1987: When the Day Comes
1987: When the Day Comes is a 2017 South Korean political thriller film directed by Jang Joon-hwan and written by Kim Kyung-chan. The film stars Ha Jung-woo, Yoo Hae-jin, Kim Tae-ri, Park Hee-soon and Lee Hee-joon. Set in 1987 and based on a true story, the film focuses on the events that led up to the June Democratic Uprising in Korea, triggered by the death of a student protester during police interrogation which the authorities conspire to cover up. Jang has compared the overall structure of the film to a relay race, with the focus of the story shifting between several characters to convey the collective effort of the political resistance; the film was released in theaters on December 27, 2017. This film is based on real life events surrounding the June Democracy Movement in 1987 that ended the military regime of President Chun Doo-hwan. Student protests began to riot against the government when it was revealed that student activist Park Jong-chul, who participated in pro-democracy demonstrations against the regime, was tortured to death during an interrogation session.
The torture session was ordered by Commissioner Park Cheo-won, whose job it was to eradicate communist activities by all means possible. The authorities involved in the torture seek to conceal the death of Park Jong-chul, but a group of people attempt to bring the truth of the incident to light. Prosecutor Choi catalyzes the effort by denying the policemen’s request to have the student's body cremated; the policemen are aware that cremation of the body would destroy evidence revealing that the college student was tortured to death at the scene. Prosecutor Choi finds this request suspicious and demands that the body undergo an autopsy because it had only been a few hours since he was found dead and his family has not gotten a chance to see their son. After constant harassment from the policemen and after having an altercation with Commissioner Park Cheo-won, Prosecutor Choi denies all requests. Prosecutor Choi is fired and secretly leaves his paperwork on the incident to reporter Yoon Sang-sam, investigating the incident with intent to expose Commissioner Park Cheo-won’s crimes which are concealed as efforts for the country's well being.
Yoon Sang-sam reveals that the true cause of death was by asphyxiation and not by sudden "cardiac arrest" as the government claimed. In an effort to save his career, Commissioner Park Cheo-won reveals that Lieutenant Jo Han-kyung and another detective were the culprits. In exchange the two detectives are promised a not guilty verdict but are instead tricked into serving time in prison for the torture and murder. There, Han Byung-yong is introduced as a prison guard, entrusted with the task of relaying crucial facts and information about the case to a political activist who has gone into hiding, getting framed as a "communist" because he is close to the two main opposition Presidential Candidates, Kim Dae Jung and Kim Young Sam, and through this activist filters out the Truth, uncovered by the prisonguard and his warden, to the wider network of pro-Democracy and Justice activists through the Catholic and Buddhist leadership who are working together, they in turn relay all the info to the Media.
Yeon-hee is a college student, not involved in the democratic revolution but runs a few errands for her uncle, the brave prison guard, in exchange for gifts. One day on an outing with her friend she is caught in the cross fire between college activists and raid policemen, she meets a boy and it sparks the start of a love interest. This love interest was Lee Han-yeol, he was a Yonsei University student activist, hit in the head by a tear gas canister and dies. These six characters play a vital role in the political change that South Korea undergoes in 1987. Kim Yoon-seok as Commissioner Park Cheo-won, an unscrupulous and unhinged hunter of "pinko commies" Ha Jung-woo as Prosecutor Choi Hwan, who refuses to bow to or be intimidated by government corruption Yoo Hae-jin as prison guard Han Byung-yong, a dedicated and courageous democracy activist Kim Tae-ri as Yeon-hee, his niece who helps him relay messages when not busy with college and work Park Hee-soon as Lieutenant Jo Han-kyung, one of the two fallguy torture-killers among the FIVE of them Lee Hee-joon as Reporter Yoon Sang-sam, a tenacious news hound who scoffs at the Censorship guidelines Kim Eui-sung as Lee Boo-young Yoo Seung-mok as Yoo Jung-bang Hyun Bong-shik as Park Won-taek Jo Woo-jin as Park Wol-gil Kim Jong-soo as Park Jung-ki Kim Soo-jin as Yeon-hee's mother Choi Kwang-il as Warden Ahn Yoo Yoo Jung-ho as Reporter Park Kyung-hye as Jeong-mi Sol Kyung-gu as Kim Jeong-nam Yeo Jin-goo as Park Jong-chul Gang Dong-won as Yi Han-yeol Moon Sung-keun as Lt. Gen Jang Se-dong Oh Dal-su as Yi Doo-seok Ko Chang-seok as Jeong Gu-jong Woo Hyun as Director General of Police Kang Min-chang Jung In-gi as Priest Kim Seung-hoon Moon So-ri as Woman in the plaza Principal photography began on April 20, 2017 and ended on August 27, 2017.
