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James J. Hill

James Jerome Hill, was a Canadian-American railroad executive. He was the chief executive officer of a family of lines headed by the Great Northern Railway, which served a substantial area of the Upper Midwest, the northern Great Plains, Pacific Northwest; because of the size of this region and the economic dominance exerted by the Hill lines, Hill became known during his lifetime as "The Empire Builder". Hill was born in Wellington County, Upper Canada. A childhood accident with a bow and arrow blinded him in the right eye, he had nine years of formal schooling. He attended the Rockwood Academy for a short while, he was forced to leave school in 1852 due to the death of his father. By the time he had finished, he was adept at algebra, land surveying, English, his particular talents for English and mathematics would be critical in his life. After working as a clerk in Kentucky, Hill decided to permanently move to the United States and settled in St. Paul, Minnesota, at the age of 18, his first job in St. Paul was with a steamboat company.

By 1860, he was working for wholesale grocers, for whom he handled freight transfers dealing with railroads and steamboats. Through this work, he learned all aspects of the transportation business. During this period, Hill began to work for himself for the first time. During the winter months when the Mississippi River was frozen and steamboats could not run, Hill started bidding on other contracts and won several; because of his previous experiences in shipping and fuel supply, Hill was able to enter both the coal and steamboat businesses. In 1870, he and his partners started the Red River Transportation Company, which offered steam boat transportation between St. Paul and Winnipeg. By 1879 he had a local monopoly by merging. In 1867, Hill entered the coal business, by 1879 it had expanded five times over, giving Hill a local monopoly in the anthracite coal business. During this same period, Hill entered into banking and managed to become member of several major banks' boards of directors, he bought out bankrupt businesses, built them up again, resold them—often gaining a substantial profit.

Hill noted that the secret to his success was "work, hard work, intelligent work, more work." During the Panic of 1873, a number of railroads, including the St. Paul and Pacific Railroad, had gone bankrupt; the StP&P in particular was caught in an hopeless legal muddle. For James Hill it was a golden opportunity. For three years, Hill researched the StP&P and concluded that it would be possible to make a good deal of money off the StP&P, provided that the initial capital could be found. Hill teamed up with Donald Smith, George Stephen and John Stewart Kennedy. Together they not only bought the railroad, they vastly expanded it by bargaining for trackage rights with the Northern Pacific Railway. In May 1879, the St. Paul and Manitoba Railway Co. formed—with James J. Hill as general manager, his first goal was to expand and upgrade more. Hill was a detail-obsessed manager. A Canadian himself of Scotch-Irish Protestant ancestry, he brought in many men with the same background into high management, he wanted people to settle along his rail lines, so he sold homesteads to immigrants while transporting them to their new homes using his rail lines.

When he was looking for the best path for one of his tracks to take, he went on horseback and scouted it personally. Under his management, StPM&M prospered. In 1880, its net worth was $728,000. One of his challenges at this point was the avoidance of federal action against railroads. If the federal government believed that the railroads were making too much profit, they might see this as an opportunity to force lowering of the railway tariff rates. Hill avoided this by investing a large portion of the railroad's profit back into the railroad itself—and charged those investments to operating expense, it was at this point that Hill went from general manager to the official president of StPM&M, thereafter decided to expand the rail lines. Between 1883 and 1889, Hill built his railroads across Minnesota, into Wisconsin, across North Dakota to Montana; when there was not enough industry in the areas Hill was building, Hill brought the industry in by buying out a company and placing plants along his railroad lines.

By 1889, Hill decided. "What we want," Hill is quoted as saying, "is the best possible line, shortest distance, lowest grades, least curvature we can build. We do not care enough for Rocky Mountains scenery to spend a large sum of money developing it." Hill got what he wanted, in January 1893 his Great Northern Railway, running from St. Paul, Minnesota to Seattle, Washington — a distance of more than 1,700 miles — was completed; the Great Northern was the first transcontinental built without public money and just a few land grants, was one of the few transcontinental railroads not to go bankrupt. Hill chose to build his railroad north of the competing Northern Pacific line, which had reached the Pacific Northwest over much more difficult terrain with more bridges, steeper grades, tunnelling. Hill did much of the route planning himself, travelling over proposed routes on horseback; the key to the Great Northern line was Hill's use of the unmapped Marias Pass. The pass had been described by Lewis a

Stephen R. Carpenter

Stephen Russell Carpenter is an American lake ecologist who focuses on lake eutrophication, the over-enrichment of lake ecosystems leading to toxic blooms of micro-organisms and fish kills. Stephen Carpenter was born July 5, 1952, in Kansas City, United States, his father, Richard, a chemist, became the Director of the National Academies’ Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, so Carpenter was immersed in science at a young age. In his youth, Carpenter spent his summers on his grandfather’s farm in Missouri. During this time he and his relatives enjoyed fishing and camping. “Hiking, camping and hunting all come together in ecology,” he says. “I was excited when I discovered there was a way to get paid for being a scientist outdoors.” His interest in ecology was sparked during his undergraduate program at Amherst College, Massachusetts. After his sophomore year, Carpenter worked for the summer on a survey of tree cover in Glacier National Park. Carpenter performed undergraduate research in the Fort River of Massachusetts on the primary production of macrophytes under the instruction of Stuart Fisher, an aquatic ecosystem scientist.

