ arts documentary series. Critics of his work and its impact on the Victorian architectural heritage of Christchurch include Duncan Fallowell, who has written: "his buildings can't manage the simplest attributes of good design or benevolence". In addition to his passion for architecture Warren is well known as a keen and talented gardener.
The garden at 65 Cambridge Terrace was admired for its simplicity. In 1977, with Pauline and John Trengrove, Warren began work on the garden at Ohinetahi; this garden includes a formal rose garden, a walled "red and green" garden and a woodland garden. Warren designed a display garden for the 2009 Ellerslie Flower Show. In 2012 Warren gifted his house and garden to the people of New Zealand via the Ohinetahi Charitable Trust. Miles Warren: An Autobiography was published by Canterbury University Press in November 2008 Dorset St Flats GN Grigg House Dental Nurses Training School RH Ballantyne House JJ Connor Flats Carlton Mill Rd Flats MB Warren House BA Broderick Townhouses Architect's Office & Flat Harewood Memorial Gardens & Crematorium Christchurch Wool Exchange Christchurch College, University of Canterbury RC Webb Flats I Munro House HR Irving House JH Elworthy House Christchurch Town Hall NZ Chancery, Washington, DC D Forbes House Canterbury Public Library, Christchurch The Oaks Complex, Wellington Michael Fowler Centre, Wellington Rotorua Civic Offices Clarendon Tower AXA New Zealand Wellington office Compudigm House, Wellington TVNZ Centre, Auckland Warren Mahoney Architects official site Christchurch Modern AAA W&M Guide
Richard Hugh McCaw is a retired New Zealand rugby union player. He captained the national team, the All Blacks, in 110 out of his 148 test matches, won two Rugby World Cups, he is the most capped test rugby player of all time, has won the World Rugby player of the year award a joint record three times. McCaw was the first All Black to reach 100 caps, the first rugby union player to win 100 tests, he is the most-capped player in rugby union history with 148 caps, having overtaken Brian O'Driscoll's record in 2015. McCaw has equaled the record for most appearances at the Rugby World Cup with Jason Leonard. McCaw predominantly played in the openside flanker position for the New Zealand and Canterbury teams, but played as a blindside flanker and no. 8. During McCaw's career, Canterbury won the NPC five times, the Crusaders won four Super Rugby titles; as well as two world cups, the All Blacks won seven Tri-Nations titles, completed three successful Grand Slam tours and won the Bledisloe Cup eight times.
He made his debut in 2001 for the Crusaders, was selected for the All Blacks' 2001 end-of-year tour, despite having played only eight minutes of Super 12 rugby. His debut for New Zealand was against Ireland. McCaw became a regular selection for New Zealand, only missing a few games due to recurring concussions. In 2004 he was appointed captain of the All Blacks. After their elimination in the quarter-finals, his captaincy came under criticism, but he was retained and led the team to consecutive world cup titles in 2011 and 2015, becoming one of only twenty players who have won two rugby union world cups. McCaw's great-great-grandfather immigrated to New Zealand from the Scottish Borders in 1893, settled in the Hakataramea Valley, Waimate District, South Canterbury. McCaw's father took over the family farm and his mother was a teacher at Kurow. On New Year's Eve 1980, Richard Hugh McCaw was born in the nearby town of Oamaru, he grew up on his parents' farm along with his sister Joanna. McCaw started flying gliders with his grandfather J H'Jim' McCaw, a Tempest pilot during World War II credited with shooting down 20 V1 missiles, when he was nine years old.
He played rugby for the local Kurow rugby club as a youngster, but it was not until 1994, when he boarded at Otago Boys' High School in Dunedin, that he started to take the game seriously. In his last year at Otago Boys High, McCaw was head boy, proxime accessit to the dux and played in the school's starting XV. McCaw came to the attention of national selectors during a 5-all draw with Rotorua Boys' High School in the 1998 New Zealand secondary schools rugby final in Christchurch. However, he failed to make the New Zealand Secondary Schools Team, losing out to Sam Harding, Angus McDonald and Hale T-Pole. With Sam Harding moving south to study at the University of Otago, McCaw headed to Christchurch's Lincoln University to study agricultural science and pursue his rugby interests, he achieved all but two papers for his Bachelor of Agricultural Science degree before deciding to pursue his rugby career instead. He received an honorary doctorate in recognition of his sporting achievements in April 2012.
