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Jan Długosz

Jan Długosz known in Latin as Johannes Longinus, was a Polish priest, diplomat and secretary to Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki of Kraków. He is considered Poland's first historian. Jan Długosz is best known for his Annales seu cronici incliti regni Poloniae in 12 volumes and in Latin language, covering events in southeastern Europe, but in Western Europe, from 965 to 1480, the year he died. Długosz combined features of Medieval chronicles with elements of humanistic historiography. For writing the history of the Kingdom of Poland, Długosz used Ruthenian chronicles including those that did not survive to our times, his work was first printed in 1701-1703. It was printed at the Jan Szeliga printing house in Dobromyl financed by Jan Szczęsny Herburt. Whenever Jan Długosz bothers to mention himself in the book, he writes of himself in the third person, he belonged to the Wieniawa coat-of-arms. Długosz was a canon at Kraków, educated at the University of Krakow, he was sent by King Casimir IV Jagiellon of Poland on diplomatic missions to the Papal and Imperial courts, was involved in the King's negotiations with the Teutonic Knights during the Thirteen Years' War and at the peace negotiations.

In 1434, Długosz's uncle, the first pastor at Kłobuck, appointed him to take over his position as canon of St. Martin church there; the town was in the Opole territory of Silesia, but had been conquered by Władysław II Jagiełło. Długosz while there, founded the canonical monastery. In 1450, Długosz was sent by Queen Sophia of Halshany and King Casimir to conduct peace negotiations between John Hunyadi and the Bohemian noble Jan Jiskra of Brandýs, after six days' of talks convinced them to sign a truce. In 1455 in Kraków, a fire spread which destroyed much of the city and the castle, but which spared Długosz's house. In 1461 a Polish delegation which included Długosz met with emissaries of George of Podebrady in Bytom, Silesia. After six days of talks, they concluded an alliance between the two factions. In 1466 Długosz was sent to the legate of Wrocław, in order to attempt to obtain assurance that the legate was not biased in favor of the Teutonic Knights, he was successful, was in 1467 entrusted with tutoring the king's son.

Długosz declined the offer of the Archbishopric of Prague, but shortly before his death was nominated Archbishop of Lwów. This nomination was only confirmed by Pope Sixtus IV on 2 June two weeks after his death, his work Banderia Prutenorum of 1448 is his description of the 1410 Battle of Grunwald, which took place between villages of Grunwald and Stębark. At some point in his life Długosz loosely translated Wigand of Marburg's Chronica nova Prutenica from Middle High German into Latin, however with many mistakes and mixup of names and places. Liber beneficiorum dioecesis Cracoviensis Annales seu cronicae incliti Regni Poloniae Roczniki, czyli kroniki sławnego Królestwa Polskiego The Annals of Jan Dlugosz Historiae Polonicae libri xii Banderia Prutenorum, flag book, completed in or shortly after 1448, when Stanislaw Durink painted the illuminations. Jan Długosz Award History of Norman. God's Playground: A History of Poland. Vol. I. Columbia University Press. Liber beneficiorum ecclesiae Cracoviensis At the National Digital Library of Poland

1954–55 WIHL season

1954–55 was the ninth season of the Western International Hockey League. The Kimberley Dynamiters defeated the powerful Nelson Maple Leafs four games to one in a best-of-seven series for the 1954-55 WIHL championship; the Dynamiters went on to play the Vernon Canadians in the Savage Cup playdowns, were trounced four games to one. It was a frustrating season for the Dynamiters. FIRST—they lost the league title to the Nelson Maple Leafs in the final game of the season, 4-3 at Nelson, after leading the pack most of the entire season. SECOND--Buzz Mellor lost the scoring championship to Nelson's Joe Bell by less than one point, with the percentage basis in force that year. Joe Bell picked up an assist on the Maple Leaf final goal of the regulation season, by just being on the ice, he no more deserved an assist on the goal than the timekeeper, but it cost Buzz Mellor the scoring crown. Claude Bell of the Kimberley Dynamiters enjoyed his best season finishing one point behind teammate Buzz Mellor in the scoring race.