He received a B. A. in biology in 1974 and entered the graduate programs in Botany and Oceanography and Limnology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison where he participated in the lab of Michael Adams to examine the role played by macrophytes in the phosphorus cycle of lake ecosystems. During his undergraduate years he met his wife, Susan Moths, whom he married in the same year he finished his doctoral dissertation, 1979, he began a teaching career at the University of Notre Dame where he continued to work on lake research at the university’s field station near Land O’ Lakes Wisconsin. Here he created a more broadly scoped study of lake ecosystems to include plants and animals and the food web. In 1982 he and Jim Kitchell began work on the Trophic Cascades Project, which involved the dynamics of the lake ecosystems. After 10 years spent at Notre Dame, he returned to the University of Wisconsin-Madison to a faculty position in the Center for Limnology and Department of Zoology. Madison had a strong limnology program allowing him to pursue other research including the accumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls in fish and invertebrates in Lake Michigan.

He resumed work on the Madison lakes, including Lake Mendota, where his interest in the phosphorus cycle and eutrophication was renewed. His studies on the phosphorus cycle focused on nonpoint phosphorus pollution and how elevated phosphorus concentrations impacted the ecosystem of Lake Mendota; these investigations led Carpenter to devise strategies to manage the phosphorus cycle. By the mid-1990s he began to study the economics of eutrophication, in which he compared the benefits factories and farms receive by causing eutrophication to the benefits of keeping a lake clean and clear with the goal of maximizing the benefits on both sides. From 1999 to 2009 Carpenter led the North Temperate Lakes Long Term Ecological Research at UW-Madison. In 2009 he became director of the UW-Madison Center for Limnology. In 2017 he retired as director. Carpenter is Chair of the Science Committee for the Program on Ecosystem Change and Society of the "Future Earth, he is co-Editor in Chief of the journal Ecosystems, a member of governing boards for the Stockholm Resilience Centre.

In 2000-2005 he was co-chair of the Scenarios Working Group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. He led the North Temperate Lakes research site of the Long Term Ecological Research Network program at the University of Wisconsin in 1999-2009, he is a former President of the Ecological Society of America. As of 2011, Carpenter has published 5 books and about 450 scientific papers, book chapters, reviewed reports and commentaries. Carpenter is the 2011 laureate of the Stockholm Water Prize for his research on how lake ecosystems are affected by their surrounding landscape and by human activities such as nutrient loading and introductions of exotic species, his other awards include a Pew Fellowship in Conservation and Environment, the Naumann-Thienemann medal of the International Society of Limnology in 2007 for "research that has built bridges between ecological theory, ecosystem experiments, management of complex limnological problems" and the work that "has elucidated the importance of the trophic cascade and regime shifts in the management of lakes", the G. Evelyn Hutchinson Award in 1999 from the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, the Robert H. MacArthur Award in 2000 from the Ecological Society of America, the Excellence in Ecology Prize in 2000 from the Ecology Institute for limnetic ecology, the Ramon Margalef Prize in Ecology in 2018 from the Generalitat de Catalunya.

Carpenter has been awarded membership in the US National Academy of Sciences and Foreign Membership of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Carpenter's research interest is in whole-ecosystem experiments and adaptive ecosystem management in freshwaters. Specific topics include: their effects on production and nutrient cycling. "Eutrophication is a significant environmental problem that can impact humans on a recreational and public health level,” says Carpenter, “and it's to intensify in the coming decades due to increases in human population, demand for more food, land conversion, fertilizer use." Cascading trophic interactions and lake productivity Regulation of Lake Primary Productivity By Food Web Structure Influence of Food Web Structure on Carbon Exchange Between

Faithful (Todd Rundgren album)

Faithful is Todd Rundgren's seventh album, released in 1976. Rundgren explained the motivation of the first side as treating rock music like European classical music, where a piece is performed over and over again in the same way; the album's core group of musicians—Rundgren, Wilcox and Powell —makes this a Utopia album in all but name, though other official Utopia albums featured songs written by other members of the band and not just by Rundgren. The first side is dedicated to "faithful" re-recordings—near-replications of the originals—of some classic 1960s psychedelic-era songs, while side two comprised original material. Critic Robert Christgau called the second side Rundgren's "clearest and most interesting set of songs since Something/Anything?" and magazine Rolling Stone's rock critic John Milward said "the original material that fills side two is a more ambitious tribute to his influences and his strongest collection of pop tunes since his classic "Something/Anything"." The closing song, "Boogies", opens with a reference to Beefsteak Charlie's, which former Utopia drummer Kevin Ellman was operating along with his family.

