Japan National Route 2
National Route 2 is a major highway on the islands of Honshū and Kyūshū in Japan. It follows the old Sanyōdo westward from the city of Osaka, Osaka Prefecture in the Kansai region to the city of Kitakyūshū in Fukuoka Prefecture, passing through the San'yō region en route. Between Hyōgo Prefecture and Yamaguchi Prefecture it parallels the Sanyō Expressway, its total length is 533.2 km. At its Osaka terminus, it meets Route 1. Length: 533.2 km Origin: Umeda, Kita-ku, Osaka Terminus: Moji-ku, Kitakyushu Major cities: Kobe, Himeji, Kurashiki, Hiroshima, Shimonoseki 1952-12-04 - First Class National Highway 2 1965-04-01 - General National Highway 2 From Nishinomiya to Kobe: Route 171 From Kobe to Akashi: Route 28 From Kobe to Akashi: Route 250 From Himeji to Taishi Town: Route 29
Japan National Route 20
National Route 20 is a national highway connecting Tokyo and Shiojiri, Nagano prefecture in Japan. Originating at Nihonbashi in Chūō, Tokyo, it passes through Shinjuku and four other wards, seven cities, including Hachiōji in Tokyo, it follows a westward route into Kanagawa Prefecture, passing through the city of Sagamihara and one town. Continuing into Yamanashi Prefecture, the highway passes through nine cities and towns, among them the prefectural capital of Kofu. In Nagano Prefecture, Route 20 passes through five cities and towns before entering Shiojiri, where it terminates at the intersection of Routes 19 and 153; the highway is 225.0 km long. Route 20 is the successor to the Kōshū Kaidō, an Edo period highway connecting the shogunal capital of Edo and Kofu the principal city in Kai Province. Parts of it still bear the old name; the road's course passes the Sakurada Gate of the Tokyo Imperial Palace. Shinjuku Station is on Route 20; the marathon course of the Tokyo Olympics included parts of Route 20.
4 December 1952 - First Class National Highway 20 1 April 1965 - General National Highway 20 From Nihonbashi to Chiyoda: Route 1 In Hachioji, from Yokamachi intersection to Hachimancho intersection: Route 16 In Otsuki, from intersection to Otsuki-bashi east intersection: Route 139 From Kai to Nirasaki: Route 52 Tokyo Routes 4 and 15.
Expressways of Japan
The expressways of Japan make up a large network of controlled-access toll expressways. Following World War II, Japan's economic revival led to a massive increase in personal automobile use; however the existing road system was inadequate to deal with the increased demand. In April 1956 the Japan Highway Public Corporation was established by the national government with the task of constructing and managing a nationwide network of expressways. In 1957 permission was given to the corporation to commence construction of the Meishin Expressway linking Nagoya and Kobe, the first section of which opened to traffic in 1963. In addition to the national expressway network administered by JH, the government established additional corporations to construct and manage expressways in urban areas; the Metropolitan Expressway Public Corporation was established in 1959, the Hanshin Expressway Public Corporation was established in 1962. By 2004 the lengths of their networks had extended to 283 kilometres and 234 kilometres respectively.
In 1966 a plan was formally enacted for a 7,600 kilometres national expressway network. Under this plan construction of expressways running parallel to the coastlines of Japan would be given priority over those traversing the mountainous interior. In 1987, the plan was revised to extend the network to 14,000 kilometres. In April 2012, completed sections of the network totaled 10,021 kilometres In October 2005 JH, the Metropolitan Expressway Public Corporation, the Hanshin Expressway Public Corporation, the Honshū-Shikoku Bridge Authority were privatized under the reform policies of the government of Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi; the expressway network of JH was divided into three companies based on geography - East Nippon Expressway Company, Central Nippon Expressway Company, West Nippon Expressway Company. The Metropolitan Expressway Public Corporation transferred its authority to the Metropolitan Expressway Company, while the Hanshin Expressway Public Corporation transferred its authority to the Hanshin Expressway Company.
The Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Authority became the Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Expressway Company, whose operations are planned to be absorbed into those of W-NEXCO. Japan's expressway development has been financed with debt, it was intended to make the expressways free. The Meishin Expressway and Tomei Expressway debt has been paid off since 1990, it was decided in 1972 that tolls would be pooled from all expressways to provide a single source of operating funds, since some sections were little used. Earthquake resistant construction methods have added to costs, as well as extensive soundwalling. In March 2009 Prime Minister Taro Aso unveiled a plan to reduce tolls to ¥1,000 on weekends and national holidays. Tolls on weekdays would be cut by around 30 percent. According to the National Expressway Construction Association, 4.41 million vehicles use the expressways daily, driving an average of 43.7 kilometres. National expressways make up the majority of expressways in Japan; this network boasts an uninterrupted link between Aomori Prefecture at the northern part of Honshu and Kagoshima Prefecture at the southern part of Kyushu, linking Shikoku as well.
