Japanese calendar types have included a range of official and unofficial systems. At present, Japan uses the Gregorian calendar together with year designations stating the year of the reign of the current Emperor; the lunisolar Chinese calendar was introduced to Japan via Korea in the middle of the sixth century. After that, Japan calculated its calendar using various Chinese calendar procedures, from 1685, using Japanese variations of the Chinese procedures, but in 1873, as part of Japan's Meiji period modernization, a calendar based on the solar Gregorian calendar was introduced. In Japan today, the old Chinese calendar is ignored. Japan has had more than one system for designating years. Including: The Chinese sexagenary cycle was introduced early into Japan, it was used together with era names, as in the 1729 Ise calendar shown above, for "the 14th year of Kyōhō, tsuchi-no-to no tori", i.e. 己酉. Now, the cycle is used except around New Year; the era name system was introduced from China, has been in continuous use since AD 701.
Since the Taishō Emperor's ascension in 1912, each emperor's reign has begun a new era. Nengō are the official means of dating years in Japan, all government business is conducted using that system, it is in general use in private and personal business. The Japanese imperial year is based on the date of the legendary founding of Japan by Emperor Jimmu in 660 BC, it was first used in the official calendar in 1873. However, it never replaced era names, since World War II has been abandoned; the Western Common Era system has come into common use since the Meiji period. Now, most people know it, as well as era names; the official dating system known as nengō, has been in use since the late 7th century. Years are numbered within regnal eras. Beginning with Meiji, each reign has been one era, but many earlier Emperors decreed a new era upon any major event; the nengō system remains in wide use on official documents and government forms. The imperial year system was used from 1872 to the Second World War.
Imperial year 1 was the year when the legendary Emperor Jimmu founded Japan – 660 BC according to the Gregorian Calendar. Usage of kōki dating can be a nationalist signal, pointing out that the history of Japan's imperial family is longer than that of Christianity, the basis of the Anno Domini system. Kōki 2600 was a special year; the 1940 Summer Olympics and Tokyo Expo were planned as anniversary events, but were canceled due to the Second Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese naval Zero Fighter was named after this year. After the Second World War, the United States occupied Japan, stopped the use of kōki by officials. Today, kōki is used, except in some judicial contexts; the 1898 law determining the placement of leap years is based on the kōki years, using a formula, equivalent to that of the Gregorian calendar: if the kōki year number is evenly divisible by four, it is a leap year, unless the number minus 660 is evenly divisible by 100 and not by 400. Thus, for example, the year Kōki 2560 is divisible by 4.
The present era, formally began on 1 May 2019. The name of the new era was announced by the Japanese government on 1 April 2019, a month prior to Naruhito's succession to the throne; the previous era, came to an end on 30 April 2019, after Japan's former emperor, abdicated the throne. See "Seasonal days", below; the modern Japanese names for the months translate to "first month", "second month", so on. The corresponding number is combined with the suffix 月; the table below uses traditional numerals. In addition, every month has a traditional name, still used by some in fields such as poetry; the opening paragraph of a letter or the greeting in a speech might borrow one of these names to convey a sense of the season. Some, such as Yayoi and Satsuki, do double duty as given names; these month names appear from time to time on jidaigeki, contemporary television shows and movies set in the Edo period or earlier. The old Japanese calendar was an adjusted lunar calendar based on the Chinese calendar, the year—and with it the months—started anywhere from about 3 to 7 weeks than the modern year, so in historical contexts it is not accurate to equate the first month with January.
Japan uses a seven-day week, aligned with the Western calendar. The seven-day week, with names for the days corresponding to the Latin system, was brought to Japan around AD 800 with the Buddhist calendar; the system was used for astrological purposes and little else until 1876. The names of the days come from the five visible planets, which in turn are named after the five Chinese elements, from the moon and sun. On the origin of the names of the days of the week see East Asian Seven Luminaries. Sunday and Saturday are regarded as "Western style take-a-rest days". Since the late 19th century, Sunday has been regarded as a "full-time holiday", Saturday a half-time holiday. The
Uncle Marvel is a fictional comic book character created for Fawcett Comics, today owned by DC Comics, who appears in stories about the Marvel Family team of superheroes. Created by Otto Binder and Marc Swayze, Uncle Marvel was created as a supporting character of Mary Marvel and first appeared in Wow Comics #18 in October 1943. An old, rotund man named Dudley, Uncle Marvel did not have any real superpowers, he found Mary Batson's good deed ledger which she kept to record her good deeds but had dropped and read it, learning her secret. Claiming to be the uncle of Mary Batson, Mary Marvel's teenage alter-ego, from California, Dudley attempted to con his way into the Marvel Family; the Marvels, possessing the wisdom of Solomon, saw through Dudley's machinations, but since he was, in their opinion such a "lovable old fraud", they allowed Dudley to join the team as their manager Uncle Marvel and humored his pretense of having Marvel powers. When asked to make use of his supposed superpowers, Dudley would always complain that his "shazambago" was acting up and was interfering with his powers, though the Marvels always knew better.
