Mike Burns (cricketer)
Michael Burns is an English first-class list cricket umpire and former first-class cricketer who played county cricket for Warwickshire and Somerset in a first-class career which spanned from 1992 until 2005. He played Minor Counties cricket for Cumberland and Cornwall. An adaptable cricketer, he appeared for Cumberland and Warwickshire as a wicket-keeper, but when he moved to Somerset he developed into an aggressive batsman who bowled at medium-pace when needed. Burns started his cricket career with Cumberland in 1988, but moved to Warwickshire in late 1990, he struggled to break into the first team with his new county, spent most of his time with the club playing in the second team. As a wicket-keeper, his opportunities were limited by the presence of Keith Piper, he failed to make an impact as a batsman when he was given chances in the first team, he only started to play for the county in 1996, but opted to move to Somerset the following year. For Somerset, Burns passed 1,000 first-class runs in a season twice, was part of the team which won the 2001 Cheltenham & Gloucester Trophy.
He provided Somerset with a batting all-rounder in one-day cricket in which he averaged 27 with the bat and 30 with the ball for the county. He took over as Somerset captain in 2003 due to the lack of other suitable candidates, he continued in the role in the following year, though he was criticised throughout due to poor results, which at one stage resulted in a number of Somerset's players being threatened with being sacked. He was replaced as captain in 2005 by Graeme Smith, retired from first-class cricket at the end of that year, he subsequently trained as an umpire, was promoted to the England and Wales Cricket Board's reserve list in 2012. In January 2016 Burns was promoted to the full list of the ECB's umpiring list. Burns was born on 6 February 1969 in Lancashire, he attended Walney Comprehensive in Barrow, after completing his studies, joined the engineering firm Vickers. Burns began his county career playing Minor Counties cricket with Cumberland, he made his debut for the side in a two-day Championship match against Norfolk in July 1988.
Playing as wicket-keeper, he claimed one stumping. He did not appear for the county's first team again for another year. Early during the 1990 season, Burns played one match, without excelling, for Glamorgan's second team, he was a regular for Cumberland during 1990, in his seven appearances in the Championship, he scored 180 runs at an average of 22.50, took eleven catches and three stumpings. After playing club cricket for Vickerstown, Burns moved to Netherfield Cricket Club, where he played alongside Dermot Reeve, the club's professional player. Reeve was impressed by an innings in which Burns scored a half-century, arranged for Warwickshire to offer him a trial. Burns scored 83 runs in his trial match, signed a contract shortly thereafter. At the end of that 1990 season, Burns played a second-team match for Warwickshire, he kept wicket in a narrow loss for Warwickshire. He spent the remainder of the season playing for the county's second team, for whom he scored a number of half-centuries, with a top score of 93, scored against Worcestershire's seconds in a one-day match.
He got his first opportunities in first-class cricket near the start of the 1992 season, making his debut in the format against Cambridge University in May. During his only batting innings, he scored 78 runs, he claimed two catches and a stumping, he was selected to play in the County Championship match a week against Glamorgan, but in a match dominated by the spin of Robert Croft he was dismissed for scores of three and four. He returned to play in the second team for most of the season, though he played one further first-team match in August. In a late season second team match against Lancashire seconds, Burns scored 165 runs in the first innings of a drawn match. Burns had more first team opportunities during the 1993 season, due to a series of hand injuries to the first-choice wicket-keeper, Keith Piper. Burns' chances came in one-day cricket, he scored 151 runs across nine batting innings at an average of 25.16, reached his highest score of the season, 48 not out, against the touring Zimbabweans in September.
