The Forest Seasons
The Forest Seasons is the third studio album by Finnish heavy metal band Wintersun. It was released on July 2017 via Nuclear Blast; the band cited Antonio Vivaldi's violin concerto The Four Seasons as an inspiration for the album title. All tracks written by Jari Mäenpää. Credits: Jari Mäenpää – lead vocals, all instruments and orchestrations Teemu Mäntysaari – backing vocals, growling shouts, choirs Jukka Koskinen – low growling vocals, backing vocals, choirs Produced by Jari Mäenpää Music: Jari Mäenpää Lyrics: Jari Mäenpää All arrangements by Jari Mäenpää Vocals: Jari Mäenpää Additional low growling vocals: Jukka Koskinen Additional growling shouts: Teemu Mäntysaari 3-man Choir on the'Awaken From The Dark Slumber' by Jari Mäenpää, Teemu Mäntysaari and Jukka Koskinen Guitars, bass, synthesizers and orchestrations: Jari Mäenpää Engineer: Jari Mäenpää Recorded by Jari Mäenpää Mixed by Jari Mäenpää Mastered by Jari Mäenpää Album cover: Gyula Havancsák and Jari Mäenpää Album booklet and photos: Jari Mäenpää Wintersun logo: Ritual Teemu Mäntysaari Jukka Koskinen Heri Joensen Markus Toivonen Jukka-Pekka Miettinen Mathias Nygård Olli Vänskä Perttu Vänskä Jussi Wickström Kasper Mårtenson Jesper Anastasiadis Aleksi Sihvonen Daniel Freyberg Micko Hell Mikko Salovaara Mitja Harvilahti "The Forest Seasons" album on YouTube "Album Review: WINTERSUN The Forest Seasons - Metal Injection".
Metal Injection. 2017-07-19. Retrieved 2017-11-22
Bloodstock Open Air
Bloodstock Open Air is a British heavy metal festival held annually at Catton Hall in Walton-on-Trent, since 2005. Bands that have played at the festival over the years include Twisted Sister, Mastodon, Behemoth, Anthrax, Cannibal Corpse, Trivium, Rob Zombie, Alice Cooper, Kreator, Blind Guardian, Amon Amarth, Testament, Immortal, Morbid Angel, Machine Head, Lamb of God, hundreds of others. On one stage only, the festival expanded to incorporate a second stage in 2006. Known as The Unsigned Stage, it was designed to provide a platform for the next generation of metal talent to reach a wider audience. In 2010 it was renamed The New Blood Stage. 2007 saw further expansion with the addition of a third stage called The Lava Stage which in 2009 became the Sophie Lancaster Stage. In 2010 the capacity of this stage was increased and it became the festival's second stage; this second stage is used by The 4 DJs Of The Apocalypse, who provide DJ sets until the early hours of the morning. Bloodstock Open Air was conceived as an extension of the original Bloodstock indoor festival which ran from 2001 until 2006 at Derby Assembly Rooms.
After an amicable parting in 2006 with his business partner Vince Brotheridge, in 2007 Paul Gregory brought his daughters and son Vicky Hungerford, Rachael Greenfield and Adam Gregory on board as directors. "It was an obvious move for me," he explained, "as all of them had been working on the festival from its inception. They have brought their talents to the fore as the festival’s continued growth is much due to their commitment." In 2010, Heaven & Hell was scheduled to headline Bloodstock Open Air, but pulled out due to the death of singer Ronnie James Dio. The main stage at the festival was subsequently renamed as the "Ronnie James Dio stage" in tribute to him. So far Bloodstock has featured bands from the following countries/dependencies/islands: Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Egypt, Faroe Islands, France, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Mexico, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Orkney Islands, Portugal, Russia, Shetland Islands, South Africa, Sweden, Taiwan, The Lebanon, The Netherlands, USA and Wales.
Bloodstock began as an indoor festival held in Derby Assembly Rooms which ran 6 years from 2001-2006. In order to associate the festival roots with Derby, where founder Paul Gregory lives, the festival's mascot/logo was based on the tale of The Derby Ram. A competition was run to name the beast and'S-tan' was selected, he has appeared on all Bloodstock artwork since; the first year was a one-day event headlined by Saxon, whom Paul Gregory had known since being commissioned to do the artwork for their 1984 Crusader album. Attendance for the festival topped 700 people and, despite taking an financial loss, a second festival was arranged for the following year; the full line-up was: 2002 saw Bloodstock return with Blind Guardian headlining, their first UK show. Bringing metal acts to the UK for the first time has become a regular occurrence from Bloodstock and the stronger line-up doubled the festival's attendance to 1500; the full line-up was: 2003 brought the first of many expansions to the festival as it stretched across two days.
