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Jared Kushner

Jared Corey Kushner is an American investor, real-estate developer, newspaper publisher, senior advisor to his father-in-law, Donald Trump, the president of the United States. Kushner is the elder son of the former real-estate developer Charles Kushner, the son of Jewish immigrants from the USSR, is married to Ivanka Trump, President Trump's daughter and fellow advisor; as a result of his father's conviction and incarceration for fraud, he took over management of his father's real estate company Kushner Companies, which launched his business career. He also bought Observer Media, publisher of the New York Observer, he is the part owner of Cadre, an online real-estate investment platform. During the 2016 Trump presidential campaign, Kushner helped develop and run Trump's digital media strategy. On January 9, 2017, he was named as a senior White House advisor. Kushner was born in Livingston, New Jersey, to Seryl Kushner and Charles Kushner, a real-estate developer, his paternal grandparents and Joseph Kushner, were Holocaust survivors who came to the U.

S. in 1949 from Navahrudak, now in Belarus. Morris Stadtmauer was Jared's maternal grandfather. Raised in a Modern Orthodox Jewish family, Kushner graduated from the Frisch School, a Modern Orthodox yeshiva high school, in 1999, he was an honors student and a member of the debate, and, basketball teams. Kushner enrolled at Harvard University in 1999. According to journalist Daniel Golden, Kushner was accepted due to his father's donations and history with the school, he was elected into the Fly Club, supported the campus Chabad house, bought and sold real estate in Somerville, Massachusetts, as a vice president of Somerville Building Associates, returning a profit of $20 million by its dissolution in 2005. Kushner graduated from Harvard in 2003 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in government. Kushner graduated from New York University in 2007 with dual JD/MBA degrees, he interned at Manhattan District Attorney Robert Morgenthau's office, at Paul, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP. Following his father's conviction for fraud in 2005 and subsequent incarceration, Jared Kushner took over the management of his father's real estate company.

As of 2019, Kushner's net worth is estimated at about $800 million. Kushner was a real-estate investor, increased Kushner Companies' presence in the New York City real-estate market. Kushner Companies purchased the office building at 666 Fifth Avenue in 2007, for a then-record price of $1.8 billion, most of it borrowed. He assumed the role of CEO in 2008. Following the property crash that year, the cash flow generated by the property was insufficient to cover its debt service, the Kushners were forced to sell the retail footage to Stanley Chera and bring in Vornado Realty Trust as a 50% equity partner in the ownership of the building. By that time, Kushner Companies had lost more than $90 million on its investment, he was the face of the deal but his father Charles Kushner pushed him to do the deal. On August 18, 2014, Kushner acquired a three-building apartment portfolio in Middle River, for $38 million with Aion Partners. In 2013–2014, he and his company acquired more than 11,000 units throughout New York, New Jersey, the Baltimore area.

In May 2015, he purchased 50.1% of the Times Square Building from Africa Israel Investments Ltd. for $295 million. In 2014, with his brother Joshua and Ryan Williams, co-founded Cadre, an online real-estate investment platform, his business partners included Goldman Sachs and billionaire George Soros, a top Democratic Party donor. In early 2015, Soros Fund Management financed the startup with a $250 million credit line. Kushner did not identify these business relationships in his January 2017 government financial-disclosure form. In 2006, Kushner purchased The New York Observer, a weekly New York City newspaper, for $10 million, using money he says he earned during his college years by closing deals on residential buildings in Somerville, with family members providing the backing for his investments. After purchasing the Observer, Kushner published it in tabloid format. Since he has been credited with increasing the Observer's online presence and expanding the Observer Media Group. With no substantial experience in journalism, Kushner could not establish a good relationship with the newspaper's veteran editor-in-chief, Peter W. Kaplan.

"This guy doesn't know what he doesn't know", Kaplan remarked about Kushner, to colleagues, at the time. As a result of his differences with Kushner, Kaplan quit his position. Kaplan was followed by a series of short-lived successors until Kushner hired Elizabeth Spiers in 2011, it has been alleged. Spiers left the newspaper in 2012. In January 2013, Kushner hired Ken Kurson. Kurson had been a consultant to Republican political candidates in New Jersey. According to Vanity Fair, under Kushner, the "Observer has lost all of its cultural currency among New York's elite, but the paper is now profitable and reporting traffic growth... boasts 6 million unique visitors per month, up from 1.3 million in January 2013". In April 2016, the New York Observer became one of only a handful of newspapers to endorse United States presidential candidate Donald Trump in the Republican primary, but the paper ended the campaign period by choosing not to back any presidential candidate at all. Kushner stepped down from his newspaper role in January 2017 to pursue a role in President Donald Trump's administration.

He was replaced by Joseph Meyer. Jared Kushner had been a lifelong Democrat prior to his father-in-law Don

William Rosenwald

William Rosenwald was an American businessman and philanthropist. His American Securities Corporation invested in other business including AMETEK and Western Union International, he was a philanthropist who helped establish the nationwide United Jewish Appeal in 1939 and made other charitable grants through the William Rosenwald Family Fund. His father was Julius Rosenwald, the former chairman of Sears and Company and a leading philanthropist whose Rosenwald Fund built 5,000 schools for black children in the South a few decades after the Civil War. William Rosenwald was born in Wilmette, Illinois in 1903, he was the second son of Julius Rosenwald and the former Augusta Nusbaum, he attended the MIT Sloan School of Management, where he earned a bachelor of science degree in 1924. Rosenwald attended Harvard University for a year as well as the London School of Economics, he was employed by Sears, Roebuck starting in 1928, was a director of the firm from 1934 to 1938. It was in 1928 that Rosenwald married his first wife, Renee Scharf, daughter of Austrian painter Viktor Scharf II.