The soundtrack music was composed by Kim Tae Seong. There were 22 songs included in the film listed below; when the Day Comes by Lee Hanyeol Choir & Daegun Chamber Choir 1987 Namyoung-Dong The Portrait of the Deceased Father Has No Words 1980 Hidden Road by Yeonheui김태리 & 강동원 The Funeral Reporters A Time When the Wind Starts To Blow Press Guidelines Counter-Communist Branch of the Police I Didn't Kill Him Indirect Election Chase Heartbroken The Clue The Decision Final The Judgement When the Day Comes Hidden Road by Lee Hanyeol 김태리 & 강동원 Released on December 27, 2017, the film has drawn more than 7.2 million viewers in South Korea. 1987: When the Day Comes at HanCinema 1987: When the Day Comes on IMDb 1987: When the Day Comes at the Korean Movie Database
Lee Myung-se is a South Korean filmmaker. Lee began his career as an assistant producer under Bae Chang-ho for the films Hwang Jin-I, Our Sweet Days of Youth, Dream. At the 1991 Asia-Pacific Film Festival, he was awarded Best New Director for the film, Naui Sarang Naui Shinbu, in 1993 won the Special Jury Award for Cheot Sarang. Other film credits include Nowhere to Duelist. Many of his films feature a tragically flawed protagonist. Lee favors slow-motion fighting sequences. Gagman - writer and director The Dream - writer My Love, My Bride - writer and director First Love - writer and director Bitter and Sweet - writer and director Their Last Love Affair - writer and director Nowhere to Hide - writer and director Duelist - writer and producer M - writer and producer Lee Myung-se at the Korean Movie Database Lee Myung-se on IMDb Lee Myung-se at HanCinema Lee Myung-se at Allocine.com
A film director is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that vision; the director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film; the film director gives direction to the cast and crew and creates an overall vision through which a film becomes realized, or noticed. Directors need to be able to mediate differences in creative visions and stay within the boundaries of the film's budget. There are many pathways to becoming a film director; some film directors started as screenwriters, producers, film editors or actors. Other film directors have attended a film school. Directors use different approaches; some outline a general plotline and let the actors improvise dialogue, while others control every aspect, demand that the actors and crew follow instructions precisely.
Some directors write their own screenplays or collaborate on screenplays with long-standing writing partners. Some directors appear in their films, or compose the music score for their films. A film director's task is to envisage a way to translate a screenplay into a formed film, to realize this vision. To do this, they oversee the technical elements of film production; this entails organizing the film crew in such a way to achieve their vision of the film. This requires skills of group leadership, as well as the ability to maintain a singular focus in the stressful, fast-paced environment of a film set. Moreover, it is necessary to have an artistic eye to frame shots and to give precise feedback to cast and crew, excellent communication skills are a must. Since the film director depends on the successful cooperation of many different creative individuals with strongly contradicting artistic ideals and visions, he or she needs to possess conflict resolution skills in order to mediate whenever necessary.