The first day was headlined by a returning Saxon and the second by Nightwish whom like Blind Guardian the year before were playing their first UK show. Paul & Gregory had gone on tour with Saxon the previous year and it was that Vince first saw Nightwish which convinced them they should be booked for the Bloodstock festival; this year featured Edguy's first UK show as they were drafted in to replace HammerFall after guitarist Oscar Dronjak broke his arm in a motorcycle accident only weeks before the show. The full line-up was: 2004 saw continued growth in attendance with the festival selling out and brought Gamma Ray back to headline the first day and Children of Bodom headlined the second day; the full line-up was: 2005 was the first year which saw both the indoor & outdoor festivals running. HammerFall were booked to play, now with a headline slot on the first day, Within Temptation headlined the second day; the full line-up was: † Kyrb Grinder weren't booked to play, but the band members were working at the festival and delays in the running of the Darwin stage left a gap, so they played a short sell to fill in the gap.
2006 was the last year an indoor festival was hosted allowing for full focus on the outdoor festival from on. Primal Fear headlined day one with My Dying Bride headling day two and thus being the last band to play at Bloodstock as an indoor festival; the full line-up was: † Tourettes Syndrome had been booked to play the main stage. However, their flight was delayed and they didn't arrive in time. Sworn Amongst were bumped up from their scheduled Darwin Stage slot to fill the gap, Tourettes Syndrome played on the Darwin Stage in the day when they arrived. Bloodstock Open Air 2005 was the first outdoor venture for the festival after selling out the indoor festival which had a maximum capacity of 2500. Catton Hall was selected as the venue to allow growth in size without losing the festival's established
Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a vocalist. Singers perform music that can be sung without accompaniment by musical instruments. Singing is done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists or accompanied by anything from a single instrument up to a symphony orchestra or big band. Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera, Indian music and religious music styles such as gospel, traditional music styles, world music, blues and popular music styles such as pop, electronic dance music and filmi. Singing arranged or improvised, it may be done as a form of religious devotion, as a hobby, as a source of pleasure, comfort or ritual, as part of music education or as a profession. Excellence in singing requires time, dedication and regular practice.
If practice is done on a regular basis the sounds can become more clear and strong. Professional singers build their careers around one specific musical genre, such as classical or rock, although there are singers with crossover success, they take voice training provided by voice teachers or vocal coaches throughout their careers. In its physical aspect, singing has a well-defined technique that depends on the use of the lungs, which act as an air supply or bellows. Though these four mechanisms function independently, they are coordinated in the establishment of a vocal technique and are made to interact upon one another. During passive breathing, air is inhaled with the diaphragm while exhalation occurs without any effort. Exhalation may be aided by lower pelvis/pelvic muscles. Inhalation is aided by use of external intercostals and sternocleidomastoid muscles; the pitch is altered with the vocal cords. With the lips closed, this is called humming; the sound of each individual's singing voice is unique not only because of the actual shape and size of an individual's vocal cords but due to the size and shape of the rest of that person's body.
Humans have vocal folds which can loosen, tighten, or change their thickness, over which breath can be transferred at varying pressures. The shape of the chest and neck, the position of the tongue, the tightness of otherwise unrelated muscles can be altered. Any one of these actions results in a change in pitch, timbre, or tone of the sound produced. Sound resonates within different parts of the body and an individual's size and bone structure can affect the sound produced by an individual. Singers can learn to project sound in certain ways so that it resonates better within their vocal tract; this is known as vocal resonation. Another major influence on vocal sound and production is the function of the larynx which people can manipulate in different ways to produce different sounds; these different kinds of laryngeal function are described as different kinds of vocal registers. The primary method for singers to accomplish this is through the use of the Singer's Formant, it has been shown that a more powerful voice may be achieved with a fatter and fluid-like vocal fold mucosa.