In 1999, McCaw was selected in the New Zealand under-19 squad, which won the world championship in Wales. During that series, McCaw realised; the following year he was selected in the New Zealand under-21 squad and debuted for Canterbury in the National Provincial Championship against North Harbour. On 31 March 2001, he made his Super Rugby debut with the Crusaders, playing a few minutes in a losing effort against the Hurricanes; that year he only played twice for the Crusaders, both times as a substitute, for a total of just eight minutes playing time. He did however play a full season with NPC champions Canterbury and captained the New Zealand Under 21s. Although the 20-year-old McCaw had only played seventeen matches for Canterbury, John Mitchell, the new All Black coach, selected him for the 2001 end of year tour to Ireland and Argentina; this led Josh Kronfeld, a former All Black openside flanker, to criticise the selection: "You might as well just give All Black jerseys to everybody. The fact they picked guys off one NPC season is bloody incredible".
McCaw's debut international test was against Ireland at Lansdowne Road on 17 November 2001. His first touch of the game resulted in a knock-on when he was hit in a tackle and New Zealand were trailing the Irish 16–7 at half-time. In the second half the All Blacks recovered to win 40–29 and McCaw was named man of the match, receiving a standing ovation at the post-match function. A turning point came in the second half when McCaw was able to steal the ball from Ireland, which led to a try to left wing Jonah Lomu. After the match McCaw recalled the experience: "it was a hell of a stadium to play at, a real rugby stadium, a big crowd – something I'll always remember special."McCaw played all three tests on the tour, with the All Blacks beating Scotland 37–6 and winning 24–20 against Argentina. At the end of season rugby awards, McCaw was selected as both the New Zealand Rugby Football Union Under-21 and Air New Zealand NPC Division One Player of the Year. In the lead-up to the 2003 World Cup McCaw was a regular player for Canterbury, the Crusaders and the All Blacks.
In 2002 and 2003 the Crusaders competed in the Super Rugby final, beating the Brumbies in 2002 and losing to the Blues in 2003. The Canterbury provincial rugby team lost the semi final to the eventual winners Auckland in 2002. McCaw and the other All Blacks were "rested" during the 2003 national provincial championship. In 2002 McCaw played for the All Blacks again
Helen Elizabeth Clark is a New Zealand politician who served as the 37th Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1999 to 2008, was the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme from 2009 to 2017. She was New Zealand's fifth-longest-serving prime minister, the second woman to hold that office. Clark was brought up on a farm outside Hamilton, she entered the University of Auckland in 1968 to study politics, became active in the New Zealand Labour Party. After graduating she lectured in political studies at the university. Clark was not elected to any position. Following one unsuccessful attempt, she was elected to Parliament in 1981 as the member for Mount Albert, an electorate she represented until 2009. Clark held numerous Cabinet positions in the Fourth Labour Government, including Minister of Housing, Minister of Health and Minister of Conservation, she was Deputy Prime Minister from 1989 to 1990 under Prime Ministers Geoffrey Palmer and Mike Moore. After Labour's narrow defeat in the 1993 election, Clark challenged Moore for leadership of the party and won, becoming the Leader of the Opposition.
Following the 1999 election, Labour formed a governing coalition, Clark was sworn in as Prime Minister on 5 December 1999. Clark led the Fifth Labour Government, which implemented several major economic initiatives including Kiwibank, the New Zealand Superannuation Fund, the New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme and KiwiSaver, her government introduced the Foreshore and Seabed Act 2004, which caused major controversy. In foreign affairs, Clark sent troops to the Afghanistan War, but did not contribute combat troops to the Iraq War, she advocated a number of free-trade agreements with major trading partners, including becoming the first developed nation to sign such an agreement with China, ordered a military deployment to the 2006 East Timorese crisis alongside international partners. After three successive election victories, her government was defeated in the 2008 election, she was succeeded as Prime Minister by John Key of the National Party, as Leader of the Labour Party by Phil Goff. Clark resigned from Parliament in April 2009 to become the first female head of the United Nations Development Programme.
Forbes magazine ranked her the 22nd most powerful woman in the world in 2016, down from 20th in 2006. In 2016, she stood for the position of Secretary-General of the United Nations, but was unsuccessful, she left her UNDP administrator post on 19 April 2017 at the end of her second four-year term and was succeeded by Achim Steiner. In 2019, Clark became the patron of The Helen Clark Foundation. Clark was the eldest of four daughters of a farming family at Te Pahu, west of Hamilton, in the Waikato Region, her mother, Margaret McMurray, of Irish birth, was a primary school teacher. Her father, was a farmer. Clark studied at Te Pahu Primary School, at Epsom Girls' Grammar School in Auckland and at the University of Auckland, where she majored in politics and graduated with an MA in 1974, her thesis focused on representation. As a teenager Clark became politically active, protesting against the Vietnam War and campaigning against foreign military bases in New Zealand. Clark has worked in the New Zealand Labour Party for most of her life.