He paced the league in the goal department that term, with 30 markers in only 34 games, while most of the other teams played a 44 game schedule. THIRD—the Dynamiters ace goalie, Earl Betker, lost out to Nelson's Ray Mikulan for the goaltending award, by a slim margin of 3.97 to 3.95 average. One consolation: Earl Betker was picked the WIHL All-Star netminder that season. FOURTH—Earl Betker suffered a severe back injury when he came out of his net to block Fritz Koehle's shot in the second game of the playoffs in Nelson; the courageous Dynamiter goalie, after being carried from the ice, returned to play the ten minutes of regulation time, held the Dynamiters in the game in overtime, with playing coach Norm Larsen scoring the winner with 12 seconds remaining in the first overtime. It wasn't necessary to dress a spare goaltender in those days, Betker disobeyed the doctor's advice, went out and made many brilliant saves, despite the fact he was labouring under terrific pain, he failed to see further action for the Dynamiters that season, with Kimberley securing the services of Spokane Flyers' Jerry Fodey.

Just to show you how desperate the Nelson Maple Leafs wanted to win was when they launched a protest to the WIHL, on the grounds that the injured Betker took 15 minutes to return to action. The protest was disallowed after the league executive conferred with the British Columbia Amateur Hockey Association, the bad publicity the Maple Leafs received didn't help their cause; the Maple Leaf players were not in favour of the protest. Jerry Fodey proved himself a real sportsman by coming to the Dynamiters rescue; when contacted by the Dynamiters executive, he never asked about money, but caught a bus for Kimberley, British Columbia and played brilliantly in the Dynamiters net. FIFTH—The WIHL introduced 12-man hockey in the league that season, when the Dynamiters met the Vernon Canadians in the Savage Cup finals, they were a tired crew; the Okanagan Senior League played with a 15-man roster that season. The Dynamiters played four games in as many nights in their semi-finals against the Spokane Flyers, to top it off, rushed right into the WIHL finals against the Nelson Maple Leafs, playing five games in six days.

The players were not supermen, it showed in their series with Vernon. SIXTH—The Dynamiters were forced to make Kelowna, British Columbia their headquarters, because the BCAHA decided to play games in Penticton, Kelowna and Kamloops, because Vernon wasn't supporting senior hockey. In order to bring their roster up to strength, the Dynamiters talked Bill "Tank" Johnston and Jack "Buck" Kavanaugh out of retirement, in order to dress three lines. Kimberley beat Spokane in Semi-Finals; the Kimberley Dynamiters and Spokane Flyers locked horns in a best-of-five semi-final series. The Leafs took the Smokies out in four games, with the Dynamiters doing to the Flyers. Backed by the scintillating goaltending of Earl Betker, the Dynamiters won the opening game against Spokane 5-2, before 1,600 home fans. Claudie Bell paced the Dynamiters with two goals, with singletons going to Buzz Mellor, Gerry Barre and Barry Craig. Lorne Nadeau collected both Spokane goals. Bill Jones, the Dynamiters hard working defenceman, was picked the number one star of the game.

The Dynamiters continued their winning ways by racking up a 6-4 triumph the following night, before 1,700 delirious spectators. Cal Hockley was the Dynamiters big gun with the hat trick, with Buzz Mellor picking up a pair of goals, Norm Knippleberg the other. Tom Hodges registered two counters for the Flyers, Frank Kubasek and Lorne Nadeau had one apiece. Gordon Andre, a league All-Star defenceman, was a standout for Kimberley; the scene switched to Spokane for the next two games, with the Flyers capturing the first game by the score of 4-1. George Senick, Red Tilson, Doug Toole and Lorne Nadeau were the Spokane goal getters. Buzz Mellor ruined Jerry Fodey's bid for a shutout. Both teams appeared weary, after playing four games in four nights, with the Dynamiters showing just enough pep to tack up a 4-3 victory and in doing so, eliminated the Flyers from the playoff scene. Buzz Mellor continued to lead the Dynamiters with a pair of goals, with Barry Craig and Norm Knippleberg gathering singles.

Jackie Miller potted a brace of goals for Spokane, Lorne Nadeau one. Dynamiters Hot In Nelson Series; the Kimberley Dynamiters, who had not won a WIHL championship since the 1946-47 season, made no mistakes in the finals against the Nelson Maple Leafs. The Dynamiters, under the capable eye of playing coach Norm Larsen, spotted the Leafs the first game, came roaring back to win four in a row. Dr. Joseph Vingo of Nelson was the WIHL President that

Ernst Lerch

Ernst Lerch was said to be one of the most important men of Operation Reinhard, responsible for "Jewish affairs" and the mass murder of the Jews in the General Government. However he was never convicted of war crimes. Lerch was born on 19 November 1914 in Klagenfurt, he studied at the Hochschule für Welthandel in Vienna. From 1931 to 1934 Lerch learned the hotel trade by working as a waiter in various hotels in Switzerland and Hungary. On 1 December 1932, Lerch joined the National Socialist German Workers Party. On 1 March 1934, he became a member of the "Protective Squadron". From 1934 until the incorporation of Austria into Germany in 1938, Lerch was employed in his father's Café Lerch; the café, located in Klagenfurt, became a meeting place for Nazis such as Odilo Globočnik and Ernst Kaltenbrunner, who frequented the café. While still in Austria, Lerch was promoted to an SS-Second Lieutenant on 9 September 1936. By 1937, he was promoted to an SS-First Lieutenant. In 1938, Lerch moved to Berlin.

