click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905

The Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905 known as the Eulsa Treaty, Eulsa Unwilling Treaty or Japan–Korea Protectorate Treaty, was made between the Empire of Japan and the Korean Empire in 1905. Negotiations were concluded on November 17, 1905; the treaty deprived Korea of its diplomatic sovereignty and made Korea a protectorate of Imperial Japan. It resulted from Imperial Japan's victory in the Russo-Japanese War in 1905. In the metonymy Eulsa Treaty, the word Eulsa or Ulsa derives the Sexagenary Cycle's 42nd year of the Korean calendar, in which the treaty was signed; the treaty is identified by several names including Second Japan–Korea Convention, Eulsa Restriction Treaty, Eulsa Protection Treaty, Korea Protection Treaty. Following Imperial Japan's victory in the Russo-Japanese War, with its subsequent withdrawal of Russian influence, the Taft–Katsura Agreement, in which the United States agreed not to interfere with Japan in matters concerning Korea, the Japanese government sought to formalize its sphere of influence over the Korean Peninsula.

Delegates of both Empires met in Seoul to resolve differences in matters pertaining to Korea's future foreign policy. On 9 November 1905, Itō Hirobumi arrived in Hanseong and gave a letter from the Emperor of Japan to Gojong, Emperor of Korea, asking him to sign the treaty. On 15 November 1905, he ordered Japanese troops to encircle the Korean imperial palace and threatened the emperor in order to force him to agree to the treaty. On 17 November 1905, Ito and Japanese Field Marshal Hasegawa Yoshimichi entered the Jungmyeongjeon Hall, a Russian-designed building, once part of Deoksu Palace, to persuade Gojong to agree, but he refused. Ito pressured the cabinet with the implied, stated, threat of bodily harm, to sign the treaty. According to 한계옥, Korean prime minister Han Gyu-seol disagreed. Ito ordered the guards to lock him in a room and said if he continued screaming, they could kill him; the Korean cabinet signed an agreement, prepared by Ito in the Jungmyeongjeon. The Agreement gave Imperial Japan complete responsibility for Korea's foreign affairs, placed all trade through Korean ports under Imperial Japanese supervision.

This treaty deprived Korea of its diplomatic sovereignty, in effect making Korea a protectorate of Imperial Japan. The provisions of the treaty took effect on November 17, 1905, it laid the foundation for the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907, subsequent annexation of Korea in 1910; the treaty was deemed to have gone into effect after it received the signature of five Korean ministers: Minister of Education Lee Wan-yong Minister of Army Yi Geun-taek Minister of Interior Yi Ji-yong Minister of Foreign Affairs Park Je-sun Minister of Agriculture and Industry Gwon Jung-hyeon Emperor Gojong of Korea did not assent or sign the treaty. Other officials who disputed the treaty included: Prime Minister Han Gyu-seol Minister of Finance Min Yeong-gi Minister of Justice Yi Ha-yeong Emperor Gojong sent personal letters to major heads of state to appeal for their support against the illegal signing; as of February 21, 1908, he had sent 17 letters bearing his imperial seal, to the following eight rulers: King Edward VII of the United Kingdom President Armand Fallières of France Emperor Nicholas II of Russia Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy King Leopold II of Belgium Emperor Kuang-hsu of China Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany, handwritten by GojongIn 1907, Emperor Gojong sent three secret emissaries to the second international Hague Peace Convention to protest the unfairness of the Eulsa Treaty.

But the great powers of the world refused to allow Korea to take part in the conference. Not only the Emperor but other Koreans protested against the Treaty. Jo Byeong-se and Min Yeong-hwan, who were high officials and led resistance against Eulsa treaty, killed themselves as resistance. Local yangbans and commoners joined righteous armies, they were called "Eulsa Euibyeong" meaning "Righteous army against Eulsa Treaty". After completing the treaty, Emperor Gojong tried to let the world know the unfairness of the treaty, including sending a special envoy to The Hague; this directly contributed to the forced retirement of King Gojong. This treaty was confirmed to be "already null and void" by the Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea concluded in 1965. In a joint statement on June 23, 2005, officials of South Korea and North Korea reiterated their stance that the Eulsa treaty is null and void on a claim of coercion by the Japanese; as of 2010, South Korea was seizing property and other assets from the descendants of people who have been identified as pro-Japanese collaborators at the time of the treaty.

