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Japheth

Japheth, is one of the three sons of Noah in the Book of Genesis, where he plays a role in the story of Noah's drunkenness and the curse of Ham, subsequently in the Table of Nations as the ancestor of the peoples of the Aegean Sea and elsewhere. In medieval and early modern European tradition he was considered to be the progenitor of European and East Asian peoples; the meaning of the name Japheth is disputable. There are two possible sources to the meaning of the name: From Aramaic root פתה, meaning to extend. In this case, the name would mean may He extend. From Hebrew root יפה, meaning beauty, in which case the name would mean beautiful. Japheth first appears in the Book of Genesis as one of the three sons of Noah, saved from the flood through the Ark. In the bible, they are always in the order "Shem and Japheth" when all three are listed; however Genesis 9:24 calls Ham the youngest, Genesis 10:21 refers ambiguously to Shem as "brother of Japheth the elder," which could mean that either is the eldest.

Most modern writers accept Shem-Ham-Japheth as reflecting birth order, but this is not always the case: Moses and Rachel appear at the head of such lists despite explicit descriptions of them as younger siblings. Following the Flood Japheth is featured in the story of Noah's drunkenness. Ham sees Noah drunk and naked in his tent and tells his brothers, who cover their father with a cloak while avoiding the sight. Chapter 10 of Genesis, the Table of Nations, describes how the entire Earth was populated by the sons of Noah following the Flood, beginning with the descendants of Japheth: The Book of Genesis is the first of the five books of the Torah, that contains the account of Israel's origins as a people. Scholars see this as a product of the Achaemenid Empire, although some would place its production in the Hellenistic period or the Hasmonean dynasty; as none of the persons and stories in the first eleven chapters of Genesis are mentioned anywhere else in the Bible, leading scholars to surmise that the story of Japheth and his brothers is a late composition, attached to Genesis to serve as an introduction to that book and to the Torah.

Japheth may be a transliteration of the ancestor of the Hellenic peoples. His sons and grandsons associate him with the geographic area of the eastern Mediterranean and Asia — Ionia/Javan, Rhodes/Rodanim, Cyprus/Kittim, other points in the region of Greece and Asia Minor — approximating to one of the kingdoms into which the generals of Alexander the Great divided his empire on his death; the point of the "blessing of Japheth" seems to be that Japheth and Shem would rule jointly over Canaan. From the 19th century until the late 20th century it was usual to see Japheth as a reference to the Philistines, who shared dominion over Canaan during the pre-monarchic and early monarchic period of Israel's history; this view accorded with earlier understanding of the origin of the Book of Genesis, seen as having been composed in stages beginning with the time of Solomon, when the Philistines still existed. However, Genesis 10:14 identifies their ancestor as Ham rather than Japheth. For those who take the genealogies of Genesis to be accurate, Japheth is believed to be the father of Europeans.

The link between Japheth and the Europeans stems from Genesis 10:5, which states: "By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands." According to that book and his two brothers formed the three major races: Japheth is the father of the Japhetic race Shem is the father of the Semitic race Ham is the father of the Hamitic raceWilliam Shakespeare's play Henry IV, Part II contains a wry comment about people who claim to be related to royal families. Prince Hal notes of such people...they will be kin to us, or they will fetch it from Japhet. In the Bible, Japheth is ascribed seven sons: Gomer, Tiras, Meshech and Madai. According to Josephus: Japhet, the son of Noah, had seven sons: they inhabited so, beginning at the mountains Taurus and Amanus, they proceeded along Asia, as far as the river Tanais, along Europe to Cadiz. Josephus subsequently detailed the nations supposed to have descended from the seven sons of Japheth; the "Book of Jasher", published by Talmudic rabbis in the 17th century, provides some new names for Japheth's grandchildren not found in the Bible, provided a much more detailed genealogy.