In Berlin he became an SS-Captain in the Reich Security Directorate on 12 March 1938. At his wedding to a "Secret State Police" employee, Oswald Pohl and Globočnik acted as witnesses. In December 1938, Lerch joined the German Army. According to his testimony, he was involved in the 1939 Polish Campaign as a signals corporal. From February 1940 until September 1941, Lerch was employed at the "Reich Security Main Office" in Berlin, he was appointed as Rasse-und Siedlungsführer in Cracow. From 1941-43, Lerch served in Lublin as chief of Globočnik's personal office and Stabsführer der Allgemeine SS, responsible for the radio link between the Aktion Reinhard headquarters and Berlin. On 21 July 1942, he was promoted to SS-Sturmbannführer. At the trial of Hermann Worthoff after the war, it was mentioned that Lerch had overseen the murder of thousands of Jews from the Majdan Tatarski ghetto in Lublin at the nearby Krepiec Forest; when Operation Reinhard was finished, Lerch was ordered to Italy in September 1943.

He went with most of the SS-men of Globočnik's staff. In Trieste, Lerch continued to serve as chief of Globočnik's personal staff in the OZAK, he was still Globočnik's right hand but had military-related tasks. Lerch was much involved in anti-partisan operations. For a few weeks, Lerch was provisional police commander in Fiume. After the German surrender in Italy, Lerch fled to Carinthia, a region he knew well. There, at an alpine pasture near the Weissensee Lake, he was captured by a British commando on 31 May 1945. Lerch was captured with Hermann Höfle and Georg Michalsen. Being imprisoned in Wolfsberg detention centre, Lerch was interrogated by the British, he insisted on having spent just a short time in Lublin, had nothing to do either with Globočnik or the mass killings of Jews in Poland. Lerch escaped from prison and lived in hiding from 1947 to 1950, he was captured again in 1950. In 1960, Lerch was sentenced to two years of imprisonment by a de-Nazification court in Wiesbaden. In 1971, he was accused again of being involved in the Holocaust.

The trial was held in Klagenfurt. His case was dropped on 11 May 1976 because Lerch denied having done anything in Poland and for a lack of witnesses. Ernst Klee: Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich: Wer war was vor und nach 1945. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2007.

Sho Kashima

Sho William Kashima is an American freestyle skier from El Paso, Texas. Sho resides in Park City, Utah. Sho was considered a threat to qualify for the U. S. Olympic team in Vancouver, but missed the 2010 Games after suffering a knee injury in January of that year, ending his season. Sho began skiing when he was 4yrs old, after his father was hired at Heavenly Mountain Resort in Lake Tahoe, Calif. Growing up, Kashima idolized 1998 Olympic moguls champion Jonny Moseley, it was Moseley's gold in Nagano that inspired him to compete in the Olympics, he looked up to U. S. moguls skiers Travis Cabral, Travis Ramos and Chris Hernandez, all of whom have roots in Lake Tahoe. Sho was 12 years old when he first started skiing moguls with the Heavenly Team, continued skiing with them till the age of 19 when he qualified for, joined, the US Ski Team. Sho won his first major title, a Junior Olympics title, in Moguls when he was 17 at a competition in Silver Mountain, Idaho. Sho made the US Ski Team by winning the 2006 National Championships for Dual Moguls in Killington, Vermont.

