Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt
Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt was an American socialite. He was the father of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and the younger brother of Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States. Elliott and Theodore were of the Oyster Bay Roosevelts. Elliott was the third of the four children of Theodore Roosevelt Sr. and Martha Stewart "Mittie" Bulloch. In addition to elder brother Theodore Jr. he had a younger sister named Corinne and an elder sister named Anna, known as "Bamie". Mittie's brothers Irvine and James were Civil War Confederate veterans who accompanied Elliott when he left Europe in 1892 to admit himself into an asylum in Virginia. Elliott had a competitive relationship with his older brother; as an Oyster Bay Roosevelt, through his ancestor Cornelius Van Schaack, Jr. Elliott was a descendant of the Schuyler family. At a young age, Elliott was academically more successful than Theodore; this competition would continue into the next generation with their own daughters. Elliott enrolled at St Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire in September 1875.
He performed well academically though had to soon withdraw and return home after unexpectedly falling ill. Elliott maintained a charming and winsome personality all his life, which masked a growing drinking problem that started at a young age. Elliott was Theodore's best man on October 27, 1880, on Theodore's first marriage to Alice Hathaway Lee. In 1883, Elliott married Anna Rebecca Hall, the eldest daughter of Valentine Gill Hall, Jr. and Mary Livingston Ludlow, on December 1, 1883, in Calvary Church in Gramercy Park, New York City. They had three children: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, called Eleanor Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt, Jr. who died from scarlet fever Gracie Hall Roosevelt, called HallAfter this point, Elliott Sr. developed a "casual drinking" problem, which soon became alcoholism, an affliction to which his son Hall succumbed. Due to his drinking problem, Elliott was exiled to Abingdon, where he would write letters to Eleanor. Eleanor recalled that on his many horseback riding expeditions with the young children in Virginia, he became attached to "one girl in particular of whom I was jealous."
On occasion, he would, to the jubilation of Eleanor, return home for a few days. Theodore Roosevelt became the conservator for his spendthrift brother. At the age of 34, Roosevelt attempted suicide by jumping out a window. At the time of his death, his alcoholism had escalated such that he was consuming numerous bottles of Champagne and brandy each day. Elliott fathered a son with a young servant girl employed by Anna, his brother sent a detective who specialized in likenesses to look at the child and subsequently the Roosevelts settled out of court for $10,000. The sum was placed in a trust, but according to the Manns the child never received a dime, the money having been looted by Katy's lawyers. There was some correspondence between her half-brother Elliott Roosevelt Mann. Roosevelt family Works by Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt at LibriVox
Bulloch Hall is a Greek Revival mansion in Roswell, built in 1839. It is one of several significant buildings in the city and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places; this is where Martha Bulloch Roosevelt, mother of Theodore Roosevelt, 26th U. S. President, lived as a child, it is where she married Theodore Roosevelt's father, Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. The Roosevelt family are descendants of the first Governor of Georgia; the antebellum mansion was built by Major James Stephens Bulloch. He was a prominent planter from the Georgia coast, invited to the new settlement by his friend Roswell King. After the death of his first wife Hester Amarintha "Hettie" Elliott - mother of his son James D. Bulloch - Bulloch married the widow of his first wife's father, Martha "Patsy" Stewart Elliot, had four more children: Anna Bulloch Martha Bulloch Charles Bulloch Irvine Bulloch. Major Bulloch selected a ten-acre plot of land and engaged a skilled builder, Willis Ball, to design and construct an elegant Greek Revival home.
The Bulloch family lived in an abandoned Cherokee farmhouse while slaves and trained laborers built the house. In 1839, Major Bulloch and his family moved into the completed house. Soon Bulloch owned land for cotton production and held enslaved African-Americans to work his fields. According to the 1850 Slave Schedules, Martha Stewart Elliott Bulloch, by widowed a second time, owned 31 enslaved African-Americans, they labored on cotton and crop production. Some of the known slaves who worked in the house were "Maum" Rose, "Maum" Charlotte, "Maum" Grace, "Daddy" William, "Daddy" Luke, Henry. In 1835 while living in Hartford, James' wife gave birth to a daughter named Martha, she was known affectionately as Mittie. Mittie was raised at Bulloch Hall. Though the date of their initial meeting is unclear, we do know that when Theodore Roosevelt, Sr. was 19, he came to Roswell, Georgia with his friend Hilborne West, to marry Mittie's oldest half sister, Susan Elliott. Mittie was 15 at the time. "Thee," as he was called, met Mittie again when she went to Philadelphia in January 1853 to stay with her sister Susan.