Thus the director ensures that all individuals involved in the film production are working towards an identical vision for the completed film. The set of varying challenges he or she has to tackle has been described as "a multi-dimensional jigsaw puzzle with egos and weather thrown in for good measure", it adds to the pressure that the success of a film can influence when and how they will work again, if at all. The sole superiors of the director are the producer and the studio, financing the film, although sometimes the director can be a producer of the same film; the role of a director differs from producers in that producers manage the logistics and business operations of the production, whereas the director is tasked with making creative decisions. The director must work within the restrictions of the film's budget and the demands of the producer and studio. Directors play an important role in post-production. While the film is still in production, the director sends "dailies" to the film editor and explains his or her overall vision for the film, allowing the editor to assemble an editor's cut.
In post-production, the director works with the editor to edit the material into the director's cut. Well-established directors have the "final cut privilege", meaning that they have the final say on which edit of the film is released. For other directors, the studio can order further edits without the director's permission; the director is one of the few positions that requires intimate involvement during every stage of film production. Thus, the position of film director is considered to be a stressful and demanding one, it has been said that "20-hour days are not unusual". Some directors take on additional roles, such as producing, writing or editing. Under European Union law, the film director is considered the "author" or one of the authors of a film as a result of the influence of auteur theory. Auteur theory is a film criticism concept that holds that a film director's film reflects the director's personal creative vision, as if they were the primary "auteur". In spite of—and sometimes because of—the production of the film as part of an industrial process, the auteur's creative voice is distinct enough to shine through studio interference and the collective process.
Some film directors started as screenwriters, film producers or actors. Several American cinematographers have become directors, including Barry Sonnenfeld the Coen brothers' DP. Other film directors have attended a film school to get a bachelors degree studying cinema. Film students study the basic skills used in making a film; this includes, for example, shot lists and storyboards, protocols of dealing with professional actors, reading scripts. Some film schools are equipped with post-production facilities. Besides basic technical and logistical skills, students receive education on the nature of professional relationships that occur during film production. A full degree course can be designed for up to five years of studying. Future directors complete short films during their enrollment; the National Film School of Denmark has the student's final projects presented on national TV. Some film schools retain the rights for their students' works. Many directors prepared for making feature films by working in television.
The German Film and Television Academy Berlin cooperate
A documentary film is a nonfictional motion picture intended to document some aspect of reality for the purposes of instruction, education, or maintaining a historical record. "Documentary" has been described as a "filmmaking practice, a cinematic tradition, mode of audience reception", continually evolving and is without clear boundaries. Documentary films were called'actuality' films and were only a minute or less in length. Over time documentaries have evolved to be longer in length and to include more categories, such as educational and even'docufiction'. Documentaries are educational and used in schools to teach various principles. Social media platforms such as YouTube, have allowed documentary films to improve the ways the films are distributed and able to educate and broaden the reach of people who receive the information. Polish writer and filmmaker Bolesław Matuszewski was among those who identified the mode of documentary film, he wrote two of the earliest texts on cinema Une nouvelle source de l'histoire and La photographie animée.
Both were published in 1898 in French and among the early written works to consider the historical and documentary value of the film. Matuszewski is among the first filmmakers to propose the creation of a Film Archive to collect and keep safe visual materials. In popular myth, the word documentary was coined by Scottish documentary filmmaker John Grierson in his review of Robert Flaherty's film Moana, published in the New York Sun on 8 February 1926, written by "The Moviegoer". Grierson's principles of documentary were that cinema's potential for observing life could be exploited in a new art form. In this regard, Grierson's definition of documentary as "creative treatment of actuality" has gained some acceptance, with this position at variance with Soviet film-maker Dziga Vertov's provocation to present "life as it is" and "life caught unawares"; the American film critic Pare Lorentz defines a documentary film as "a factual film, dramatic." Others further state that a documentary stands out from the other types of non-fiction films for providing an opinion, a specific message, along with the facts it presents.