Additional expressways serve travellers in Hokkaido and on Okinawa Island, although those are not connected to the Honshu-Kyushu-Shikoku grid. Most expressways are 4 lanes with a central reservation; some expressways in close proximity to major urban areas are 6 lanes, while some in rural areas are 2 lanes only with a barrier on the center line. 2-laned sections are built to a standard. Speed limits are 100 km/h, a minimum speed of 50 km/h is enforced. Vehicles unable to reach 50 km/h, such as tractors and mopeds, are forbidden from using the expressways. Speed limits may be reduced temporarily or permanently as speed limit signs can be adjusted electronically. Many rest facilities such as parking areas and service areas serve travellers along national expressways. On October 24, 2016, the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Tourism had introduced a new format of route numbering system for national expressways. In this route numbering system, expressway route numbers begin with the prefix E or C followed by their respective numbers.
Expressway routes are numbered according to the national highway routes. However, there are exceptions in this rule, as there are some expressways that are assigned with the two-digit numbers greater than 59 which are not used in the national highway route numbering system; the Tsugaru Expressway is an example of this exception, it is numbered E64, but it parallels Route 101. If there are more than one expressway being constructed in parallel with their respective national highways, newer expressways within the same corridor may have the suffix A at the end of their route numbers, while the earliest one is exempted from having the A suffix. For example, the Chūgoku
Japan National Route 51
National Route 51 is a national highway of Japan connecting Chūō-ku, Chiba and Mito, Ibaraki. Length: 124 km. http://www.mlit.go.jp/road/ir/ir-data/tokei-nen/2015/pdf/d_genkyou26.pdf
Japan National Route 22
National Route 22 is a national highway connecting Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Gifu, Gifu Prefecture in Japan. The route follows the old Minoji, a 17th-century trade route that connected the Nakasendō and the Tōkaidō. Length: 37.0 km Origin: Nagoya Terminus: Gifu Major cities: Ichinomiya From Atsuta-ku, Nagoya to Naka-ku, Nagoya: Route 19 From Ginan to Gifu: Routes 21 and 156 December 4, 1952 - First Class National Highway 22 April 1, 1965 - General National Highway 22 Aichi Prefecture Routes 1 and 247 Route 19 Route 302 Route 155 Gifu Prefecture Routes 21 and 156 Route 157
Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south; the kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", it is called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands; the four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one; the population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest. 90.7 % of people live in cities. About 13.8 million people live in the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people. Archaeological research indicates; the first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD.
Influence from other regions China, followed by periods of isolation from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism; the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation led by SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.
Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, the G20, is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity, it is the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Japan benefits from a skilled and educated workforce. Although it has renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan is a developed country with a high standard of living and Human Development Index, its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology; the Japanese word for Japan is 日本, pronounced Nihon or Nippon and means "the origin of the sun".
The character nichi means "sun" or "day". The compound therefore means "origin of the sun" and is the source of the popular Western epithet "Land of the Rising Sun"; the earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynasty, the Old Book of Tang. At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country; this name may have its origin in a letter sent in 607 and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty. Prince Shōtoku, the Regent of Japan, sent a mission to China with a letter in which he called himself "the Emperor of the Land where the Sun rises"; the message said: "Here, I, the emperor of the country where the sun rises, send a letter to the emperor of the country where the sun sets. How are you". Prior to the adoption of Nihon, other terms such as Yamato and Wakoku were used; the term Wa is a homophone of Wo 倭, used by the Chinese as a designation for the Japanese as early as the third century Three Kingdoms period.
Another form of Wa, Wei in Chinese) was used for an early state in Japan called Nakoku during the Han dynasty. However, the Japanese disliked some connotation of Wa 倭, it was therefore replaced with the substitute character Wa, meaning "togetherness, harmony"; the English word Japan derives from the historical Chinese pronunciation of 日本. The Old Mandarin or early Wu Chinese pronunciation of Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Cipangu. In modern Shanghainese, a Wu dialect, the pronunciation of characters 日本; the old Malay word for Japan, Japun or Japang, was borrowed from a southern coastal Chinese dialect Fukienese or Ningpo – and this Malay word was encountered by Portuguese traders in Southeast Asia in the 16th century. These Early Portuguese traders brought the word
Japan National Route 5
National Route 5 is a major highway on the island of Hokkaidō in Japan. Its southern terminus is in its northern end in Sapporo. En route, it passes through Otaru. 1952-12-04 - First Class National Highway 5 1965-04-01 - General National Highway 5 In Oshamanbe, from Kunnui intersection to Asahihama intersection: Route 230 From Kutchan to Kyōwa: Route 276 From Yoichi to Otaru: Route 229 Oshima Subprefecture Hakodate - Nanae - Mori - Yakumo - Oshamanbe Shiribeshi Subprefecture Kuromatsunai - Rankoshi - Niseko - Kyōwa - Niki - Yoichi - Otaru Ishikari Subprefecture Sapporo