The more pliable the mucosa, the more efficient the transfer of energy from the airflow to the vocal folds. Vocal registration refers to the system of vocal registers within the voice. A register in the voice is a particular series of tones, produced in the same vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, possessing the same quality. Registers originate in laryngeal function, they occur. Each of these vibratory patterns appears within a particular range of pitches and produces certain characteristic sounds; the occurrence of registers has been attributed to effects of the acoustic interaction between the vocal fold oscillation and the vocal tract. The term "register" can be somewhat confusing; the term register can be used to refer to any of the following: A particular part of the vocal range such as the upper, middle, or lower registers. A resonance area such as chest voice or head voice. A phonatory process A certain vocal timbre or vocal "color" A region of the voice, defined or delimited by vocal breaks.
In linguistics, a register language is a language which combines tone and vowel phonation into a single phonological system. Within speech pathology, the term vocal register has three constituent elements: a certain vibratory pattern of the vocal folds, a certain series of pitches, a certain type of sound. Speech pathologists identify four vocal registers based on the physiology of laryngeal function: the vocal fry register, the modal register, the falsetto register, the whistle register; this view is adopted by many vocal pedagogues. Vocal resonation is the process by which the basic product of phonation is en
A musician is a person who plays a musical instrument or is musically talented. Anyone who composes, conducts, or performs music is referred to as a musician. A musician who plays a musical instrument is known as an instrumentalist. Musicians can specialize in any musical style, some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background. Examples of a musician's possible skills include performing, singing, producing, composing and the orchestration of music. In the Middle Ages, instrumental musicians performed with soft ensembles inside and loud instruments outdoors. Many European musicians of this time catered to the Roman Catholic Church, they provided arrangements structured around Gregorian chant structure and Masses from church texts. Notable musicians Phillipe de Vitry Guillaume Dufay Guillaume de Machaut Hildegard of Bingen John Jenkins Beatritz de Dia Tyagaraja Purandara Dasa Bhimsen Joshi Bismillah Khan A. R. RAHMAN Renaissance musicians produced music that could be played during masses in churches and important chapels.
Vocal pieces were in Latin—the language of church texts of the time—and were Church-polyphonic or "made up of several simultaneous melodies." By the end of the 16th century, patronage split among many areas: the Catholic Church, Protestant churches, royal courts, wealthy amateurs, music printing—all provided income sources for composers. Notable musicians Giovanni Palestrina Giovanni Gabrieli Thomas Tallis Claudio Monteverdi Leonardo da Vinci The Baroque period introduced heavy use of counterpoint and basso continuo characteristics. Vocal and instrumental "color" became more important compared with the Renaissance style of music, emphasized much of the volume and pace of each piece. Notable musicians George Frideric Handel Johann Sebastian Bach Antonio Vivaldi Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a rising middle class. Many middle-class inhabitants of France at the time lived under long-time absolute monarchies; because of this, much of the music was performed in environments that were more constrained compared with the flourishing times of the Renaissance and Baroque eras.
Notable musicians Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Joseph Haydn Ludwig Van Beethoven The foundation of Romantic period music coincides with what is called the age of revolutions, an age of upheavals in political, economic and military traditions. This age included the initial transformations of the Industrial Revolution. A revolutionary energy was at the core of Romanticism, which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of poetry and art, but the common perception of the world; some major Romantic Period precepts survive, still affect modern culture. Notable musicians Ludwig van Beethoven Frédéric Chopin Franz Schubert Niccolò Paganini Franz Liszt Charles-Valentin Alkan Richard Wagner Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Johannes Brahms Johann Strauss II The world transitioned from 19th-century Romanticism to 20th century Modernism, bringing major musical changes. In 20th-century music and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated Romantic period, strove to represent the world the way they perceived it.
Musicians wrote to be"... objective. While past eras concentrated on spirituality, this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete."The advent of audio recording and mass media in the 20th century caused a boom of all kinds of music—pop, dance, folk and all forms of classical music. Musicians can experience a number of health problems related to the practice and performance of music; these can include tinnitus and noise-induced hearing loss, which occurs and over a long period of time, most musicians do not seek help until they start to experience secondary symptoms such as tinnitus, distortion of sounds and hyperacusis. In addition, musicians are at increased risk for both musculoskeletal and vocal health problems when producing high sound levels on musical instruments. Increased biomechanical demands, whether at the hands, embouchure, or vocal cords, elevates the risks for occupational health problems like tendonitis, carpal tunnel, rupture of facial muscles, vocal cord malfunction.