Documentary practice is the complex process of creating documentary projects. It refers to what people do with media devices, content and production strategies in order to address the creative and conceptual problems and choices that arise as they make documentaries. Documentary filmmaking can be used as a form of advocacy, or personal expression. Early film was dominated by the novelty of showing an event, they were single-shot moments captured on film: a train entering a station, a boat docking, or factory workers leaving work. These short films were called "actuality" films. Many of the first films, such as those made by Auguste and Louis Lumière, were a minute or less in length, due to technological limitations. Films showing many people were made for commercial reasons: the people being filmed were eager to see, for payment, the film showing them. One notable film clocked in at over an hour and The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight. Using pioneering film-looping technology, Enoch J. Rector presented the entirety of a famous 1897 prize-fight on cinema screens across the United States.
In May 1896, Bolesław Matuszewski recorded on film few surigical operations in Warsaw and Saint Petersburg hospitals. In 1898, French surgeon Eugène-Louis Doyen invited Bolesław Matuszewski and Clément Maurice and proposed them to recorded his surigical operations, they started in Paris a series of surgical films sometime before July 1898. Until 1906, the year of his last film, Doyen recorded more than 60 operations. Doyen said that his first films taught him how to correct professional errors he had been unaware of. For scientific purposes, after 1906, Doyen combined 15 of his films into three compilations, two of which survive, the six-film series Extirpation des tumeurs encapsulées, the four-film Les Opérations sur la cavité crânienne; these and five other of Doyen's films survive. Between July 1898 and 1901, the Romanian professor Gheorghe Marinescu made several science films in his neurology clinic in Bucharest: Walking Troubles of Organic Hemiplegy, The Walking Troubles of Organic Paraplegies, A Case of Hysteric Hemiplegy Healed Through Hypnosis, The Walking Troubles of Progressive Locomotion Ataxy, Illnesses of the Muscles.
All these short films have been preserved. The professor called his works "studies with the help of the cinematograph," and published the results, along with several consecutive frames, in issues of "La Semaine Médicale" magazine from Paris, between 1899 and 1902. In 1924, Auguste Lumiere recognized the merits of Marinescu's science films: "I've seen your scientific reports about the usage of the cinematograph in studies of nervous illnesses, when I was still receiving "La Semaine Médicale," but back I had other concerns, which left me no spare time to begin biological studies. I must say I am thankful to you that you reminded them to me. Not many scientists have followed your way." Travelogue films were popular in the early part of the 20th century. They were referred to by distributors as "scenics." Scenics were among the most popu
Save the Green Planet!
Save the Green Planet! is a South Korean film and directed by Jang Joon-hwan, released on 4 April 2003. The movie mixes elements of multiple genres, including comedy, science fiction and thriller; the basic story begins when the main character, Lee Byeong-gu, kidnaps another man, convinced that the latter is an alien. The film's main character is Byeong-gu, a man who believes that aliens from Andromeda are about to attack Earth and that he is the only one who can prevent them. With his childlike circus-performer girlfriend, he kidnaps a powerful pharmaceutical executive whom he believes to be a top ranking extraterrestrial able to contact the Andromedan prince during the upcoming eclipse. After imprisoning the man in his basement workshop, Byeong-gu proceeds to torture him, it soon appears that the executive's company poisoned Byeong-gu's mother in a pharmaceuticals test, that it is vengeance fueled psychosis that causes Byeong-gu to believe the executive is an alien. When a detective comes calling to investigate the disappearance, the executive tries to escape but is thwarted by the psychotic Byeong-gu.
The detective at first finds nothing unusual but on his way out sees Byeong-gu's dog gnawing on the bones of his master's past victims. After contacting a partner in the police force he is killed by Byeong-gu's bees, is hacked up and fed to the dog. Byeong-gu crucifies the executive and breaks his leg with the back of his axe, to punish him for his attempted escape. In a desperate move, the executive convinces Byeong-gu that the bottle of benzene in his car trunk is the antidote for his comatose mother; as Byeong-gu races to the hospital to deliver the antidote, the executive frees himself by pulling his hands through the nails. He travels deeper into his captor’s lair, finding evidence of his grim research. Photos of mutilated corpses are littered with blood scrawled notebooks, while hands and brains of past ‘subjects’ reside in jars. Reading through the journals the executive discovers Byeong-gu's traumatic past: his father was a coal miner who lost one of his arms due to his dangerous work and was killed by his wife when he attempted to attack her and his son.