Despite making another large century for the second team, scoring 172 against Yorkshire seconds, he struggled in first-class cricket. The following year, his only first-class match was against Oxford University, with Piper ever-present in the County Championship. Burns continued to be selected as a wicket-keeper batsman in one-day cricket, though he was less successful than the previous year, scoring 86 runs at 10.75. In 1995, Burns was given a prolonged run in the Warwickshire team, playing both first-class and one-day cricket throughout April and May, he spent the rest of the season playing for the second team. Some strong performances for the seconds at the start of the 1996 season, including scores of 77 and 81 not out in a match against the Marylebone Cricket Club Young Cricketers, a finger injury suffered by Piper, saw him regain a place in the Warwickshire first team in June, he remained in the first team for the res
Bob Simpson (cricketer)
Robert Baddeley Simpson AO is a former cricketer who played for New South Wales, Western Australia and Australia, captaining the national team from 1963–64 until 1967–68, again in 1977–78. He had a successful term as the coach of the Australian team, he is known as Bobby or Simmo. Simpson played as semi-regular leg spin bowler. After ten years in retirement, he returned to the spotlight at age 41 to captain Australia during the era of World Series Cricket. In 1986 he was appointed coach of the Australian team, a position he held until being replaced by Geoff Marsh in July 1996. Under Simpson's tutelage, the team went from a struggling team, losing a succession of Test series, to the strongest team in world cricket; some of the team's greatest achievements in his time as coach were winning the 1987 World Cup, regaining The Ashes in England in 1989, overcoming the dominant West Indies on their home grounds in 1995. He coached county cricket in England, with Leicestershire and Lancashire. Born to Scottish immigrants from Falkirk, Simpson grew up in the inner-western Sydney suburb of Marrickville.
His father Jock played soccer for Stenhousemuir in the Scottish League. Simpson was encouraged as a schoolboy by his two elder brothers Bill and Jack, who played in first division Sydney Grade Cricket for many years, he began his own career as a fast batsman who played in any position. He showed early leadership skills, captaining Marrickville West Primary School and Tempe Intermediate High School, he captained 14-year-olds at the age of 12. In his early years, Simpson was a talented golfer and soccer player, was known for being a confident and tenacious competitor, he raised money to buy his first set of golf clubs by collecting lost balls from Marrickville Golf Course and selling them second hand. At a young age, Simpson was known as an unrelenting competitor, he appealed loudly against brother Jack for leg before wicket in a club match in spite of a loud edge. In a match in 1956, Simpson appealed for lbw against John Shaw after he had been hit in the head by a low bouncer from Pat Crawford, whereas his teammates were busy coming to the aid of the injured batsman.
Simpson said "I was a ambitious person anyway and never had any doubts I could go further. It sounds cocky but I always believed in my own talents."At 12, he was selected for New South Wales in the Under-14 Competition. He switched to leg spin at the age of thirteen, a week after turning 15 he was playing for Petersham's First XI in Sydney Grade Cricket after hitting string of centuries in the under-16 competition. Simpson had his first taste of first-class cricket as a slips fieldsman, having fielded on the boundary. Coming on as 12th man, Keith Miller casually pointed him to the slips, which in that era was against convention, as substitutes were expected to not field in close catching positions, he took two diving catches to establish his position in the cordon. He was still 11 days shy of his seventeenth birthday when he was selected to make his Sheffield Shield debut as a middle order batsman for New South Wales against Victoria in the 1952–53 season, he had played. When he arrived to meet his teammates, Australian vice-captain Arthur Morris asked him where his nappies were.
At the age of 16 years and 354 days, this made him the second youngest cricketer to be capped for New South Wales, just three months older than teammate Ian Craig when he made his debut. He scored 8, without being dismissed in either innings. According to Haigh, "Great protectiveness was felt towards such a boy among men." From the last ball of a drawn match, Simpson attempted to run two, but his misjudgment saw him caught short by half the pitch. Umpire Hugh McKinnon turned down the appeal, after Victorian captain Sam Loxton reacted angrily, the arbiter said "it's the last ball of the game and his first match". Simpson took his maiden wicket during the match, catching Test player Ian Johnson from his own bowling. Simpson scored 69 in the next match against South Australia, his only other innings and match for the season; the 1953–54 season was a purely domestic one, with no international team touring. New South Wales were the strongest state at the time with many Test players and won the first of nine consecutive Sheffield Shield titles, Simpson found it difficult to break into the team at full strength.