They fell in love and began planning their wedding through letters between Mittie in Roswell and Thee in New York. They were married in the dining room of Bulloch Hall on December 22, 1853; the marriage was a gala affair with people staying for a week. Mittie's friend and bridesmaid, Mrs. William Baker, left a recollection of the wedding in an interview by Margaret "Peggy" Mitchell of Gone with the Wind fame, in the Atlanta Journal, June 10, 1923. After the marriage, the couple moved to New York City; the couple lived with Thee's parents while a house, a wedding gift from them, was constructed at 28 E 20th Street. In 1856, Martha and Irvine moved to Philadelphia to live with Martha's daughter Susan West. Anna and Martha moved in with Mittie and Thee in New York; the Roosevelt couple became the parents of Anna. Elliott married Anna Rebecca Hall, his daughter was First Lady of the United States, Eleanor Roosevelt. Theodore Roosevelt, who had begun his presidency on reasonably good terms for a half-northerner president, had infuriated the South by inviting Booker T. Washington to dine in the White House.
He waited a few years until the episode blew over and visited Bulloch Hall for the first time while touring the South in 1905. He was thought to be the first sitting President of the United States to visit the South since the end of the American Civil War, however this is incorrect as William McKinley had visited the South earlier while celebrating the victory of the Spanish–American War. President Roosevelt and his wife Edith arrived in Roswell, Georgia on October 20, 1905. At Bulloch Hall, he spoke as follows: It has been my great good fortune to have the right to claim my blood is half Southern and half Northern, I would deny the right of any man here to feel a greater pride in the deeds of every Southerner than I feel. Of all the children, the brothers and sisters of my mother who were born and brought up in that house on the hill there, my two uncles afterward entered the Confederate service and served with the Confederate Navy. One, the younger man, served on the Alabama as the youngest officer aboard her.
He was captain of one of her broadside 32-pounders in her final fight, when at the end the Alabama was sinking and the Kearsarge passed under her stern and came up along the side that had not been engaged hitherto, my uncle, Irvine Bulloch, shifted his gun from one side to the other and fired the two last shots fired from the Alabama. James Dunwoody Bulloch was an admiral in the Confederate service.... Men and women, don't you think I have the ancestral right to claim a proud kinship with those who showed their devotion to duty as they saw the duty, whether they wore the grey or whether they wore the blue? All Americans who are worthy the name feel an equal pride in the valor of those who fought on one side or the other, provided only that each did with all his strength and soul and mind his duty as it was given to him to see his duty." Eleanor Roosevelt visited Bulloch Hall several times. Her husband Franklin Roosevelt did not leave his car. Bulloch Hall is located at: 180 Bulloch Avenue Roswell, GA 30075This historic home is owned by the City of Roswell Georgia's Historic and Cultural Affairs Division and managed by Friends of Bulloch, Inc. a 5013 charitable organizat
Vice President of the United States
The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest officer in the executive branch of the U. S. federal government, after the President of the United States, ranks first in the presidential line of succession. The Vice President is an officer in the legislative branch, as President of the Senate. In this capacity, the Vice President presides over Senate deliberations, but may not vote except to cast a tie-breaking vote; the Vice President presides over joint sessions of Congress. The Vice President is indirectly elected together with the President to a four-year term of office by the people of the United States through the Electoral College. Section 2 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment, ratified in 1967, created a mechanism for intra-term vice presidential succession, establishing that vice presidential vacancies will be filled by the president and confirmed by both houses of Congress. Whenever a vice president had succeeded to the presidency or had died or resigned from office, the vice presidency remained vacant until the next presidential and vice presidential terms began.
