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James Hird

James Albert Hird is a former professional Australian rules football player and the former senior coach of the Essendon Football Club in the Australian Football League. Hird played as a midfielder and half-forward, but was given free rein by then-Essendon coach Kevin Sheedy to play wherever he thought necessary. Hird was a decorated footballer, with accolades including the 1996 Brownlow Medal and membership of the Australian Football Hall of Fame. In 2008, he was listed by journalist Mike Sheahan as the 20th greatest player of all time in the AFL-commissioned book, The Australian Game of Football. Hird was appointed as the coach of the Essendon Football Club in September 2010. In August 2013, he was suspended from coaching for 12 months when he was charged by the AFL with conduct prejudicing the game in relation to his role in the Essendon Football Club supplements controversy, he returned to the club following the 2014 season, but resigned in August 2015. Hird is the son of Margaret Hird, he was born in Canberra where his father worked in the public service and his mother was a teacher.

Hird has two younger sisters. After first living in the Canberra suburb of Ainslie, his family moved to Latham; when Hird was in high school, the family moved to the suburb of Reid. Hird participated in rugby soccer in his youth, he played for the Ainslie Football Club in the ACTAFL and in June 1990, at the age of 17, he was a member of the league's senior representative team in a match against the Victorian Football Association. He was recruited to the AFL by Essendon from the 1990 AFL Draft. Due to injury Hird missed out on playing for his first season with the club. At the end of the season, a vote was held on; the majority voted in favour of Hird being delisted. Hird remained with the club, he made his senior debut against St Kilda in 1992 at Waverley Park, as a late replacement for former captain Terry Daniher. Hird spent most of the season in the Essendon Reserves which, under Denis Pagan, won the premiership that season, he achieved regular selection in the Essendon senior team during the 1993 season.

In that season he was a member of what was referred to as the "Baby Bombers", a group of young players that played a key role in the side winning the premiership that year. In 1994, Hird won the first of three consecutive best and fairests, culminating in his 1996 season, when he won the Brownlow Medal. A series of injuries restricted Hird's appearances during the remainder of the 1990s, he played only seven games in 1997 and although he was named captain in 1998, he was restricted to thirteen games that year. An worse year followed in 1999, when stress fractures in his foot kept him to only two games. Both Hird and the Essendon Football Club experienced a more successful year in 2000. Injury free, he received numerous honours, including selection to the All-Australian team, the Norm Smith Medal as best on ground in the AFL Grand Final; the Essendon team won the Ansett Cup pre-season competition, the regular season premiership. The team only lost one game – against the Western Bulldogs – in the entire calendar year.

2002 saw Hird's worst injury, an horrific facial injury sustained in a match against Fremantle when he collided with teammate Mark McVeigh's knee, fracturing several bones. In 2003, despite again missing eight games through various injuries, Hird tied in the Essendon Best and Fairest with Scott Lucas, he narrowly missed out on a second Brownlow Medal, finishing three votes behind the joint winners Mark Ricciuto, Nathan Buckley and Adam Goodes. He again gained a place in the 2003 All-Australian team. One of Hird's more memorable performances was in his Round 2004 game against West Coast. Up until three-quarter time, Hird had one goal. Hird did not receive any Brownlow Medal votes from the umpires for his 34 disposals. Hird's winning goal was the focus of a popular instalment of the Toyota Memorable Moments advertising campaign, the hug is captured in Jamie Cooper's painting the Game That Made Australia, commissioned by the AFL in 2008 to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the sport. On 27 September 2005, Hird handed the captaincy to Matthew Lloyd following the side's disappointing 2005 season in which it missed the finals for the first time since 1997.