He played two matches at the start of the season, two more at the end of the summer. Simpson had few opportunities with the bat because of the strong batting line-up, he ended with 147 runs at 36.75, had more success with the ball, taking 14 wickets at 27.85. Simpson's bowling was prominent in the last two matches; the following season in 1954–55, Simpson had more chances in the New South Wales middle order as the Test players were playing for Australia against the touring English cricket team. However, he failed to make the use of this, scoring only 123 runs in the first seven innings and was in and out of the team, he struck form against Victoria, scoring 104 of New South Wales' 234. This was pivotal in a low-scoring match as Victoria made only 86 and 158 and helped New South Wales to a nine-wicket win. Simpson's final match o
Tasmania cricket team
The Tasmanian cricket team, nicknamed the Tigers, represents the Australian state of Tasmania in cricket. They compete annually in the Australian domestic senior men's cricket season, which consists of the first-class Sheffield Shield and the limited overs Matador BBQs One-Day Cup. Tasmania played in the first first-class cricket match in Australia against Victoria in 1851, which they won by three wickets. Despite winning their first match, producing many fine cricketers in the late 19th century, Tasmania was overlooked when the participants in Australian first-class tournament known as the Sheffield Shield were chosen in 1892. For nearly eighty years the Tasmanian side played an average of only two or three first-class matches per year against one of the mainland Australian teams, or warm-up matches against a touring international test team. Tasmania were admitted to regular competitions when they became a founding member of the Gillette Cup domestic one day cricket tournament upon its inception in 1969.
They have performed well in it, winning it four times, having been runners-up twice. It took a further eight seasons before Tasmania were admitted into the Sheffield Shield in 1977–78, it was on a reduced fixtures list, but by the 1979–80 season, they had become full participants, progressed towards competitiveness within the tournament, first winning in the 2006–07 season—after 30 years in the competition. In the KFC Twenty20 Big Bash the Tigers have yet to win, but were runners-up in 2006–07. Tasmania play their limited overs cricket in a predominantly green uniform, with red and gold as their secondary colours, have a Tasmanian tiger as their team logo, they play home matches at Bellerive Oval, Clarence on Hobart's Eastern Shore, though matches are played at venues in Devonport and Launceston. Cricket certainly has been played in Tasmania since the time of European settlement in 1803, it was a popular pastime among marines. The first recorded match is known to have taken place in 1806, although it is most that unrecorded matches were being played at this time.
According to the colony's chaplain, famed diarist, Robert Knopwood by 1814 the game had become popular around the festive season at Christmas. By the 1820s there had still not been any official club organisation, but matches were being played on a regular basis. Cricket is recorded as having been played in the settlements at Richmond, Clarence Plains, Sorell, in the Macquarie Valley west of Campbell Town, Evandale and Hadspen. Many of these matches seem to have been organised between hotel licensees, in order to create profits through the sale of food and beverages, through betting on the outcome. One such match, arranged in March 1826 by Joseph Bowden, the hotelier of the Lamb Inn on Brisbane Street was played for a winner's purse of 50 guineas between "Eleven Gentlemen from the Counties of Sussex and Kent against the choice of the whole Island of Van Diemen’s Land". There is no evidence to suggest an "official cricket season" during the first two decades of the colony, many of these games seem to have been played around June and July, to coincide with the traditional English cricket season, rather than the Tasmanian summer.
Accounts of such matches suggest games were played in atrocious conditions due to winter rains and cold conditions. But by the 1830s, logic had prevailed and cricket seems to have reverted to the southern summer months. Club cricket had become well-established by the 1830s. One of the earliest men responsible for organising cricket within the colony was John Marshall, established the Hobart Town Club soon after his arrival from England. Soon after in 1835 the Derwent Cricket Club was formed making it the oldest surviving cricket club in Tasmania, in 1841, the Launceston Cricket Club was formed, making it the second oldest surviving cricket club in Tasmania, third oldest in Australia. Cricket had soon spread into many regional settlements throughout the Colony of Tasmania, making it one of the most popular pastimes there; some matches were played with large banquets following play. By the late 1840s organised cricket was doing well in both Hobart and Launceston, was spreading throughout the colony.
In 1850 the first "North" versus "South" match was held in Oatlands, midway between Hobart and Launceston, won by the South. The success of the match prompted promoters to organise an inter-colonial match, the inaugural first-class cricket match played in Tasmania, the first first-class cricket match in Australia, was played in 1851 between Victoria and Tasmania in Launceston at the Launceston Racecourse; the game was billed as "The Gentlemen of Port Phillip versus the Gentlemen of Van Diemen's Land". The game featured four-ball overs and no boundaries, attracted a crowd of about 2500 spectators, it was a timeless match, but only lasted for two days. Tasmania emerged victorious by three wickets. Despite winning the first first-class match in the Australian colonies, Tasmania felt its geographic isolation in the form of a lack of competition. Few touring sides wished to undertake the long sea journey to the island in the late 19th century; the game developed more with Tasmanian clubs maintaining a belief in amateurism at a time when mainland clubs were turning to professionals to further their development.