The Vice President is a statutory member of the National Security Council, the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution. The Office of the Vice President organises the vice president's official functions; the role of the vice presidency has changed since the office was created during the 1787 constitutional Convention. Over the past 100 years, the vice presidency has evolved into a position of domestic and foreign policy political power, is now seen as an integral part of a president's administration; as the Vice President's role within the executive branch has expanded, his role within the legislative branch has contracted. The Constitution does not expressly assign the vice presidency to any one branch, causing a dispute among scholars about which branch of government the office belongs to: 1) the executive branch; the modern view of the vice president as an officer of the executive branch is due in large part to the assignment of executive authority to the vice president by either the president or Congress.
Mike Pence of Indiana is the current Vice President of the United States. He assumed office on January 20, 2017. No mention of an office of vice president was made at the 1787 Constitutional Convention until near the end, when an 11-member committee on "Leftover Business" proposed a method of electing the chief executive. Delegates had considered the selection of the Senate's presiding officer, deciding that, "The Senate shall choose its own President," and had agreed that this official would be designated the executive's immediate successor, they had considered the mode of election of the executive but had not reached consensus. This all changed on September 4, when the committee recommended that the nation's chief executive be elected by an Electoral College, with each state having a number of presidential electors equal to the sum of that state's allocation of representatives and senators; the proposed presidential election process called for each state to choose members of the electoral college, who would use their discretion to select the candidates they individually viewed as best qualified.
Recognizing that loyalty to one's individual state outweighed loyalty to the new federation, the Constitution's framers assumed that individual electors would be inclined to choose a candidate from their own state over one from another. So they created the office of vice president and required that electors vote for two candidates, requiring that at least one of their votes must be for a candidate from outside the elector's state, believing that this second vote could be cast for a candidate of national character. Additionally, to guard against the possibility that some electors might strategically throw away their second vote in order to bolster their favorite son's chance of winning, it was specified that the first runner-up presidential candidate would become vice president. Creating this new office imposed a political cost on strategically discarded electoral votes, incentivizing electors to make their choices for president without resort to electoral gamesmanship and to cast their second ballot accordingly.
The resultant method of electing the president and vice president, spelled out in Article II, Section 1, Clause 3, allocated to each state a number of electors equal to the combined total of its Senate and House of Representatives membership. Each elector was allowed to vote for two people for president, but could not differentiate between their first and second choice for the presidency; the person receiving the greatest number of votes would be president, while the individual who received the next largest number of votes became vice president. If there were a tie for first or for second place, or if no one won a majority of votes, the president and vice president would be selected by means of contingent elections protocols stated in the clause; the emergence of political parties and nationally coordinated election campaigns during the 1790s soon frustrated this original plan. In the election of 1796, Federalist John Adams won the presidency, but his bitter rival, Democratic-Republican Thomas Jefferson came second and became vice president.
Thus, the president and vice president were from opposing parties.
Daniel Stewart (Brigadier General)
Daniel Stewart was an American politician and brigadier general in the Georgia Militia. He joined the militia in 1776 and served during the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, he was born in Georgia, to military officer John Stewart, Jr. and Susannah Bacon. Daniel's paternal grandparents, John Stewart, Sr. and Jerusha, were English immigrants who settled in Dorchester, South Carolina. Daniel's siblings who died young were Ann and John III, he had two elder sisters who survived and Susannah. Daniel had a younger half-sister, from John Jr.'s second marriage to Sarah Nickols. Stewart served as a state representative from 1785 to 1787, sheriff of Liberty County, from 1795 to 1797, state senator for three terms between 1802 and 1811. On February 20, 1783, he married Martha Pender, she died giving birth to their son: John Stewart IV. In 1785, Daniel married a daughter of Joseph Oswald, Jr. and Ann Carter. Her brother Thomas Hepworth Oswald was the patrilineal great-great-grandfather of assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.
