James Pradier was a Genevan-born French sculptor best known for his work in the neoclassical style. Born in Geneva, Pradier was the son of a Protestant family from Toulouse, he left for Paris in 1807 to work with his elder brother, Charles-Simon Pradier, an engraver, attended the École des Beaux-Arts beginning in 1808. He won a Prix de Rome. Pradier made his debut at the Salon in 1819 and acquired a reputation as a competent artist, he studied under Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres in Paris. In 1827 he became a member of the Académie des beaux-arts and a professor at the École des Beaux-ArtsUnlike many of his contemporaries, Pradier oversaw the finish of his sculptures himself, he was a friend of the Romantic poets Alfred de Musset, Victor Hugo, Théophile Gautier, the young Gustave Flaubert, his atelier was a center, presided over by his beautiful mistress, Juliette Drouet, who became Hugo's mistress in 1833. After the liaison with Drouet ended, he married Louise d'Arcet, daughter of the French chemist Jean-Pierre-Joseph d'Arcet, in 1833 but they would separate in 1845, after Pradier had become aware of her infidelities.
They had three children: Charlotte, Thérèse. Due to her numerous lovers and her complicated financial lfe, Louise Pradier was among the inspirations for Flaubert when he wrote Madame Bovary; the cool neoclassical surface finish of Pradier's sculptures is charged with an eroticism that their mythological themes can disguise. At the Salon of 1834, Pradier's Satyr and Bacchante created a scandalous sensation; some claimed to recognize his mistress, Juliette Drouet. When the prudish government of Louis-Philippe refused to purchase it, Count Anatole Demidoff bought it and took it to his palazzo in Florence.. Other famous sculptures by Pradier are the figures of Fame in the spandrels of the Arc de Triomphe, decorative figures at the Madeleine, his twelve Victories inside the dome of the Invalides, all in Paris. For his native Geneva he completed the statue of the Genevan Jean-Jacques Rousseau erected in 1838 on the tiny Île Rousseau, where Lac Léman empties to form the Rhône. Aside from large-scale sculptures Pradier collaborated with François-Désiré Froment-Meurice, designing jewelry in a'Renaissance-Romantic' style.
He is buried in the Père-Lachaise cemetery. Much of the contents of his studio were bought up after his death by the city museum of Geneva. Pradier's importance as an artist in his day is demonstrated by the fact that his portrait is included in François Joseph Heim's painting Charles X Distributing Prizes to Artists as the Salon of 1824, now in the Louvre Museum, Paris. Pradier has been forgotten in modern times. In 1846 Gustave Flaubert said of him, however: This is a great artist, a true Greek, the most antique of all the moderns. An exhibition, Statues de chair: sculptures de James Pradier at Geneva's Musée d'Art et d'Histoire and Paris, Musée du Luxembourg, roused some interest in Pradier's career and aesthetic. Pradier's students included: Fusco, Peter and H. W. Janson, The Romantics to Rodin, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 1980 Hargrove, The Statues of Paris: An Open-Air Pantheon – The Histories of Statues of famous Men, Vendrome Press, New York, 1989 Mackay, The Dictionary of Sculptors in Bronze, Antique Collectors Club, Suffolk, 1977 Nineteenth Century French Sculpture: Monuments for the Middle Class, J.
B. Speed Museum, Louisville Kentucky, 1971 List of works by James Pradier Index of pages devoted to Pradier's works James Pradier in American public collections, on the French Sculpture Census website
Lake Rotoiti is a lake in the Bay of Plenty region of New Zealand. It is the northwesternmost in a chain of lakes formed within the Okataina caldera; the lake is close to the northern shore of its more famous neighbour, Lake Rotorua, is connected to it via the Ohau Channel. It drains to the Kaituna River; the full name of the lake is Te Rotoiti-kite-a-Īhenga, which in the Māori language means "The Small Lake Discovered By Īhenga", the Māori explorer credited with discovering Lake Rotorua. Legend says that the lake was named as such because when Ihenga first saw it, he was only able to see a small part of it and thought the lake was a lot smaller. Since the 1960s, the quality of lake water has been negatively affected by inflows of nitrogen rich water from Lake Rotorua, agricultural run-off from surrounding farms and seepage from domestic septic tanks; the effects of this included an permanent algal bloom in the Okere arm of the lake and choking lake weed growth in other still areas of the lake.
A barrier to divert the nutrient rich waters of Lake Rotorua into the Kaituna River was completed in late 2008. The Bay of Plenty Regional Council expected to see improvement in lake water quality within five years and the Rotorua Te Arawa Lakes Program reported in 2013 that the intervention has improved water quality. Water quality is the highest it has been in decades, on track to meet targets set by the Program to meet community expectations. Lake Rotoiti has thermal hot-spring baths on the southern shore which are accessible by boat
Occoneechee Mountain State Natural Area is a North Carolina state park in Orange County, North Carolina in the United States. Located adjacent to the town of Hillsborough, it covers 206 acres and includes Occoneechee Mountain, the highest point in Orange County and a settlement of the Occaneechi tribe. Rising more than 350 feet from the Eno River, the Occoneechee Mountain summit is the highest point in Orange County. Researchers believe that the area's habitat has remained unchanged since the last Ice Age due to the presence of the brown elfin, a rare butterfly, several unique plant species; the brown elfin is found in mountainous and northern areas, the nearest brown elfin population to Occoneechee is more than 100 miles west. When the Piedmont's habitat underwent enormous transformations after the Ice Age, the area became unable to support the brown elfin and other species more accustomed to cooler environments. Brown elfins, believed to have once populated the Piedmont, were restricted to the state's mountains.
However, the brown elfin butterflies at Occoneechee Mountain remained. The land the state natural area now sits on was settled by the Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation, who traveled to the mountain from the west. In the colonial period, European immigrants settled the area; until 1987, a mill village occupied a section of the natural area. The NC Division of Parks and Recreation first purchased land at Occoneechee Mountain in December 1997. Since the natural area has grown to nearly 206 acres; the following state parks are within 30 miles of Occoneechee Mountain State Natural Area: Eno River State Park Falls Lake State Recreation Area Jordan Lake State Recreation Area William B. Umstead State Park Official website Aerial View of the Occoneechee Mtn. Overlook and Eno River - Hillsborough, NC