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James Shaffer

James Christian Shaffer known by his stage name "Munky", is an American musician best known as co-founder and guitarist of the nu metal band Korn. Shaffer set up the side-project band Fear and the Nervous System in 2008 and is the founder of Emotional Syphon Recordings, who have signed acts like Monster in the Machine and Droid. Shaffer was ranked at No. 26 of Guitar World's 100 Greatest Heavy Metal Guitarists of All Time. Shaffer's work with Korn has resulted in over 35 million albums sold. Shaffer first took up guitar as part of rehabilitation when he severed the tip of one of his fingers on the chain of his dirt bike, he has since performed with several bands. On February 22, 2005, Brian "Head" Welch left the band. Shaffer accepted his friend's choice and the two remained on good terms; when drummer David Silveria left the band, Munky said in an interview that he had a strong friendship with him and was sad to hear that he had to leave. On an interview about Welch's departure, Shaffer said he felt pressure, because they were always working together, writing songs, creating albums.

But when Welch left, he had to write all the guitar parts into one part, so Korn could play live, he continued to play like that until Korn got a backing guitarist. Welch returned to the band on May 2, 2013 to work on the album The Paradigm Shift, released in October 2013. On March 4, 2008, it was announced that Shaffer would be releasing a solo record on August 8, 2008 with his solo band Fear and The Nervous System which would feature Munky doing vocals and guitars, Brooks Wackerman of Bad Religion on drums, Leopold Ross on guitars and programming, Bill Gould of Faith No More fame, Zac Baird on keyboards and programming; the record would be produced by Ross Robinson. Guitarist and friend Wes Borland recorded guitars for two songs on the album but they would not make the final cut. Borland created cover art which would still be used on the album; the band's debut album was due out August 8, 2008 but was pushed back multiple times until its release in 2011. On Modlife in October, 2009, Shaffer explained that he would not be doing vocals on the Fear and the Nervous System album because he is not "very good at singing."

It was announced that Steve Krolikowski of Repeater would be handling vocal duties. In 2006, Shaffer founded Emotional Syphon Records to give daring and diverse bands a chance to be heard; the first bands to be signed were Droid and Monster In The Machine, however Shaffer says he does not want to limit himself to only releasing metal acts but to create a multi-genre label. On January 15, 2000, Shaffer married Stephanie Roush. Together, they had Carmella Star Shaffer. In 2004, Shaffer and Roush got divorced. Shaffer started to date the Albanian American actress and model, Evis Xheneti in 2005, they were married on January 2012, in Paris, France. They have three children together: D'Angelo DraXon Shaffer, Rocky Rebel Shaffer, Heart Hera Shaffer. Shaffer predominantly uses Ibanez guitars, most his signature model the Ibanez Apex 7-string model and Mesa Boogie Triple Rectifier & Diezel guitar amplifier. Like Brian did before leaving the band in 2005, he uses many pedals and effects to shape the distinct Korn sound.

Munky describes his live pedal board as a "spaceship" because of the large, diverse quantity of effects he uses. With L. A. P. D.1989 – Love and Peace, Dude 1991 – Who's Laughing Now 1997 – L. A. P. D With Korn1994 – Korn 1996 – Life Is Peachy 1998 – Follow the Leader 1999 – Issues 2002 – Untouchables 2003 – Take a Look in the Mirror 2005 – See You on the Other Side 2007 – Untitled album 2010 – Korn III: Remember Who You Are 2011 – The Path of Totality 2013 – The Paradigm Shift 2016 - The Serenity Of Suffering 2019 - The NothingWith Fear and the Nervous System2012 – Fear and the Nervous SystemWith $UICIDEBOY$ x Travis Barker2019 – LIVE FAST, DIE WHENEVER James'Munky' Shaffer on IMDb Bakotopia interview with James'Munky' Shaffer "James'Munky' Shaffer's 2002 Korn Guitar Rig". GuitarGeek. Com

Southern Cross (automobile)