Japan–Korea Treaty of 1904 Japan–Korea Agreement of August 1904 Japan–Korea Agreement of April 1905 Japan–Korea Agreement of August 1905 Japan–Korea Treaty of 1907 Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910 Anglo-Japanese Alliance Taft–Katsura Agreement Treaty of Portsmouth Root–Takahira Agreement Unequal treaty List of Korea-related topics Liancourt Rocks Beasley, William G.. Japanese Imperialism, 1894–1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198215754 ISBN 9780198215752.

Billy Noke

Billy Noke is an Australian former professional rugby league footballer who played for the St. George Dragons, Brisbane Broncos, South Sydney Rabbitohs and the Western Suburbs Magpies, he played in the back row. He is the cousin of Kyle Noke, he starred in the unbeaten Australian Schoolboy Tour of England in 1979 before being a member of the premiership winning St. George Dragons Presidents Cup team in 1981, he was graded by St George in 1982 as an import Noke, took a risk doing this as one more year in the local junior's competition would have given him local junior status. He would not have been included in the limited number of imported players a club could have at the time, he had to back his ability to do this with many other imported forwards at the club experienced NSW & Australian representatives. A talented ball-player with a good kicking game, Noke played in the Dragons' 1985 Grand Final loss to Canterbury. In the same season, he won the Dally M second rower of the year, but his career did not take off as expected when he went to the Broncos upon their inception into the NSWRL premiership.

His return to Sydney, with seasons at Souths and Wests was unsuccessful

Chaim Malinowitz

Chaim Zev Malinowitz was a Haredi community rabbi and Talmudic scholar. Fluent in all areas of the Talmud and hashkafa, he was the general editor of the 73-volume Schottenstein Edition of the Babylonian Talmud published by ArtScroll. After making aliyah to Israel, he became the Rav of Beis Tefillah Yonah Avraham, an English-speaking congregation for Anglo olim in Ramat Beit Shemesh, which he led for 17 years. Chaim Zev Malinowitz was born in 1952 on the Lower East Side of New York City, his father, Rabbi Avrohom Aharon Malinowitz, had been a student of Aharon Kotler in Poland. Malinowitz was a gifted student at Rabbi Jacob Joseph School. After his bar mitzvah, he was accepted to the Talmudical Yeshiva of Philadelphia where, albeit younger than the other students, he skipped two grades and was accepted to the beth midrash program under Rabbi Mendel Kaplan, his desire to have more time for study led him to begin awakening at 4 a.m. and praying vasikin, the pre-dawn prayer, a practice he maintained for the rest of his life.

He next studied at Yeshivas Iyun HaTalmud in Monsey, New York, under Rabbi Abba Berman, a main disciple of Rabbi Yerucham Levovitz. He remained at this yeshivah for six years, until his marriage in 1976, whereupon he entered the kollel. In 1980, he was appointed by Berman to take over as rosh kollel. In the early 1970s, Malinowitz studied the Tanya in a late-night shiur given by Chabad rabbi Yoel Kahn. After receiving rabbinic ordination from Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, Malinowitz served as a dayan for the rabbinical court of Kollel HaRabbanim in Monsey. In this role, he became known as a "world authority on gittin" and dealt with cases of agunos, he staunchly opposed the 1992 New York Get Law proposed by Jewish activist groups, which would penalize husbands who refused to grant their wives a get by making it difficult for them to arrange a civil divorce. Malinowitz contended that the coercive element of the penalty could halakhically invalidate all divorces in New York. Rabbi Shlomo Zalman Auerbach's decision on the matter, which agreed with Malinowitz's position, eroded support for the law.

In 1992 Malinowitz was appointed, along with Rabbi Yisrael Simcha Schorr, as general editor of the Schottenstein Edition of the Babylonian Talmud published by ArtScroll. The English-language Schottenstein Talmud spanned 73 volumes and was completed over a period of 15 years. Malinowitz was responsible for approving "every single line and every single footnote" of the translation and commentary of the Talmud submitted by the editorial staff for both the English and Hebrew editions. According to a senior editor on the project, Rabbi Eliezer Herzka: "His role was to learn through the sugya with the ArtScroll commentary to probe it to find its weak points". Herzka explained that Malinowitz's knowledge of the Talmud was so broad that he would know when the present sugya inadequately covered important opinions by the classic Talmudic commentators that were cited in similar sugyas elsewhere in Talmud. Nothing was considered final. Malinowitz worked on ArtScroll's elucidated Mishnah project, he continued his association with ArtScroll after making aliyah in 1997.