The child was a victim of the sadistic whims of his cruel teachers. He showed early signs of violence, such as stabbing a fellow school mate with a kitchen knife, his mother was poisoned in the aforementioned incident and at a protest his former girlfriend was beaten to death. He went mad from the violence that surrounded him; as this is happening, the dead detective's partner finds the frantic executive. And Byeong-gu, after rushing to the hospital to give the'antidote' to his comatose mother, killing her, becomes more enraged, he returns home to kill the alien. After a brief struggle and a bizarre turn of events, he captures both of them and plans on killing them both; the frantic executive admits to being an alien and proceeds to spin an outlandish tale which stretches back to the time of the dinosaurs, about how his race was trying to save humanity by experimenting on the genetic code of his mother. He agrees, in what appears to be a time-buying move, to contact the alien prince at the pharmaceutical company factory.
Byeong-gu leaves the detective all his notes, saying that if he does not make it, he will have the responsibility of saving the planet. At the factory, the executive triggers a computer controlled robotic arm to kill Byeong-gu's girlfriend, after a long struggle, he beats his captor to death; when the police arrive, they shoot Byeong-gu, as he bleeds to death he wonders aloud, "Now who will save the earth?" When the aliens do arrive and beam up the executive aboard their ship, we learn he is in fact the alien king himself. Disgusted and angered by the torture and corruption and evils of the world, he deems Earth a failed experiment and blasts it from creation; as the credits roll still photographs recap the entire journey of Byeong-gu's life, focusing instead on the beautiful, happy moments of a young boy and man with his father and mother and girlfriend. Jang first conceived of the idea for Save the Green Planet! while watching the film Misery. He enjoyed it, but was disappointed with the lack of depth of the Annie Wilkes character, accordingly decided that if he made a film about a kidnapping, it would be staged from the point of view of the kidnapper.
Jang stumbled across a crank website accusing actor Leonardo DiCaprio of being an alien who wanted to conquer Earth by seducing all of its women, he decided to combine the two concepts. Blue Dragon Film AwardsBest Supporting Actor: Baek Yoon-sik Best New Director: Jang Joon-hwanBrussels International Fantastic Film FestivalGolden Raven AwardBuenos Aires International Festival of Independent CinemaBest Actress: Hwang Jeong-min ADF Cinematography AwardDirector's Cut AwardsBest New Director: Jang Joon-hwanGrand Bell AwardsBest Supporting Actor: Baek Yoon-sik Best New Director: Jang Joon-hwan Best SoundKorean Film AwardsBest Supporting Actor: Baek Yoon-sik Best New Director: Jang Joon-hwan25th Moscow International Film FestivalNomination - Golden Saint George Silver Saint GeorgePuchon International Fantastic Film FestivalBest of PuchonBusan Film Critics AwardsBest Film Best Actor: Shin Ha-kyun Best New Director: Jang Joon-hwanInternational Film Festival RotterdamKNF Award Special Mention Save the Green Planet! on IMDb Shannon, Jeff.
"War of the worlds... inside his head?". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2007-10-10
Jeonju is the 16th largest city in South Korea and the capital of North Jeolla Province. It is both urban and rural due to the closeness of Wanju County which entirely surrounds Jeonju; the name Jeonju means "Perfect Region". It is an important tourist center famous for Korean food, historic buildings, sports activities, innovative festivals. In May 2012, Jeonju was chosen as a Creative Cities for Gastronomy as part of UNESCO's Creative Cities Network; this honour recognizes the city's traditional home cooking handed down over thousands of years, its active public and private food research, a system of nurturing talented chefs, its hosting of distinctive food festivals. In the fertile Honam plain, famous for Jeonju Hanok Village and exceptional produce, Jeonju has been an important regional center in the province for centuries; the city was the capital of Hubaekje Kingdom, founded by Gyeon Hwon. Under Hubaekje, it was known as Wansanju, it was regarded as the spiritual capital of the Joseon Dynasty because the Yi royal family originated there.