Singer Composer Tour manager Musicians' or'Hi-Fi' earplugs Media related to Musicians at Wikimedia Commons
Time I is the second full-length album by the Finnish metal band Wintersun. It was scheduled for release in November 2006, but ended up being marred by many delays, it was released on October 2012 via Nuclear Blast. As of the commencement of recording, Jari Mäenpää stated that the album length would run over 65 minutes, that it would be a concept album. Furthermore, according to Mäenpää, the album's sound was to be intricate; each song was said to contain about 200 tracks. The album's complexity was one of the main reasons for its slow production process; as of April 2007, drums and all the guitars had been recorded. Kai Hahto stated on the official site that due to studio intervention, progress was being made, but announced that they would not be giving any more release dates at that time, so as not to disappoint fans if they were not met; as a teaser for the upcoming album, Wintersun ended their Metalcamp 2008 set with a 15-second preview of "Sons of Winter and Stars". On February 27, 2009, Mäenpää announced through Wintersun's official website that the band would cancel all their live appearances, including Bloodstock Open Air and Summer Breeze, in order to make way for the slow progress of the album.
On April 26, 2010, Mäenpää announced on the Wintersun message board that "Land of Snow and Sorrow" was finished and that the tracks "Storm" and "Silver Leaves" would be done soon. On November 17, 2010, the band members announced on Wintersun's official website that the album was close to being completed for the most part and that the synths and orchestrations might be finished around December 2010/January 2011. Jari intended to start mixing the album afterwards. On December 25, 2010, Jari stated on the Winter Madness message board that "Silver Leaves" was finished except for some orchestrations. On December 26, 2010, Jari stated that three songs are finished and ready for mixing, that four songs have "bits and pieces" missing, including vocals. On March 19, 2011, Jari announced via the Winter Madness message board that mixing had been put on hold until late summer at the earliest due to various complications, ranging from a lack of 64-bit DAW plugins to noisy nearby construction. On March 16, 2012, Mäenpää announced via Wintersun's official website that Time was nearly finished and would be released in late summer of 2012.
Two months on May 25, 2012, Wintersun announced that Time was to be split into two halves and released separately, with the titles of Time I and Time II. At the time, the mixing process of Time I was underway and scheduled to be finished around July 2012; the first album was released in October 2012, with the second album tentatively planned for release at an unknown date in 2013. A studio trailer was posted to the Nuclear Blast YouTube channel on July 4, 2012, revealing the release date of Time I to be October 19, 2012 in Europe and October 22, 2012 in North America. On October 17, 2012, the album was made available for streaming on the band's website. Concerning the album and potential Japanese influence, Jari Mäenpää stated in a 2004 interview, "Right now I'm exploring some Japanese style melodies, so beautiful and magical. You can hear some in the next album." The introduction track is confirmed to have Japanese influence. All tracks written by Jari Mäenpää.1 Limited edition contains a hidden track after the last track.
This contains acappella parts reminiscent of the hidden track on the limited editions of the first two Ensiferum albums. Jari Mäenpää − vocals, computer, keyboard programming Teemu Mäntysaari − guitar, backing vocals Jukka Koskinen − bass, backing vocals Kai Hahto − drums Wintersun has announced that they will have a sequel to this album sometime in the future, but has been delayed due to not having a studio, instead the recorded a new album called The Forest Seasons. Time II is still scheduled to be released but there is no definite release date
The bass guitar is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric guitar, except with a longer neck and scale length, four to six strings or courses. The four-string bass is tuned the same as the double bass, which corresponds to pitches one octave lower than the four lowest-pitched strings of a guitar, it is played with the fingers or thumb, or striking with a pick. The electric bass guitar has pickups and must be connected to an amplifier and speaker to be loud enough to compete with other instruments. Since the 1960s, the bass guitar has replaced the double bass in popular music as the bass instrument in the rhythm section. While types of basslines vary from one style of music to another, the bassist plays a similar role: anchoring the harmonic framework and establishing the beat. Many styles of music include the bass guitar, it is a soloing instrument. According to the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, an "Electric bass guitar a Guitar with four heavy strings tuned E1'-A1'-D2-G2."