A lack of innovation stymied progress. The Victorian side that visited in 1858 had adopted the new round arm form of bowling, it demolished the Tasmanian batting order unused to the technique; the population decline of the 1850s as Tasmanians moved to the Vict
Ricky Thomas Ponting, AO, is an Australian cricket commentator and former cricketer, two-time World Cup winning captain in 2003 and 2007 regarded as one of the greatest batsmen of all time. Ponting was captain of the Australian national team during its'golden era', he is a specialist right-handed batsman, an excellent slip / close catching fielder, as well as a occasional bowler. He was named "Cricketer of the Decade 2000", he led Australia to victory at the 2003 and 2007 Cricket World Cups and was a member of the 1999 World Cup winning team under Steve Waugh. He led Australia to a ICC Champions Trophy victory twice in a row, in 2006 and 2009. Ponting is considered the most successful captain in international cricket history, with 219 matches won overall from 322 matches with a winning ratio of 68%, he represented the Tasmanian Tigers in Australian domestic cricket, the Hobart Hurricanes in Australia's domestic T20 competition the Big Bash League, played in the Indian Premier League with the Kolkata Knight Riders in 2008.
He is considered to be one of the best batsmen of the modern era, alongside Sachin Tendulkar of India and Brian Lara of the West Indies. On 1 December 2006, he reached the highest rating achieved by a Test batsman for 50 years, though this was surpassed by Steve Smith in December 2017, he stands second in the List of cricketers by number of international centuries scored behind Sachin Tendulkar. After being involved in over 160 Tests and 370 ODIs, Ponting is Australia's leading run-scorer in Test and ODI cricket, he is one of only four players in history to have scored 13,000 Test runs. Statistically, he is one of the most successful captains of all time, with 48 victories in 77 Tests between 2004 and 31 December 2010; as a player, Ponting is the only cricketer in history to be involved in 100 Test victories. Ponting holds the record to have been involved in the most ODI victories as a player, with 262 wins. On 29 November 2012 Ponting announced his retirement from Test cricket, the day before he would play in the Perth Test against South Africa.
This was his 168th and last Test appearance. Ponting retired on 3 December 2012 with a Test batting average of 51.85. He continued to play cricket around the world. In February 2013 it was announced that he would be captaining the Mumbai Indians team in the Indian Premier League, and in March 2013 he was announced as the first international franchise player for the Caribbean Premier League. That month it was revealed by Ponting that this would be his last season playing cricket, as at the end of the competition he would be retiring from all forms of the game. In July 2018, he was inducted into the ICC Hall of Fame. Ponting is the current assistant coach of the Australian national men’s cricket team, having been appointed to the role in February 2019. Born in Launceston, Tasmania on 19 December 1974, Ricky Ponting is the eldest of Graeme and Lorraine Ponting's four children. Graeme was "a good club cricketer" and played Australian rules football, while Lorraine was a state vigoro champion, his uncle Greg Campbell played Test cricket for Australia in 1989 and 1990.
Ponting's parents first lived in Prospect 4.1 km south of city centre. After marrying his long-time girlfriend, law student Rianna Jennifer Cantor, in June 2002, Ponting credited her as the reason for his increased maturity, their daughter Emmy Charlotte was born in Sydney on 26 July 2008. Second daughter Matisse Ellie was born in Sydney on 8 September 2011. Third child, first son, Fletcher William was born in Melbourne on 24 September 2014. Introduced to cricket by father Graeme and uncle Greg Campbell, Ponting played for the Mowbray Under–13s team at the age of 11 in 1985–86. In January 1986, he took part in the five-day annual Northern Tasmania junior cricket competition. After scoring four centuries in a week, bat manufacturer Kookaburra gave Ponting a sponsorship contract while in just eighth grade on the back of these four centuries. Ponting took this form into the Under-16s week-long competition less than a month scoring an century on the final day. Ted Richardson, the former head of the Northern Tasmanian Schools Cricket Association said: "Ricky is the equal of David Boon at this level.