Upon moving to Israel, Malinowitz began to teach at Yeshivat Aish HaTorah. In 2002, he was hired as Rav of Beis Tefillah Yonah Avraham in Ramat Beit Shemesh, an English-speaking congregation catering to Anglo olim; as a community rav, Malinowitz introduced many shiurim to the synagogue schedule, including classes on different subjects and at different levels for men and children. He studied one-on-one with many congregants. Malinowitz was fluent in all areas of the Talmud and hashkafa, he combined this knowledge with "fearlessness" to act on his convictions and a strong desire for truth. At the same time, he was regarded as a friendly, "down to earth" personality. Malinowitz married Simi Maza, daughter of Rabbi Dovber Maza, a Torah educator, in 1976; the couple had four daughters. After making aliyah, they resided in Jerusalem. Malinowitz died in Jerusalem on November 21, 2019 at the age of 67, he was buried in the Rechovot cemetery near his parents. Malinowitz, Rabbi Chaim. "The New York State Get Bill and its Halachic Ramifications".

Jewish Law Articles. Malinowitz, Rabbi Chaim. "Pitfalls to Avoid in Obtaining a Get". Jewish Action. Audio shiurim by Rabbi Chaim Malinowitz at torahdownloads.com

La Castellana (TransMilenio)

The simple-station La Castellana is part of the TransMilenio mass-transit system of Bogotá, opened in the year 2000. La Castellana is located in northern Bogotá on Avenida NQS with Carrera 28/Calle 86A. In 2005, when the second trunk of phase 2 of the system, the NQS trunk, was put into operation, this station was put into operation. In this season, the inauguration ceremony of the NQS Troncal trunk was carried out, attended by President Álvaro Uribe Vélez, since at that moment the trunk had not yet been terminated, it is one of the stations of the system, next to the Gold and Water Museum, which does not have an easy route service because, on August 1, 2008, the B5-G5 service changed its route to Calle 80, omitting this station. On the night of April 9, 2013, attacks against this station of the system were recorded. On that occasion, the stations Avenida Chile and La Castellana de la Troncal NQS were destroyed, where they left $22 million pesos in losses; the station is named La Castellana due to its proximity to the educational center of the name, the neighborhood in which it is located, the famous Teatro de La Castellana, located a few blocks away.

This station does not have connections to feeder routes. This station does not have inter-city service. Bogotá TransMilenio List of TransMilenio Stations

Sun Li (actress)

Sun Li known as Susan Sun, is a Chinese actress. She is hailed by critics and netizens as China's "Queen of Television". In 2018, she became the youngest Chinese actress to win the "Grand Slam", after winning the three biggest awards, the Flying Apsaras Awards, Golden Eagle Awards and the Magnolia Awards. Sun ranked 22nd on Forbes China Celebrity 100 list in 2013, 30th in 2014, 6th in 2015, 13th in 2017, 22nd in 2019. Sun first entered show business by participating in 2001's Star Search, held by Singapore's MediaCorp, she earned the praise of judge Andy Lau. Following the competition, Sun joined Hairun Media as their first flagship artist. In 2003, author and TV producer Hai Yan selected her for the female lead in the television series Goddess of Mercy. Sun received overwhelmingly positive feedback from audiences for her portrayal of An Xin, rose to fame in China as one of the most promising young actresses. In an interview with Global Times, Sun thanked the director of Goddess of Mercy saying.

It benefited me all my life."In 2006, Sun won the Best Newcomer award at the 28th Hundred Flowers Awards for her performance in Huo Yuanjia co-starring Jet Li. She starred alongside Huang Xiaoming in Shanghai Bund, a mainland remake of the 1980 television series The Bund. Sun starred in Gordon Chan's horror-adventure film Painted Skin, was nominated for the Best Supporting Actress award for her performance as a young and inexperienced demon hunter at numerous award ceremonies; the same year, she starred in Gao Xixi's military-romance drama Tian Mi Mi. The series was chosen by the Chinese Radio & Television Association as one of the Top Ten television series of the year. Sun starred in Iron Road, the second joint venture created under Canada/China co-production treaty established in the 1960s, she plays a poor Chinese girl in search of her father who works at a railroad in North America, challenged speaking in English for the film. For her performance, Sun was crowned Best Actress at the 2nd Roma FictionFest and the 25th Gemini Awards.