In 1971 she assisted Labour candidates to the Auckland City Council. Following this, she stood for the Auckland City Council herself in 1974 and 1977. While polling well she never won a seat, missing out by only 105 votes in the latter. Clark was a junior lecturer in political studies at the University of Auckland from 1973 to 1975. In 1974 she lost to Richard Prebble, she instead stood for a National safe seat. Clark studied abroad on a University Grants Committee post-graduate scholarship in 1976, lectured in political studies at Auckland again while undertaking her PhD from 1977 until her election to Parliament in 1981, her father supported National that election. Clark served as a member of Labour's national executive committee from 1978 until September 1988, again from April 1989, she chaired the University of Auckland Princes Street branch of the Labour Party during her studies, becoming active alongside future Labour politicians including Richard Prebble, David Caygill, Margaret Wilson and Richard Northey.
Clark held the positions of president of the Labour Youth Council, executive member of the party's Auckland Regional Council, secretary of the Labour Women's Council and member of the Policy Council. She represented the New Zealand Labour Party at the congresses of the Socialist International and of the Socialist International Women in 1976, 1978, 1983 and 1986, at an Asia-Pacific Socialist Organisation Conference held in Sydney in 1981, at the Socialist International Party Leaders' Meeting in Sydney in 1991. Clark first gained election to the New Zealand House of Representatives in the 1981 general election, as one of eight female members in the 40th Parliament. In winning the Mount Albert electorate in Auckland, she became the second woman elected to represent an Auckland electorate, the seventeenth woman elected to the New Zealand Parliament, her first parliamentary intervention, on taking her seat was on 12 April 1982 to give notice, she would move a motion condemning the US Navy's deployment of nuclear cruise missiles in the Pacific Two weeks in her maiden speech, with unusual emphasis on defence policy and the arms race, Clark again condemned the deployment of cruise, pershing and SS20 and the global ambitions of both superpowers navies, but clai
Graeme John Hunt was a New Zealand journalist and historian. Hunt was born in New Zealand, he was the third of the five children, of Frederick Phillip Hunt, a self-employed wireworker, Beverley Nance Hunt, an accounts clerk. He attended Penrose High School in Auckland. Hunt, who trained as an accountant, was a journalist and historian, he held a history degree and a business studies diploma from Massey University in Palmerston North, attended Green College, University of Oxford, England, in 2000 as a Chevening/David Low journalism fellow under the Reuters Foundation Programme. Hunt was a former editor-at-large of the National Business Review, a former editor of that paper's annual Rich List, he was a radio and television commentator on business and politics and wrote for a number of New Zealand publications including the New Zealand Listener, Management magazine, the New Zealand Herald, the Herald on Sunday and Metro. Hunt was deputy chairman of One Tree Hill College Board of Trustees and was deputy chairman of Kelston Girls’ College Board of Trustees, Auckland.
He served on the Young Enterprise Trust Supporters’ Council and undertook the research into, helped select, laureates for the Fairfax Media New Zealand Business Hall of Fame. He was a keen genealogist and published two books on his family history. Hunt was a critic of New Zealand's mixed-member proportional voting system and campaigned for its abolition. On 19 April 2010 Hunt announced he would be standing on the North Now ticket for the new Auckland Council, he died at his residence in Auckland. Hunt was married to Saluma, a human resources manager from Niue, he fathered a son and daughter, from a previous marriage. Hunt's works included: Introduction to Sharemarket Investment, New Zealand Stock Exchange, Auckland, 1985, 1986, 1987 Scandal at Cave Creek: A Shocking Failure in Public Accountability, Waddington Publications, Auckland, 1996 Why MMP Must Go: The Case for Ditching the Electoral Disaster of the Century, Waddington Press, Auckland, 1998 The Rich List: Wealth and Enterprise in New Zealand, Reed Books & Waddington Press, Auckland, 2000 & 2003 Hustlers, Rogues & Bubble Boys: White-collar Mischief in New Zealand, Reed Books & Waddington Press, Auckland, 2001 Black Prince: The Biography of Fintan Patrick Walsh, Penguin Books & Waddington Press, Auckland, 2004 Centenary: 100 Years of State Insurance, IAG New Zealand, Auckland, 2005 Rural Challenge: A History of Wrightson Ltd, Reed Books, 2006 Spies and Revolutionaries: A History of New Zealand Subversion, Reed Books & Waddington Press, Auckland, 2009 By Skill and Spirit: A History of the Auckland Officers' Club, Waddington Press, Auckland, 2009 First to Care: 125 Years of the Order of St John in New Zealand,1885–2010, Libro International & Waddington Press, Auckland, 2009 Pride and Passion: AECOM's 90 Years of Civil Engineering and Consultancy in New Zealand, 1919–2009, Waddington Press, Auckland, 2009.
Hunt edited several other books, including school and business histories. Official website for Graeme Hunt and his companies Official website for North Now