She bore Daniel six children: Mary Stewart Daniel McLachlan Stewart Sophia Stewart Susannah Stewart Joseph Oswald Stewart Martha "Patsy" Stewart. She first married Senator John Elliott and married Major James Stephens Bulloch. Patsy's children with Bulloch included: Anna Louisa Bulloch Martha "Mittie" Bulloch, she married Theodore "Thee" Roosevelt, Sr.. Thee and Mittie were the parents of Anna "Bamie" Roosevelt Cowles, President Theodore Roosevelt, Elliott Bulloch Roosevelt, Corinne Roosevelt Robinson. Elliott and his wife, socialite Anna Rebecca Hall, were the parents of First Lady Anna Eleanor Roosevelt. Charles Irvine Bulloch Irvine Stephens Bulloch On March 6, 1810, General Stewart married Sarah Hines, widow of Captain Elijah Lewis, they had two daughters: Sarah Caroline Stewart Georgia Drusilla Stewart He died in his winter home at Cedar Hill Plantation. Fort Stewart and Stewart County, are named after Daniel Stewart. New Georgia Encyclopedia Liberty County Historical Society - Stewart, Daniel Stewart Cemeteries Gary L. McKay, Walter E. Wilson James D. Bulloch: Secret Agent and Mastermind of the Confederate Navy.
Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company Inc.. Dictionary of Georgia Biography, ed. Kenneth Coleman and Charles S. Gurr, s.v. "Stewart, Daniel." Genealogical Publishing Com Roster of Revolutionary Soldiers in Georgia, Volume 1. Martha Stewart Carter family Georgia
A cotton mill is a building housing spinning or weaving machinery for the production of yarn or cloth from cotton, an important product during the Industrial Revolution in the development of the factory system. Although some were driven by animal power, most early mills were built in rural areas at fast-flowing rivers and streams using water wheels for power; the development of viable steam engines by Boulton and Watt from 1781 led to the growth of larger, steam-powered mills allowing them to be concentrated in urban mill towns, like Manchester, which with neighboring Salford had more than 50 mills by 1802. The mechanization of the spinning process in the early factories was instrumental in the growth of the machine tool industry, enabling the construction of larger cotton mills. Limited companies were developed to construct mills, the trading floors of the cotton exchange in Manchester, created a vast commercial city. Mills generated employment, drawing workers from rural areas and expanding urban populations.
They provided incomes for women. Child labor was used in the mills, the factory system led to organized labor. Poor conditions became the subject of exposés, in England, the Factory Acts were written to regulate them; the cotton mill a Lancashire phenomenon, was copied in New England and in the southern states of America. In the 20th century, North West England lost its supremacy to the United States to Japan and subsequently to China. In the mid-16th century Manchester was an important manufacturing centre for woollens and linen and market for textiles made elsewhere; the fustian district of Lancashire, from Blackburn to Bolton, west to Wigan and Leigh and south towards Manchester, used flax and raw cotton imported along the Mersey and Irwell Navigation. During the Industrial Revolution cotton manufacture changed from a domestic to a mechanized industry, made possible by inventions and advances in technology; the weaving process was the first to be mechanized by the invention of John Kay's flying shuttle in 1733.
The manually-operated spinning jenny was developed by James Hargreaves in about 1764 speeded up the spinning process. The roller spinning principle of Paul and Bourne became the basis of Richard Arkwright's spinning frame and water frame, patented in 1769; the principles of the spinning jenny and water frame were combined by Samuel Crompton in his spinning mule of 1779, but water power was not applied to it until 1792. Many mills were built after Arkwright's patent expired in 1783 and by 1788, there were about 210 mills in Great Britain; the development of cotton mills was linked to the development of the machinery. By 1774, 30,000 people in Manchester were employed using the domestic system in cotton manufacture. Handloom weaving lingered into the mid-19th century but cotton spinning in mills relying on water power and subsequently steam power using fuel from the Lancashire Coalfield began to develop before 1800; the first cotton mills were established in the 1740s to house roller spinning machinery invented by Lewis Paul and John Wyatt.