HHe organized a family effort in the mid-1930s to provide assistance to relatives in Europe affected by the rise of Nazi Germany. By 1948 over 300 individuals had been brought to the United States and provided with work and places to live. An additional 300 family members in Europe were provided for. In a 1935 interview, Rosenwald stated that "There is the thought in my mind -- and that I would like to get across to the Jews of America -- that to the extent that the Jews as a whole help their suffering brethren, we will fortify the Jews of all countries against anti-Semitic onslaughts." He organized the National Refugee Service in 1939. In 1938, Rosenwald married his second wife, with whom he had three daughters. Kurtz died in 1985. In January 1939, Rosenwald's National Coordinating Committee Fund joined with Rabbi Jonah Wise of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver of the United Palestine Appeal, to form the United Jewish Appeal for Refugees and Overseas Needs.

The founders emphasized that the funds needed to support Jews in Europe and Palestine would be triple to quadruple the amount raised in the previous year. While the organizations would raise funds together, the Joint Distribution Committee would assist Jews in Europe, the United Palestine Appeal would aid the Jewish community in Palestine, including refugees from Europe arriving there and the National Coordinating Committee Fund would assist refugees arriving in the United States. From 1942 to 1946, Rosenwald was one of the UJA's three national chairmen, leading the first campaign to raise more than $100 million, led campaigns again from 1955 to 1957. In 1974, Rosenwald oversaw the merger of the joint campaign between United Jewish Appeal of Greater New York and the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies and was named as the first president of the combined campaign; this joint fundraising campaign by the two philanthropic organizations was the first step in the complete merger of the organizations in 1986.

Rosenwald served on the board of the Tuskegee Institute for 40 years and was a longtime board member of the New York Philharmonic. He served on the executive committee of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee for five decades and was an active leader of the American Jewish Committee and the Council of Jewish Federations, among many other organizations. Rosenwald died at age 93 on October 1996 at his apartment on the Upper East Side of Manhattan. Rosenwald was survived by his three daughters, Nina Rosenwald being one of them, five grandchildren. In 1960, Rosenwald received the Solomon Bublick Award of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in recognition of his "significant contribution to the progress and development of Israel

Athanasios Papoulis

Athanasios Papoulis was a Greek-American engineer and applied mathematician. Papoulis was born in modern day Turkey in 1921, his family was moved to Athens, Greece in 1922 as a consequence of the Population exchange between Greece and Turkey, he earned his undergraduate degree from National Technical University of Athens. In 1945, he stowed away on a boat to escape the impending Greek Civil War and settled in the United States, he studied under the supervision of John Robert Kline at the University of Pennsylvania and earned his Ph. D. in Mathematics in 1950. His dissertation was titled On the Strong Differentiation of the Indefinite Integral, he married Caryl Engwall in New York, New York in 1953, had five children: Irene, James and Mary. In 1952, after teaching at Union College, he became a faculty member at the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn, where he earned the distinction of University Professor. Papoulis contributed in the areas of signal processing and signal and system theory, his classic book Probability, Random Variables, Stochastic Processes is used as a textbook in many graduate-level probability courses in electrical engineering departments all over the world.

Two classic texts aimed at practitioners were published in 1965... Athanasios Papoulis' Probability, Random Variables, Stochastic Processes... These books popularized a pedagogy intuition. By staying away from complete mathematical rigor while emphasizing the physical and engineering interpretations of probability, Papoulis's book gained wide popularity. Athanasios Papoulis specialized in engineering mathematics, his work covers probability and estimation in the application of these fields to modern engineering problems. Papoulis taught and developed subjects such as stochastic simulation, mean square estimation, likelihood tests, maximum entropy methods, Monte Carlo method, spectral representations and estimation, sampling theory and system identification, cyclostationary processes, deterministic signals in noise, wave optics and the Wiener and Kalman filters. Papoulis's generalization of the sampling theorem unified many variations of the Nyquist–Shannon sampling theorem into one theorem; the Papoulis–Gerchberg algorithm is an iterative signal restoration algorithm that has found widespread use in signal and image processing.

"Papoulis's eloquent proof" of the conventional sampling theorem requires only two equations. The Fourier Integral and its Applications by Papoulis, Athanasios, McGraw-Hill Companies, ISBN 0-07-048447-3. Probability, Random Variables, Stochastic Processes by Papoulis, Athanasios 1965. McGraw-Hill Kogakusha, Tokyo, 9th edition, ISBN 0-07-119981-0 Signal Analysis by Athanasios Papoulis Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies ISBN 0-07-048460-0 ISBN 978-0070484603 Systems and Transforms With Applications in Optics by Athanasios Papoulis Publisher: Krieger Pub Co ISBN 0-89874-358-3 ISBN 978-0898743586 Probability and Statistics by Athanasios Papoulis Publisher: Prentice Hall ISBN 0137116985 ISBN 978-0137116980 Circuits and Systems – A modern approach by Athanasios Papoulis Publisher: Holt and Winston, Inc. ISBN 0030560977 IEEE Athanasios Papoulis Award for Excellence in Engineering and Technology Education The Athanasios Papoulis Award, one of the IEEE LI Section Awards