After Lloyd sustained a season-ending injury in Round 3 of 2006, Hird served as acting captain until young ruckman David Hille was named acting captain for the remainder of the 2006 season. Hird continued to be an outstanding performer in his utility role when fit, but age was forcing him to miss games through injury with increasing frequency, he suffered a calf strain during his 200th and 250th games, respectively. Despite much speculation that he would retire at the end of the 2006 season, Hird played out the 2007 season, playing 17 of a possible 22 games. Aged 34, Hird continued to feature prominently among Essendon's best players and concluded his career by winning a fifth best and fairest award. Hird played two farewell games: his final game in Victoria at the Melbourne Cricket Ground against Richmond and his final game overall at Subiaco Oval against West Coast; the games were made higher profile as they were also

Pocketwatch (album)

Pocketwatch is a cassette album by Dave Grohl, under the pseudonym Late!, released in 1992 on the now defunct indie label Simple Machines as part of their Tool Cassette Series. In the summer of 1991, Dave Grohl went into WGNS Studios and recorded four songs, playing all the instruments himself; the recording was combined with six songs from a previous Upland Studios session recorded in late 1990. Although both sessions occurred after joining Nirvana, Grohl unobtrusively acknowledged their existence. A tape of the songs, given to Simple Machines co-founder Jenny Toomey by Grohl became a candidate for the labels Tool Cassette Series; the 1990 sessions emerged as Grohl the drummer of Scream, requested his producer friend Barrett Jones to record songs in his home 8-track tape recorder. Upon accepting Simple Machines' request for a demo tape, Grohl decided to hide his identity under the pseudonym Late!, "because I’m an idiot and I thought it would be funny to say to everybody,'Sorry, we’re Late!’".

The Tool Cassette Series started around 1991 as an experiment, as a way of keeping music "in print" on an as-needed basis without having to finance vinyl or CD pressings, since Simple Machines dubbed the cassettes as the orders came in. With multiple cassette decks and a lot of volunteer help, this was a manageable project for the label. Shortly after Nirvana released Nevermind in the fall of 1991, its unexpected success was large enough that Pocketwatch became noticed, it gained more attention when the Foo Fighters' early material was released in 1995. Some of the songs appeared on subsequent releases, creating higher demand for the cassette. Pocketwatch was being mentioned in interviews, the label became flooded with orders. Grohl claimed that the big number of requests led Toomey to "literally dub them on a double cassette deck in her bedroom."With minimal help and deteriorating master cassettes, Simple Machines got in touch with Grohl about releasing the Late! Album as a CD, to keep up with demand.

However, Grohl preferred to keep it as a cassette only release. The musician explained that he refused to do a CD release because "it was never intended to be a big thing", but Grohl joked, regarding Pocketwatch's current status as a sought collectible, that he "wanted to drive up the price of cassettes to $3,000"; when the two master cassettes for Pocketwatch came to the end of their useful lives, with some of the other artists masters in the same condition, Simple Machines decided to discontinue the Tool Cassette Series from their mailorder, putting the over half-decade experiment to an end. As cassettes became a less popular format, with no official CD release in sight, Pocketwatch fell victim to countless bootleg CD releases, ranging from a single song to the entire album. "Color Pictures of a Marigold" appeared on the rarities collection Outcesticide III: The Final Solution, part of a popular Nirvana bootleg series on Blue Moon Records. The song appeared on Fighting the "N" Factor, an unauthorized Foo Fighters release that included the track as a bonus, with Nirvana's Saturday Night Live rehearsals and Tunnel TV Show performance.

The Late! Album appeared in its entirety on the Foo Fighters' bootleg album Pocketwatch Demos on Primadonna, a bootleg label active throughout the 1990s, based in Milano, Italy. Songs from the Late! Album made appearances on official releases as well. Prior to the Pocketwatch offering, "Petrol CB" was included on the Neapolitan Metropolitan 7" vinyl box set compilation released by Simple Machines in 1992, under the title "There's That Song" and featured tracks from Breadwinner, Burma Jam and Lilys, among others; the only song released on CD was a remixed version of "Just Another Story About Skeeter Thompson", included on The Melvins' 1992 King Buzzo EP, retitled "Skeeter". Although coupled with Nirvana and Foo Fighters collections, Late! should be considered its own separate project. This would become complicated, taking into account that both bands would go on to release new versions of songs from the Pocketwatch album. "Color Pictures of a Marigold" was re-recorded with Krist Novoselic on bass in 1993 and released as a b-side of Nirvana's "Heart-Shaped Box" single titled "Marigold".