The Southern Cross was an Australian automobile produced between 1931 and 1935. Built by the Marks Motor Construction Company it was intended to retail for under 300 pounds. Volume production of the "Airline" Sedan was planned for 1935 but the marque died with the Chairman, Sir Charles Kingsford Smith. Kingsford- Smith was in the process of raising additional capital at the time of his disappearance over the Bay of Bengal; the first experimental Southern Cross was an open tourer with a body constructed by the Beale Piano works. Several enclosed sedans were built for development purposes; the car featured a monocoque chassis and body along similar lines to the Marks-Moir car, in development since 1922. It was crafted from thin sheets of Queensland pine and walnut glued under pressure with aircraft casein glue; this "plywood" was moulded into shape during the curing process. Doors mounted back into place with metal hinges. Assemblies such as engine and suspension were mounted on steel frames bolted to the body.

The engine, a locally produced flat-four of 2340cc developed 60 bhp at 3200 rpm. It was designed by William Foulis who had designed and built the two cylinder motor of the 1917 "Roo" car; the car rode a 120inch wheelbase. The combination of a small engine and light weight provided good performance and economy for the times. Two of the cars built used an early form of automatic transmission developed in Australia; this was described as a frictionless system of centrifugal control in which the torque was developed by balanced weights brought into action by planetary gears without need of a clutch or gear lever. Suspension was provided through thin semi-elliptic leaf springs; each alternate spring was interlocked. This system, combined with the flexibility afforded by chasis-less construction, enabled the vehicle to be built without shock absorbers; the company put a proposal to the Federal Government to lease machinery and buildings at the Lithgow Small Arms Factory to build mechanical components on a large scale.

Production records are unclear but more than four and fewer than 10 Southern Cross cars were built. The open Tourer, christened by Lady Kingsford Smith at Mascot Aerodrome in 1933, was sold to a resident of Parramatta, NSW, in 1936, it was destroyed in a fire during the 1970s. No Southern Cross cars survive. Marks-Moir car

Franz Xaver Stöber

Franz Xaver Stöber was an Austrian engraver and etcher. He began his studies with his father, an engraver, continued at the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna. In 1815, he first attracted attention with his engravings of mythological scenes, he turned to experimenting with new techniques and became the first steel engraver in Austria. In 1829, he was awarded a patent for a method of printing in color on copper plates. In 1835, he became a member of the Academy and, beginning in 1844, taught engraving there, he was a Commander of the Vienna Academic Corps and Director of the Vienna Artists' Pensions Institute. His total output came to 2,500 engravings, which include everything from full-sized portraits to book-sized vignettes, he was an avid collector of early tin cans and possessed over 500 rare examples. In 1877, a street in Margareten was named the Stöbergasse in his honor. Constantin von Wurzbach: Stöber, Franz. In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich. Vol.39, Verlag L. C. Zamarski, Vienna 1879, S. 75–85.

Karl Weiß: Stöber, Franz. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Vol.36, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1893, S. 274. C. Reiter: "Stöber, Franz Xav.". In: Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815–1950. Vol. 13, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1957–2005, p. 282. Thieme, Becker: Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Jahrhunderts. Leipzig 2008, ISBN 978-3-86502-177-9

Rosalind Franklin (rover)

Rosalind Franklin known as the ExoMars rover, is a planned robotic Mars rover, part of the international ExoMars programme led by the European Space Agency and the Russian Roscosmos State Corporation. Scheduled to launch in July 2020, the plan calls for a Russian launch vehicle, an ESA carrier module, a Russian lander named Kazachok, that will deploy the rover to Mars' surface. Once safely landed, the solar powered rover will begin a seven-month mission to search for the existence of past life on Mars; the Trace Gas Orbiter, launched in 2016, will operate as Rosalind Franklin's and lander's data-relay satellite. The rover is named after Rosalind Franklin; the Rosalind Franklin rover is an autonomous six-wheeled terrain vehicle with mass 300 kg, about 60% more than NASA's 2004 Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity, but about one third that of NASA's Curiosity rover launched in 2011. ESA returned to this original Rover design after NASA descoped its involvement in a joint Rover mission, studied 2009-2012.