In the seventh century, Isidore of Seville published his noted history, in which he traces the origins of most of the nations of Europe back to Japheth. Scholars in every European nation continued to repeat and develop Saint Isidore's assertion of descent from Noah through Japheth into the nineteenth century. Ivane Javakhishvili associated Japheth's sons with certain ancient tribes, called Tubals an

Erhard Frommhold

Erhard Frommhold was a leading German writer and art historian. He was a committed socialist, but he was not always an uncritical supporter of the Party line in the German Democratic Republic, where, while that state existed, he lived and made his career. Erhard Frommold was born in Altenburg, a midsized largely working-class town equidistant between Leipzig to the north and Zwickau to the south. Before his fifth birthday Germany had undergone a significant regime change when in January 1933 the Nazi Party took power and lost little time in imposing Germany's first twentieth century one- party dictatorship. Frommold grew up in an Anti-fascist family, however. By the time he left school, European war had resumed, he undertook an apprenticeship as a plumber. War ended in May 1945 and the entire central portion of Germany, including Thuringia and Saxony, was redesignated as the Soviet occupation zone. In February 1946 Erhard Frommold joined the Communist Party, he underwent a career switch in 1947 when he embarked on a four-year study course at Jena, focusing on Sociology along with the History of Art and Literature.

This defined the rest of his career, in 1951/52 he obtained a post with the newly formed Verlag der Kunst in Dresden. He started out as a Literary editor becoming editor in chief of the books department, he remained with the Verlag der Kunst till 1991, although he was obliged to quit his position as Editor in Chief in 1968 after it was noticed by the authorities that a literary evaluation by Frommhold on an forgotten work by the distinguished scholar Wilhelm Fraenger had failed to apply the stigma of "Bourgeois decadence". During his time at the Verlag der Kunst Frommhold was a prolific producer of Monographs, his better remembered subjects include Otto Nagel and Lea Grundig, Lasar Segall and Klaus Wittkugel. Another noted achievement was the publication by Verlag der Kunst, starting in 1958, of the "Fundus series", a collection of international Marxist texts on Aesthetics, Art history and Cultural history which, despite not following the East German Party line, were able to become established texts.

During the final year of his life Erhard Frommert suffered from heart disease, it was a heart attack that killed him in Dresden on 17 October 2007

Eugen Tric─â

Eugen Trică is a Romanian football manager and former footballer who played as a midfielder. Trică started his career at Universitatea Craiova as a youth, being promoted in the first team in 1995, he joined Steaua Bucureşti in 1998, winning the championship in 2001. Litex Lovech was the third club Trică played for, after being transferred in 2003 after two years he joined the squad of Maccabi Tel Aviv but after only few months he returned to Bulgaria, this time at PFC CSKA Sofia. Trică is one of the highest scoring foreign players in the A PFG with 39 goals to his name. In May 2007, Trică returned to Romania after he could not agree on a contract with CSKA, signing with CFR Cluj. At Cluj he was part of the team that won for the first time in the club's history the championship and the cup in 2008, playing in Champions League, he moved in 2009 to Cyprus first division at Anorthosis Famagusta FC, just after the team was eliminated from Champions League group stage. However, after the end of the season, he returned to Cluj.

On 25 August 2009, Eugen Trică signed to the first love Universitatea Craiova. After a year, in August 2010, he joined a team from the second Romanian division. Trică helped. After a few games in the first division for Concordia, in October 2011, Trică decided to quit, he has only four caps for Romania. Universitatea Craiova: Romanian Cup: Runner-up 1997–98 Steaua Bucureşti: Romanian League: 2000–01 Romanian Super Cup: 2001 Litex Lovech: Bulgarian Cup: 2003–04 CSKA Sofia: Bulgarian Cup: 2005–06 Bulgarian Super Cup: 2006 CFR Cluj: Romanian League: 2007–08, 2009–10 Romanian Cup: 2007–08 Romanian Super Cup: 2009 CFR Cluj: Romanian Cup: Runner-up 2012–13 Trică was married to Lorena, daughter of Ilie Balaci, one of the best Romanian football players from the past, they divorced in 2015. Eugen Trică at RomanianSoccer.ro and StatisticsFootball.com Eugen Trică at Soccerway Eugen Trică at WorldFootball.net Eugen Trică at National-Football-Teams.com