The same year, Sun played the title character in the television series, Auntie Duohe, based on the novel of the same name by acclaimed writer Geling Yan. Sun gained widespread recognition by playing Zhen Huan in the critically acclaimed historical drama, Empresses in the Palace, she was nominated for an International Emmy Award in the Best Actress category for her role. Praised for being one of the best historical dramas in China, the series garnered high ratings throughout its run and sparked trends in dialogue quotes and plastic surgery; the same year, she reunited with Painted Skin director Gordan Chan in Mural. She starred in martial arts film The Lost Bladesman alongside Donnie Yen and Jiang Wen. For her role as an independent mother in Hot Mom!, Sun won the Best Actress award at the 20th Shanghai Television Festival. She won the Most Popular Actress award at the 10th China Golden Eagle TV Arts Festival. In 2015, Sun played Queen Dowager Xuan, the first stateswoman in China, in historical drama The Legend of Mi Yue.

The series was a commercial success, recorded the highest ratings of the year. Sun won her second Best Actress trophy at the 22nd Shanghai Television Festival; the same year, Sun challenged her first comedy role in Devil and Angel, directed by her husband Deng Chao. In 2017, Sun played the titular character in the period drama Nothing Gold Can Stay, based off a real-life story of Zhou Ying, a budding businesswoman who takes on the responsibilities from her dead husband and starts rebuilding their business empire from scratch. For her performance in the role, Sun was awarded the Outstanding Actress award at the Flying Apsaras Awards. In 2018, Sun starred in Zhang Yimou's historical film, Shadow as the female lead. In 2019, Sun was cast in the drama. Sun and actor Deng Chao registered their marriage in 2010 and held an official wedding ceremony in 2011 when she was five months pregnant, they have two children, a son named a daughter named Deng Han Yi. Sun expressed her stand against animal cruelty by appearing in PETA Asia’s anti-fur ad in 2010.

Sun Li on IMDB

West of Scotland Junior Cup

The West of Scotland Junior Challenge Cup is an annual Scottish football competition played in a one-leg knockout format, organised by the West Region of the Scottish Junior Football Association. The tournament has its origins in the Intermediate dispute of the 1920s, in which most of the leading Junior clubs in the west of Scotland left the Scottish Junior Football Association and formed their own Scottish Intermediate Football Association in 1927, which organised new leagues and cups similar to those run by the SJFA, including the Scottish Intermediate Cup as a replication of the flagship Junior competition, the Scottish Junior Cup; the dispute was resolved in 1931, the rebel clubs rejoined the SJFA and the competitions were continued, with the Scottish Intermediate Cup re-designated the West of Scotland Cup, below the Scottish Cup in the hierarchy. It was open only to the clubs, in the intermediates but by 1949 this had been extended to other clubs which had joined those leagues – notably a group in southern Ayrshire – and those in the Lanarkshire League which had continued during the dispute, with a total of 82 clubs entering the 1949–50 edition.

The format has remained unchanged since, with mergers in the leagues not affecting involvement in the West Cup. From 2003 until 2012, the winners qualified for the Evening Times Cup Winners Cup along with the other league and cup winners in the region; the current holders are Beith Juniors who defeated Kirkintilloch Rob Roy in a Penalty shoot-out at the final played at Meadow Park in Irvine. The Junior competition should not be confused with the West Of Scotland Amateur Cup operated by the Scottish Amateur Football Association, encompassing a similar geographical area and occupying a similar prominence below the Scottish Amateur Cup, nor with a West of Scotland Cup for Under-21 teams operated by the Scottish Youth FA. = Won after a replay/2nd replay. = Result after extra time. = Won on penalties. As of after 2018–19 competition. McGlone, David; the Juniors - 100 Years. A Centenary History of Scottish Junior Football. Mainstream. ISBN 1-85158-060-3. Results and Fixtures at Scottish Junior Football Association