The town was occupied by the Donghak peasants' movement in 1894. Jeonju was given metropolitan status in 1935, the city was founded in 1949. Since Joseon, it was a metropolis but, left behind the industrialization, it declined compared, it does not have the infrastructure, manufacturing, or heavy industries found in other Korean major cities. Today, Traditional Tour is a major industry in the city. Jeonju bibimbap 전주비빔밥, a traditional local food, is well known across South Korea. There are several popular vegetarian restaurants serving Jeonju style food and pine wine; the National Jeonju Museum exhibits ancient relics from the Baekje days. There are extensive royal museums, temples, a castle fortress on a hillside, a well-known paper museum, as well as an annual paper fashion show highlighting the latest styles and traditional Korean clothing made of paper; the Jeonju Hanok Village is a traditional-style village in the heart of Jeonju, housing over 800 traditional "hanok" style buildings. It contains many traditional tea shops, souvenir shops, restaurants.
The Jeonju International Sori Festival was among Songlines' 25 Best International Festivals in 2014. The Jeonju International Film Festival draws about 50,000 visitors annually. Jeonju is the hometown of the breakdancing crew Last for One, international Battle of the Year champions; the local mountains and parks are popular for outdoor recreation due to its rural location. There are historical sites in the area; the city has a zoo, a park, the Hanguk Sound and Culture Hall, a large, modern concert complex on the Chonbuk National University campus. Choi Myung-hee, author of the novel series Honbul that sold over 800,000 copies, she worked on the series for 2 months until dying due to cancer. Kim Tae-yeon, singer Kim Sung-kyu, singer Kim Kyu-jong, singer Lee Min-woo, singer Ahn Hye-jin, singer Jung Whee-in, singer Yoon Kyun-sang, actor Defconn, rapper and TV personality Jeonju is divided into two wards, Deokjin-gu and Wansan-gu that, in turn, are divided into 40 neighborhoods. Many city buses and taxis are available in Jeonju.
However, tourists are advised to walk between points of interest, as many attractions are near each other. Jeonju International Film Festival runs from the end of April to May for one week annually. Jeonju hosts K League team Jeonbuk Hyundai Motors FC; the team's home ground is the Jeonju World Cup Stadium. Jeonju has a cooler version of a humid subtropical climate. Jeonju, like all of Korea, has four distinct seasons; the winters can have a mix of days. The colder days are influenced by a high pressure front that brings cold air from Siberia. In the summer, the humidity over the Korean peninsula from June through September comes from southeast Asia. Temperatures in spring and fall are in the mid-20s℃ and with low humidity. San Diego, United States Suzhou, China Kanazawa, Japan Antalya, Turkey List of cities in South Korea Joseon Dynasty Jeonju city government home page Jeonju tourcity government home page
Busan known as Pusan and now Busan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants. It is the economic and educational center of southeastern Korea, with its port—Korea's busiest and the 9th-busiest in the world—only about 120 miles from the Japanese islands of Kyushu and Honshu; the surrounding "Southeast Economic Zone" is now South Korea's largest industrial area. Busan is divided into 15 major administrative districts and a single county, together housing a population of 3.6 million. The full metropolitan area, including the adjacent cities of Gimhae and Yangsan, has a population of 4.6 million. The most densely built-up areas of the city are situated in a number of narrow valleys between the Nakdong and the Suyeong Rivers, with mountains separating most of the districts; the Nakdong is Korea's longest river and Busan's Haeundae Beach is the country's largest. Busan is a center for international conventions, hosting APEC in 2005.