It defines bass as "Bass. A contraction of Double bass or Electric bass guitar." According to some authors the proper term is "electric bass". Common names for the instrument are "bass guitar", "electric bass guitar", "electric bass" and some authors claim that they are accurate; the bass guitar is a transposing instrument, as it is notated in bass clef an octave higher than it sounds. In the 1930s, musician and inventor Paul Tutmarc of Seattle, developed the first electric bass guitar in its modern form, a fretted instrument designed to be played horizontally; the 1935 sales catalog for Tutmarc's electronic musical instrument company, featured his "Model 736 Bass Fiddle", a four-stringed, solid-bodied, fretted electric bass guitar with a 30 1⁄2-inch scale length, a single pick up. The adoption of a guitar's body shape made the instrument easier to hold and transport than any of the existing stringed bass instruments; the addition of frets enabled bassists to play in tune more than on fretless acoustic or electric upright basses.
Around 100 of these instruments were made during this period. Audiovox sold their “Model 236” bass amplifier. Around 1947, Tutmarc's son, began marketing a similar bass under the Serenader brand name, prominently advertised in the nationally distributed L. D. Heater Music Company wholesale jobber catalogue of 1948. However, the Tutmarc family inventions did not achieve market success. In the 1950s, Leo Fender and George Fullerton developed the first mass-produced electric bass guitar; the Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company began producing the Precision Bass in October 1951. The "P-bass" evolved from a simple, un-contoured "slab" body design and a single coil pickup similar to that of a Telecaster, to something more like a Fender Stratocaster, with a contoured body design, edges beveled for comfort, a split single coil pickup; the "Fender Bass" was a revolutionary new instrument for gigging musicians. In comparison with the large, heavy upright bass, the main bass instrument in popular music from the early 1900s to the 1940s, the bass guitar could be transported to shows.
When amplified, the bass guitar was less prone than acoustic basses to unwanted audio feedback. In 1953 Monk Montgomery became the first bassist to tour with the Fender bass guitar, in Lionel Hampton's postwar big band. Montgomery was possibly the first to record with the bass guitar, on July 2, 1953 with The Art Farmer Septet. Roy Johnson, Shifty Henry, were other early Fender bass pioneers. Bill Black, playing with Elvis Presley, switched from upright bass to the Fender Precision Bass around 1957; the bass guitar was intended to appeal to guitarists as well as upright bass players, many early pioneers of the instrument, such as Carol Kaye, Joe Osborn, Paul McCartney were guitarists. In 1953, following Fender's lead, Gibson released the first short-scale violin-shaped electric bass, with an extendable end pin so a bassist could play it upright or horizontally. Gibson renamed the bass the EB-1 in 1958. In 1958, Gibson released the maple arched-top EB-2 described in the Gibson catalogue as a "hollow-body electric bass that features a Bass/Baritone pushbutton for two different tonal characteristics".
In 1959 these were followed by the more conventional-looking EB-0 Bass. The EB-0 was similar to a Gibson SG in appearance. Whereas Fender basses had pickups mounted in positions in between the base of the neck and the top of the bridge, many of Gibson's early basses featured one humbucking pickup mounted directly against the neck pocket; the EB-3, introduced in 1961 had a "mini-humbucker" at the bridge position. Gibson basses tended to be smaller, sleeker instruments with a shorter scale length than the Precision. A number of other companies began manufacturing bass guitars during the 1950s: Kay in 1952, Hofner and Danelectro in 1956, Rickenbacker in 1957 and Burns/Supersound in 1958. 1956 saw the appearance at the German trade fair "Musikmesse Frankfurt" of the distinctive Höfner 500/1 violin-shaped bass made using violin construction techniques by Walter Höfner, a second-generation violin luthier. The design was known popularly as the "Beat
Two Paths (album)
Two Paths is the seventh album by Finnish folk metal band Ensiferum. It was released on 15 September 2017 through Metal Blade, it is the only Ensiferum album to feature accordionist Netta Skog, who replaced keyboardist Emmi Silvennoinen in 2016 and departed from the band in December 2017. All lyrics written by Sami Hinkka. Petri Lindroos – harsh vocals, percussion, choir Markus Toivonen – guitars, percussion, clean vocals, choir Sami Hinkka – bass, percussion and harsh vocals, choir Janne Parviainen – drums Netta Skog – acoustic and digital accordion, female vocals, choir Mikko P. Mustonen – orchestrations and orchestral arrangements Lassi Logrén – nyckelharpa, violin Vince Edwards – choir Mikael "Routa" Karlbom – photography Gyula Havancsák – cover art Anssi Kippo – producer