This version would appear on the 2004 With the Lights Out box set. Another version of the song appeared on the Foo Fighters live album and Bones. "Winnebago" was re-recorded during the sessions for the first Foo Fighters album in 1994. Despite not making the album, it appeared as a b-side on the Foo Fighters first release, the "Exhausted" vinyl single, on the Australian bonus disc to Foo Fighters and as a b-side to the singles "This Is a Call" and "Big Me". A new version of "Friend of a Friend" was first released on a free NME covermount cassette the acoustic side of the Foo Fighters' 2005 double album In Your Honor and the following year on Skin and Bones. All songs written by Dave Grohl except. "Pokey the Little Puppy" – 4:21 "Petrol CB" – 4:44 "Friend of a Friend" – 3:06 "Throwing Needles" – 3:20 "Just Another Story About Skeeter Thompson" – 2:05 "Color Pictures of a Marigold" – 3:13 "Hell's Garden" – 3:18 "Winnebago" – 4:11 "Bruce" – 3:52 "Milk" – 2:35 Dave Grohl – vocals, bass guitar, drums Barrett Jones – backing vocals on "Petrol CB", production Geoff Turner – audio engineering, producer

Dogsthorpe Star Pit

Dogsthorpe Star Pit is a 36.4 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest ) on the eastern outskirts of Peterborough in Cambridgeshire. It is designated a Local Nature Reserve, it is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire; this former brick pit has been designated an SSSI for its invertebrates its water beetles, with 64 species, including four on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Graptodytes bilineatus, Dryops similaris, Gyrinus distinctus and Myopites inulaedyssentericae. There are diverse habitats with grassland, reedbeds, bare clay and pools. There is access to the site by a footpath from Whitepost Road

Akhtala Monastery

Akhtala. The monastery is inactive; the fortress played a major role in protecting the north-western regions of Armenia and is among the most well preserved of all in modern Armenia. The main church at the compound is famous for its artistic frescoes, which cover the inside walls, the partitions, the bearings of the building; the modern name of Akhtala was first recorded in a royal decree of 1438. The etymology of the name Akhtala is believed to be of Turkic origin; the original Armenian name of the settlement where the monastery is built is Pghindzahank, which means copper mine. Between 1887 and 1889 the French archaeologist Jacques de Morgan discovered 576 rectangular stone sepulchers, along with cultural items made of clay and iron near Akhtala dating back to the 8th century BC; the settlement of modern Akhtala was known as Agarak in the 5th century. The fortress was certainly built on top of Bronze and Iron Age foundations, it was built in the late tenth century by the Kyurikids, this branch of the Bagratunis originated from Gurgen.

He was the son of the patrons of Sanahin and Haghpat monasteries located not far from Akhtala, King Ashot III the Merciful and Queen Khosrovanush. Gurgen's brothers were King Smbat II the Conqueror and Gagik I Bagratuni, under whom the Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia reached the peak of its prosperity. Ashot III established the Kingdom of Lori in Gugark for strategic reasons and enthroned Gurgen in 982. Gurgen along with his brother Smbat are depicted on the sculptures of the patrons in both Sanahin and Haghpat; when the Tashir-Dzoraget kingdom fell as a result of Seljuk raids the Kyurikids migrated to Tavush and Metsnaberd yet they maintained ties with their ancestral fortress and compound in Akhtala. The fortress was built on an elevated rocky outcrop surrounded by deep canyons from three sides forming a natural protection; the somewhat accessible parts between the cliffs are reinforced by walls. The only entrance to the compound is on the northern side protected by bell-shaped walls; the walls and towers of the fortress are built of bluish lime mortar.

The Kyurikids lost their influence under the Seljuk grasp by the end of the 12th century. The monastic life was revived in Akhtala when the Zakarians heading the combined Georgian and Armenian forces liberated most of Armenia; the 13th-century historians Kirakos Gandzaketsi and Vardan Areveltsi called the area Pghndzahank, because of rich copper deposits in the surroundings. Gandzaketsi writes the following: "Ivane, Zakare's brother died and was buried at Pghndzahank' near the church which he himself had built, taking it from the Armenians and making it into a Georgian monastery." Pghndzahank became the property of Ivane Zakarian in the 1180s. While Ivane's brother Zakare was Armenian Apostolic, Ivane had accepted Georgian Orthodoxy in the Georgian court. Several monasteries in northern Armenia were converted by the Zakarians-Mkhargrdzeli to Georgian Orthodoxy, a prominent example is the monastery of Kobayr. By doing so Ivane enhanced his position within the Georgian court and gained influence among the Chalcedonian Armenians who inhabited Northern and North-Western Armenia.