Australian Rules football was a big part of Ponting's sporting life, is a keen follower of the North Melbourne Kangaroos. During the winter he played junior football for North Launceston and up until he was 14, it could have become a possible sporting option; this was before he broke the humerus in his right arm playing for North Launceston Under–17s as a 13-year-old. Ponting's arm was so badly damaged. Told to endure a 14-week lay-off, he never played competitive football again. During Tasmanian Sheffield Shield matches at the NTCA Ground, Ponting helped out with the scoreboard, thereby surrounding himself with international cricketers. After leaving school at the end of year 10 in 1990, he began work as a groundsman at Scotch Oakburn College, a private school in Launceston. In 1991 the Northern Tasmanian Cricket Association sponsored Ponting to attend a fortnight's training at the Australian Cricket Academy in Adelaide; the two weeks turned into a full two-year sponsorship as he was said to be the best 17-year-old batsman Academy coach Rod Marsh had seen.
Playing five games for Tasmania for the 1992 Under–19 carnival in Perth, Ponting scored 350 runs, earning him selection in the 13-man na
Somerset County Cricket Club
Somerset County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Somerset; the club's limited overs team was the Somerset Sabres, but is now known only as Somerset. Somerset's early history is complicated by arguments about its status, it is regarded as a minor county from its foundation in 1875 until 1890, apart from the 1882 to 1885 seasons when it is considered by substantial sources to have been an unofficial first-class team, holding important match status. There are, two matches involving W. G. Grace in 1879 and 1881 which are considered first-class by some authorities. In 1891, Somerset joined the County Championship, which had just become an recognised competition, has important match status from 1891 to 1894; the county is classified as an official first-class team from 1895 by Marylebone Cricket Club and the County Championship clubs. Somerset have never won the County Championship, their highest finish being second, which they achieved in 2001, 2010, 2012, 2016 and 2018.
The club won their first silverware in the late 1970s, winning both the Gillette Cup and John Player League in 1979. In the years since, Somerset have experienced some success in one-day cricket, winning the Gillette Cup on two further occasions, the Benson & Hedges Cup twice and the John Player League once more; the team has reached the final of the Twenty20 cup competition on four occasions, winning it in 2005. The club has its headquarters at the County Ground, where in the present-day all of its games are played. Since 2005, Somerset play at Taunton Vale against MCC Universities teams; the club have played at a number of other grounds in their past, with a significant number of matches at Clarence Park, Weston-super-Mare and the Recreation Ground, Bath. One Day Cup – 1979, 1983, 2001 National League – 1979 Benson & Hedges Cup – 1981, 1982 Twenty20 Cup – 2005 Minor Counties Championship – 1961, 1965 Second XI Championship – 1994, 2004 In the seventeenth century, the related sport of "Stow-Ball", or "Stob-Ball" was being played in north Somerset, as in neighbouring Gloucestershire and Wiltshire, as well as parts of Dorset.
This sport most used either the base of a tree or its remaining stump as its wicket, as both'stow' and'stob' are dialect words for'stump'. However,'stow' could refer to a frame used to support crawling tunnels in mines such as those lead mines in north Somerset, providing another possibility for the wicket; the ball was made of a leather case, stuffed with boiled quills, was four inches in diameter the same size as a modern softball, while the bats, known as'staves' were shaped to a field hockey stick and made of withy or willow. The earliest confirmed reference to cricket in Somerset is a match on 13 July 1751, played in memory of the late Frederick, Prince of Wales, a noted patron of the sport; the first organised club to be recognised in Somerset was Lansdown Cricket Club, formed in 1825, although a Bath cricket club seems to have preceded it with a similar collection of enthusiasts from around 1817–1824. With a limited number of other organised clubs to play, fixtures were few and far apart in the founding years, with matches being played against Clifton and Teignmouth.
Lansdown placed Somerset in the cricketing world, played a number of matches against'England XI' in various forms. In 1865, the first attempt at a county side was made with the formation of Yeovil and County Cricket Club, they performed poorly in their opening matches against local club sides, on one occasion lost three players to their opposition the day before the match was scheduled to begin. In spite of these problems, they did play a'county' fixture, against the Gentlemen of Devon; the first recorded occasion of a Gentlemen of Somerset side playing comes five years however, when a Somerset side travelled down to Culm Vale to take on the Gentlemen of Devon, this match resulting in a draw. The formation of Somerset County Cricket Club was decided in 1875 after the playing of one such match between the Gentlemen of Somerset and the Gentlemen of Devon at Sidmouth in Devon. Having played a two-day match, which the Somerset team won by eight wickets, the Gentlemen of Somerset and their friends held a meeting and resolved the Somerset should have its own county cricket club.
