James Sowerby

James Sowerby was an English naturalist and mineralogist. Contributions to published works, such as A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland or English Botany, include his detailed and appealing plates; the use of vivid colour and accessible texts were intended to reach a widening audience in works of natural history. James Sowerby was born in Lambeth, his parents were named John and Arabella. Having decided to become a painter of flowers his first venture was with William Curtis, whose Flora Londinensis he illustrated. Sowerby took an apprenticeship with Richard Wright, he married Anne Brettingham De Carle and they were to have three sons: James De Carle Sowerby, George Brettingham Sowerby I and Charles Edward Sowerby, the Sowerby family of naturalists. His sons and theirs were to contribute and continue the enormous volumes he was to begin and the Sowerby name was to remain associated with illustration of natural history. An early commission for Sowerby was to lead to his prominence in the field when the botanist L'Hértier de Brutelle invited Sowerby to provide the plates for his monograph and two works.

He came to the notice of William Curtis, undertaking a new type of publication. Early volumes of the first British botany journal, The Botanical Magazine, contained fifty-six of his illustrations. In 1790, he began the first of several huge projects: a 36-volume work, English Botany, published over the next 23 years, contained 2,592 hand-coloured engravings and became known as Sowerby's Botany. An enormous number of plants were to receive their first formal publication within this work, but the authority for these came from the unattributed text written by James Edward Smith; the work was continued by his son, James de Carle Sowerby who published a further set of 204 plates uncoloured until the end of the first edition in 1835. Further plates were added by other hands up to 1865 ending with plate number 2,999, it was the inclusion of science in the form of natural history, such as the thousands of botanical supplied by Smith or his own research, that distinguished Sowerby's art from early forms of still life.

This careful description of the subjects, drawing from specimens and research, was in contrast to the flower painting of the Rococo period found illuminating the books and galleries of a select audience. Sowerby intended to reach an audience whose curiosity for gardening and the natural world could be piqued by publishing the attractive and more affordable works; the appealing hand coloured engravings became valued by researchers into the new fields of science. His next project was of similar scale: the Mineral Conchology of Great Britain, a comprehensive catalog of many invertebrate fossils found in England, was published over a 34-year time-span, the latter parts by his sons James De Carle Sowerby and George Brettingham Sowerby I; the finished worked contains 650 colored plates distributed over 7 volumes. He developed a theory of colour and published two landmark illustrated works on mineralogy: the British Mineralogy and as a supplement to it the Exotic Mineralogy. Sowerby retained. Many notable geologists, other scientists of the day were to lend or donate specimens to his collection.

He had intended that his some thousands of minerals, many not known elsewhere, a great variety of fossils, most of the plants of English Botany about 500 preserved specimens or models of fungi, birds, insects, &c. all the natural production of Great Britain become the foundation of a museum. The addition of a room at the rear of his residence, housing this collection, was to see visits from the president of the Royal Society, Joseph Banks, Charles Francis Greville who lent to the informal institution. A much sought exhibit, one, chipped for samples, was the Yorkshire meteorite. James' great grandson, the explorer and naturalist Arthur de Carle Sowerby continued the family tradition, providing many specimens for the British Museum and museums in Shanghai and Washington D. C. James Sowerby produced a large corpus of work that appeared in many different publications and journals; some of the works begun by the paterfamilias of the Sowerby's was to be completed only by the generations that followed.

His illustrations and publishing concerns embraced many of the emergent fields of science. Besides the renowned botanical works, Sowerby produced extensive volumes on mycology, mineralogy and a seminal work on his colour system, he wrote an instruction called A botanical drawing-book, or an easy introduction to drawing flowers according to nature. Florist's luxurians or the florist's delight, and. 1806-40. Sowerby supplied plates for Curtis's Flora Londinensis. English Botany or, Coloured Figures of British Plants, with their Essential Characters and Places of Growth, descriptions supplied by Sir James E. Smith, was issued as a part work over 23 years until its completion in 1813; this work was issued in 36 volumes with 2,592 hand-colored plates of British plants. He published Exotic Botany in 1804. Smith's comprehensive work did not include Kingdom Fungi, Sowerby set out to supplement English Botany with his own text and descriptions. Coloured figures of English fungi or mushrooms, 4 vols. both appeared between 1789 and 1791.

A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland Written by James Edward Smith and illustrated by James Sowerby, it was published by Sowerby between 1793 and 1795, becoming the first monograph on th

T. J. Hoisington

TJ Hoisington is an American author, professional speaker, business consultant and publisher. His book, If You Think You Can!: Thirteen Laws That Govern the Performance of High Achievers is sold in 34 countries and author of Return to Robinson Island, a sequel based Swiss Family Robinson. He is the host of Web show Lessons on Success, he sold it two years later. In his 20s, he helped build two companies from scratch and grew them to become multimillion-dollar corporations. Hoisington moved on to form a leadership training company, Dunn-Hoisington Leadership International, LLC with Troy Dunn founded in 1997. During the early years building his business, he worked with the Anthony Robbins Company for one year. TJ lives in Washington with his wife and four children. In 1986, when TJ was 12 years old his family was invited to the White House to be awarded, along with six other families, "The Great American Family Award" presented by Nancy Reagan


Edmonton—Wetaskiwin is a federal electoral district in Alberta, represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 2015. Edmonton—Wetaskiwin was created by the 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution and was defined in the 2013 representation order, it came into effect upon the call of the 42nd Canadian federal election, scheduled for 19 October 2015. It was created out of parts of Edmonton—Leduc, Edmonton—Mill Woods—Beaumont and Vegreville—Wainwright. According to the 2016 census Edmonton—Wetaskiwin is the most populated riding in Canada, with more than 54,000 residents more than the national average of 104,000, its population grew at a rate of 43.5% since the 2011 census. According to the Canada 2016 CensusLanguages: 76.2% English, 3.0% Tagalog, 2.8% Punjabi, 2.0% French, 1.6% Mandarin, 1.5% German, 1.1% Spanish, 1.1% Cantonese, 1.0% Urdu, 0.9% Gujarati, 0.9% Korean, 0.8% Hindi, 0.6% Arabic This riding has elected the following members of the House of Commons of Canada