Though played as comic relief, Dudley plays a key role in Marvel Family #1 as he tricks the rogue Marvel Black Adam into saying the magic word "Shazam" and reverting to his mortal self. In Mary Marvel #7, after Mary stops some thugs, Dudley makes Mary promise not to turn into Mary Marvel until midnight, to show that she is helpless without Mary Marvel, he sends two men to rob the office, not knowing they are actual criminals who kidnap Mary and try to hold her for ransom. The criminals attempt to force Dudley to write a ransom note, but midnight arrives and Mary transforms into Mary Marvel to stop them. Uncle Marvel continued to appear in the Marvel Family stories through 1948, at which time the character was dropped, he returned to the Marvel Family comics when DC Comics began publishing new stories and reprints under the title Shazam! in 1973, he was put into suspended animation, along with many other Fawcett characters, explained as an attack gone wrong by the Sivana family. He again takes over Shazam Incorporated.
After forty years of appearing in the Marvel Family comics, Uncle Dudley was revamped in 1987 along with the rest of the Shazam! franchise. In Roy Thomas and Tom Mandrake's four-issue 1987 miniseries Shazam!: The New Beginning, the character became Dudley Batson, an actual blood uncle of young Billy Batson, Captain Marvel's alter-ego. A second revamped version of Uncle Marvel was introduced in Jerry Ordway's Power of Shazam! Graphic novel in 1994 and a resulting ongoing comic book series of the same name, rendering Thomas and Mandrake's version non-canonical. In Ordway's stories, Dudley H. Dudley is the janitor at Billy Batson's school, who looks out for the homeless boy and inadvertently learns that Billy is the alter ego of Captain Marvel; this revelation leads Dudley to be involved in a number of Marvel Family adventures, including one story in which Dudley temporarily gains superpowers thanks to Ibis the Invincible. Dudley continued to appear in The Power of Shazam! for the duration of the series as a recurring supporting character paired with Tawky Tawny, an anthropomorphic tiger friend of Captain Marvel's who becomes Dudley's roommate.
Following the cancellation of The Power of Shazam! in 1999, "Uncle" Dudley disappeared from DC Comics publications, save for a short cameo in 52 #16 at the wedding of Marvel Family related characters Black Adam and Isis and two brief cameos in Jerry Ordway-illustrated issues of Justice Society of America in 2009. Uncle Dudley was more prominently featured in the two-issue Convergence tie-in Convergence: Shazam! in 2015, as well as a brief cameo in the "Thunderworld" issue - issue #4 - of Grant Morrison's miniseries The Multiversity. A live-action Shazam! television series, which aired on CBS Saturday mornings from 1974 to 1976, featured Captain Marvel and his young alter-ego Billy Batson, accompanied by an old man known as Mentor. The Mentor character was loosely based upon Uncle Marvel, who in concurrent 1970s issues of the Shazam! Comic book began sporting a mustache to resemble Les Tremayne, the actor who appeared as "Mentor" on the Shazam! TV show. Uncle Marvel appeared alongside the rest of the Marvel Family in The Kid Super Power Hour with Shazam!
Voiced by Alan Oppenheimer. Uncle Dudley appears in the Young Justice episodes "Alpha Male" and "Misplaced" voiced by Corey Burton, he is Billy Batson's guardian. Captain Marvel tells him about his adventures before heading to bed. In "Misplaced", he makes a cameo where he worries about Billy's disappearance at the time when Klarion the Witch Boy, Blackbriar Thorn, Felix Faust, Wizard used a temporary reality spell that separated the children from the adults. Uncle Dudley appears in the Justice League Action episode "Captain Bamboozle", voiced by John Astin. In this incarnation, his powers are given to him by Mister Mxyzptlk. An evil, alternate version of Uncle Marvel appears as a villain in Justice League: Crisis on Two Earths; this version has a full set of Marvel Family superpowers. According to the credits, he is named Uncle Super and voiced by Bruce Timm
The St. Luke's Protestant Episcopal Church is a historic Episcopal church located in Seaford, Sussex County, Delaware, it was built in 1843, reconstructed in 1904. It is a brick Gothic Revival style building, it crenellated three-story tower. It features stained glass lancet windows. Concrete buttresses were installed in 1943. St. Luke's was organized by the Rev. Corry Chambers in 1835, from the remnants of the former St. Mary's congregation. St. Mary's was disestablished after the American Revolution. Delaware Governor William H. H. Ross is buried in the churchyard, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. St. Luke's Episcopal Church website