Somerset is the only one of the present first-class counties in English cricket whose county cricket club was founded outside the boundaries of the traditional county. After their resolution, the gentlemen continued playing games under the name Gentlemen of Somerset, but their fixtures became more regular; the following 1878 season, two matches were played by a Somerset team. In 1879, Somerset played. During these early seasons, Somerset were never far from insolvency. An initial letter sent out after the formation of the club had only managed to raise £70 17s, while gate receipts in t
Norman Clifford Louis O'Neill OAM was a cricketer who played for New South Wales and Australia. A right-handed batsman known for his back foot strokeplay, O'Neill made his state debut aged 18, before progressing to Test selection aged 21 in late 1958. Early in his career, O'Neill was one of the foremost batsmen in the Australian team, scoring three Test centuries and topping the run scoring aggregates on a 1959–60 tour of the Indian subcontinent which helped Australia win its last Test and series on Pakistani soil for 39 years, as well as another series in India, his career peaked in 1960–61 when he scored 181 in the Tied Test against the West Indies, at the end of the series, had a career average of 58.25. His performances on the 1961 tour of England saw him named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year. Thereafter his form was less formidable, characterised by nervousness and fidgeting at the start of his innings. Persistent knee problems as well as a controversial media attack on the legality of West Indian bowler Charlie Griffith saw him dropped from the Australian team after 1965.
O'Neill bowled occasional leg spin and was regarded as one of the finest fielders of his era. He became a cricket commentator and his son Mark O'Neill played cricket at state level; the son of a builder, O'Neill was born in New South Wales. He had no cricketing associations on his father's side of the family, but his maternal uncle, Ron Campion, played for the Glebe club in Sydney Grade Cricket. Campion trained at Bexley Oval. O'Neill accompanied his uncle to cricket from the age of seven and was given batting practice at the end of each session. At Bexley Primary school, O'Neill was denied a chance to play cricket as the school did not field a team. Moving on to Kogarah Intermediate High School, O'Neill played cricket in defiance of a teacher who recommended that he take up athletics; as a teenager, O'Neill idolised Keith Miller after his uncle took him to the Sydney Cricket Ground: O'Neill saw Miller play that day and was impressed with the way he hit the ball off the back foot. Under his uncle's guidance, O'Neill joined the St George Cricket Club, in the Sydney Grade competition.
He moved up through the grades and broke into the first grade side at the age of 16. Sensing his potential, the club's selectors informed him that regardless of form, he would play the full season, which allowed him to be uninhibited in his batting, he made 108 in seven innings. The next season, he was out 12 times leg before wicket in 15 innings, run out in the other three. O'Neill resolved to improve his patience. In the second match of the new season, the 17-year-old O'Neill made his first century. With all five state selectors onlooking, he made 28 in the next match and was called into the state squad. O'Neill made his debut for New South Wales at the age of 18 against South Australia during the 1955–56 season, his lack of contribution was highlighted against the backdrop of his team's crushing innings victory: O'Neill failed to score a run or take a wicket. New South Wales bowled first and had South Australia at 6/49 when Miller introduced O'Neill's occasional leg spin to ease the debutant's nerves by bringing him into the game.
The home team struck 18 from three overs. O'Neill was listed to bat in the lower middle order but after the top order had made a big start, Miller brought O'Neill up, he was clean bowled. O'Neill was dropped and did not play another match for the season, but had gained invaluable experience. O'Neill rose in the 1956–57 season. At the start of the season, with many players still on international duty during the closing stages of the tour to England and the subsequent stopover in the Indian subcontinent, O'Neill was recalled and made 60 and 63 not out against Queensland at the start of the season; this saw. After making a pair of single-figures scored, he made a sequence of three 60s against South Australia and Western Australia, He was rewarded with selection in the one-off match between Ray Lindwall's XI and Neil Harvey's XI, which doubled as a national selection trial, before making his first ton against South Australia, he ended the season with 567 runs at 43.61, earned selection for a non-Test tour of New Zealand under Ian Craig, in a team composed of young players.