His rookie year on the US Team was successful, finishing the season ranked 13th in the World and runner up for World Cup Rookie of the year. A minor ankle injury affected his skiing in 2007-2008 and he decided to take the 2nd half of the season off. In 2008-2009, he finished the season ranked 8th in the World and had a 6th-place finish at World Championships for moguls as well as a 10th-place finish in Dual Moguls. He's won 3 National Championships in Dual Moguls. Sho Kashima's 2009 ski season competition results and history. Source Sho Kashima's Competition History. Source US Ski Team profile at the Wayback Machine Sho Kashima on Twitter Sho Kashima on Facebook Sho Kashima - YouTube Videos Sho Kashima on UStream Sho Kashima - Formspring

Transports Montreux–Vevey–Riviera

The Transports Montreux–Vevey–Riviera was a coming together, in 2001, of two small railway companies and two funicular companies in the Vevey / Montreux area of Switzerland. Some of these companies were, formed of amalgamations which had taken place over the years. Since this time they have been added to the marketing portfolio of the MOB group and are featured as part of their "GoldenPass services"; the oldest of the companies involved was the Chemin de fer funiculaire Territet-Glion, opening in 1883. This was joined at its upper terminus, Glion, in 1892 by the Chemin de fer Glion-Rochers-de-Naye, a rack railway using the system devised by Roman Abt; this gave a link between the summit of Rochers-de-Naye. A direct link was established with the opening of the Chemin de fer Montreux-Glion in 1909. In due time these three companies formed the Chemin de fer Montreux-Territet-Glion-Rochers-de-Naye; the Chemins de fer électriques Veveysans is a railway worked by both adhesion and cogwheel which opened the lines from Vevey to Chamby, St-Légier to Châtel-St-Denis and Blonay to Les Pléiades.

New rolling stock of the GTW type was to be used on both CEV adhesion Vevey–Blonay and MOB Montreux–Les Avants line. This is; the two other lines involved are the funiculars between Les Avants and Sonloup, opened in 1910 and the Mont Pèlerin funicular at Vevey which predates it by 10 years. See also: Chemins de fer électriques Veveysans Chemin de fer Montreux-Glion-Rochers-de-Naye Chemin de fer Glion-Rochers-de-Naye Chemin de fer Montreux-Glion Chemin de fer funiculaire Territet-Glion Chemin de fer funiculaire Vevey-Chardonne-Mont Pèlerin Chemin de fer Les Avants-Sonloup On 20 June 2008 in a report to the Assembée Générale the MVR said the a successful trading year in 2007 had been had by the Montreux - Glion - Rochers-de-Naye railway with a 10% increase in its passenger numbers over those in 2006, itself a record year. In the Christmas period over 100,000 passengers were carried as part of the "Pére Nöel" promotion, it was not expected that this would be continued into 2008 as work on the Tunnel de Valmont would close the lower part of the railway for all of May.

This was the best performing of the company interests featured. The Blonay to Les Pléiades railway section showed a massive 30% downturn in its passenger figures, most of, credited to unfavourable conditions in the winter season; this was given as the reason for the loss of CHF 90,000 shown by the Les Avents - Sonloup funicular, the cost of which will be met by the cantonal government. Details of the report were published in "24 Heures", Riviera-Chablais edition dated 21–22 June 2008

First Tennessee Plaza

The First Horizon Plaza, or Plaza Tower, is an office high-rise located at 800 Gay Street in Knoxville, United States. Completed in 1978, the 27-story structure is Knoxville's tallest building, as well as the tallest building in Tennessee outside of Nashville and Memphis, an iconic part of the city's skyline; the building was known as the United American Plaza, with its current name being adopted in 1995 to reflect its anchor tenant, First Tennessee. The name would change once again in 2019 as First Tennessee took the name of its corporate parent, becoming First Horizon; the First Horizon Plaza occupies the entire block bounded by Gay Street, Main Street, State Street, Cumberland Avenue. The building rises over 300 feet, contains 455,000 square feet of office space, sits atop a 393-space parking garage. A courtyard flanks the building's southwest corner, at the junction of Main. Along with First Horizon, tenants include the Brunswick Boat Group, Sea Ray Boats, several high-profile law firms, Club LeConte, the latter occupying the 27th floor.

The Retail Plaza boasts several restaurants including Brown Bag, Downtown Deli, Best Bagel and Prime Time Hotdogs. The building was built as office space for the United American Bank, the cornerstone of the banking empire of Jake Butcher. After the FDIC raided Butcher's banks in November 1982, United American collapsed, Butcher was convicted of bank fraud. In 1983, the Plaza Tower was sold to Chicago-based real estate investment firm JMB Realty for $28.5 million. First Tennessee moved into the building in February of the same year. In 1994, JMB merged with Heitman Properties, Heitman assumed management of the Plaza. After a $500,000 renovation in the mid-1990s, JMB sold the building to Jackson, Mississippi-based investment firm Parkway Properties in 1997 for $29.2 million. In 2007, Parkway sold the building for as part of a $50 million portfolio to the Brooklyn-based North Development Group, an umbrella firm representing several New York-based investment companies. List of tallest buildings in Knoxville