It is a center for sports tournaments in Korea, having hosted the 2002 Asian Games and FIFA World Cup. It is home to the Shinsegae Centum City. Busan was added to the UNESCO Creative Cities Network as a "City of Film" in December 2014; the name "Busan" is the Revised Romanization of the city's Korean name since the late 15th century. It replaced the earlier McCune-Reischauer romanization Pusan in 2000; the name 釜山 is Sino-Korean for "Cauldron Mountain", believed to be a former name of Mt Hwangryeong west of the city center. The area's ancient state Mt Geochil is thought to refer to the same mountain, which towers over the town's harbor on the Suyeong. Paleolithic remains found in the Jung-dong district and Jwa-dong district in Haeundae shows a history of Busan beginning in the prehistoric age. In addition, neolithic relics were discovered in shell mounds in Dongsam-dong, a shell mound dating between the BCE era to the 3rd Century A. D. was found in the Dongnae district. Mt Geochil is recorded as a chiefdom of the Jinhan Confederacy in the 2nd–4th centuries.
It was organized as a district. The grave goods excavated from mounded burials at Bokcheon-dong indicate that a complex chiefdom ruled by powerful individuals was present in the Busan area in the 4th century, just as Korea's Three Kingdoms were forming; the mounded burials of Bokcheon-dong were built along the top of a ridge that overlooks a wide area that makes up parts of modern-day Dongnae-gu and Yeonje-gu. Archaeologists excavated more than 250 iron ingots from Burial No. 38, a wooden chamber tomb at Bokcheon-dong. From the beginning of the 15th century, the Korean government designated Busan as a trading port with the Japanese and allowed their settlement. Other Japanese settlements in Ulsan and Jinhae diminished but the Busan settlement continued until Japan invaded Korea in 1592. After the war, diplomatic relations with the new shogunate in Japan were established in 1607, Busan was permitted to be reconstructed; the Japanese settlement, though relocated into Choryang continued to exist until Korea was exposed to modern diplomacy in 1876.
In 1876, Busan became the first international port in Korea under the terms of the Treaty of Ganghwa. During the Japanese rule, Busan developed into a hub trading port with Japan. Busan was the only city in Korea to adopt the steam tramway before electrification was introduced in 1924. During the Korean War, Busan was one of only two cities in South Korea not captured by the North Korean army within the first three months of the war, the other being Daegu; as a result, the cities became refugee camp sites for Koreans during the war. As Busan was one of the few areas in Korea that remained under the control of South Korea throughout the Korean War, for some time it served as a temporary capital of the Republic of Korea. UN troops established a defensive perimeter around the city known as the Pusan Perimeter in the summer and autumn of 1950. Since the city has been a self-governing metropolis and has built a strong urban character. In 1963, Busan separated from Gyeongsangnam-do to become a Directly Governed City.
In 1983, the provincial capital of Gyeongsangnam-do was moved from Busan to Changwon. In 1995, Busan became a Metropolitan City. Busan is located on the Southeastern tip of the Korean Peninsula, it is located on the coast. It is the nearest of South Korea's six largest cities to Japan; the distance as the crow flies from Busan to Tsushima Island, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan, is about 49.5 km, to Fukuoka, about 180 km, by contrast, to Seoul about 314 km. Busan borders low mountains on the north and west, the seas on the south and east; the Nakdong River Delta is located on the west side of the city, Geumjeongsan, the highest mountain in the city, on the north. The Nakdong River, South Korea's longest river, flows through the west and empties into the Korea Strait; the southeastern region, called Yeongnam in Korea, encompasses both Gyeongsang Provinces and 3 metropolitan cities of Busan and Ulsan. Ulsan lies northeast of Busan. Combined population exceeds 13 million. Located on the southeasternmost tip of the Korean Peninsula, Busan has a cooler version of a humid subtropical climate.
High or low temperatures are rare. The highe