The album was released in May 1976 with no advertising. Bearsville Records' president Paul Fiskin believed Rundgren fans would purchase just as many albums as his previous releases based on word of mouth; the remake of The Beach Boys' "Good Vibrations" and One Rundgren tune "Love of the Common Man" were released as single's and charted but the album itself made it to #54 on the Billboard Album Charts. "Happenings Ten Years Time Ago" – 3:12 "Good Vibrations" – 3:44 "Rain" – 3:16 "Most Likely You Go Your Way And I'll Go Mine" – 3:24 "If Six Was Nine" – 4:55 "Strawberry Fields Forever" – 3:53 All songs written by Todd Rundgren "Black and White" – 4:42 "Love of the Common Man" – 3:35 "When I Pray" – 2:58 "Cliché" – 4:00 "The Verb "To Love"" – 7:25 "Boogies" – 5:00 Todd Rundgren – guitar, all instruments on When I Pray, producer Roger Powelltrumpet, rhythm guitar on If Six Was Nine John Sieglerbass, cello John Wilcoxdrums Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Mohamed Koné (basketball)

Mohamed Koné is an Ivorian–French professional basketball player playing for Charleville-Mézières of the LNB Pro B. He is a member of the Côte d'Ivoire national basketball team. Kone spent one year playing NCAA Division I basketball at Valparaiso University after transferring from the College of Southern Idaho, whom he led to a third-place finish in the nation at the junior college level in 2004-05, he averaged 10.9 8 RPG in 27 games for the Crusaders. At Valparaiso, Kone came under some scrutiny during an NCAA investigation regarding his travel to Valparaiso's campus before enrolling as a student, resulting in him missing a handful of midseason games. After his college career, Kone moved to play professional basketball in France, spending one year playing for ÉS Chalon-sur-Saône and another playing for Chorale Roanne Basket. At Roanne, Kone helped lead the team to the semifinals of the 2008 French La Semaine des As Cup by averaging 4.9 points and 4.6 rebounds per game during the season. Kone announced he would play the 2009 season in Turkey on July 20, 2009.

In July 2010 he signed a one-year contract with Lagun Aro GBC in Spain. In November 2, 2014 he signed with Lebanese club Champville. Kone helped lead his native Côte d'Ivoire national basketball team to a silver medal at the 2009 FIBA Africa Championship, its first podium finish since 1985. Kone averaged 10.2 PPG and 8.3 RPG in nine games of action throughout the tournament

Australia men's national softball team

The Australia men's national softball team is the national softball team of Australia. They are nicknamed the Australian Steelers; the team takes part in international softball competitions. The men's team competed at the 1988 World Championships, they competed at the 1992 World Championships where the finished fifth. The 1988 World Championships were held in Canada; this was the first time. The team played 13 games with a record of six wins and seven losses, they beat Mexico 4–3, Denmark 11–1, Zimbabwe 2–0, Chinese Taipei 2–0 and the Virgin Islands 11–1. They lost to Cuba 7–4, New Zealand 11–0, Canada 16–0, Japan 4–1, the Bahamas 1–0, the Philippines 4–3 and the United States 12–1. Australia finished seventh overall; the 1992 World Championships, the eighth time the event was competed for, was held in Manila and was only the second time Australia competed in the event. In the lead up to the competition, Australia played several test matches in New Zealand again Japan and New Zealand, they beat Japan 3–0 in their only victory.

They lost to New Zealand 13–3, 10–0 and 10–1. They lost to Japan 5–3. In the round robin of the World Championships, Australia won six of its eight matches, they beat Guam 7–2, Chinese Taipei 9–2, Indonesia 5–4, Czechoslovakia 2–1, Singapore 14–0 and Mexico 10–0. They lost to Canada 5–4 and New Zealand 10–0; this record was not good enough to advance them to the semi-finals. Overall, they finished fifth, behind third-place finished the United States and fourth-place finishers Japan. In 1996, Australia finished seventh. In 2000, Australia finished in the twelfth position. In 2004, the team finished third. For the 2008 ISF Men's Regional World Championship Qualifier, Australia had to play New Zealand in a match in Auckland where the New Zealand Blacksox beat them 6–0. In other match in the qualifiers, Australia beat Papua New Guinea 8–0, Guam 16–0, Guam 15–0, Papua New Guinea 5–0. Australia lost to New Zealand a second time 5–3. In the qualifying finals, New Zealand again beat Australia 5–0. Australia competed with fifteen other teams.