He made. Heading the tour averages with 218 runs at 72.66. Despite this, he was overlooked for the 1957–58 Test tour of South Africa, it was regarded as one of the most controversial decisions of the decade. O'Neill responded during the 1957–58 Sheffield Shield season weakened by the absence of the Test players, aggregating 1,005 runs at 83.75 and taking 26 wickets at 20.42 with his leg spinners, thus topping the national bowling and batting averages. Prior to the season, he had never taken a first-class wicket. In the opening match of the summer, he took 3/74 against Queensland, he took a total of 5/51 scored 33 and 48 not out in a six-wicket win over Western Australia before taking 3/52 and adding two fifties in the return match. He broke through for his first century of the season, scoring 114 and taking 3/44 in a ten-wicket win over South Australia. However, he reached more productive levels in the second half of the season; this comprised 175 against Victoria, 74 and 48 against Queensland, 125 and 23* against South Australia and 233 against Victoria.
His 233 was featured 38 fours. It was the first time. B
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of, a 20-metre pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat, while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this and dismiss each player. Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, by the fielding side catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground; when ten players have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches, they communicate with two off-field scorers. There are various formats ranging from Twenty20, played over a few hours with each team batting for a single innings of 20 overs, to Test matches, played over five days with unlimited overs and the teams each batting for two innings of unlimited length.
Traditionally cricketers play in all-white kit, but in limited overs cricket they wear club or team colours. In addition to the basic kit, some players wear protective gear to prevent injury caused by the ball, a hard, solid spheroid made of compressed leather with a raised sewn seam enclosing a cork core, layered with wound string. Cricket's origins are uncertain and the earliest definite reference is in south-east England in the middle of the 16th century, it spread globally with the expansion of the British Empire, leading to the first international matches in the second half of the 19th century. The game's governing body is the International Cricket Council, which has over 100 members, twelve of which are full members who play Test matches; the game's rules are held in a code called the Laws of Cricket, owned and maintained by Marylebone Cricket Club in London. The sport is followed in the Indian subcontinent, the United Kingdom, southern Africa and the West Indies, its globalisation occurring during the expansion of the British Empire and remaining popular into the 21st century.
Women's cricket, organised and played separately, has achieved international standard. The most successful side playing international cricket is Australia, having won seven One Day International trophies, including five World Cups, more than any other country, having been the top-rated Test side more than any other country. Cricket is one of many games in the "club ball" sphere that involve hitting a ball with a hand-held implement. In cricket's case, a key difference is the existence of a solid target structure, the wicket, that the batsman must defend; the cricket historian Harry Altham identified three "groups" of "club ball" games: the "hockey group", in which the ball is driven to and fro between two targets. It is believed that cricket originated as a children's game in the south-eastern counties of England, sometime during the medieval period. Although there are claims for prior dates, the earliest definite reference to cricket being played comes from evidence given at a court case in Guildford on Monday, 17 January 1597.
The case concerned ownership of a certain plot of land and the court heard the testimony of a 59-year-old coroner, John Derrick, who gave witness that: "Being a scholler in the ffree schoole of Guldeford hee and diverse of his fellows did runne and play there at creckett and other plaies". Given Derrick's age, it was about half a century earlier when he was at school and so it is certain that cricket was being played c. 1550 by boys in Surrey. The view that it was a children's game is reinforced by Randle Cotgrave's 1611 English-French dictionary in which he defined the noun "crosse" as "the crooked staff wherewith boys play at cricket" and the verb form "crosser" as "to play at cricket". One possible source for the sport's name is the Old English word "cryce" meaning a staff. In Samuel Johnson's Dictionary, he derived cricket from "cryce, Saxon, a stick". In Old French, the word "criquet" seems to have meant a kind of stick. Given the strong medieval trade connections between south-east England and the County of Flanders when the latter belonged to the Duchy of Burgundy, the name may have been derived from the Middle Dutch "krick", meaning a stick.
Another possible source is the Middle Dutch word "krickstoel", meaning a long low stool used for kneeling in church and which resembled the long low wicket with two stumps used in early cricket. According to Heiner Gillmeister, a European language expert of Bonn University, "cricket" derives from the Middle Dutch phrase for hockey, met de sen. Gillmeister has suggested that not only the name but the sport itself may be of Flemish origin. Although the main object of the game has always been to score the most runs, the early form of cricket differed from the modern game in certain key technical aspects; the ball was bowled underarm by the bowler and all along the ground towards a batsman armed with a bat that, in shape, resembled a hockey stick.