The machines were the first to spin cotton mechanically "without the intervention of human fingers". They were driven by a single non-human power source which allowed the use of larger machinery and made it possible to concentrate production into organized factories. Four mills were set up to house Paul and Wyatt's machinery in the decade following its patent in 1738: the short-lived, animal-powered Upper Priory Cotton Mill in Birmingham in 1741; the Paul-Wyatt mills spun cotton for several decades but were not profitable, becoming the ancestors of the cotton mills that followed. Richard Arkwright obtained a patent for his water frame spinning machinery in 1769. Although its technology was similar to that of Lewis Paul, John Wyatt, James Hargreaves and Thomas Highs, Arkwright's powers of organization, business acumen and ambition established the cotton mill as a successful business model and revolutionary example of the factory system. Arkwright's first mill – powered by horses in Nottingham in 1768 – was similar to Paul and Wyatt's first Birmingham mill although by 1772 it had expanded to four storeys and employed 300 workers.
In 1771, while the Nottingham mill was at an experimental stage and his partners started work on Cromford Mill in Derbyshire, which "was to prove a major turning point in the history of the factory system". It resembled the Paul-Wyatt water-powered mill at Northampton in many respects, but was built on a different scale, influenced by John Lombe's Old Silk Mill in Derby and Matthew Boulton's Soho Manufactory in Birmingham. Constructed as a five-storey masonry box. Arkwright recruited large disciplined workforces for his mills, managed credit and supplies and cultivated mass consumer markets for his products. By 1782 his annual profits exceeded £40,000, by 1784 he had opened 10 more mills, he licensed his technology to other entrepreneurs and in 1782 boasted that his machinery was being used by "numbers of adventurers residing in the different counties of Derby, Nottingham, Stafford, York and Lancashire" and by 1788 there were 143 Arkwrig
Governor of New York
The Governor of New York is the chief executive of the U. S. state of New York. The governor is the head of the executive branch of New York's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military and naval forces; the current governor is Andrew Cuomo, a Democrat, who took office on January 1, 2011. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws, the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the New York State Legislature, to convene the legislature, to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment. Unlike the other government departments that compose the executive branch of government, the governor is the head of the state Executive Department; the officeholder is afforded the courtesy style of His/Her Excellency while in office. The governor of New York is considered a potential candidate for President. Ten governors have been major-party candidates for president, four, Martin Van Buren, Grover Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt have won. Six New York governors have gone on to serve as vice president.
Additionally two Governors of New York, John Jay and Charles Evans Hughes, have served as Chief Justice of the United States. Under the New York State Constitution, a person must be at least 30 years of age, a United States citizen, a resident of the state of New York for at least five years prior to being elected to serve as governor; the office of Governor was established by the first New York State Constitution in 1777 to coincide with the calendar year. An 1874 amendment extended the term of office to three years, but the 1894 constitution reduced it to two years; the most recent constitution of 1938 extended the term to the current four years. The Constitution of New York has provided since 1777 for the election of a Lieutenant Governor of New York, who acts as President of the State Senate, to the same term. In the event of the death, resignation or impeachment of the governor, or absence from the state, the lieutenant governor would take on the governor's duties and powers. Since the 1938 constitution, the lieutenant governor explicitly becomes governor upon such vacancy in the office.
Should the office of lieutenant governor become vacant, the president pro tempore of the state senate performs the duties of a lieutenant governor until the governor can take back the duties of the office, or the next election. Although no provision exists in the constitution for it, precedent set in 2009 allows the governor to appoint a lieutenant governor should a vacancy occur. Should the president pro tempore be unable to fulfill the duties, the speaker of the assembly is next in the line of succession; the lieutenant governor nominated separately. Line of succession in full Lieutenant Governor Temporary President of the Senate Speaker of the Assembly Attorney General Comptroller Commissioner of Transportation Commissioner of Health Commissioner of Commerce Industrial Commissioner Chairman of the Public Service Commission Secretary of State Politics of New York Official website Governor's Office in the New York Codes and Regulations
Corinne Roosevelt Robinson
Corinne Roosevelt was an American poet and lecturer. She was the younger sister of former President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt and an aunt of future First Lady of the United States, Eleanor Roosevelt. Corinne Roosevelt was born on September 27, 1861, at 28 East 20th Street in New York City, the fourth and youngest child of businessman/philanthropist Theodore "Thee" Roosevelt Sr. and socialite Martha Stewart "Mittie" Bulloch. Her siblings were Theodore Jr. and Elliott. As an Oyster Bay Roosevelt Corinne was a descendant of the Schuyler family, she received most of her education from private tutors. Corinne was best friends with Edith Kermit Carow, her brother T. R.'s second wife and the First Lady of the United States. Theodore Sr. was a supporter of the North during the Civil War. Mittie's home state was Georgia, she had moved to New York only because of her marriage to Theodore. Mittie's brothers were members of the Confederate Navy. However, the conflict between Corinne's parents' political loyalties did not prevent her from experiencing a privileged childhood, including the best schools and regular travel, or the formal debut into society expected of the daughters of prominent families.