The Zakarians began to lose control starting in the 1220s during the disastrous Mongol invasions of Georgia. The son of Ivane, Avag was forced to recognize his subordination to the Mongol leader Chormaqan; the Mongol rule continued until 1340 when it was interrupted by successive conquests of Turkic tribes. The Turkic tribe of Kara Koyunlu began attacking the Caucasus and took control of most of Armenia proper by 1400, their rule was interrupted by the conquests of Tamerlane. One of the cliffs that surrounds Akhtala is known as Lenktemur, named after Tamerlane who according to local tradition buried one of his wives under the cliff. Since the late 18th century the monastery serviced ethnic Greeks who had settled in Akhtala in order to work in the gold and silver mines. 800 Greek families were moved from Gümüşhane in the Ottoman Empire to Akhtala in 1763 by the Georgian King Erekle II. The Greeks called the monastery "Meramani"; the Greek miners have left inscriptions on the monastery walls. In the 19th century Akhtala was taken over by the Armenian princely family of Melikovs.

The monastery has its pilgrimage days on September 20–21. Armenians and Georgians visit the monastery on this occasion; the Ambassador of Greece, Panayota Mavromichali visited the monastery on September 20, 2006. An ore mining and processing plant in Akhtala has been dumping copper mine tailings in the pit below the monastery; this has been classified as a threat to local residents. The main building of the monastic compound is Surp Astvatsatsin church; the exact date of the building of the church is unknown. It is regarded as an 11th-13th century complex, but the current church has been built on an earlier foundation. Kirakos Gandzaketsi mentions that Ivane Zakarian was buried in the church in 1227. Stepanos Orbelian refers to the church in 1216. Modern researchers date the murals within the church to 1205–1216. Princess Mariam, the daughter of Gurgen II made a record in 1188 on the back of a khachkar found in a place called Ayor adjacent to Akhtala which refers to the construction of the Holy Mother of God church at Akhtala.

The inscription on the khackar states the following: "I, t


Koleč is a village in Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It is located about 19 km northwest of Prague an 11 km northeast of Kladno and has a population of 588. Hamlets of Týnec and Mozolín, both located in a neighbouring valley just under remains of early medieval fortified settlement of Budeč, are administrative parts of Koleč; the first mention of the village dates back to 12th century. In a document from about 1125-1140 it was stated to be in property of the Vyšehrad Chapter. There is a small Baroque chateau with chapel of Holy Trinity in Koleč, built in the 1710s on the site of an older fort; the chapel, serving as a church for the growing village, was enlarged in 1898-1899. The owned chateau has been neglected and dilapidated since the 1990s. Now it belongs among the most endangered listed buildings in the region. Municipal website Photogallery of Koleč Chateau

Lido Fanale Anteriore Lighthouse

Lido Fanale Anteriore Lighthouse is an active lighthouse located on the northern tip of the island of Lido di Venezia, in the Venetian Lagoon on the Adriatic Sea. The lighthouse, established in 1912, consists of a quadrangular skeletal tower, 10 metres high, not wholly, by a metal plate with balcony and light; the tower is settled on a platform supported by wooden piles. The Fanale Anteriore light is positioned at 13 metres above sea level and emits one white flash in a 3 seconds period, visible up to a distance of 11 nautical miles; the lighthouse automated and powered by a solar unit, is managed by the Marina Militare with the identification code number 4177 E. F; the Fanale Anteriore Direction light is positioned at 3 metres above sea level and emits one green flash in a 4 seconds period, visible up to a distance of 5 nautical miles. The lighthouse automated and powered by a solar unit, is managed by the Marina Militare with the identification code number 4186 E. F. List of lighthouses in Italy Servizio Fari Marina Militare