The Rover will carry a 2-metre sub-surface sampling drill and Analytical Laboratory Drawer, supporting the nine'Pasteur payload' science instruments. The Rover will search for biosignatures from past life; the lead builder of the rover, the British division of Airbus Defence and Space, began procuring critical components in March 2014. In December 2014, ESA member states approved the funding for the rover, to be sent on the second launch in 2018, but insufficient funds had started to threaten a launch delay until 2020; the wheels and suspension system were paid for by the Canadian Space Agency and were manufactured by MDA Corporation in Canada. Each wheel is 25 cm in diameter. Roscosmos will provide radioisotope heater units for the rover to keep its electronic components warm at night; the rover was assembled by Airbus SD in the UK during 2018 and 2019. By March 2013, the spacecraft was scheduled to launch in 2018 with a Mars landing in early 2019. Delays in European and Russian industrial activities and deliveries of scientific payloads forced the launch to be pushed back.

In May 2016, ESA announced that the mission had been moved to the next available launch window of July 2020. ESA ministerial meetings in December 2016 reviewed mission issues including €300 million ExoMars funding and lessons learned from the ExoMars 2016 Schiaparelli mission, which had crashed after its atmospheric entry and parachute descent. In July 2018, the European Space Agency launched a public outreach campaign to choose a name for the rover. On 7 February 2019, the ExoMars rover was named Rosalind Franklin in honour of scientist Rosalind Franklin, who made key contributions to the understanding of the molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses and graphite; the ExoMars mission requires the rover to be capable of driving across the Martian terrain at 70 m per sol to enable it to meet its science objectives. The rover is designed to drive 4 km, after landing. Since the rover communicates with the ground controllers via the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, the orbiter only passes over the rover twice per sol, the ground controllers will not be able to guide the rover across the surface.

The Rosalind Franklin rover is therefore designed to navigate autonomously across the Martian surface. Two stereo camera pairs allow the rover to build up a 3D map of the terrain, which the navigation software uses to assess the terrain around the rover so that it avoids obstacles and finds an efficient route to the ground controller specified destination. On 27 March 2014, a "Mars Yard" was opened at Airbus Defence and Space in Stevenage, UK, to facilitate the development and testing of the rover's autonomous navigation system; the yard is 30 by 13 m and contains 300 tonnes of sand and rocks designed to mimic the terrain of the Martian environment. The rover will search for two types of subsurface life signatures and chemical, it will not analyse atmospheric samples, it has no dedicated meteorological station, but the Kazachok lander that will deploy the rover is equipped with a meteorological station. The 26 kg scientific payload comprises the following survey and analytical instruments: PanCam has been designed to perform digital terrain mapping for the rover and to search for morphological signatures of past biological activity preserved on the texture of surface rocks.

The PanCam Optical Bench mounted on the Rover mast includes two wide angle cameras for multi-spectral stereoscopic panoramic imaging, a high resolution camera for high-resolution colour imaging. PanCam will support the scientific measurements of other instruments by taking high-resolution images of locations that are difficult to access, such as craters or rock walls, by supporting the selection of the best sites to carry out exobiology studies. In addition to the OB, PanCam includes a calibration target, Fiducial Markers and Rover Inspection Mirror; the PCT's stained glass calibration targets will provide a UV-stable reflectance and colour reference for PanCam and ISEM, allowing for the generation of calibrated data products. The ISEM optical box will be installed on the rover's mast, below PanCam's HRC, with an electronics box inside the Rover, it will be used to assess bulk mineralogy characterization and remote identification of water-related minerals. Working with PanCam, ISEM will contribute to th