They finished first. Australia has qualified for the 2013 Men's World Softball Championship, which will be held in New Zealand. Australia hosted the Pacific International Series in Canberra in 2007. At the competition, Australia had two men's side with the top team being Australia Greenand the second team being Australia Gold. During the first round of round robin play, Australia Green beat Australia Gold 7–2, beat Japan 2–1, lost to New Zealand 5–2, beat Japan 7–0, beat New Zealand 5–3, lost to Australia Gold 5–4; this qualified them for the finals where they beat Australia Gold 7–6. Australia Green went on to bear New Zealand 3–2 in the Grand Final. In 1985, Australia had an unofficial test team of all-stars who played against the New Zealand national team in Melbourne. Team members included L. Anderson from Western Australia, A. Oldfather Jr from South Australia, E. Tyson from Queensland, T. Bull from Western Australia, S. Adams from Victoria, A. Oldfather Sr from South Australia, D. Rector from Western Australia, E Wulf from New South Wales, G. Knight from Western Australia, D. Cullen from New South Wales, R. Richardson from New South Wales and N. Tsoukalas from Victoria.

In 1991, the team played an eight-game test series against New Zealand, with four matches played in Perth and four played in Sydney. All eight matches were won by New Zealand. In Perth, the scores were 8–1, 1–0, 6–5 and 6–3. In Sydney, the scores were 10–1, 6–2, 6–1 and 4–2. In 2007, the Australians hosted New Zealand for a test match in Canberra. In early 2012, the junior national team played a test match against the senior open men's team in Canberra. Australia has a men's national under 19 team, nicknamed the Colts, they competed at the 1993 Men's Junior World Championships. The competition was held in Auckland. In the round robin round, Australia won 7 games and lost 5, they beat Japan 3–0, Argentina 10–6, the United States 4–3, the Philippines 4–0, Argentina 6–1 and Japan 5–1. They lost to Canada 8–6, the United States 4–3, New Zealand 6–0, Canada 12–3, New Zealand 2–1; this was good enough to qualify them for the semi-finals where they met Japan and lost 4–1. They were eliminated from the competition as the next round was a preliminary final.

Australia competed at the 2008 Men's Junior World Championships where they won gold for the fourth time in a row having won in 1997, 2001 and 2005. In 2011, the team played in a tournament in South America. Members of the 2012 team include two players from Canberra including Matthew Wickham. There has been a push for greater Australian aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander participation in softball. One of the most recognisable male players is Aboriginal Jeff Goolagong who has played for the men's national team and appears on posters for Indigenous softball outreach efforts

Matthew Liberatore

Matthew Joseph Liberatore is an American professional baseball pitcher in the St. Louis Cardinals organization, he was drafted by the Tampa Bay Rays in the first round of the 2018 Major League Baseball draft. Liberatore graduated from Mountain Ridge High School in Arizona. In July 2017, he played in the Under Armour All-America Baseball Game and was named the game's MVP after throwing three scoreless innings. In the summer, he played for the USA Baseball 18U National Team; as a senior at Mountain Ridge in 2018, he posted an 8-1 record with a 0.93 ERA with 104 strikeouts in 60.1 innings and was named Arizona's Gatorade Baseball Player of the Year. Liberatore committed to the University of Arizona to play college baseball. Liberatore was selected in the first round, with the 16th overall selection, by the Tampa Bay Rays in the 2018 MLB draft and signed with the team for a $3.5 million signing bonus. He was assigned to the Gulf Coast Rays of the Gulf Coast League. After posting a 0.98 ERA in eight starts, Liberatore was promoted to the Princeton Rays of the Appalachian League.

He pitched in one game for Princeton to end his first professional season. Liberatore began the 2019 season in extended spring training before he was assigned to the Bowling Green Hot Rods of the Class A Midwest League on May 15, with whom he spent the remainder of the year. Over 16 games, Liberatore went 6-2 with a 3.10 ERA. On January 9, 2020, Liberatore was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals in exchange for José Martínez, Randy Arozarena, the Cardinals’ Competitive Balance Round A Draft Pick. Liberatore has been friends with fellow 2018 first round pick, Nolan Gorman, since they were five. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference Matthew Liberatore on Twitter