Robinson began writing at an early age, through the encouragement of her friends, in particular Edith Wharton who helped critique her poetry. In 1911, Robinson published "The Call of Brotherhood", in Scribner's Magazine, her first book of poems of the same title was published in 1912. This volume was followed by One Woman to Another and Other Poems dedicated to her daughter named Corinne, commemorating the loss of Robinson's brother Elliott and son, Stewart. Other volumes of poetry by Robinson include Service and Sacrifice dedicated to her brother Theodore Roosevelt, The Poems of Corinne Roosevelt Robinson, Out of Nymph dedicated to Charles Scribner, she wrote the prose memoir My Brother Theodore Roosevelt. Robinson was a member of the executive committee of the Republican National Committee and the New York State Republican Committee. During the election of 1920, Robinson became the first woman called upon to second the nomination of a national party convention candidate. After Wood lost the nomination to Harding, Robinson came out for Harding and his vice-presidential candidate, Calvin Coolidge.
In the 1924 election, she served as a member of Coolidge's advisory committee. In 1924, she wrote a letter to The New York Times commenting on the election loss of her nephew, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. for Governor of New York. Despite being a prominent Republican, Corinne voted for her fifth cousin and nephew-in-law Franklin when he ran for Governor of New York in 1928, in 1932 when he was elected President of the United States. During the 1932 election, she declined the designation of a Republican elector-at-large, wrote to Franklin saying that she had refused to take an active part in the campaign, she stated that: You must understand why I cannot comment on the national campaign. My own beloved niece is the wife of the Democratic candidate, she is the daughter of the brother, nearer to me in age than Theodore. For her I have respect. So, much as I would like to pay the highest tribute to President Hoover, I cannot do so in this campaign. On April 29, 1882, she married Douglas Robinson Jr. son of Douglas Robinson Sr. and Frances Robinson at the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church.
Robinson's maternal grandfather, James Monroe, a member of the House of Representatives, was a nephew of U. S. President James Monroe, their marriage produced four children: Theodore Douglas Robinson, a member of the New York State Senate who married his distant cousin, Helen Rebecca Roosevelt, daughter of James Roosevelt "Rosey" Roosevelt and Helen Schermerhorn Astor of the Astor family, half-niece of Franklin Delano Roosevelt Corinne Douglas Robinson, a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives. Monroe Douglas Robinson Stewart Douglas Robinson, who died after falling out of his college dormitory window after sustaining a head injury at a party. Throughout the 1920s, Robinson's health failed her a number of times and she had a total of sixteen eye surgeries. Robinson died on February 17, 1933, age 71, of pneumonia, in New York City, less than a month before Franklin was inaugurated as President, her funeral was held at St. Bartholomew's Protestant Episcopal Church and was attended by more than 1,000 people, including President-elect Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt, Sara Roosevelt, Anna Roosevelt, Curtis B.
Dall. The bulk of her estate was divided among her three surviving children with smaller bequests made to grandchildren, nephews and institutions, she left all real and personal property she had received from her uncle, Cornelius V. S. Roosevelt to her daughter, Corrine; the household furniture, residue of the property, including $30,000 left to her by another uncle, James King Gracie, was to be shared among her children. A portrait of Harriet Douglas, sister-in-law of James Monroe, painted by Sir William Beechey, was left to her grandson, Douglas Robinson, of whom Harriet was his great-great-great aunt. A memorial was held for her by the Women's Roosevelt Memorial Association, of which she was a director, at Roosevelt House at 28 East 2