Bad Reichenhall

Bad Reichenhall is a spa town, administrative center of the Berchtesgadener Land district in Upper Bavaria, Germany. It is located near Salzburg in a basin encircled by the Chiemgau Alps. Together with other alpine towns Bad Reichenhall engages in the Alpine Town of the Year Association for the implementation of the Alpine Convention to achieve sustainable development in the alpine arc. Bad Reichenhall was awarded Alpine Town of the Year 2001. Bad Reichenhall is a traditional center of salt production, obtained by evaporating water saturated with salt from brine ponds; the earliest known inhabitants of this area are the tribes of the Glockenbecher-Culture In the age of the La Tene culture organised salt production commenced utilising the local brine pools. In the same period a Celtic place of worship is placed at the "Langacker". From 15 B. C to 480 A. D, the city is part of a Roman province, Noricum 1136 A. D bought the founding of a monastery St. Zeno. In 1617-1619, a wooden pipeline for brine exportation to Traunstein was built, with a length of 31 km, more than 200 m in altitude difference.

In 1834, two thirds of the city's buildings were destroyed by a major fire. The early 19th century saw the beginning of tourism, with Reichenhall becoming a famous health resort. From 1890, Reichenhall is now called "Bad Reichenhall". On 25 April 1945, the area was bombed by allied forces, 200 people were killed; the town centre with many hospitals and the train station was nearly destroyed, the barracks didn't suffer any damage. After World War II the area was under American military governance. On 1 November 1999, 16-year-old Martin Peyerl shot at people in the streets from his bedroom window, killing three and wounding several others, among them actor Günter Lamprecht, he committed suicide after fatally shooting his sister and the family cat. Fifteen people, twelve of them children, died in the collapse of the Bad Reichenhall Ice Rink on 2 January 2006. Thirty-four people were injured in the accident. Anni Friesinger-Postma, German speed skater Lore Frisch, well known German actress in the 1940s and 1950s.

Moved from Traunstein to Bad Reichenhall in the mid-1930s and got her start in acting in Bad Reichenhall before becoming famous in Munich and Berlin. Barbara Gruber, ski mountaineer Regina Häusl, alpine skier Andreas Hinterstoisser, German mountaineer Andreas Hofer, composer Michael Neumayer, ski jumper Georg Nickaes, ski mountaineer Günther Rall, World War II Luftwaffe ace, postwar Luftwaffe general Karl Ullrich, SS Oberführer Johannes Frießner, World War II German Army general Walter Grabmann, German World War II Luftwaffe General Hans Söllner, singer-songwriter Peter Schreyer, car designer Franz Oberwinkler, expert on Heterobasidiomycetes Walter F. Tichy, computer scientist, initial developer of the RCS revision control system City of Bad Reichenhall Bad Reichenhall Tourist Centre Alpine Pearls


Debravation is the fourth solo album by American singer Deborah Harry, released in 1993. It was the final album Harry made whilst signed to the Chrysalis label, thus ending a successful partnership that began with her time as a member of Blondie and had endured for over 15 years; the album reached No. 24 in the UK Albums Chart. The US version of the album contains two additional tracks, including "My Last Date", which features instrumental backing from R. E. M.. Debravation was re-issued in 2005 by Wounded Bird Records; the first single from the album was the dance track "I Can See Clearly", which reached No. 23 in the UK. The second single, ballad "Strike Me Pink", had a controversial promotional video, banned for being too disturbing – it featured a man in a glass tank filled with water, as Harry sits and watches him drown. In 1994, Harry released independently a different version of the album, entitled Debravation Producer's Cut. According to her official website, this was the original version of the album, presented to Sire and rejected.

When they opted for a different track listing and different mixes, Harry had a limited number of copies of Debravation Producer's Cut pressed and sold them at her concerts and through her website. It contained two identical tracks to the official release, but included alternate versions, as well as tracks that were used as B-sides, some unreleased material; the musicians for the Producer's Cut were Pete Min, Leigh Foxx and Geoff Dugmore. On the live version of "Black Dog", the musicians were Steve Barnacle; this version was engineered and mixed by Adam Yellin and produced by Chris Stein